Archive for the ‘Surname J’ Category

According to his Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR) — not shown here — the soldier was 40 years old when he enlisted in New York City. His occupation was horse trader. After the war he and his wife settled in Baltimore.

Invalid — 125,499 / —–
Widow– 489,516 / 450,795, Catherine Jones

Declaration for an Invalid Pension, Walter Jones, 2 May 1867
43 years old; residence and post-office address, 69 Arch Street, Baltimore, Md
“He was wounded in a skirmish with the rebels about the 15th day of January 1865 as nearly as he can recollect near Suffolk, Va. striking him by a musket ball in the front and inner side of the left leg about six inches above the ankle which shattered the bone and lodged about two inches above the ankle…. always requiring a cane to walk, and limping in his movement
“Also personally appeared, George Riggs and Warren Riggs … residents of Washington, DC”

Declaration for Widow’s Pension, Catharine Jones, 2 December 1890
“The soldier died July 19, 1871 in Baltimore, Md. … that she was married under the name Catharine Cheevers to said Walter Jones on May 1861 by Rev. Stephen Howard at Gloucester, Va. … the soldier had been previously married but his wife had been dead for some time when he married claimant”
“Also personally appeared, Nancy Taylor residing at 594 W. Preston St., Balto, Md. and Caroline Moseley residing at 755 Raborg St., Baltimore, Maryland … acquaintance with her of 25 years and 25 years, respectively”

Sworn Statement, Caroline Moseley, 2 December 1890
50 years old; residence,755 Raborg Street, Baltimore, Maryland
“I was bridesmaid at the marriage of Catharine Cheevers and Walter Jones at Gloucester, Va. in May 1861 and I dressed the bride.”

General Affidavit, Catherine Jones, 9 December 1891
50 years old; residence, Baltimore, Maryland
“My husband Walter Jones was a member of Company C 1st Reg U.S. Cold. Troops.
In my original declaration I was mistaken when I said my husband was a member of Co K 30th US Cold Troops.”

Sworn Statement, Anthony A. Carter and Elizabeth Maddux, 16 December 1890
[Carter] 45 years old; residence, 511 Norris Ave., Baltimore, Maryland
[Maddux] 40 years old; residence Horning Ave near Carrolton Ave., Baltimore, Md.
“[Maddux] saw him carried out of the house, dead. He died on the corner of Pine & Josephine Sts., Baltimore, Md. Anthony A. Carter moved him into the house about ten days before he died.”

General Affidavit, Catharine Jones, 28 June 1893
49 years old; residence, Baltimore, Md.; post-office address, 594 W. Preston, Baltimore, Md
“Her husband died of the smallpox and all his effects were burned by the city.”

Handwritten Note Signed by John B. Giles, Laurel Cemetery, 30 June 1914
“I hereby certify holding Mrs. Dervella Lattimore responsible for (three dollars) 3.00 to John B. Giles Supt LC for the open of grave of Catherine Jones burried [sic] in Laurel Cemetery no of lot 47 Laurel Park area.”

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Oscar Jubilee, Co I

Born on Virginia’s Eastern Shore, this soldier lived in North Carolina for a time after the war but settled in Virginia. His brother was Samuel C. Jubilee, Company A, 24th U.S. Colored Troops.  The attorney representing their interests engaged in questionable practices.

727,803 / 484,292, Virginia Jubilee

General Affidavit, John Herring and John Nottingham, 9 August 1889
[Herring] 65 years old;
[Nottingham] 50 years old; citizen of the Town of Norfolk, County of Norfolk, State of Virginia
“[clt] treated in Texas by Dr. Grey and Manley … [they served] in army with soldier, know when he was shot, and was in same co with him at times, have known him ever since having lived close to him in same city & county … Oscar Jubilee is well known in this city and bears a good name in this city…”

General Affidavit, John Simmons and John Whitehurst, 28 August 1889
[Simmons] 75 years old
[Whitehurst] 65 years old; citizen of the Town of Norfolk, County of Norfolk, State of Virginia
“That they have known Oscar Jubilee for many years back, that he returned to this place in 1866 from army … Oscar Jubilee is known to be an inoffensive and good quiet citizen commanding the respect of the community at large… [see and converse] with him frequently.”

Deposition, Oscar Jubilee, 1 June 1893
about 54 years old; occupation, laborer; residence and post-office address,  30 Lee St., Barboursville, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.,
“Q. Who has possession of your certificate at this time?
A.  Mr. John T. Dezendorf of Norfolk, Va. … He told me to bring it to him … [Dezendorf has had it] going on two years.”
[Did you ow him money?] No
[Have you asked for it back?] No
[Have you borrowed from him in last two years?]  Yes, sir. From fifty cents to a dollar at a time until the quarterly payment was due for which he charge [sic] me 20 cents on the dollar.
“Q. How long have you lived in Dezendorf’s home?
A.  Going on eight months. … When my pension check comes I touch the pen and sign it, the check over to him.”
“Q.  Who was your attorney for the prosecution of your claim?
A.  I went to W.R. Drury‘s office on Bank Street this city … There was always a crowd of colored people whenever I was in his office.
Q.  Do you know Samuel Jubilee and Henry Bush?
A.  I know Samuel Jubilee; he is my own brother. I don’t know Henry Bush.
Q.  Do you know B.A. Richardson, Jr., a notary public?
A.  No, sir, I do not….My brother Samuel Jubilee died two years ago. I made an application for his pension to reimburse me for money spent to bury him but I never received anything. When my claim was allowed I paid Drury fifty dollars. He said twenty-five dollars was for Belva A. Lockwood and twenty-five dollars for himself.
Q.  Who were witnesses for you in your claim for
A.  Peter Rickman, Richard Grant and Richard Webb all members of my company were witnesses for me …”

Deposition, John Simmons, 8 June 1893
about 70 years old; no occupation; residence and post-office address, 11 Chapel Street Road, Norfolk, Norfolk County, Va.
[How long have you known Oscar Jubilee?] About fifteen years … I moved to Norfolk from Bayside in Princess Anne Co., Va. about fifteen years ago and became acquainted with Oscar Jubilee soon after coming here.”

Deposition, John Whitehurst, 8 June 1893
69 years old; residence and post-office address, 209 Goff St. (Barboursville), Norfolk, Va.
“Q.  How long have you known this claimant?
A.  I moved to Norfolk from Norfolk County in 1871. and did not get acquainted with said Jubilee for about fifteen years after that.
Q.  How do you fix the date?
A.  My first wife died and was buried the day Cleveland took his seat as President the first time. and then I had just become slightly acquainted with him (Jubilee).
Q.  So then you have known him but about eight years.
A.  Yes, sir, that is all.”

Deposition, Richard Webb, 9 June 1893
57 years old; occupation, laborer; residence and post-office address, 209 Bank Street, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I am well acquainted with Oscar Jubilee. I served in the same company and regiment with him….”

Deposition, Peter Rickman, 9 June 1893
about 45 years old; occupation, working around market; residence and post-office residence, 16 Lincoln  Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I am acquainted with Oscar Jubilee. We both served in the same organization …”

Deposition, Oscar Jubilee, 24 January 1894
about 54 years old; occupation, laborer; residence and post-office address, 30 Lee Street, Barboursville, Norfolk, Va.
“I was pensioned for gun shot wound on left side of my head and disease of eyes. I got that wound, I don’t remember the day of the month but I think it was in Sept 1864. We had been out on a scout and coming back the rebels fired into us. We were riding in columns by fours and the man on my right was killed and the man on my left got a ball in his sabre scabbard and I got a ball in my head. but it hit me in the head, it was a glancing shot.
Q. Who was with you at the time you got that wound?
A.  Peter Rickman who I understand is here in Norfolk is the only one I know of. Some of them are dead and others are scattered. Dr. Gray tied up my head at the time but I don’t know anything about where he is.  I get night blind. I can’t do no stooping down work.  I can’t work on the truck farms around here….Before I enlisted I lived up in Northampton County close to Eastville. I served my term under Bill Moore, old Perry Moore‘s son. Since I came home I have lived here in Norfolk. Thomas Boykin, Levin Steward, and William Purnell have known me ever since. … [Steward and I] were boys together … [Purnell] was in the same company as me …
Q.  Who was your witness in the old law claim?
A. Tom Johnson and Charles Jones, I think.”

Deposition, William Purnell, 24 January 1894
about 47 or 48 years old; occupation, laborer; residence and post-office address, 23 Jackson St. Barboursville, Norfolk, Va.
“I have been well acquainted with claimant ever since he was discharged … I have lived close to him ever since our discharge and seen him on average of once or twice a week ever since.”

Deposition, Levin Steward, 24 January 1894
55 years old; occupation, laborer; residence, Chapel Street Extended, Barboursville, Norfolk, Va.
“I am acquainted with clt and have been since we were boys. I was in the same regiment with him but I was in Co I 1st US Cav
“[When claimant was wounded] I was at Fort Powhatan at the time and he was at Harrison’s Landing in Va. The news came that Jubilee was wounded in the head. … I have lived close to him every since we came home and have seen him probably on an average of twice a week any how during that time.”

Deposition, Thomas Boykin, 24 January 1894
69 years old; occupation, laborer; address and post-office address, 25 Lee St., Barboursville, Norfolk, Va.
“I was a teamster in the 37th Colored Infantry. I got acquainted with claimant about the time he enlisted…. When I was at Bermuda Hundred I heard that Jubilee got hit in the head at Harrison’s Landing by a ball.”

Deposition, Richard Webb, 23 February 1894
57 years old; occupation, laborer; post-office address, 209 Bank St., Norfolk, Va.
“I served as Sgt in Co I, 1st US C Cav from Dec 1863 to Feb 1866. I am acquainted with Oscar Jubilee … [Once in Brazos] he wore a handkerchief over his eyes for a good time …”

Deposition, William Reed, 23 February 1894
52 years old; occupation, laborer, but cannot work right now; post-office address, 56 Willoughby St., Norfolk, Va.
“He and I served together in Co I 1st U S C Cav … I do remember that I heard that James Linnear, now dead, had a ball strike his sabre scabbard. I saw the scabbard that had been struck. There was no member of our company killed at that time. This was at Wilson’s Landing but sometime in 1864.
“I wish to state that my memory is not good.”

Deposition, Charles Jones, 26 February 1894
about 50 years old; occupation, cook; post-office address, 243 Queen St., Norfolk, Va.
“I am acquainted with the claimant Oscar Jubilee. He served in the same company with me, enlisted after I did.
“I do however remember that the scabbard of one of our men was struck by a ball. This was in Charles City Co., Va. in 1864. His name was James Linnard, now dead. Nelson Young a member of our company was killed at the same time.
“I have seen claimant about once or twice a year since discharge but don’t know anything about his physical condition.”

Deposition, Albert McCoy, 27 February 1894
53 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Berkley, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I remember the claimant … he was a member of the same co and regt. Did not know him before the war …. A good many of the boys had eye trouble while we were in Texas.”

Deposition, Peter Rickman, 27 February 1894
45 years old; occupation, laborer; post-office address, 429 Church St., Norfolk, Va.
“I saw the claimant 4 or 5 times after discharge and have seen him since at different times.”

Deposition, Henry Stone, 7 March 1894
54 years old; occupation, laborer; post-office address, National Soldiers Home, Va.
“I remember Oscar Jubilee as a member of my company.”

Deposition, Henry Smith, 11 May 1894
50 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Land of Promise, Princess Anne Co., Va.
“I remember Oscar Jubilee, a member of the same co and regt, have not seen him since discharge.

Deposition, Oscar Jubilee, 16 May 1894
54 years old; occupation, laborer; post-office address, 29 Wise St., Norfolk, Va.
“Q.  Who were your tentmates at the time you claim to have received the alleged wound?
Preston Parker, Joshua Roan, and Wiley Knight. These three and myself were in a tent together at said time. Parker and Roan died in the service. I do not know what became of Knight, have not seen him since discharge, do not know where he came from. He had a son in the same company named Madison Knight. I remember Charles Holmes. … I do not know whether Wiley Knight is living or dead …. I do not know where John Parker is. I was not intimate with him in the service, did not know him before enlistment and have not seen him since discharge.”

Questionnaire (Form 3-173), Oscar Jubilee, 1 October 1897
[wife] Virginia Jubilee; Virginia Greene
[when, where, by whom] August 1879; Norfolk, Va.; Rev. Edward Pinner
[record] Clerk’s Office, Norfolk, Va.
[previous marriage] “Yes, Millie Jubilee. Caught her in bed with another man 21 years ago in Norfolk Co., Va. , has not lived with her since. She has been married twice since then.”
[living children] One by 1st wife; four by last wife. 1st wife child is John Henry. By second wife William Jubilee born Feby 5th 1880, Andrew Jubilee born 5 August 1886, Nellie Harrison Jubilee born 31 March 1889, Wesley Virgin Jubilee born 21 December 1891.”

General Affidavit, Caroline Todd and Bettie Nimmo, 18 September 1900
[Todd] 34? years old; residence, Norfolk, Va.; post-office address, 65 Pine St., Norfolk, Va.
[Nimmo] 39 years old; residence, Norfolk, Va.; post-office address, 63 Pine St., Norfolk, Va.
“that they have known the claimant well for 10 and 30 years respectively; that they have been living in the same neighborhood with him for three years and 9 months, respectively … they are neighbors, affiant Todd living in the upstairs portion of the same house and affiant Nimmo living just next door …”

Deposition, Oscar Jubilee,  2 January 1901
61 years old; occupation, laborer; residence, 65 Pine St., Norfolk, Va.
“I was born in Accomack Co., Va. and was owned by Perry Moore. I never knew my father but I heard he was Oscar Roberts.
“The way I came to be called Jubilee was as follows: My owners were Quakers and they left a will freeing me when I was twenty one years of age and the rule was to call colored people who were freed in that way Jubilee and that is the way the name was given me. My neighbors call me William Lee for short. My correct name is Oscar Jubilee.”

“I was never in a battle but was in a skirmish at Chickihominie [sic] Swamp and around Richmond. Lewis Baxter was killed in a skirmish near Wilsons Landing. No men were wounded. A ball shot a cap off my head and glanced the skin but I never went to the hospital. Dr. Gray put a patch on it. …

“Gray was 2d Lt. He was the son of Dr. Gray our Reg’t Surgeon.”
Thomas was our First Ord. Sgt. but was killed accidentally at Harrison’s Landing.
James Nichols was the man who succeeded Thomas as Ord. Sgt.
Dick Webb was 1st duty Sgt.
Reed was 2d Sgt.
Chas. Jones was 3rd Sgt.
I do not recollect name for 4th Sgt.”

William Parnell of Pine St., this city was a friend of mine in service. So was John Williams of the Ocean View R.R. and Daniel Williams. Frank Smith and Alex Peyton also knew me well in service but they are dead. So is David Grant … I gave my discharge to Mr. Brown about twenty-five years ago when he was trying to get my bounty and he lost it….”

“Soldier has several scars on his face and nose caused by a woman throwing lye on him … I was working on Old Man Tom Ballentyne‘s Farm when I first had eye trouble bad after the army.

Richard Webb, Dick Reed, Dick Grant, William Kammeyer, and Chas. Jones were my witnesses … I have only been married once — no, twice. First married Milly Bell in Curratuc [sic] Co. We were married by Rev. Spratt Sampson in Mowyayork [sic] . Millie was never married before she married me. We lived together as man and wife for twelve years when she ran away and left me. The last I heard of her she was in Elizabeth City, NC.  We have never been divorced.
“I next married Jennie Green. She was never married till I married her We have been married twenty-four years. We were married right here in this town. Millie got married after she left me but I do not recollect name of man that she married. I think she married a man in Curratuc [sic] County, North Carolina.”

General Affidavit, William Purnell and Caroline Todd, 14 October 1901
[Purnell] 57? years old; residence, Norfolk, Va.; post-office address, 66 Pine St., Norfolk, Va.
[Todd] 38? years old; residence, Norfolk, Va.; post-office address, 72 Pine St., Norfolk, Va.
“That they have been well and intimately acquainted with claimant for over 25 years; that they both now live in the same neighborhood with the claimant  — on the same street, and only a few yards distant; that affiant Todd has been living on Pine St. for a number of years; that affiant Purnell has lived there only a short while but was accustomed to see claimant very often before he moved there …”

Declaration for Pension, Oscar Jubilee, 27 February 1907
66 years old; resident of National Home, County of Elizabeth City, State of Virginia … he was born March 1840
“Also personally appeared, William T. Oliver, residing in Nat Sol Home, Va. and Henry Custis, residing in Nat Sol Home, Va. … their acquaintance with him of 2 years, and 40 years, respectively …

Declaration for Pension, Oscar Jubilee, 14 March 1909
70 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; enrolled at Accomack Co., Va. … (near 20th) May 1864 … occupation was farmer & oysterman … he was born March (about 15th), 1839 at Accomack Co., Va.
“That his several places of residence since leaving the service have been as follows: Currituck Co., NC, 3 years; Camden Co., NC, 7 years; in Norfolk, Va. remaining years … Inmate of SB Natl Home for DVS Va. — on furlough … post-office address, 98 Henry St., Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.”
“Also, personally appeared, Isaac Riddick, residing in Norfolk, Va. and John A. Johnson, residing in Norfolk, Va. … their acquaintance with him of 46 years and 25 years, respectively…”

Death Certificate, Oscar Jubilee, 13 April 1912
[residence] 98 Henry St., Norfolk, Va.
[personal] male; colored; married
[age] 73 years old;
[occupation] laborer
[birthplace] Virginia
[parents’ names/parents’ birthplaces]  don’t know
[informant] Millie Lee, 98 Henry St., Norfolk, Va.;
[illness] April 5, 1912 – April 13, 1912
[cause of death] acute indigestion/contributory, shock;
[physician] N.A. McCurdy, MD, 733 Church St., Norfolk, Va.
[burial] Calvary Cemetery, Norfolk, Va. 15 April 1912
[undertaker] D.M. Jones & Co., 197 Wide St., Norfolk, Va.

Application for Reimbursement, Virginia Jubilee, 20 June 1912
53 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.
[married] twice — Milly Jubilee and Virginia Jubilee
[wife survived him] yes
[wife still living] yes
[all wives’ names] 1st wife Milly died November 1901 at Moyock, North Carolina
[child under 16] no
[life, accident, or health insurance] no
[money, real estate, personal property] no
[relationship] Virginia Jubilee, wife
[residence during last sickness] “98 Henry St., Norfolk, Va., on furlough from Soldiers’ Home, Hampton, Va.”
Also personally appeared, William Jubilee and Lulu Jubilee, both of 98 Henry St., Norfolk, Va.

General Affidavit, Virginia Jubilee,  23 October 1912
residence, Norfolk, Va.; post-office address, 98 Henry Street, Norfolk, Va.
“I only learned that soldier had a wife living at the time of my marriage to him since soldier’s death. I got this information from soldier’s daughter by Milly who lives in North Carolina.”
Witness: William Jubilee
Witness: Lulu Jubilee

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I requested this pension application by mistake but I kept it because his story’s so interesting and his brother Oscar Jubilee served in Company I, 1st U.S. Colored Cavalry. Oscar’s sketch is scheduled for First Monday, December 7, 2020.
Samuel C. Jubilee and his wife Mary lived on the Eastern Shore before his military service. By 1880, they moved to Camden, New Jersey where she died.  Samuel married a much younger woman, Rosanna Rawson, whose first husband, Henry Rawson had served in U.S. Colored Troops. She continued to live in the Atlantic City, New Jersey house that Henry left to her in his will.

Widow 00 480,512 / 564,128, Rosanna Rawson
Combined with WC 371-434
Henry Rawson

Certificate of Death, Mary Jublee, 24 September 1885
48 years old …[birthplace] Virginia … [resident of NJ] 19 years … [parents/birthplace] Leven Morris / America and Tabitha Morris / America … [cause of death] consumption of lungs … [buried] Camden, NJ

Certificate of Death, Henry Rawson, State of New Jersey, 20 July 1887
40 years old … teamster … [birthplace] Lynchburg, Va. … [resident of NJ] 22 years … [burial] Camden, NJ

General Affidavit, Abraham Kelly, 19 February 189_
“30 years old … acquainted with Samuel C. Jubilee.  … have known him since childhood … lived about a square and a half from him and found him down every evening when I came from work … I saw him almost daily”

Marriage Certificate, Henry Rawson & Rose Thomas, Undated
“This Certifies that the rite of Holy Matrimony was celebrated between Mr. Henry Rawson and Miss Rose Thomas of Lynchburg Va on August the 26th 1865 at the residence of Mr. John Jones, Lynchburg, Va by Mr. Berkly, Minister of the Gospel, Witness Henerita Pickens.”

Letter from Samuel C. Jubilee to Green B. Raum, US Commissioner of Pensions, 20 July 1891
“I feel regret to have to write to you concerning a Pension Granted to me some time the early part of Last spring ….I am now over sixty years I am unable to do any laboring work and I am at the mercy of those that schoose [sic] to help me … I don’t see the Reason why I cant git [sic] it and Sir Could you please to Oblidge [sic] me by letting me know the Delay of Possible”
Samuel C Jubilee, 921 Kaighne Avenue, Camden, NJ

Affidavit, Moses Rawson, 18 December 1891
32 years old; residence, 920 Mt. Vernon Street, Camden, NJ … “I am the son of Rosanna Rawson and was born in slavery … At the time of the death of Henry Rawson he was in possession of a small property located at Atlantic City and assessed at $800, this property is mortgaged at $720…. I have a wife and five children to care for and am unable to do much for the support of my mother who lives in the Atlantic City property.”

Affidavit, David Light, 18 December 1891
35 years old; residence, 717 Sycamore Street, Camden, NJ … “At the time of Henry Rawson’s death he owned a small property at Atlantic City that would rent for about $10 a month”

Affidavit, John Davis or John Dennis, 18 December 1891
43 years old; 807 Sycamore St., Camden, NJ … her son Moses is employed in the Camden, NJ Post Office

General Affidavit, Rosanna Rawson, 18 December 1891
48 years old; residence, 1010 North Ohio Ave., Atlantic City, NJ …”I was born in slavery and was owned by Albert Yerby of Farnham Creek, Va. … was given by my master to Peter Candy, also a slave, as his wife, two children were born to us, a boy and girl; the girl died in 1870, the boy still lives.  I was sold to Richard Lumpkins with my child … ran away from my master about the close of the war …married to Henry Rawson in October of 1865 at Farmville, Va. by a colored minister.  We remained there a short time, came to Philadelphia, then went to Camden, thence to Atlantic City.”

Marriage Return, Samuel C. Jubilee & R. Ransom [sic], State of New Jersey, 5 October 1892
Husband] Samuel C Jubilee … 60 years old … laborer … [birthplace] Virginia … [parents / birthplace] Sherp Jubile / Virginia and Rache Jube / Virginia … [Wife] Miss R Ransom … [birthplace] Virginia … 40 years old … 2nd marriage … [parents / birthplace] Moses Fesert / Richmond and Elsey Just / Richmond … [officiant] Moses Wilcox, Pastor of Baptist Church

Certificate of Death, Samuel C. Jubilee, August 1897
Samuel C Jubilee …61 years old … laborer …  [birthplace] Maryland … [resident in NJ] 30 years … [died] 14 Aug 1897 ……. New Jersey [buried] Johnson Cemetery, Camden, New Jersey

Widow’s Application for Accrued Pension, Rosanna Jubilee, 16 May 1903
“[D]eclares that she is the lawful widow of Samuel C. Jubilee, deceased, that he died on the 14 day of Aug 1897 … that he had been paid the pension by the Pension Agent at Philadelphia up to the 4th of May 1897 … that she was married to the said Samuel C Jubilee on the 5th day of Oct 1892 at Camden … that her name before said marriage was Rosanna Rawson … her post-office address is 1011 Chestnut Street, NJ …. Mary Ann Rackes, residing at 643 Sycamore St., Camden, NJ and Jeremiah C. Hamilton, 302 Chestnut St, Camden, NJ … know her to be the lawful widow of Samuel Jubilee.”

General Affidavit, Roseanna Jubilee, 17 June 1903
58 years old; residence, 1011 Chestnut S.t, Camden, NJ … “I was born in Richmond County Virginia fifty-eight years ago.  In 1865 I married Henry Rawson of A Co 24th Regiment Colored Troops who died at Atlantic City, NJ in 1886.  October 5th 1892 I married Samuel C. Jubilee in Camden, New Jersey.  He was a private in Company K 1st Regiment United States Colored Volunteer Cavalry receiving a pension of twelve dollars per month.  He died in Camden in August 1898.  He had been married before and when his wife died she left five children.”

General Affidavit, Mary Ann Backus & Jennie Forester, 15 July 1903
[Backus] 40 years old; residence, 622 Sycamore, Camden, NJ and [Forester] 29 years old; residence, 624 Cherry St., Camden, NJ … “they have known claimant 27 and 10 years respectively … they have lived near her.”

General Affidavit, Mary Ann Backus & Elizabeth Brown, 27 July 1903
[Backus] 40 years old; residence, 622 Sycamore, Camden, NJ and [Brown] 75 years old, 7th St & Kaighn Ave, Camden, NJ … they have known claimant intimately and well for 27 and 40 years respectively.  They knew her as the wife of Henry Rawson whom she married in 1865 and who died about 1887 and as the wife of Samuel C Jubilee who died in 1897…. Rawson never had but the one wife (claimant) and Jubilee but two (claimant and Mary Morris) who died about twenty years ago.”

General Affidavit, Elizabeth Brown & William T. Sample, 31 July 1903
[Brown] 75 years old; residence, South West Corner of 7th Street and Kaigne Avenue, Camden NJ and [Sample] 70 years old; residence, 762 Chestnut St., Camden, NJ … Brown has known Samuel C. Jubilee ever since he was born about 60 years ago and claimant about 38 years or ever since the close of the civil war.  William T. Sample says that he knew Samuel C. Jubilee for over 50 years and Rosanna Jubilee about 38 years … [they] are sure that neither were married before Jubilee married Mary Morris in Virginia before the war.”

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Though he was born enslaved in Louisiana, the soldier enlisted in New York and returned to Donaldsonville and Burnside, Louisiana on a bend of the Mississippi River.  His application for pension benefits as an Invalid included a score of names of family members and comrades-in-arms and officers thus providing many clues for further research.

Invalid — 1,288,325 / 1,172, 166


Questionnaire (Form 3-389), Joseph A. Virriste, 20 August 1902
[wife’s name] Mary Jane Anderson
[where, when, by whom married] Donaldsonville, Louisiana by Rev. Thos. Kennedy
[record] recorded at Donaldsonville, Louisiana
[previously married] Fillis Washington (dead)
[living children] Frank Varriste born 1866; Mary Jane Varriste born 1877


Questionnaire (Form 3-474), Joseph Verrio, 20 August 1902
[birthplace] Assumption Parish, Louisiana
[enlisted at] New York
[residence before enlistment] Assumption Parish, Louisiana
[occupation] laborer
[name of former owner] Baptiste Landry
[discharged at] Cedar Point, Virginia
[residence since discharge] Assumption Parish, Louisiana; nine years
[height / color / permanent marks] 5′ 9 inches / griffe / none
[previous service] [blank]
[other names] “I am now known by Francois Joseph nicknames
[current name] Francois Joseph
[present residence, nearest post-office] Ascension Parish, Louisiana; Burnside P.O.


General Affidavit, Victor Richard, 21 November 1909
64 years old; post-office address, Baston, Louisiana
“I have known the petitioner for fifty years. Was a member of the same army…”


Letter from Special Examiner to Commissioner of Pensions, 26 November 1913
“[The claimant] is of good native intelligence and memory, he is regarded as a steady and reliable old man; and the impression he made with me is a distinctly good one … The claimant cannot produce his discharge certificate and he has never had a photograph of himself made…. The fact of the different companies of the regiment being separated at various places is a reason why the claimant does not know more of the regimental officers.

“Victor Richard, original affiant is dead and it is not known that any other comrade now alive is resident in this district.
“The claimant’s true name appears to be Joseph Francois, but he does not know where he was baptized and he can produce no record of his age or the date of his birth. On the rolls the soldier’s name appears variously as Verrice, Vreece, Vyreece and as Joseph A. Virriste. All those are without doubt the attempts of one not familiar with it to spells not uncommon French  or Creole name which is properly EVARISTE — pronounced Ev—are—eece, or as the negro often gets it, — Ev-eye-reece, or corrupted or shortened to Varrice or nearly Vy-reece as it is on the rolls.”


Questionnaire (Form 3-442), 20 November 1912

Name Rank Present Post-Office Address
Lemuel Babb R.D. #2, Portsmouth, Va.
John Farmer Winchester Ave.
    alias Wm. Brown       Lakewood, Ohio
Fred’k W. Browne 2d Lieut. #33 Wiggins Court, Cincinnati, Ohio
Patrick Cofer Smithfield, Isle of Wight Co., Virginia
Thomas Cross Bowers Hill, Norfolk Co., Va.
David Grissom #28 Cleveland St., Norfolk, Va.
Duncan Jones Eliz. City, Pasquotank Co., NC
Gordon Jones #1418 High St., Portsmouth, Va.
Thomas Land #7 Burk’s Court, Norfolk, Va.


Deposition, Joseph Francois or Verrio, 23 May 1913
72 years old; post-office address, Burnside, Ascension Parish, La.
“I gave my discharge paper to a colored man Collisle Landry many years ago to get my back pay or bounty that might be due me & he never gave it back to me & I can’t tell what became of it. I was born on Grand Bayou in Assumption Parish, La. below here, that is in the swamp way back of the Bayou Laforche. My father was Michael Joseph & my mother Clarisse Joseph. My father died when I was small & my mother than had a husband named Jefferson Collins.  My first owner was Baptist John Bourg [sp?] long since dead. When I was 7 years old I was sold to Baptist Landry. When he died I fell to his son Anatole Landry now dead. I lived on the Landry place was a field hand until I joined the army. Mr. Landry’s place was in Assumption Parish, La. on Bayou Laforche 7 miles below Donaldsonville. I suppose I was christened somewhere but I can’t tell where or when. It must have happened when I was an infant because my owner was Roman Catholic. I can’t tell the year or date of my birth except by what my mother told me. My mother died 16 years ago & the year she died she told me I was born on July 13 & was then 56 years old.

“[My mother] had a brother named Varrice much older than she was … My uncle Varrice died 18 or 19 years ago … I went away in the army & left him on the old home place & came back and found him there.  The last part of August 1864, my stepfather Jefferson Collins, Samuel Luzerbey, and I and Victor Richard and John Walkin — all 4 field hands — ran away to New Orleans to enlist in the army. … Jeff Collins & my mother broke up before the war & then she had Samuel Luzerbey & it was Samuel Luzerbey who was my stepfather who ran away with me. When we were first got to New Orleans to enlist, we met up with a colored boatman who was a hand on one of the New York mailboats. I believe it was the “Star” or the “Evening Star.”  …. We landed in New York on Sunday … we arrived in New York Tuesday, remained on the boat that day & on Monday we went to a recruiting office & enlisted. I can’t tell what street it was on. The Captain & colored man went with us…. I was sent to my Co. A that was located at Fort Magruder on York River. The companies were scattered about …. Victor Richard & I were put in that & John Walker & Samuel _______ were put in Company I of the 1st Colored Cavalry. Victor Richard witnessed for me in this claim. He died two years ago. He was the only …. the rest of my co. all came from Virginia & North Carolina. Samuel Luzerbey died about 6 years ago & John Walkin died long ago but his widow Ellen Walkin is a pensioner & lives now somewhere in New Orleans …. [I have no scars except] a shot in my buttock that I got before the war when the overseer shot me for running away in the woods for 6 months. I was 22 years old when I enlisted … Before I joined the army I spoke Creole French altogether & it was very hard for me to understand English when I first enlisted …. The first place we were located was Fort Magruder where we did garrison duty & then we were sent to Cedar Point near West Point, Va. & did garrison duty until we mustered out…. In the army I served under the name of Joseph Verrice. I did that at the advice of my stepfather of my stepbrother because I had run away & I was afraid my owners might get up with me. I had always heard that if we ran away & joined the Yankees & we got caught we would be killed & our bodies would be given to the buzzards so I took the name of Joseph Verrice because Varrice had been my nickname. Samuel Luzerbey’s real name was Samuel Joseph but he took the name Luzerby in the army & John Walkin went as Paul Joseph. I was never sick or off duty while I was a soldier.

“My Regt. had been in lots of fights before I joined & I was one of the recruits taken in to fill the places of men who had been killed in battle.  Lt Brown was a portly light-complexioned man. Orderly Sergent was John Fuller, a light brown man & slew footed & rather small in size. He was from N.C. or Va. Henry White & ____ Banks & ____ Thomas were Desk Sergeants. Corporals were ____ Banks [illegible] & ____ Ricks. Privates I recall are Robert Fall, John Moseley, Stephen Hair or Harold, Debby Nicholson, James Reed, Isaac Reed, Henry Whitehurst, & Thomas Armgage [Avery?]. …. I can’t recall any of those names at all except Robert Fall or Forbes, Victor Richard and John Moseley — just five of us in the tent together. When I came out the army I went to the same place in Bayou Fourchette 4 miles below here & lived 9 years & then I lived in Port Barron [sp?] opposite Donaldsonville 8 years & then I moved to the Burnside place over the River from here and have lived there ever since except 2 years. I lived on the Union place a few years ago & that place is in the James Parish & adjoins the Burnside property. I have worked as a field hand & yard man ever since I came out the army. Have never drank to excess or been in any trouble and I never had any bad disease in my life. I have been married 3 times and three times only. My first was Dicey Anderson.

“She died in Port Baron [sp?]  25 or 30 years ago. My next wife was Phyllis Washington who died about 12 years ago while I was staying here a while in Donaldsonville. My third wife was Sukey Baptiste. She died in New Orleans a year before last — no, Jany a year ago. We were separated when we died. I had no children except two now alive by the first wife & they are both grown. When I was discharged [illegible] at Cedar Point, well, maybe it was City Point. …. [My daughter by Dicey Anderson] is named Mary Jones … I did not sooner put in for pension because I had lost my discharge certificate”


Camille Collins, Deposition, 23 May 1913
54 years old; occupation, ferryman; residence, Donaldsonville, La.;


Deposition, Anderson Ross, 23 May 1913
76 years old; “not able to work as I am blind”; residence and post-office address, Donaldsonville, La.
“I am a pensioner & I was an Orderly Sergt. Company D, 99 U.S.C.T.  I have lived in Donaldsonville ever since I came out of the army. Before I joined the army I lived on the Maxile Le Blanc place down Bayou Laforche from here in Assumption Parish, 8 or 9 miles & 2 miles below the Landry place. … He lived on the Landry place before the war & I knew him good before the war & we was [sic] raised together but he is 3 or 4 years younger than I am. …. I knew his father Matthew Joseph & his mother Clarissa. His owners and mine were kinfolks.”

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A freeborn 21-year-old boatman from Williamsburg, Virginia became a Corporal after enlistment but then lost his rank. While confined in military jail he wrote a letter to military officials professing his non-involvement in “the confusion.” His widow suffered at least one stroke and though she was close to being sent to the Almshouse, her application for relief was denied. 


Widow — 513,610 / —–, Mary Jones


Letter from Dallas Jones to [illegible] & Captain Whiteman, Dallas Jones’ Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR), 22 June 1865*
“Sir — I am not guilty of what I am confined for. At the time of the confusion I was sick in my bed & not able to be up. Did you ever know of me disobeying any orders that were given to me by my superior officer? Did you know me to be disagreeable or raising disturbances? Have or haven’t I done my duty as a soldier since joining the Regt? Do you recollect of asking me if I wanted to go to Texas and I told you I was willing to go as well as any man in the company? If I was only released I would do my duty as a soldier as I have done before.”
[Signed in his hand]
Note: This letter is in the soldier’s CMSR not the pension application. A CMSR includes details not found elsewhere e.g. changes in rank. There’s a link to this CMSR at the end of this post. — Leslie


General Affidavit, Mary Jones, 13 October 1891
46 years old, 10 McLane’s Lane, Norfolk, Va … ” … that she was married to Dallas Jones in Richmond, Va. on or about 1860 … [that her husband] was originally, from what she could learn from him, Williamsburg, Va.; that at the time of her marriage she belonged to a Mr. Stratton in Richmond; that Dallas enlisted in some regiment, she did not know which at the time, after his return she learned it was in the 1st US Col Cav and she was under the impression it was Co F and so told her atty but after inquiry among his comrades found it to be the K Co 1st US Col Cav …”


General Affidavit, Hilleary Willson & Andrew W. Anderson, 16 October 1891
[Wilson] 45 years old;
[Anderson] 47 years old;
“[They] knew Dallis Jones while in service and know that claimant often called to see him as his wife … that at close of war both came to Norfolk to live … [They] were not present at marriage. [The couple] had several children all of whom died quite young, both were well known in this city.  Dallis Jones died in Norfolk, Va. in 1887 … [Willson and Anderson] present at his funeral”
[Note: The address on the form is “95 Liberty Street” but it’s not clear which man — or if both — lived there. –Leslie]


Deposition, Mary Jones, 13 June 1893 
50 years old; housekeeper; residence, 9 McLane’s Lane, Norfolk, Va . … “I was married to the soldier in Richmond before the war at my master Mr. J. Stralton’s house.  We began to live together by our master’s consent. He had never been married before and I had never been married before…My husband died on Cumberland St. in this city in the summer of 1876 when the centennial was in Philadelphia


Deposition, Andrew W. Anderson, 13 June 1893 
49 years old; laborer; 95 Liberty St., Norfolk, Va. … “I served in Co G 1 US Col Cav.  I knew Dallas Jones from the time we were together in the army until he died.”


Deposition, John Binford, 15 June 1893
55 years old; laborer; 31 Scott St, Norfolk, Va … “I served in Co G 36 US Col Inf …The only Mary Jones that I know lives on Scott St. near me and her husband died in Baltimore some years ago.  I never knew what the husband’s name was …”


Deposition, Hillary Wilson, 15 June 1893 
47 years old; peddler;  Broad Creek Turnpike, Norfolk, Va. … “I served in Co G 1 US Col Cav … I have known Mary Jones widow of Dallas Jones about 25 years …” 


Letter from M. Whitehead, Special Examiner, to Commissioner of Pensions, 7 July 1893
“The claimant is an extremely ignorant woman, a paralytic and destitute but truthful as far as her memory goes. … Although the claimant states that the soldier died while the Centennial Exposition was in Philadelphia in 1876 I was advised by quite an intelligent neighbor of hers that he died while the Centennial was going on in Philadelphia in 1887 i.e. the Centennial of the Constitution.”


Correspondence from George R. Gornto, Attorney, to William Lochren, Pension Bureau, 27 February 1895
[The letter’s written on stationery of Dr. C.F. Newbill, 168 Main Street, Norfolk, Va., Phone 702] Mary Jones’s attorney begged the Pension Bureau to expedite her claim as his client was “stricken with paralysis” and would be sent to the almshouse if immediate action weren’t taken. “The evidence you have called for in a few days will be impossible for her to comply with. She was stricken with paralysis a few days ago. And will have to be sent to the Almshouse for support. If her claim was referred to the Special Examiner, he could obtain the necessary evidence to complete the claim. So if not against the rules of the Bureau, will you not act in her claim so that she can enjoy some benefits of her pension during life … [claimant’s address] 34 Bottimore Street, Norfolk, Va. … Yours, respectfully, Geo. R. Gornto, 168 Main St., Norfolk, Va.”


Declaration for Widow’s Pension, Mary Jones, 31 December 1895 
50 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 32 Bottimore St., Norfolk, Va.; “was married under the name of Mary Carter to said Dallis Jones, Jany 1856 by consent of owners at Richmond Va. .. that she had never applied for pension … Also personally appeared, Anna Robinson, residing at Norfolk, Va., and Carrie Clark, residing at Norfolk, Va….[acquainted with the claimant] 25 years and 25 years, respectively”


*His letter likely refers to the apparent mutiny described in “Insubordination of Colored Troops,” The Commercial Bulletin, 19 June 1865 that I posted June 17, 2019.

The letter’s in the soldier’s Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR) available for free at Internet Archive:
Compiled military service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served with the United States Colored Troops [microform]: 1st through 5th United States Colored Cavalry, 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (Colored), 6th United States Colored Cavalry (1997). Reel 0005 – 1st United States Colored Cavalry: Holt, George – Jones, Herbert Oliver (online at http://www.archive.org/details/compiledmili0007akesunit). Jones’ Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR) can be viewed at n1611-n1653.

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Many of Howell Jones’s life events took place at a specific location in Southampton County, Virginia. The soldier was married at “Sam Blount’s residence,” his four children were born at “Sam Blunt’s residence,” and he died at “Sam Blount’s residence.”  Finding out more about  Blunt/Blount would certainly lead to more information about this soldier and his family. 


Invalid — 998,136 / 820,326
Minor — 935,622 / —– , Sarah Jones (guardian)


Claimant’s Affidavit, Howell Jones, 14 June 1892
52 years old; residence, Worrells, Southampton County, Va.; post-office address, Worrells … “I was working on a farm as a hired hand about seven years after I returned home from the service of the U.S. which was about the year 1873. I was put to moving some logs at which time I incurred hernia. It was on the farm of Mr. Joseph Gray near Frank in the aforesaid county and state. It come on me all at once so that I could not prevent it. I never have been guilty of vicious habits. I have to wear a truss all the time and it gives me very much pain at sometimes and makes me totally disabled to do manual labor.”


Declaration for Children Under Sixteen Years of Age, Sarah Jones, 8 February 1910
33 years old; residence, Felts, Southampton Co., Va. … that she is the guardian of Lee Jones, Annie Bell Jones, William Rowser Jones, Robert Jones, legitimate children of Howell Jones, deceased … that the mother of said children was married under the name of Sarah Mason to the soldier at Sam Blount‘s residence … April 1897 … by Rev. William Mason … that the said soldier died December 18th 1909 at Sam Blount’s residence … that the following are the only children of the soldier who are now living and are under sixteen years of age, to wit:
Lee Jones, born Dec. 8th 1898 at Sam Blunt‘s
Annie Bell Jones, born Oct 27, 1900 [at Sam Blunt’s]
William Rowser Jones, born Jan. 26th, 1904 [at Sam Blunt’s]
Robert Jones, born July 3rd, 1909
“Witnesses: John Blunt, Sam Blunt
“Also personally appeared Sam Blunt, residing at Courtland, and John Blunt, residing at Pope”

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Virginius Jones settled in Lynn, Massachusetts after the war. During his service, Jones suffered a rupture when he was thrown on the pommel of his saddle. He also accidentally shot my great-great-uncle William Thomas Pitt, Company K, 1st US Colored Cavalry. Jones described the incident in Pitt’s pension application.

Invalid — 1,054,692 / 989,792


Statement, James A. Woodley, 20 September 1897
54 years old; post-office address, 35 Charles St., Lynn, Essex County, Mass….”I have known the claimant, Virginius Jones, for the past twenty-two years, and have found him to be a man of very good character, straightforward, sober, and of very good habits. I have lived right side of him for about seventeen years and I know that any disability he may have is not due to vicious habits. … I took care of him when he was sick. He has been confined to his bed at various times, and often works when he really is not able.”


Questionnaire, (Form 3-403), Virginius Jones, 3 June 1898
residence, rear of #40 Charles St., Lynn, Massachusetts
[actual residence, post-office box] 20 Charles St., Lynn, Mass; Lynn, Mass.
[residence after discharge] “When dischd [sic] went to Petersburg, Va., about 1 week, then went to Hampton, Va., 2 yrs; Boston, Mass., Cambridge St. cor Mass St. about 10 years then moved to Lynn, Mass. At various places and [illegible- since then
[nearest post-offices] “in the respective cities
[occupation since discharge] jobbing work
[other names] no
[military service] no


Questionnaire, (Form 3-173), Virginius Jones, 3 June 1898
residence, rear of #40 Charles St., Lynn, Massachusetts
[actual residence, post-office box
[married] no; widower
[when, where, by whom married] [blank]
[record of marriage] [blank]
[previously married] “No, wife’s name was Hannah Suldon or [Hannah Selden], Oct 1886 about, died”
[living children] none under 16 years of age


Statement, Virginius Jones, 27 March 1899 
51 years old; residence, Lynn, Essex Co., Mass….”I write with a great deal of difficulty and for that reason sometimes, especially if the light is poor, or I am feeling especially unwell, sign by mark. I was ruptured in Virginia, [at Norf] Fortress Munroe (Camp Hamilton) 1863 or 1864 caused by being thrown on the pommel of the saddle while jumping bars on horseback. I cannot give evidence of those who were present as I did not know what it was until afterwards it became very troublesome. I cannot furnish evidence of those who knew me before the injury. I was a slave when I went into the army at 16 years of age, and have no idea where the people who knew me then are if living….I was treated some by Dr. Stone and his affidavit has been furnished. I have bought patent medicine. I could not afford to employ a physician. I do any light work I can get to do. I work for a little while and then have to stop hence I am able to earn but very little.”
“Virginius Jones
20 Charles Street
Lynn, Mass.”


General Affidavit, Thomas Peasy [or Peary?], 27 March 1899
57 years old; residence 411 Western Ave., Lynn, Mass,  “That I have known Virginius Jones, the claimant intimately and seen him sometimes three or four times a day, for the past fifteen years. I would consider that he is and has been on account of the disability


General Affidavit, Thomas Nickerson, 27 March 1899
76 years old; residence, 14 Sutton St., Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts “That I have known Virginius Jones, the claimant intimately and seen him frequently during the past 14 years. I consider that he was from Feb 22, 1897 to June 8, 1898 and has been since on account of hernia of left side to general debility totally disabled for the performance of manual labor. He does some light work but appears to become easily exhausted. I am positive that none of his disabilities are in any way due to vicious habits as he is and has been ever since I have known him a man of good habits sober peaceable. His appearance and my acquaintance with him makes me full positive that he has been all his life a sober, peaceable & industrious man. From my intimate acquaintance with him and my opportunities for observation I am confident that I should know it if the facts were otherwise than as above stated.”


Declaration for Increase of Pension, Virginius Jones, 17 October 1906
“56 years old; resident of Lynn, County of Essex, State of Mass. … declares he is a pensioner of the United States, enrolled at the Boston Pension Agency … That he is now totally disabled from earning a support by manual labor by reason of rheumatism, heart trouble, rupture, affection of head and general debility and paralysis.
“That he was born on the 25 of Dec 1849 at Virginia….
“His post-office address is 16 West St., Lynn, Mass….
“Also personally appeared Caroline A. Norwood, residing at Lynn, Mass., and E.B. Tolman, residing at Lynn, Mass….”


Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 16 September 2019), memorial page for Virginius Jones (unknown–7 Dec 1907), Find A Grave Memorial no. 76983219, citing Pine Grove Cemetery, Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA; Maintained by john gibney (contributor 46859312).

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Dexter Janson died in service. His sister Arena Janson applied for pension benefits and was denied. According to her application, their parents were deceased. At the time of her application, Arena lived in or near the Fells Point neighborhood of Baltimore, Maryland.


Sister – 252,037 / —, Arena Janson

Declaration for Pension of Dependent Brothers and Sisters, 19 September 1879
“Arena Janson, a resident of Baltimore City, in the State of Maryland, aged 27 years … she is the sister of Dexter Janson who enlisted  under the name of Dexter Janson … 1864 … war of Secession who died in Galveston, Texas … that she cannot of her knowledge testify to the manner of his death … his mother died one year ago, left no father surviving him, that the above-named are the only legitimate brothers and sisters, including those of the half-blood, of the said deceased … no children surviving, who were under sixteen years of age …

“That the parents were married under the names of John Janson and Lettice Custis … that she hereby appoints Charles Galamison her attorney … that her residence is at No. 222, in Durham street, in the City of Baltimore … State of Maryland and that her post-office address is the same as above …
“Also personally appeared Joshua Hatton, residing at No. 207, in N. Durham street in Balt City, and Elizabeth Horsey, residing at No. 218, in Durham street, in Baltimore … say that they were present and saw Arena Janson, the claimant sign her name (make her mark) to the foregoing declaration.”


War Department, Adjutant General’s Office, Washington, DC, A.H. Nickerson, [to file],14 August 1880 
“It appears from the Rolls of U.S. Colored Troops on file in this Office that Dexter Janson was enrolled on the 12th day of Decm [sic] 1863, at Fort Monroe, Va. in Co. “E”, 1st Regiment of U.S. Colored Cavalry, to serve 3 years, or during the war, and mustered into service as a Private on the 22nd of Decm [sic] 1863, at Camp Hamilton, Va. in Co. “E”, 1st Regiment of U.S. Colored Cavalry, serve 3 years, or during the war. On the Muster Rolls of “E”, of that Regiment, from Organ: to June 30th 1865, he is reported present for duty. July and August “Died in Post Hospital Brazos Santiago Texas July 24th 1865.” (of Inflammation of the Lungs, as shown by report from Surgeon Gen’l U.S.A.).

“The name Dexter Janson is not found on the Muster Rolls of Co. “E”, 1st U.S. Colored Troops, on file in this office.”

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This application is a gold mine. The soldier recites the names of about 40 men he served with (including their aliases) and the names of eight or ten officers.  He describes troop movements, his personal exploits, and casualties. He self-corrects. He gives great detail about mustering out and seeking bounty payment. He and his tentmates “left New Orleans together”and settled in Cape Charles, Norfolk, Portsmouth, Phoebus, and places nearby. He recalls births of his children.

Invalid — 1,404,501 / 1,171,794
Widow — 1,227,507 / 965,914, Ida A. Jenkins

Marriage License [copy], Elizabeth City County, Sandy Jenkins & Ida Sully, 27 February 1901
He was 52, widowed; she was 43, widowed; married above date @ Phoebus; mailing address, Phoebus, Va. (for both); husband born to Isham and Julia Jenkins in Hertford, N.C.,  wife born to Silvia Walker and George Walker in Richmond, Va.; husband’s occupation, sexton; officiated by William Thornton, Minister of Zion Baptist Church.

Questionnaire, Sandy Jenkins, 11 October 1912
[birthplace] Hertford Co., NC
[place of enlistment] Newbern [sic], NC
[residence before enlistment] Newbern [sic], NC
[occupation] born slave, farmer
[former owner?] 1st owner, Berry Jenkins; 2d owner, Wm. Durden, he was the last owner.
[discharged?] New Orleans, La.
[residence since discharge] Hertford Co., NC, 10 or 12 years and in Elizabeth City Co., Va. ever since
[present occupation] sexton, Zion Baptist Church
[height / complexion] 5’ 4”, black
[previous military service] none
[known by any other name other than that given in your pension application] was once nicknamed Sandy Beard
[what name are you now known] Sandy Jenkins alias Sandy Beard

Questionnaire, Sandy Jenkins, 14 October 1912
[married] Yes. Ida Jenkins.  [I] think [her] maiden name was Ida Walker. She was widow of Lewis Sully.
[when, where, by whom] about 10 years ago.  Rev. Wm. Thornton in Phoebus, Va.
[record] Court record in Hampton, Ca.
[previously married] Yes. Earnest Barnes, about 1870. Died about 1900.
[living children] James Jenkins about 37 years; Rowena Brown about 33 years; Isaac Jenkins about 31 years; Austin Jenkins about 26 years

Questionnaire, Sandy Jenkins, 14 October 1912
[address] post-office Box 65, Phoebus, Va.
[birthplace] Hertford Co, N.C.
[enlistment] Newbern [sic], N.C.
[residence before enlistment] Hertford Co., N.C.
[occupation] born slave, farmer
[former owners] 1st owner was Berry Jenkins; 2d owner Wm. Durden, he was the last owner
[discharged] New Orleans, La.
[since discharge] Hertford Co, N.C. 10 or 12 years and in Elizabeth City Co, Va. ever since
[occupation] Sexton, Zion Baptist Church
[aliases] Was once nicknamed Sandy Beard

Deposition, Benjamin Jenkins, 13 March 1913
About 78 years old; no occupation; post-office address, Natl Soldiers Home, Va. … “I am well acquainted with the man now present (claimant). I have known him since he was a little boy. We both lived in Hertford Co., N.C. between Winston and Murphysboro [sic]. He belonged to Berry Jenkins and I belonged to his son, Tommy Jenkins, and we lived three miles apart. Sometime before the war I went to Perquimans Co. N.C. and when I next saw him he was in the army in same company I was in. He was called Sandy Beard and was a Pvt. When I first knew him he was called Sandy Jenkins after his owner.

“I asked him why he was called Sandy Beard while we were in the army. I don’t remember what he said and I don’t know why he changed his name. We both enlisted about the same time and we were discharged at the same time.

“I never met him from discharge till about 5 years ago when I met him here in Phoebus….”

“I knew his mother. Her name was Julia Jenkins. I also knew his father but don’t remember his name.”

Deposition, Noah Ballard, 15 March 1913
“I am in my 74th year, not able to work, P.O. address 1037 Columbia St., Portsmouth, Va. ….
“I served as Sgt in Co. E 1st USC Cav. under Capt. Chas. Emmerson from Dec 12/63 to Dec 4/66.
“I remember Sandy Beard who was a Pvt in my Company very well. I first knew him in the army, and he served about as long as I did.
“I did not see him from the time we were mustered out till last fall when he and Benj. Jenkins came to this home together. I talked with him quite a while and then I became satisfied that he was the man who served in my company as Sandy Beard. I don’t know that he was ever known by any other name.
“I, Ben Jenkins, and he Sandy Beard, went before Lawyer Reid and I and Ben made affidavit that he was the Sandy Beard who served in Co. E, 1st USC Cav. I don’t know anything about the name Sandy Jenkins and I never saw him from discharge till he came to this house last fall.”

Deposition, Redmond Parker, 22 March 1913
about 72 years old; teamster; post-office address, 32 N & W Ave., Suffolk, Va…. “Q: Do you recall your tentmates?
A: I had several. Willis Harris, Richard Osbrook, Sandy Jenkins, that’s all. I ain’t seen Harris since we left New Orleans. Osbrook lived at Cape Charles about 10 years and Sandy Jenkins lived near Ft. Monroe, Phoebus. I saw him there last year. I knew Sandy from a boy up. We were raised in Hertford Co., N.C.  Played together Sundays. He belonged to Berry Jenkins.

Q: What was his name in the army?
A: Sandy Jenkins to the best of my knowledge, that is his correct name.

Q: Do you recall the name Sandy Beard in the company?
A:  Yes, sir.

Q: Was that claimant’s name in company?
A” I don’t know sir. I called him Sandy Jenkins. … I have seen him a number of times since discharge. Have been to his home at Phoebus. I worked in the Navy Yard for 18 years. I am sure that he is the right man.”

Deposition, Sandy Jenkins alias Sandy Beard, 13 March 1913
About 67 years old; sexton and laborer; residence, Phoebus, Va. … “[I] was discharge [sic] in 1866, in March, I believe at New Orleans. Capt. Emmerson stopped at New Orleans and I stopped there with him a short time. Most of the company were paid off at City Point, Va.

“I do not know the date of my birth but I was about 18 years old when I enlisted. My father was named Isom Cooper after the owner. My mother was Julia Jenkins. She and I belonged to Berry Jenkins. My true and correct name is Sandy Jenkins. After Berry Jenkins died I fell to his daughter who was the wife of Wm. Durden in Hertford, Co. I was with him about 6 years then went off with the 17th Mass Inf who made a raid through Hertford Co in 1863. I waited on the colonel about 3 months. His name was Fallows I think. They camped at Newbern and I enlisted there for the 1st Cav and the next night I came to Ft. Monroe, where the company and regiment was ‘made up.’ My first and only Captain was Chas. Emmerson, 1st Lt Lewis Whiteman, had 2 or 3 Second Lieuts, forget their names.

“1st Sgt Benj. Burrell, Sgt Geo. Saddler, Sgt. Robt. Hall, Sgt. Alex Parham, Sgt. Noah Ballard, Sgt. Benj. Jenkins, QM Sgt. Granville Joyner, Corpl Henry Hill, Stephen White, Fred Spencer, Benj. Jones, Pvts. Redmond Parker (my bunkmate), Willis Harris, Thos. Griffin, Alexander Brummer, Sandy Slate, Wm. Small, Joe Birdsong, Alfred Cooper, Adam Cobb, Jake Pierce, Ben Fly. There were more but I just don’t remember all their names. There was Amos Goodman — not Goodman — Amos Simmons, I mean.

Ransom Sutton, Ballard and Benj. Jenkins have testified for me. Redman Parker worked in the Portsmouth navy yard when last heard from. We were playboys together. I don’t know where any other comrades are, except Peter Adams. But he was in some other Co., Co C I think. He is in the Home (List of comrades read –Exr) I remember all those names. There were in my company except James Mason alias Carter Parham.

“The colonel was “Jeff Girard” (Jeptha Garrard); Maj. Sykes (Seip); Adjt. Page. He was our 2d Lt. at one time. I don’t remember doctors name however forgotten them. I remember Capt. Collins of the Regt.

Q:  What battles were you in?­
A:  At Chicahominy [sic] swamp in skirmishes on the picket line in front. Our company was on detached service at Fort Powhatan, near 12 months guarding the telegraph wire through the county, and we had several skirmishes patrolling the telegraph wire. One place was called Cabin Point. Wm. Small and Sandy Slate were killed at Cabin Point and two more got killed at some other place. Chas. Windley and Thos. Roach were killed at Chicaohominy [sic] Swamp. Ransom Sutton got his eye shot out. After Richmond fell we went to Brazos, Texas in 1865. We got there about July and staid [sic] there till near muster out. I was never in a hospital.”

Q: Why did you enlist as Sandy Beard?
A:  When I enlisted I gave my name as Sandy Berry, after my old master’s given name but they put it down Sandy Beard by mistake.
“I have no picture of myself. I am 5 ft. 4 inches, brown complexion, black eyes and hair, no marks or scars.
“I cannot prove my age. I don’t know anybody who knows my exact age. I was about 18 years old when I enlisted that is the age I gave. Don’t know what they put down. My complexion is not black, not real black.  It is dark brown color.  I swear positively that I am the same man who served as a Pvt in Co. E., 1st USC Cav. as Sandy Beard. I forget what Brigade we belonged to. The 2d USC Cav served with us. We turned our horses in when we went to Texas, served dismounted there.
“I sent my discharge to Washington, at least I gave it to Mr. Brown in Norfolk, Va. to get bounty, a few years after the war and never got it back. I got $100 bounty after the war. I forget who my witnesses were in my bounty claim. I don’t know but I am pretty certain that Henry Judkins and John Bannister or Zannister were in my company.

Q: Why did you not apply for pension before?
A: I don’t know. I did not have my discharge and just did not do it. I did have brothers and sisters. Don’t know what become of them: Wm, Albert, Jake and Anthony Jenkins. Some of them are dead I know. They lived in Hertford Co. “

Deposition, Peter Adams, 20 March 1913
“I am 71 years of age, occupation was farmer, P.O. address Natl Solders Home, Va. … I served as Pvt in Co C, 1st US C Cav. … I know Sandy Jenkins who lives in Phoebus, Va. well. He was a soldier in my Regiment in Capt. Emmerson’s co … He served under some other name but I cannot think of it now.… I first knew Sandy Jenkins in the Army. I have lived in Phoebus ever since the war and he has lived near me there for 30 years or more.
“I know that he was not getting a pension and I told [him] several times that he could get a pension under the law of 1907.

Questionnaire, Sandy Jenkins, 22 March 1915
[birth] about Dec 1845, Hertford, N.C.
[enlistment] Newbern, N.C.
[married] Miss Ernest Barnes
[when, where, by whom] in 1869, Hertford N.C. by a white minister named Sevage
[record] Don’t know. This was my first marriage.
[previously married] I married a second wife Feb 23, 1901 at Zion Baptist Church, Phoebus, Va. Her name was Mrs. Ida Sully, a widow, by Rev. William Thornton
[record] County Court House, Elizabeth City Co., Va.
[present wife’s former husband] Former husband was Lewis Sully. I don’t know when they married. Don’t know date of his death. Had no military and naval service. She only had two husbands. Lewis Sully and me.
[living with wife] We are still living together at Phoebus, Va.
[all your children] James Jenkins about October 1870; Branch Jenkins (now dead) about September 1872; Isom Jenkins born late in 1873; Rowena Jenkins born in 1874; Austin Jenkins born in 1879. The above notes are from memory which may not be accurate but the best I can do.”

Death Certificate [copy], Sandy Jenkins, 8 December 1924
[date / place of death] as above; Phoebus, Elizabeth City County, Va.
[address] Fulton St.
[sex / race / status] male / colored / married
[wife] Ida Jenkins
[birthdate] “don’t know”
[age] 75 years
[occupation] sexton, Zion Baptist Church
[birthplace] North Carolina
[parents’ names and birthplaces] don’t know
[informant] Ida Jenkins, Phoebus, Va.
[cause of death] chronic nephritis
[place / date of burial] National Soldiers Home, 12 December 1924
[undertaker] W.T. Smith & Sons, Hampton, Va.

Declaration for Widow’s Pension, Ida S. Jenkins, 3 [?] January 1925
65 years old, born September 5, 1859 at Richmond … soldier died December 8, 1924 at 44 Fulton St., Phoebus, Virginia …  she was married to said soldier February 27, 1901 under the name of Ida Sully at Phoebus, Virginia by Rev. William Thornton … Claimant was married to Lewis Sully, Lewis Sully died October 17, 1898; 44 Fulton St., Phoebus, Va. (only marriage of claimant). Soldier married once previously to Earnest Barnes Jenkins, who died Oct. 3, 1899.”

Sworn Statement, James Payne & James H. Payne, 6 March 1925
79 years old and 39 years old, respectively; both reside 47 Fulton Street, Phoebus, Virginia … “That they have known Ida S. Jenkins and Sandy Jenkins, deceased, for 35 years and 30 years respectively. They know that the said Ida S. Jenkins and Sandy Jenkins lived together as husband and wife and occupied a residence at 44 Fulton Street, Phoebus, Va., from the time of their marriage, about the year 1901, up to and until the time of the decease of the said Sandy Jenkins in December, 1924. And further, that the said Ida S. Jenkins and Sandy Jenkins were never divorced and lived together as husband and wife unto the date of the soldier’s death.”

Sworn Statement, James Payne, 5 September 1925
80 years old, residence No. 47 Fulton Street, Phoebus, Virginia … “That he has been a resident of the Town of Phoebus, Virginia for the past 60 years; that he has lived on Fulton Street, in said Town of Phoebus, for practically the whole of this period. That he knows well Ida S. Jenkins, widow of Sandy Jenkins, and has known her for the past forty years and that she at the present time is occupying a residence across the street from him.

“He states further that he knew well Lewis Sully, deceased, and that the said Lewis Sully died in the residence now occupied by Ida S. Jenkins, which is immediately across the street from your affiant. That you affiant was a friend of the said Lewis Sully and he visited the house upon his deceased and viewed the corpse. That to the best of the recollection of your affiant the said Lewis Sully died on October 17, 1898. That his remains were shipped to the City of Richmond, Virginia for burial.

“Your affiant further states that he knew Ernest Barnes Jenkins, the first wife of Sandy Jenkins, and that she died sometime before the marriage of Sandy Jenkins and Ida Sully (the widow of Lewis Sully). Your affiant further states that he was at the funeral of the said Ernest Barnes Jenkins and that she was buried in Thornton Cemetery, just outside the Town of Phoebus, Virginia.”

Sworn Statement, Louisa Payne, 5 September 1925
“That she is a resident of 47 Fulton Street, which is directly across the street from 44 Fulton Street, that she knew well Lewis Sully, Sandy Jenkins and Ernest Barnes Jenkins, all deceased, and Ida S. Jenkins. That she has known them for the past thirty-five years.

“That she knows Lewis Sully is now deceased; that he died in the residence he occupied at 44 Fulton Street, which was right across the street from where your affiant lived at the time of his death; that the said Lewis Sully died about October 17, 1898 and that the remains were carried to Richmond, Virginia for burial and that she accompanied the remains to Richmond, Virginia.

“Your affiant further states that she knew well Ernest Barnes Jenkins, first wife of Sandy Jenkins, and knows that she died more than twenty-five years ago. Your affiant is aware of these facts because she lived in the neighborhood of the said Ernest Barnes Jenkins at the time of the deceased of the said Ernest Barnes Jenkins.”

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America James, Company B

Occasionally, a desperate (or deceitful) claimant attempted to defraud the pension benefit process. America James’s widow Rosetta (various spellings) was indicted on two charges of perjury and ordered to refund $242.00 to the Bureau of Pensions. According to WolframAlpha, that refund is equivalent to $7,436.25 in 2019 dollars.


Widow – 367,617 / 276,889, Roseattia James

Marriage License [copy], Nixon J. Johnson & Rosetta James, 31 March 1881
[Marriage] 31 March 1881
[Place] City of Norfolk
[Ages] 31 years old and 40 years old, respectively
[Condition] widowed and widow, respectively
[Birthplace] Elizabeth City, NC and Princess Anne Co., Va, respectively
[Residences] both in City of Norfolk
[Husband’s parents] John and Levinia Johnson
[Wife’s parents] — & Judy Lewis
[Husband’s occupation] laborer
[Officiant] Ben William Lewis


Death Certificate [copy], Americus James, 3 October 1887
67 years old, born Princess Anne Co., Va.
[Parents] Lamb & Amy James
[Wife] Rosetta James
[Place of death] 126 Nicholson Street, 4th Ward
[Informant] William James, son
[Died] 3 October 1887
[Cause of death] bilious remittent fever
[Burial] West Point, Oct 4, 1887
[Undertaker] Jas N. Jones, 180 Cumberland Street


General Affidavit, Ellen Burford, about 1881
About 40 years old; “That she knew Rosetta and America James that she lived within a few doors of their house when his death occurred and waited on and attended to him in his last sickness … he died at his home No. 85 Broad Street sometimes called Newton St., it being a continuation of Newton St and where his widow Rosetta James now resides, that America James died on January 14, 1875, as is shown by record Dr. Townsend also Dr. Tunstall who are now dead attended him in his sickness … [Buford ] waited on him in his sickness, was present at his death and burial, still knows his widow who is a parolitic [sic] and who on act of her afflictions suffers from impaired speech and is unable to explain herself intelligently and is very dependent so much so as to require assistance in dressing.”


General Affidavit, Ellen Burfort & Jennie Thomas, about 1883
45 years old and 42 years old, respectively; both resided at 91 Newton St, Norfolk, Virginia … “They have known Rosetta James for several years back and know she has been paralyzed in right side seriously affecting her speech also her right arm and side and has been unable to perform an work only with left hand not being able to wash or iron clothes or to dress or undress herself without assistance that she is still in aforesaid condition and dependent of the assistance of friends and her neighbors for subsistence the she bears a good reputation for truth and chastity and has never remarried since the death of her husband America James in 1875.”


Notarized Statement, Rosetta James, 26 September 1888
62 years old; residence No. 9 Hill St., post-office address the same … “That she is the lawful widow of Africas [sic] James … she further states she was married to her husband before the war of 1861 by the consent of her master & mistress at Grate [sic] Bridge, Norfolk Co., Va. and her master named Wm. Pritchet, and him & his wife are both deceased, and they had no children at all, and they [sic] is no record of her marriage as she was a slave & she had hard owners and she further states she cannot furnish the immediate cause of her husband[‘s] death for the following reason: the public record of her husband is on file in this city by the City Board of Health. I call on Dr. Reddick and he would not give his certificate. I had no money to pay him and Doctor Barbour treated her husband up to his death and she call on him for his certificate and he refused to give his on the grounds that he made no record of his death and she is unable to furnish the testimony of the Captain of her husband Co & Regt as she learned he is deceased, and also the Surgeon of said Regim’t, are dead also Lieutenant. And she further states her husband never died [sic] had [sic] but one Doctor to treat him, he was a man never believed in Doctors. He would by [sic] his medicine and used [illegible] and he had 3 different diseases, he was ruptured and his kidney was badly affected, and his lungs badly troubled.”


General Affidavit, John Whitehurst & James Langly, 24 May 1889
[Whitehurst] 64 years old; residence Barboursville, Norfolk Co., post-office address Barboursville, Norfolk Co., c/o Geo. S. Oldfield and [Langly] 46 years old; residence Norfolk City, Va., post-office address Norfolk, c/o W.R. Drury, 161 Bank Street … “That they knew America James before he enlisted … that he was a good sound man … that while in line of duty at Deep Bottom 1864, he contracted deep cold which resulted from exposure … that he was treated in hospital at different times in camp and at City Point … America James was from Princess Anne County, Va. and was married there on 2nd day of December 1857 under the old slave laws. Knew that soldier or his wife were never married before. Don’t know how many children were born to them. ”


Sworn Statement, Clerk’s Office, Corporation Court of the City of Norfolk, Virginia, 8 October 1890
“This is to certify that the records of this office show that America James born in Princess Anne Co., Va. died in the City of Norfolk Va. on the 14th day of January 1875 of consumption on Broad Street, also that he was 38 years of age at time of death and was by occupation a sawyer that father’s name was Abram James, mother’s name was Judy James, and that he was a married man and wife’s name was Rose James that the above was received in this office for records in the year of 1875 in accordance with the law directing Health Officer to transmit his report of deaths each and every year which order was completed with as shown by record.

Gone under my hand and the seal of said court this 8th day of October 1890.
Law L. Warning, DC [signed]”


Deposition, Rosetta James, 22 May 1893
About 64 years old; a housekeeper; residence and post-office address, No. 85 Newton at Norfolk, Va.
“Q: To whom did you belong before the late war?
A: I belonged to a Capt. Fentress who lived near Princess Anne Co., Va. He is dead.

Q: To whom did your husband belong?
A: He belong to a Mr. Jno. James who resided about a mile from where I was owned.

Q: When & where were you married to America James?
A:  We were married in 1854 or 55 at Capt. Fentress place in Princess Anne Co., Va. We were married according to the custom then existing among slaves. We simply obtained the consent of our owners to have one another as husband and wife. From the time of said marriage said soldier and I lived and cohabited together as husband and wife until he died in January 1875.

Q: Have you remarried or lived and cohabited with any man as his wife since the death of your late husband America James in January 1875?
A:  No sir that I have not. I am a poor “creature” here by myself. I have remained the true widow of America James, on whose account I am pensioned.

Q: Where have you lived since the death of America James?
A:  I have lived right here where I am now living continuously since his death.

Q:  Please give me the names of your neighbors who have known you intimately during the past ten years.
A:  Ellen Burfoot and Susan Lewis have known me well. Susan Lewis lived in the same house with me a number of years until a short time ago. I know Jennie Thomas but not very well.”


Deposition, Ellen Buford, 22 May 1893
56 years old; a housekeeper; residence and post-office address No. 83 Newton St., Norfolk, Va. “I have known Rosetta James, the above described pensioner now present since 1858 or 59. I knew her in Princess Anne Co., Va. She was then the wife of America James, on whose account she is pensioned. After her husband came out of the army in 1866 we became next door neighbors and we were living there when he died, and for more than ten years last past we have lived within fifty yards of each other and have exchanged visits every day, so that I am and have been familiar with her domestic affairs. I was with her when America James died.”


Deposition, Rosetta James, 23 May 1893
About 64 years old; housekeeper; residence and post office address No. 85 Newton St., Norfolk, Va.
“Q: When did your said husband die?
A: I can’t give the exact date of his death but I think he has been dead some fifteen or sixteen years.

Q: Have you remarried or lived and co-habited with a  man as his wife since the death of you said husband.
A: No sir, I have not.

Q: Have you ever known a colored man by the name of Nixon J. Johnson?
A: No sir.

Q: Have you ever known another woman of your name?
A: I once knew a woman of my name but she is dead I don’t know when she died.

Q: A Ctf of marriage now in possession show that Nixon J. Johnson & Rosetta James of Norfolk, Va. were married in this city by Rev. Mr. Lewis on the 31st day of March 1881 Are you the Rosetta Joyner referred to in said Ctf of marriage?
A: I am the woman and I was married to Johnson but he never did me any good. And he left me. And I do not know where he is now. I have not seen him for six or eight years ago, and when I became helpless he left me.”


Deposition, Jennie Thomas, 23 May 1893
About 50 years old; housekeeper; residence and post-office address No. 71 James St, Norfolk, Va. … “I have known the pensioner Rosetta James now present for more than fifteen years last past…. She was a widow fifteen years ago ”


Deposition, Rosetta James now Johnson, 8 October 1894
“I am about 65 years old; no occupation, I am paralyzed; residence and post-office address No. 85 Newton St., Norfolk, Va. … [She received pension as America James’ widow but] whose pension was stopped by reason of my marriage to Nixon J. Johnson
Q: I am directed by the Hon. Commissioner of pensions to demand from you the refund amount of two hundred and forty two dollars. This being the amount of pension received by you from the United States as the dependent widow of the soldier American James. What is your response to this demand?
A:  It is impossible for me to make refundment [sic] of any part of said sum of money for the reason that I have not a penny with which to buy bread. I am dependent on my brother America Fentress for the means of support.
I own the house in which I live but Judge Whitehurst has a mortgage of $50.00 on it. Said property would not sell for more than $300.00. I owe some taxes past due on said property. I gave the mortgage on my property to Judge Whitehurst about a year ago to secure him for professional services rendered in defending me in a criminal procedure in the U.S. Court growing out of my pension claim.”

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