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Archive for the ‘Surname S’ Category

The couple had a “slave marriage” in Portsmouth in September 1864. The soldier died at Brazos Santiago, Texas in August 1865. His comrades-in-arms attended his burial.

Widow — 129,839 / 115,387, Sally Singleton

Widow’s Claim for Pensions, Sallie Lawson, 10 July 1886
25 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk County, Virginia; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“Her maiden name was Sallie Herbert and that she was married to Lawson Singleton on or about the 15 September, 1864, at Portsmouth in the County of Norfolk and State of Virginia by mutual consent and that she knows of no record evidence of said marriage except the consent of parties married under slave laws … she hereby appoints Mssrs. Wolf & Hart, Washington, DC as her lawful attorney … all the children of my deceased husband who where [sic] under sixteen years of age at the time of his death, Mary Clare Singleton born 15 Oct 1865, the p.o. address, Portsmouth, Va.”
“Also personally appeared before me, Dick Williams and Samuel Williams residents of Portsmouth … were present at the death of her husband & know the child Mary C. Singleton aforesaid as her child.”

Letter from Assistant Adjutant General to Commissioner of Pensioners, Washington, DC, 21 July 1866
“On the muster roll of Co. H of that Regiment, for the months of July and Augst 1865, he is reported died at Brazos Santiago, Texas, Augst 29th 1865”
[Note: “On the muster roll of Co. H”? Other records indicate he served in Company D — Leslie]

Letter from Brevet Major and Assistant Surgeon, USA J.J. Woodward to Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, DC, 25 October 1866
“Reported to this Office by Surgeon B.S. Manly as having died Aug 30th, 1865 at Brazos Santiago, Texas”

Sworn Statement, Sally Singleton, 5 July 1867
“That she was married to the said Lawson Singleton, at Portsmouth, Virginia in October 1864, without a license so the services of a minister of the gospel, but by mutual consent and subsequent cohabitation … she had of the said Lawson Singleton, one child, Mary Clarissa Singleton born on 1st Feby 1865, which said child is now alive and living with the said affiant.”
“At the same time personally appeared Samuel Marshall, Andrew Joiner, Hannah Marshall, and Emma Williams … that they are well acquainted with Lawson Singleton … and have known her for ten years. That they were also well-acquainted with Lawson Singleton … and knew him for the same period of time … were married at Portsmouth, Virginia in the month of October 1864 … that the affiants Samuel Marshall and Andrew Joiner, were present at their marriage.”

Sworn Statement, Sally Singleton, 29 July 1867
residence, Norfolk, Norfolk County, Virginia
“Declares that she is the widow of Lawson Singleton … Also personally appeared William Hawkins and Solomon Jones, residents of Norfolk County”

Sworn Statement, Samuel Marshall and Ackwell Jones, 15 February 1868
“Samuel Marshall and Ackwell Jones … Samuel Marshall … was well acquainted with Lawson Singleton [who died in latter part of August 1865] … and after his death, followed his body to the grave, and assisted in its burial. And affiant further alleges he knew the said Lawson SIngleton before he entered the service of the U. States … and affiant believes the said Lawson Singleton died of disease contracted whilst in said service and whilst in the line of his duty”

“Ackwell Jones … was well acquainted with Lawson Singleton — and the affiant further alleges that in the month of August 1865 … Lawson Singleton died … the deponent visited the tent of the now deceased, during his sickness, viewed the body after death, and witnessed its burial … the deponent believes the said Lawson Singleton died of disease contracted whilst in said service and whilst in the line of his duty”

Letter from Sally Singleton to William W. Dudley, Commissioner of Pensions, 1 October 1881
“Dear Sir,
Please inform me the case of my child being dropped from the Pension Rolls, my daughter was Born, on the Last day of January 1866, and my daughter Mary case been droped [sic] know [sic] 9 months”
“Please Sir, address me
No. 276 1/2 Queen Street
Norfolk, Virginia”

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Five men — including the soldier and his two brothers Joe and Harrison Sykes alias Williams — liberated themselves from a Southampton County, Virginia plantation and “joined the Union Army at the same time and place.”

Invalid — 952,123 / 1009,466
Widow — 1013,048 / 783,847, Harriet Sykes

Marriage License, Henry Sykes and Harriett Madison, 18 April 1877
Southampton County, Virginia; marriage took place 20 April 1877; husband’s age, 46 years old; wife’s age, 38 years old; husband, widowed; wife, single; husband’s and wife’s birthplace, Southampton Co., Va.; husband’s and wife’s residence, Southampton Co., Va.; husband’s parents, Solomon & Louisa Sykes; wife’s parents, Giles & Arsenia Madison; husband’s occupation, farmer; T.G. Newsomes, officiant, Shiloh Baptist Church

Questionnaire (Form 3-173), Henry Sykes alias Henry Williams, 1 October 1884
[wife] Harriet Sykes; Harriet Madison
[when, where, by whom] April 30, 1896; Southampton Co., Va.; by Rev. Saml. Newsome, Branchville, Va.
[record] Clerk’s Office of Southampton Co., Va.
[previous marriage] Yes. Margaret died June 11, 1884 in Southampton Co., Va.
[living children] Yes, four: Louis born Dec 28, 1876; Maggie born May 4, 1878; Loreno born April 30, 1887; Rosalind born Jan 12, 1892

General Affidavit, Howell Jones and Jacob Sugars, 11 January 1892
[Jones] 52 years old; residence, Drewryville District, Southampton Co., Va.
[Sugars] 58 years old
“We were in the army of the U.S. Co I, 1st U.S.C. Cavalry and that Henry Williams alias Henry Sykes, was a member of the same command & company with us. … discharged at the same place & time … we were all close neighbors living in the same neighborhood before we were in the army.”

Neighbor’s Affidavit, Frances E. Williams and Benj. F. Knight, 18 March 1893
[Williams] 52 years old; residence, Southampton Co., Va.; post-office address, Newsom’s, Va.
[Knight] 56 years old; residence, Southampton Co., Va.; post-office address, Newsom’s, Va.
“personally acquainted for 50 years and 30 years, respectively and they are farmers and have personally known Henry Sykes alias Williams all their lives, that he has worked for them, and in their neighborhood all their life, that they knew him before he enlisted”

General Affidavit, Jacob Sugars and Samuel Smith, 26 October 1896
[Sugars] 60 years old; post-office address, Boykins, Southampton Co., Va.
“I have lived in a mile and half [of him] for over 30 years
[Smith] 58 years old; post-office address, Pope, Southampton Co., Va.
“He has known Henry Smith for 40 years or more…”

Declaration for Widow’s Pension, Harriet Sykes, 11 August 1913
66 years old; residence, Pope, Southampton County, Va.;
“She was married under the name Harriet Madison to said soldier at Shiloh Church, So. Hampton [sic] Co., Va. … April 1887 by Sam Green Newson … the soldier had been previously married to Margaret Harrison under the slave law who died about two years before I married him.
“Also personally appeared J.T. Barham, residing in Capron, Va., and G.L. Ganis, residing in Capron, Va. …”

Widow’s Application for Accrued Pension, Harriet Sykes, 11 August 1913
“widow of Henry Williams alias Sykes … that he died on the 4th day of Feb, 1912 … she was married to the said Henry Williams alias Sykes … April 1887, at Hampton Co., Va. … that her name before said marriage was Harriet Madison … her post-office address is Pope, Virginia …
“Also personally appeared J.T. Barham, residing at Capron, Va., and R.L. Gains, residing at Capron, Va.”

Sworn Statement, N.M. Pope and W.E. Worrells, 25 August 1914
“This is to certify that we N.M. Pope, 71 years old, and W.E. Worrells, 76 years old, both of Capron, Va. was born near this place, and have lived here all of our lives. … That Henry Williams alias Henry Sykes, her deceased husband, was born and raised near our home, and has lived here all of his life with the exception of what time he was in the war. He married Margarett Harrison not long after he got home from the war. She died about 1884 and he married Harriet Madison …”

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Five men — including the soldier and his two brothers Joe and Henry Sykes alias Williamsliberated themselves from a Southampton County, Virginia plantation and “joined the Union Army at the same time and place.” In addition to an alias surname, various given names were recorded in the application.

Invalid – 512,287 / 1,011,632
Widow – 1094996 / 886,187, Frances Sykes

Questionnaire (Form 3-173), Harrison Williams, 13 January 1898
[married]  Fannie Hill
[when, where, by whom] Southampton Co., Va.; March 18, 1867; by Dr. Barham, N.P.
[record] the first one
[previous marriage] Fannie Hill, the first and last
[living children] John, age 28; Frank born 1870; Annie, 1872; Eddie, 1873; Mattie, 1875; Mary, 1877; Fredie, 1879; Joseph, 1881; Hattie, 1884; James, 1886; Hubbard, 1888; Paul, 1888; Waveley, 1890; Willie, 1894. I gave you the year of each birth and two are dead. The others are living.”

General Affidavit, Howell Jones, 10 March 1899 
57 years old; residence, Worrells, Southampton County, Virginia; post-office address, Worrells, Southampton County, Virginia
“I have been knowing Harrison Williams ever since I joined his company [?] first Reg Col Cav in 1864 … I have lived in the same neighborhood with him since the war …”

General Affidavit, Jacob Sugars, 10 November 1899
60 years old; “citizen of Courtland, county of Southampton and State of Virginia”
“I was a private in Company I, 1st Regt USC Cavalry and while is said service became acquainted with a soldier serving in the same company under the name of Harrison Williams. The same soldier and myself were discharged at the same time and returned to Southampton County, Virginia together and have ever since lived in the same neighborhood. After the said soldier returned with from the service he assumed the name of Harrison Sykes, as her father’s surname was Sykes, and has ever since been known by that name.”

General Affidavit, Henry Charity, 10 November 1899
54 years old; “citizen of Boykins, county of Southampton and State of Virginia”
“I have been acquainted with the above named soldier all of my life. I know that prior to his enlistment … he was owned by Jacob Williams. The said soldier and two of his brothers and myself and a brother of mine all ran away from our owners at the same time and joined the Union Army at the same time and place. … [Harrison Williams and I] were discharged at the same time and returned home together and have since lived in the same County together. The father of the said soldier was and is known by the name of Solomon Sykes.”

General Affidavit, J.E. Drake, 28 May 1900
62 years old; “citizen of Capron, county of Southampton and State of Virginia”
“I have known Harrison Williams since 1861. He lives one and a half miles of me. Sometimes does little work for me. “

General Affidavit, J.T. Barham, 22 June 1900 [date stamped by Pension Bureau]
36 years old; “citizen of Capron, county of Southampton and State of Virginia”
“I have been knowing Harrison Williams more than fifteen years. He lives in a half mile of me and sometimes try to do some work for me but is not able to do much and he has not been able to do hard work since I first knew him.”

Sworn Statement, Mary Turner, 3 May 1912
78 years old; post-office address, Emporia, Va. “I was present at the marriage of Frances and Harrison Sykes, alias Harrison Williams, which took place about the first of March 1869. I further state that Sifey Powell who will give further testimony was also present at the marriage of said parties.”

Letter from N.M Pope and W.E. Worrell to Department of Interior, Bureau of Pensions, Washington, DC, 19 July 1917
“We, N.M Pope and W.E. Worrell, two white farmers living in the vicinity of Capron, Va. wish to testify jointly in behalf of Frances Sykes as follows:
“P1 That on December 16, 1919, Harrison Williams, alias Harrison Sykes died at his home near Capron, Va.
“P2 That Frances Sykes and Harrison Sykes were married some more than 30 years ago and lived together as husband and wife until his death
“P3 That they have never been divorced; have lived in this vicinity the [sic] entire married life and a part of this time have lived with us.”

Letter from Mary Turner to Pension Bureau, 4 May 1918
On letterhead of J.T. Barham & Company
“I, Mary Turner of Emporia, Greenville County, Virginia … was born in Southampton County, Virginia in about 1840 and have lived in that county in the neighborhood of Capron all of my life until the last twelve months. I was one of the waiters at the wedding of Harrison and Frances Sykes in the spring of 1867 … [they had] fourteen children of whom there are eleven living and three dead.”

Sworn Statement, Mary Turner, 13 February 1919 
78 years old; post-office address, North Emporia, Virginia
“I was a waiter and was present at the marriage of Frances Sykes to Harrison Sykes, alias, Harrison Williams, about the first of March in 1869. They were married by [illegible] Auth. Barham in his office about six miles from Capron, Virginia. 

Sworn Statement, Lifey Powell, 12 May 1919 
74 years old; post-address office, Pope, Va. “I was present at the marriage of Frances and Harrison Sykes, alias Harrison Williams, which took place about the first of March 1869. I also state that Mary Turner who will give further testimony was also present at the marriage of said parties.”

Sworn Statement, W.E. Worell, 12 May 1919 
80 years old; post-address office, Capron, Va. “I was born and raised within a few miles of Capron and that I know Frances and Harrison Sykes, alias Harrison Williams, were married a few miles from my home about 1869 and that they lived together until the date of his death and were never divorced. I further state that Frances Sykes is now his widow and lives within a few miles of Capron, Va.”

Sworn Statement, N.M. Pope, 12 May 1919 
75 years old; post-address office, Capron, Va. “I was born and raised with a few miles of Capron and that I know Frances and Harrison Sykes, alias Harrison Williams, were married a few miles from my home about 1869 and that they lived together until the date of his death and were never divorced. I further state that Frances Sykes is now his [sic] maiden name and lives within a few miles of Capron, Va.”

Sworn Statement, Frances Sykes, Parley Baker, B.F. Applewhite, 14 July 1919
[Sykes] 65 years old; post-office address, Capron, Va.
[Baker] 51 years old; post-office address, Capron, Va. … “I have known Frances Sykes for the last twenty (20) years she lives in about one (1) mile of my home …”
[Applewhite] 42 years old; post-office address, Capron, Va. .. “I have known Frances Sykes for the last twelve (12) years, she lives about one (1) mile of my house …”

Sworn Statement, Dr. J.N. Applewhite, 14 July 1919 
52 years old; post-office address, Pope, Va.
“I rendered medical treatment to Harrison Williams, Alis [sic], Harrison Sykes in the year of 1916 and also was in his room when he died on the 15th day of December 1916. Apoplexy being the cause of his death.”

Deposition, Wm. Everett Worrell, 4 March 1920
81 years old; occupation, farmer; residence, Capron, Va.
“I have known Frances Sykes from the time she was a child and I also knew her husband Passon Sykes from the time he was a boy. He was first known as Passon Williams and he belonged to Jacob Williams and he ran away and went into the army and then we he came back he took his daddy’s name and was known as Passon Sykes. I do not know anything about him going under the name Harrison Sykes or Harrison Williams. The first name as Passon is the only one I knew him to go by.”

Deposition, Nathan M. Pope, 4 March 1920
76 years old; occupation, farmer; residence, Capron, Va.
“I have known Frances Sykes since she was a little girl and I have known her husband Parson Sykes since he was a little boy. Parson Sykes and his brothers Joe and Henry Sykes were owned by Jacob Williams … I have always lived within half a mile of this place and those colored people have lived in the neighborhood within two or three miles all of their lives….His name was always Passon Sykes or Passon Williams and I do not know anything about his army service. … I do not know Dr. Cuth Barham married these people but I know he did marry a good many people both white and colored for while he was a doctor of medicine but he was a preacher in his younger days.”

Deposition, Parthenia Williams, 4 March 1920
nearly 83 years of age; address, Capron, Va.
“widow of Francis E. Williams and Jacob Williams was my father. I have known Frances Sykes ever since she was a child and her husband Person Sykes or Parson Sykes or Passon Sykes as his name was called belonged to my father. … his father was Solomon Sykes but Parson Sykes and his brothers Henry and Joe Sykes all ran away during the war and someone who met up with them came back and reported they were going under the name Williams. … I think that before [Frances] married Passon Sykes Frances went by the name of Kindred for she was owned by that family and I do not know whether she went by the name of Frances Hill or not but she had a brother that I remember that went by the name of Hill. The [redacted] are so strange it is hard to tell just what name they did go by. … my husband fixed up a place for them to live in on our place and they lived there until they had several children … Dr. Cuth Barham was a doctor of medicine but he had been a preacher and while for some reason the church took away from him his license to preach the court did not take away from him his license to marry people and he married a good many and I myself saw him marry three couples and some of those after he had stopped preaching.”

Memo from J.T. Barnham, Newsoms, Virginia, 12 March 1920
“[T]he late Cuthbert D. Barham was not my farther [sic] but a distant relative.
“I know nothing of his private papers and I very much doubt that he kept any records of the marriages he somlenized [sic], have always heard that he was a very careless man as to his business affairs, besides about that time every-thin [sic] in the South was in a very unbusinessliie [sic] maner [sic] especially as to the freedmen.
[Note: This typed note was in response to a request from Department of the Interior, Bureau of Pensions, Room 22 Post Office Building, Norfolk, Va., Mar. 11, 1920 — Leslie]

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When the war ended the 1st U.S. Colored Cavalry sailed from Fort Monroe to Brazos Santiago, Texas. A near-mutiny occurred when some of the troops in the regiment initially refused to board the transport ship Meteor. The soldier took ill during the voyage and was accidentally poisoned by the ship’s surgeon. He was buried at sea. Many who supported his family’s applications described how they migrated from Northeastern North Carolina to Norfolk in search of work before they enlisted. Interestingly none of the witnesses mentioned what happened on the Meteor.

Minor — 343,711 / 298,530
Mother — 221,286 / —–, Pauline Simons

Mother’s Application for Pension, Elizabeth Simons, 24 May 1875
70 years old “That she is the widow of Stephen Burke, deceased and mother of Squire Simons, deceased … who died whilst in the services, aforesaid, at sea in the Gulf of Mexico … in June 1865 …. She appoints L.W. Boone of Hertford County, North Carolina her attorney …. also personally appeared E. Brace and W.E. Ferebee residents of the County of Perquimans in the State of North Carolina …”

Sworn Statement, Nick Williams, 14 October 1889 [?]
54 years old; residence, Winfall, Perquimans Co., NC
“[He knew] all of Mr. John Simons slaves for his father Mr. John Simons both was large slave holders … he played with the colored children that he knowed [sic] …. [the former master] has been dead some 9 or 10 yrs. …. Mr. John Simons slaves & his father’s slaves visited each other all the time up untill [sic] freedom”

Deposition, Pauline Simons, 4 April 1891
“I was born Jany 10th 1863 at least I was always told that was the time.” post-office address, 713 Bart St., Portsmouth, Va.
“I am the daughter of Squire Simons & Eliza Simons. I was born near Hertford, NC, a slave of John Simons. My parents both were slaves. Both were slaves of Mr. John Simons … I do not know anything of my father except what my people have told & the woman Matilda Simons who raised me after my mother died …. I was an only child … My grandmother was Elizabeth Simons. She is now dead. She lived near Hertford, NC & died there. I heard she got my father’s bounty money.”

Deposition, Andrew Madre, 13 April 1891
68 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Hertford, Perquimans Co., NC
“I was a slave of Jack Madre Washington Boon read the marriage ceremony [for Squire and Eliza] with the consent of Mr. John Simons. Washington Boon was a colored preacher, was there myself & saw them get married …. [W]e all started from Fort Monroe, Va. to Texas on steamboats. Simons was on one boat & I was on another…. When we all landed I was told of his death and burial… Eliza Simons was called Elizabeth Simons sometimes … Squire Simons mother was also called Elizabeth Simons … “

Deposition, Thomas N. Williams, 13 April 1891
55 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Hertford, Perquimans Co., NC
“I sometimes write my name N. Williams leaving out the Thomas. My right hand is so sore I can hardly write my name. I knew Mr. John Simons well. I lived on the farm adjoining his & my father used to hire Mr. Simons’ Negroes often. … I remember Squire Simons. He & myself were boys together & often were together playing. I also remember Eliza Simons … it was the first of January 1861 they became man and wife. Boon & John Simons & his family are dead. I was home when Squire Simons ran away & went to Norfolk, Va. in the fall of 1862 … Eliza was with child when he ran away from home. This child came the same year he left home in 1862. They called it Pauline. I had a child born about the same time, Sarah E. Williams, Oct 2, 1862. Pauline came very soon after after that … I have a Bible record of my child’s birth …. Hester Sutton was the granny that attended Eliza in Pauline’s birth. She is dead. [Eliza] died the year after Pauline was born … Sabre Simons and Matilda Simons both raised Pauline. They all lived together near me at the time. I was with Mr. John Simons slaves nearly all the time before & during the war & in that way I knew them as well as he did.”

Deposition, William Ward, 14 April 1891
51 years old; occupation, attorney-at-law; post-office address, 273 Queen St., Norfolk, Va.
“I was Ordly Sgt. of Co. “D” 1st US Cold Cavly. … [Simons] was given a dose of medicine by a surgeon which proved to be poison & killed him. He was buried in the sea. I was present when he was buried & saw him put in the sea.”

Deposition, Aaron Thompson, 14 April 1891
50 years; occupation; post-office address, Winfall, Perquimans Co., NC
“I was a slave of John Devreaux & I knew Squire & Eliza Simons … all of us living near each other in Perquimans Co., NC. … she was big with child at the time he ran away.”

Deposition, Uriah Elliott, 14 April 1891
56 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Winfall, Perquimans Co., NC
“I knew Squire Simons & Eliza Simons before they became man & wife. They were slaves of Mr. John Simons. … I lived near his plantation. I was a slave of Mr. Axell Elliott. We slaves knew each other well. … I was not present [at the ceremony] but it was the talk all over the county at the time. It was a fine wedding. … A woman named Sabrey Simons took the child & she & Matilda Simons raised the child. Sabrey Simons is dead. …. Eliza died in Sept. 1863 in Hertford, NC.”

“Elizabeth Simons was the mother of Squire Simons. She is dead. She has been dead some 16 years.”

Deposition, Matilda Simons Elliott, 14 April 1891
66 years old; occupation, housekeeper; post-office address, Winfall, Perquimans Co., NC
“I was a slave of John Simons near Hertford, NC. Squire Simons & Eliza Simons were also his slaves. I was raised with them. They were younger than I was. …. Rev. John Washington Boon was the preacher … … I was right there when Pauline was born. Hester Sutton was the old midwife that attended to her. She is dead. I can’t give the year. … I and Sabry Simons my aunt took the baby Pauline as soon as Eliza died & we raised her. Sabry is dead. I am 1st cousin to Pauline’s mother Eliza & Pauline always called me mammy as I raised her.”

Deposition, Pauline Simons, 23 May 1891
28 years old; occupation, servant; residence and post-office address, No. 713 Bart St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I do not recollect my said father and do not know anything of his whereabouts from the time he left his master until he joined [the Army]….  I think Uriah Elliott at Winfall, Perquimans Co., NC can tell where he was and how employed … I have only been in the State about one year. Matilda Simons Elliott [my aunt] of Winfall, NC can tell of the date of my birth.”

Deposition, Uriah Elliott, 8 June 1891
56 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Winfall, Perquimans Co., NC;
“When [Simons] started for the war I was at Dillard Army camp on Chowan River in N.C. … When he and 500 others left for Suffolk, Va. to work on fortifications for the Govt. … after that I heard that he had enlisted in the U.S. Army and I heard that he died there….I did not go in the Army. I stayed at home through the whole war. Dillard camp was 16 miles from where I lived & I visited there often. …. Andre Madre was not on the Dillard farm camp …. “

Deposition, Gilbert Leeson, 9 June 1891
58 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office, Winfall, Perquimans Co., NC;
“I first knew Squire Simon before the war. He was a slave of John Simon. I was a slave of Josiah White. Our farms was two miles apart. His wife was Eliza Simons … He was living with Eliza when he left home in August 1862 … I next saw Squire Simons in Norfolk, Va. in 1863. I was working in the Govt service there then. It was the 1st part of 1863. [He] was there working for the Govt. at Norfolk, Va. My work was at Fort Monroe, Va…. I think he enlisted at Norfolk, Va. and I went in at Fort Monroe, Va. … In June 1865 we started for Texas on the steamer Meteor …. He was very ill with some fever … We were told he died from poison given to him by mistake. The next day his body was served up in a blanket & shoved overboard into the ocean. It was all done after we passed the Bluff of Mobile Point … “

Deposition, Thomas N. Williams, 9 June 1891
55 years old; post-office address, Hertford, Perquimans Co., NC
“I remember perfectly when Squire Simons left home in 1862. Ir was in the fall. He was then living about a 1/4 mile of a mile from me. He was living with his wife…. She was recognized by us all as his gal. I had a daughter born Oct 2nd 1862 & that child of Squire Simons came that very same winter, her mother called her Pauline. …. Eliza the wife of Squire Simons & mother of Pauline died in Sept 1863 ….”

Deposition, Andrew Madre, 10 June 1891
68 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Hertford, Perquimans Co., N.C.
“We were at Fort Monroe, Va. together when we enlisted … Before I enlisted I had been about Norfolk I reckon about a year doing all kinds of work. At Suffolk I cooked & worked on fortifications and as I could not get my pay I went to Norfolk, Va. & cut wood for for a Mr. Howard & while there I enlisted in the Army.
“[Simons] & myself ran away from home together, we got separated & I did not see him until I left Suffolk & went to Norfolk, Va.  I heard he had been in Suffolk, Va. working on the fortifications a while and left there a few days before I got there. … Simons who has been working in the Qr. Master Dept. at Norfolk, Va. and was now with the soldiers to be taken to Fort Monroe, Va. to enlist … he got a letter from home while we were at Fortress Monroe telling him his wife had a girl baby. He was well pleased when he came to me and said ‘By God, I now have something else to fight for as Eliza has a girl child.’ He was very proud of it. I remember that perfectly.”

Deposition, Maria Skinner, 3 August 1892
about 73 years old; occupation, housekeeper; post-office address, Hertford, Perquimans Co., NC
“I belonged to John Simons, dead, before the late war and knew all his colored people well … the following named enlisted in U.S. Army during the late war viz. John Mills, Henry, Andrew and Squire. The four first named were my brothers all of whom I believe to be dead unless it is Andrew of whom I know nothing.
“Squire Simons above named was my cousin … [he] was hardly grown when he went away. His mother’s name was Bettie, now dead. Matilda Elliott, the wife of Urias or Uriah Elliott is the only living sister of Squire Simons. She lives near Winfall in this County.”

“Q.  Do you know Pauline Simons or Pauline Wilson?
A.  [Pauline] is now living in Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va. She was and is the daughter of John Long by his wife Harriet now Mrs. Harriet Long. She has re-married to Earl Elliott, and she is in Elizabeth City, NC …. John Long & his wife Harriet had the following named children viz. Pauline, now living in Portsmouth, Va.; Lavinia, Bertie Co., NC; John, Elizabeth City, NC; and Andrew who lives near Hertford when at home. I am sure that Squire Simons had no children and that he was not the father of Pauline Simons, the pensioner. …. Eliza had no husband but she had two children whose names are Mattie & Sally. I raised Mattie and she is now living in Kehore, NJ. She is married to a man named Little and Sally is married and is living in Pasquotank Co., NC “

Deposition, Uriah Elliott, 3 August 1892
58 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Winfall, Perquimans Co., NC
[How is your wife Matilda related to Pauline Simons?]
“She and my wife are cousins.”
[Who are Pauline Simons’ parents?’
“I only know what I have heard. That John Long and his wife Harriett now Mrs. Harriet Elliott was and is the father and mother of Pauline Simons.
I have also heard it said that Squire Simons was the father of this girl but I have only heard that talk in recent years. Probably three or four years ago.
[How’s Pauline able to claim pension?]
“Yes, sir. A white man by the name of John Bright who lived about 6 miles from Hertford Co., NC had a book with the names of all the dead soldiers in it and he got this thing up, got Pauline to go into it. He ran away from here about four years ago when you were in here after Jno. H. Vane. He ran off then and I have not heard from him since. Soon after Bright ran away a colored man by the name of William Ward of Norfolk, Va. came here and took the matter in hand.  By the way, the pensioner’s name is not Simons. Her maiden name was Long and then she married a man by the name of Wilson and she is now the wife of Jordan. I think his first name is William. Pauline is living in Portsmouth, Va. and was living there as the minor child of Squire Simons. I was in Norfolk when she got his money. I saw her get her pension money out of one of the banks in Norfolk, Va. William Ward and I were the only persons with her when she drew her pension money from the bank on the check issued in the amount of her pension.”

Deposition, Matilda Simons, 3 August 1892
60 years old; occupation, housekeeper; post-office, Winfall, Perquimans Co., NC
[Do you know a woman named Pauline Simons?]
“Her name is Pauline Jordan now and she lives at No. 1007 Chestnut St., Portsmouth, Va.”
[What is her relationship to you?]
“She is my second cousin.”
[Who were her parents?]
“John & Harriet Long were her parents. Pauline’s name before marriage was Long and then she married a man name of Wilson. Then she was known as Pauline Wilson and now is the wife of Wm. Jordan.”
[How are Pauline and Squire Simons related?]
“She was his second cousin and not his daughter. Squire was not married at all and had no children.”
“Q.  How did she come to make application for pension as the daughter of Squire Simons.
“A.   I do not know.
“Q.  How did you come to make a statement for use in her pension claim.
A.    I was asked to make a statement by Mr. Tyler, the Special Examiner, and done so and I told him that Pauline was Squire Simons child by Eliza. I did this because others were telling so. I heard others tell Mr. Tyler so and I did the same but at the same time I knew better.
Q.  Who was or who is Elizabeth Simons who drew the bounty due Squire Simons?
A.   She was my mother and the mother of Squire Simons. She is dead long ago. The woman Eliza who child we said Pauline was, is dead.”

Deposition, Harriett Elliott, 4 August 1892
about 60 years old; occupation, housekeeper; post-office address, Hertford, Perquimans Co., NC
“I am the wife of Eli Elliott. Mr. Elliott is my second husband. My first husband was Jno. Long by whom I had five children viz. Lavinia, Pauline, Lydia, Jno. & Andrew. My three girls were born before the late war commenced and Pauline was six years old when the war commenced. She is now the wife of William Jordan and resides at No. 1007 Chestnut St., Portsmouth, Va. She visited me about two months ago. Up to about five years ago she always lived near me. and she has visited me every year since she went to Portsmouth to live.
“Q.  Did you ever know a man by the name of Squire Simons?”
A.  Yes, sir. He was my cousin.
Q.  Did you have a child or children by Squire Simons?
A.  No, sir. He and I were cousins and belonged to Jno. Simons late of Perquimans Co., NC.
Q.  Did you know a woman named Eliza who belonged to Jno. Simons?
A.  Yes, sir. She died during the late war and she and Squire Simons were brothers and sisters and Matilda the wife of Uriah Ellicott now living near Winfall, NC is also a sister of Squire Simons.”

Deposition, Pauline Jordan alias Simons, 5 August 1892
29 or 39 years old; occupation, housekeeper; residence and post-office address, 1007 Chestnut St., Norfolk Co., Portsmouth, Va.
“… [I cashed my pension check] at a bank on Main Street in this city. I think the bank is called Burruss Bank. … I gave two hundred dollars to Uriah Elliott to give to his wife Matilda Elliott who is my aunt … I gave her this money because she raised me. And I wanted to renumerate her for my raising… I bought the property in which I now live for which I was to pay $700 of this sum I have paid six hundred & fifty dollars out of my pension money. I also bought a parlor suit of furniture for which I paid $50.00 …
“Q. Then you are not the daughter of Squire Elliott & Eliza Simmons?
A. No, sir…. The property where I live was not bought with this or any part of this money but it is and was paid for out of my husband William Jordan’s earnings. … I was not telling the truth to either you or Mr. Tyler…”

Deposition, Luther C. Williams, 5 August 1892
30 years old; occupation, U.S. Claims Agent & Notary Public; post-office address, 308 Bute St., Norfolk, Va.
“Q. Please state whether you known William Ward, a writer in Pension Claims doing business at No. 273 Queen St., this City.
A.  I do. I was a Clerk in his office from May 1st 1891 to Dec 1st, 1891.”
“… [I remember the names] Andrew Madre, Gilbert Felton, N. Williams and Grafton Tyler …”
[NOTE: This deposition is quite lengthy and names several other individuals and a bank related to questionable transfer of funds – Leslie]

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The soldier referenced his birth date as close to the time of “Nat’s War” in Southampton County, Virginia.

 

Invalid — 985,510 / 946,450

 

General Affidavit, James R. Worrells and J.B. Sugars,  20 November 1893
[Worrells]  22 years old; post-office address, Newsoms, Southampton Co., Va.
“has known Shelley for six years … He lived about 2-1/2 miles from my resident [sic] and moved about 5 miles away and stayed two years and then moved about seven miles further …
[Sugars] 43 years old; post-office address, Worrells, Southampton Co., Va.

 

General Affidavit, James Robert Worrells and Peter Walter Blow, 1 April 1897
[Worrells] 25 years old; post-office address, Worrells, Southampton Co., Va.
[Sugars] 42 years old; post-office address, Worrells, Southampton Co., Va.
“They have known Albert Shelley the claimant … for ten years …”

 

General Affidavit, Jacob Sugars and Howell Jones, 5 April 1897
[Sugars] 64 years old; residence, Worrells, Southampton Co., Va.
[Jones] 55 years old; residence, Worrells, Southampton Co., Va.
“We were Privates in Company I … and knew Albert Shelley who was a member of Co. B …. We were stationed at Brazos Texas and Shelley was taken sick which was sometime the first of the year 1866 and he was in the barracks hospital … and while there attended by Dr. Gray. He was in the hospital, helpless for several weeks. We knew Shelly before he enlisted. He went from the same county, Southampton, Va. as us. He was a strong, healthy man before enlistment but since his discharge has been crippled and incapable of much manual labor. But for his relatives & friends he would not be able to live without becoming a charge on the public.”

 

General Affidavit, James Robert Worrell and Peter Walter Blow, 28 April 1897
[Worrell]  25 years old; post-office address, Worrells, Southampton Co., Va.
[Blow] 42 years old; post-office address, Worrells, Southampton Co., Va.
“We have known Albert Shelly the claimant for many years … Worrell for 12 years …. Blow for 30 years … and during that time he has never been addicted to any vicious habits … In fact he is a sober, quiet, and well-behaved man. Keeps good hours and is steady and regular in all his habits.”

 

Deposition, Edmund Matthews, 4 June 1913
88 years old; occupation, farm work; post-office address, Drewryville, Va.
“I have known Albert Shelley a long time, ever since the war. … I believe that he is all of 10 years younger than I am. …”

 

Deposition, Albert Shelley, 4 June 1913
87 years old; occupation, farm work; post-office address, Drewryville, Va.
“I was born in Southampton Co., Va. on the farm of Chas. Urquhart who was my master on May 20, 1826. If anyone wrote it May 5th
“Q.  How do you know that you were born on May 20, 1826?
A.  After the war my old master gave me my age. He had it on a long book, a list of all the slaves he owned. He gave it to me on a strip and I had it put on my Bible bur my Bible got burned when my house was burned down. … I know that I am over 80 years old. I was five years old in Nat’s War” that was 1830 or 1835
“Q. What has become of your master’s record?
A.  I don’t know. He, his wife, and all of his sons are dead.
Q.  Who knows about how old you are?
A.  All the old people I knew, mighty near all of them, are dead.  I don’t know of but one and he is Hartwell Brown. He lived in Norfolk Co. somewhere 9 or 10 years ago but I have no idea where he can be found. He was about my age, belonged to Mr. Urquhart … the last I heard from him he lived in Princess Anne Co., Va.

Q.  Are there not some old people in this county somewhere who are sure about your age?
A.  …Old man Edmund Massey, he is about my age. He has known me for some years. There is Peter Daughtry since I think of it. He ought to know more about my age than anyone else living. He has known me from a boy and is a little younger than I am. … My master has some grandchildren but I don’t know their names or where they live. I have been anxious to find some of them.

“I was not married til the second year after the war. Then I married Anna Marie Blow who is now living with me. We were married in Southampton Co. by ——- forget the preacher’s name. She was never married before.”

 

Deposition, Peter Doughtry, 4 June 1913
near 70 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Drewryville, Va.
“I have known Albert Shelley near my whole life. … He is a full piece older than I am….. I don’t know my own age but I don’t think I am less than 70.  In 1866 I was registered for 21. I think that it was in 1866”

 

Deposition, Mrs. Rebecca M. Dillard, 19 June 1913
72 years old; no occupation; post-office, Waverly, Va.
“Albert Shelley belonged to my father Chas. Urquhart of Southampton Co. All my father’s records relative to his slaves have been lost or destroyed. I don’t know the exact age of Albert Shelley. I thought that he was between 65 and 70 but I now recall that he was a little older than I am. He was between my age and a brother two years older. He, Albert Shelley is now about 73 years of age. I don’t know the month of his birth….He is not 87. He is mistaken if he thinks he is. I was born in 1841 and he was probably born in 1840. I am sure that he was not born in 1826  …”

 

Questionnaire (Form 3-389), Albert Shelley, 24 April 1915
[birth place/birth date] May 20, 1826
[post-office at enlistment] Hampton, Va.
[married] Anna Maria Shelley, Anna Maria Black
[when, where, by whom] don’t know date, by Chas. Urquhart, Southampton Co., Va.
[record] no
[previously married] no
[wife living] yes, living with her
[names, birthdates of children] Rosa Shelley (dead), Robert Shelley (dead), Martha Ann Shelley (dead), Harry Shelley (dead), Norfleet Shelley (dead), Anna Shelley (living near Anna Worrell), Louvenia Shelley (living near Louvenia Howell), Susanna Shelley (living near Susanna Eppes), Albert Shelley, Jr. (living), Edward Shelley (living) — dates of birth lost owing to family bible being burned”

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This North Carolina mother sent two sons (John Sawyer and Frederick Sawyer) and two stepsons (Anderson Roberts and Solomon Roberts) to Union Service.  Her former owner contributed to her support until Emancipation and then served as her attorney in this claim. She had been her attorney’s nursemaid in his infancy.
Ultimately, it took an Act of Congress — a private bill passed in 1885 — for Nelly Roberts to receive a mother’s pension.

 

Mother — 228,253 / 212, 899, Nelly Roberts 

 

Declaration for an Original Pension for a Mother,  Nelly Roberts, 29 September 1876
about 63 years old; “… her second husband Thos. Roberts died in 1869 aged about 66 years… she hereby appoints William E. Bond of Edenton, Chowan Co., N.C.  her attorney to prosecute the above claim; that her residence is … Oaklawn street, in the town Edenton … Also personally appeared Chas. G. Manning … residing in King street, in Edenton, N.C. and James H. Manning … residing in Main street, in Edenton, N.C.”

 

Sworn Statement, Nelson Underhill, 2 October 1876
“I, Nelson Underhill, do hereby testify that I enlisted in the U.S. Service in Co. D 2nd Reg US Cold Cavalry that I knew Fred Sawyer well, knew him to be the son of Nelly Roberts … that Fred Sawyer was a carpenter … that [Nelly Roberts] is about 63 or 65 years old, very poor & infirm; has no property worth mentioning except a small house & lot … ”

 

Sworn Statement, John Sawyer, 8 January 1877
“I, John Sawyer, 2nd Sergeant, of Company E (Capt. William A. Cutler) 37th Reg US Cold Infantry, do hereby testify that I enlisted in the U.S. Service in March 1864 & my brother Fred Sawyer (or Bond) (he was known by both names) enlisted in Co G 1st US Cold Cavalry, & that he died in the service of sickness contracted in the line of his duty during the month of July 1864.
“I further testify that both myself & my brother Fred Sawyer (or Bond) formerly belonged to Mr. Wm. E. Bond now living in Edenton, N.C. & that we were the sons of Nelly Roberts (still living) by her first husband, Edmund Sawyer. I further testify that my brother Fred Sawyer (or Bond) was a young man, just grown, a house carpenter by occupation & had never been married. I am perfectly sure of his enlistment & death in the 1st Reg C Cavalry — am not certain as to the company but think he served in Co G. I know he was never married …”

 

Sworn Statement, Major Warren, 13 January 1877
“I, Major Warren, do hereby testify that during the war of the rebellion, I enlisted in Co A (Capt. Dye) 1st Reg Cold Cavalry; that I knew Fred Sawyer (or Bond) well both before & during his service knew him to be the son of Nelly Roberts, then & still living in Edenton, N.C….”

 

Sworn Statement, Israel Sutton, 13 January 1877
“I, Israel Sutton, do hereby testify that I enlisted during the war of the rebellion, became Sergeant in Co. I, 1st Reg US C Cavalry (Col. J. Garrard); that I knew Fred Sawyer (or Bond) … I further testify that I am not related to Nelly Roberts, the mother of Fred Sawyer – do not even know her, & that I have no interest, direct or contingent, in her claim …”

 

Sworn Statement, Ransome Gregory, 13 January 1877
“I, Ransome Gregory … am not related to Nelly Roberts … ”

 

Sworn Statement, Nelly Roberts, 15 February 1877
“I, Nelly Roberts, formerly Nelly Sawyer, mother of Frederick Sawyer (or Bond) … do hereby certify that my first husband, Edmund Sawyer, the father of my son, Fred, died in 1846; that I was married to Thomas Roberts in 1848; that my husband Thos. Roberts died in 1869; & that I have since been & now am a widow….”

 

Sworn Statement, Charles G. Manning & Henry A. Bond, 15 February 1877
“We, Charles G. Manning & Henry A. Bond, do hereby testify that we have known Nelly Roberts; that she was the wife of Edmund Sawyer the father of Frederick Sawyer; that after the death of said Edmund Sawyer, been since she was married to Thos. Roberts, & that she has been since the death of her second husband & still is a widow.”

 

Sworn Statement, Glascow Roberts & Mustapha McDonald, 15 February 1877
“We, Glascow Roberts & Mustapha McDonald … have known Nelly Roberts many years; that she was the wife of Edmund Sawyer up to his death, which took place in 1846; that in 1848 she was married to Thos. Roberts, who died in 1869 … ”

 

Sworn Statement, Nelly Roberts, 26 February 1878
“I, Nelly Roberts, the mother of Frederick (or Fred) Sawyer) decd do hereby testify that during the time my said son was in the military service of the United States, & up to his death, except two small sums of money sent to me by him, as opportunity offered, I was supported by my owner, Wm. E. Bond, who supplied my necessary wants till emancipation went into effect. I lived with my former owner till the 14th of January 1866. The two sums of money above referenced, sent to me by my son during the time of his service, amounted to six dollars to the best of my recollection.”

 

Letter from William E. Bond, Edenton, North Carolina to Hon. J.A. Bunting [?], Commissioner of Pensions, 27 February 1878
“She raised four sons for the Union services, two sons John & Frederick Sawyer, and two stepsons (sons of her last husband Thos. Roberts by a former wife), Anderson & Solomon Roberts, both of whom were raised by the claimant from early childhood. All four went into the U.S. Service. Fred died therein. Anderson was reported to have been killed in the bloody conflict which took place on the explosion of the mine near Richmond. Nothing has since been heard of Solomon. As he was in the same company and kept with Anderson it is very probable that he fell in the same conflict … the sheriff is threatening to sell some of her little property for taxes …”

 

Declaration for an Original Pension for a Mother, Nelly Roberts, 25 June 1880
69 years old; residence, Edenton, Chowan Co., N.C.; post-office address, Edenton, Chowan Co., N.C.
“that her husband … Edward Sawyer died in 1846, aged about 33 years; after his death she married in 1848 Thomas Roberts who died in 1869 and she has remained a widow ever since … she hereby appoints William E. Bond her attorney …
“Also personally appeared Thos. M. Small, residing in Edenton, N.C. and J.R. McCurdy, residing in Edenton, N.C.

 

Sworn Statement, William E. Bond, 17 January 1884
“I have known Nelly Roberts for many years and her son Fred Sawyer or Bond all his life; that I also knew her late husband and Thomas Roberts for many years; that Thomas  Roberts belonged to Thomas D. Warren, who has been dead for several years
“1 — As to Thomas Roberts, that about the year 1859 or 1860 he became very sickly and infirm; that he had no income except by his labor as a carpenter; that from that time Nelly Roberts was dependent for her support upon her son Fred Sawyer with what she received from me as a compensation for her labor.
“2 — As to Fred Sawyer (or Bond) that he contributed as far as he was able to his mother’s support providing as far as he can for her the necessaries of life; that I know on many occasions of him giving her clothing and food; that I knew of his sending money three or four times during the years 1862 & 1863; and during the time he was in the United States service; that I forwarded one of his letters (containing money, mailed from Norfolk, Va.) to file as part of the proof in her claim; and that he left no wife or child
“3 — As to Nelly Roberts, that she furnished four soldiers to the Union service, two sons and two stepsons (raised by her from infancy); that one of her sons, Fred Sawyer, and both stepsons (Anderson & Solomon Roberts) lost their lives in the service; that since her son’s death she has been dependent upon her own labor for her support; and that she is now very old, very poor, and very infirm.
“I further certify that in a pensioner affidavit I stated ‘that during her son’s absence in the U.S. Service, the said Nelly Roberts was supported by her husband and myself,’ by which I meant that her husband did all he could for her in his sickly condition, and that I contributed more to her support than a reasonable compensation for her service would have demanded because she was my nurse in my infancy (over sixty years ago) and endeared to me; that I am not related to her as an old and faithful servant, and have no interest or connection with her claim except as an act of justice and humanity …”

 

Note: Frederick Sawyer’s Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR) shows that he enlisted January 1864 and died July 1864.
— Compiled military service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served with the United States Colored Troops [microform]: 1st through 5th United States Colored Cavalry, 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (Colored), 6th United States Colored Cavalry (1997). Reel 0012 – 1st United States Colored Cavalry: Sample, Abraham (Abram) – Smith, Ives (online at  https://archive.org/details/compiledmili0012akesunit/mode/2up).

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Beware of poor penmanship and human error. Compare and corroborate your sources. According to his pension application card, Charles Schwartz of Louisville, Kentucky was assigned to Company A, 1st U.S. Colored Cavalry. However, his Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR), shows that he joined Company F, 1st U.S. Colored Cavalry as a Captain.
— Compiled military service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served with the United States Colored Troops [microform]: 1st through 5th United States Colored Cavalry, 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (Colored), 6th United States Colored Cavalry (1997). Reel 0012 – 1st United States Colored Cavalry:
Sample, Abraham (Abram) – Smith, Ives (online at http://www.archive.org/details/compiledmili0012akesunit). Schwartz’s CMSR can be viewed at
n228-n262.

Note: For consistency’s sake, I’ve entered Schwartz’s company assignment as it appears on the pension card — Leslie


Mother — 500,181 / —–, Johana Schwartz

 

Sworn Statement, Rev. Francis Gabler, Rector, per Rev. A.J. Thorne, Asst., Louisville, Kentucky, 21 December 1890
“This is to certify that Mr. Charles Schwarz died in the month July 1878 and was buried from St. Martin’s Church, Louisville, Ky. being 44 years of age at the time of his death.”

 

War Department, Record and Pension Division, 11 April 1891 [stamped]
“Charles Schwartz, Co F, 1 Reg’t USC Cav was enlisted Dec 8, 1863 and M.O. [mustered out] with Co. Feby 4, 1866
“The name Charles Swartz has not been found on rolls of Co. A 1 USC Cav …”

 

Sworn Statement, Rev. Daniel Weile, S.J. [?], undated
“Testimonium — This is to certify that Nicolas Schwarz died December 27th 1871 and was buried from St. Boniface’s Church in Louisville, Ky.”

 

Declaration for Dependent Pension of a Mother or Father, Johana Schwartz, 29 December 1890
77 years old; residence & post-office address, 628 E. Green Street, Louisville, Ky. ” … mother of Charles Schwartz who enlisted under the name of Charles Schwartz on the 8th day of Dec A.D. 1863 as Capt. Co.  1st U.S.C. Cav in the war of the rebellion, who died at Louisville, Ky. on the 4th day of July 1878 … [he] left neither widow nor child under sixteen years of age survive; that the said declarant was married to the father of said son at Cincinnati, Ohio on the 22 day of Feb, A.D. 1832 by Bishop Rese, that she is now wholy [sic] dependent upon others not legally bound for her support; that the father of said son died at Louisville, Ky. on the 27th day of Dec, A.D. 1871 …A lso personally appeared John Strasell, residing at No. 803 E. Madison Street, in Louisville, Ky., and Mary Taylor, residing at No. 413 in Jackson Street, in Louisville, Ky. … “

 

Questionnaire (Form 3-060), Department of the Interior, Bureau of Pensions,10 April 1891
“It is alleged that Charles Swartz enlisted Dec 8, 1863 and served as a Capt. in Co. A, 1 Reg’t U.S.C. Cav … It is also alleged … died in 1878 … and was treated in hospitals of which the names, locations, and dates of treatment are as follows: not stated.”

 

Notes from Charles Schwartz’s Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR)
n256-n257: Remarks
“Original entry as Private in the 6th Independent Ohio Vol. at Cincinnati, Ohio, Sept. 13th 1861, promoted Sergt Nov. 13th 1861. The Company consolidated. With the 3d New York V. Cavalry, becoming Company “L” promoted 1st Sergt. Nov. 28th 1862. Discharged to accept appointment Dec. 7th 1863. Mustered in as Captain 1st US Colored Cavalry Dec. 8th 1863 …. “

n262: Letter from H.M. Brown, Major, 1st USCC, to  Headquarters, 1st USCC, Fort Lincoln, Va.
The letter asked that “Charles Schwartz, Squadron F, 1st USCC, Supt.,  Hard Labor Prison, Norfolk, Virginia be relieved and ordered to report to me.”

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The soldier died in the hospital at Brazos, Texas in or about 1865. Thirty years later his mother’s pension application was denied.

 

Mother – 617,678 / —–, Silvia Smith

 

Declaration for Dependent Mother’s Pension, Silvia Smith, 6 July 1895 
84 years old; residence, Elizabeth City County, Va.; post-office address, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Va.
“… mother of Manuel Smith … who died … on or about September 1865, from the effects of a disease,Ttyphoid Fever, in the hospital at Braz [sic] Texas … Also personally appeared John Walker, residing at Hampton, and Andrew Benjamin, residing at Hampton …”

 

Department of the Interior, Bureau of Pensions (Form 3-060), 30 July 1895
“Died in service about September 1865. It is also alleged that while on duty at Brazos, Texas on or about 1865, he was disabled by Typhoid Fever and was treated in hospitals of which the names, locations, and dates of treatments are as follows: Hospital at Brazos, Texas”

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According to his Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR), James Shepperd, a farmer, was free as of April 19, 1861. Spelling variants of his surname abound:  “Shepard,” “Sheperd,” “Shepherd,” “Sheppard.” Researchers should also be aware of spelling variations in geographic places; Shepperd’s CMSR misspelled his birthplace/residence as “Isle White.”
— Compiled military service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served with the United States Colored Troops [microform]: 1st through 5th United States Colored Cavalry, 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (Colored), 6th United States Colored Cavalry (1997). Reel 0012 – 1st United States Colored Cavalry:
Sample, Abraham (Abram) – Smith, Ives (online at http://www.archive.org/details/compiledmili0012akesunit). Shepperd’s Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR) can be viewed at n811-n828.

 

Invalid – 1,167,644 / 919,477

 

Declaration for Original Invalid Pension, James Shepherd, 21 May 1895
52 years old; residence, Smithfield, Isle of Wight, Virginia … also personally appeared Edward Boykin, residing at Smithfield, and John Lloyd, residing at Smithfield …”

 

General Affidavit, James Shepherd, 31 July 1895
“he has lost his discharge certificate … witnesses Edward Boykin, John J. Cofer

 

Questionnaire (Form 3-402), James Shepherd, 4 June 1898
[married] yes, Nannie Taylor
[where, when, by whom] December 18th 1891, Smithfield, Rev. R. C[?illegible]
[record] record of marriage at courthouse
[previously married] yes, Lou Hines died September 16, 1889
[living children] Eva, October 16, 1875; John, October 9, 1877; Emma, Sept 15, 1882; Alec, Jany 9, 1889; Julia, Jany 1, 1887

 

Declaration for Invalid Pension, James Sheppard,  24 May 1900
54 years old; residence, Smithfield, Isle of Wight Co., Va…. honorably discharged at City Point, Va…. January 1966 … he is partially unable to earn a support by reason of rheumatism … also personally appeared W.H. Godwin, residing at Smithfield, Va. and Eley Day, residing at Smithfield, Va. … [acquainted with the soldier] ten years and fourteen years, respectively … ”

 

Letter from James G. Martin, Attorney, Law Building, Norfolk, Virginia to Commissioner of Pensions, Bureau of Pensions, Washington, DC, 20 May 1908
“Dear Sir,
“Kindly find enclosed papers in the matter of Nannie Shepherd, widow of James Shepherd. If anything further is required please let me know; but as the amount coming to her is doubtless very small, I should be glad to avoid as much formality and expense as is consistent with orderly and safe conduct of your affairs. She is an old colored woman, and seems not accurate in her memory as to dates, etc.
“Yours truly,
Jas. G. Martin

 

Declaration of a Widow for Accrued Pension, Nannie Shepperd, 20 May 1908
age unknown, probably about 60 years old; post-office address, 22 Greens Court, Norfolk, Virginia … “she is the widow of James Shepherd … the last payment of his pension was made on a date unknown to the applicant, probably in 1907; that he died on the 8th day of 1908 (not in the presence of applicant). That she was married under the name of Nannie Lee to said pensioner at Petersburg, Virginia, about 25 years ago; that there was no legal barrier to the marriage; that she had been previously married to Lee; that the soldier had been previously married. That her former husband, Lee, died in said Petersburg …
“Also personally appeared John Shepherd & Robert Johnson residing at Norfolk Co. & Norfolk City, Va. … [acquainted with widow] 14 years and 14 years, respectively … and said John Shepherd, further swore that he was present at the death of his father, said James Shepherd, on the 8th day of February 1908 at Smithfield, Va.”

 

Letter from James G. Martin, Attorney, Law Building, Norfolk, Virginia to Commissioner of Pensions, Bureau of Pensions, Washington, DC, 13 July 1908
“Dear Sir,
“In the matter of the claim of Nannie Shepherd, widow of James Shepherd … your letter to her calling for further evidence dated June 23, 1908, received. Will you be so kind as to write me what amount she would obtain if she should be able to provide all satisfactory evidence, as I think it probable that the amount will be so small that it will scarcely justify her in going to the expense and trouble of looking further into the matter.
“Yours very truly,
Jas. G. Martin”
[A handwritten note in pencil reads “In. Certf. 919,477 / no widow’s claim filed” — Leslie]

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Jacob Sugars was born enslaved in Southampton County a few years after the 1831 Nat Turner Rebellion in that county. Married twice, he had several children and died a widower.

 

Invalid — 952,121 / 790,368

Questionnaire, Jacob Sugars, 17 March 1898
63 years old; residence, Southampton Co., Va. …
[Married] Charlott Sugars, maiden name Charlott Broadnax … December 1893 at Jacob Sugars’ house by W.R. Mason …
[Previously married] Eveline Parker. Died in September 25th 1890 at Nathan Pope’s in Southampton, Va.
[Living children] Albert Sugars born Dec 1872; Sally Ann [Sugars] Born Aug 1874; Thomas Sugars born May 1876; Jesse Sugars born Dec 1877: … Cherry Sugars born June 1879 … Henderson Sugars born Dec 1881 … Percy Sugars born 4th September 1897.”

 

Declaration for Pension, Jacob Shuggars, 1 September 1908
“resident of Felts, County of Southampton …”

 

General Affidavit, E.M. Darden, 13 June 1911
[illegible] years old; resident of Newsoms, Southampton Co. …”has known Jacob Sugars since Feby 1866 … has gained above knowledge by living near him all this time.”

 

Questionnaire, Jacob Sugars, 20 March 1915
[born] Southampton Co, 1839 Sept …
[married] two times Evelina Parker and Charlot Artist Brodnax … 1st time in slave time by master Frank Ridly, 2nd time in 1898 Rev. Mason
[wife’s previous husband] Charlot Broadnax married to Robert Artist he died ….
[children living or dead] Peter Sugars born [No year reported — Leslie]

 

Deposition, W.T. McLemore, M.D., 15 October 1920
I have known Jacob Sugars … for 15 or 20 years, and have attended him professionally at frequent intervals during that time.”

 

Death Certificate [copy], Jacob Sugars, 30 November 1923
[place of death] Jerusalem, Southampton Co., Va.
[sex, color, condition] male, colored, widowed
[birth date] 1835
[age] 87
[occupation] farmer
[birthplace] Southampton
[father’s name, birthplace] don’t know
[mother’s name, birthplace] don’t know
[informant] Percy Sugars, Courtland, Va
[cause of death] parenchymatous nephritis and valvular heart disease (leaking)
[signature] W.T. McLemore, M.D., Courtland, Va.
[burial] Massadon [sp?] Church, 30 November 1923
[undertaker] Card [sp?] Ricks, Courtland, Va.

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