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Archive for the ‘Invalid’ Category

According to his Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR) — not shown here — the soldier was 40 years old when he enlisted in New York City. His occupation was horse trader. After the war he and his wife settled in Baltimore.


Invalid — 125,499 / —–
Widow– 489,516 / 450,795, Catherine Jones

Declaration for an Invalid Pension, Walter Jones, 2 May 1867
43 years old; residence and post-office address, 69 Arch Street, Baltimore, Md
“He was wounded in a skirmish with the rebels about the 15th day of January 1865 as nearly as he can recollect near Suffolk, Va. striking him by a musket ball in the front and inner side of the left leg about six inches above the ankle which shattered the bone and lodged about two inches above the ankle…. always requiring a cane to walk, and limping in his movement
“Also personally appeared, George Riggs and Warren Riggs … residents of Washington, DC”

Declaration for Widow’s Pension, Catharine Jones, 2 December 1890
“The soldier died July 19, 1871 in Baltimore, Md. … that she was married under the name Catharine Cheevers to said Walter Jones on May 1861 by Rev. Stephen Howard at Gloucester, Va. … the soldier had been previously married but his wife had been dead for some time when he married claimant”
“Also personally appeared, Nancy Taylor residing at 594 W. Preston St., Balto, Md. and Caroline Moseley residing at 755 Raborg St., Baltimore, Maryland … acquaintance with her of 25 years and 25 years, respectively”

Sworn Statement, Caroline Moseley, 2 December 1890
50 years old; residence,755 Raborg Street, Baltimore, Maryland
“I was bridesmaid at the marriage of Catharine Cheevers and Walter Jones at Gloucester, Va. in May 1861 and I dressed the bride.”

General Affidavit, Catherine Jones, 9 December 1891
50 years old; residence, Baltimore, Maryland
“My husband Walter Jones was a member of Company C 1st Reg U.S. Cold. Troops.
In my original declaration I was mistaken when I said my husband was a member of Co K 30th US Cold Troops.”

Sworn Statement, Anthony A. Carter and Elizabeth Maddux, 16 December 1890
[Carter] 45 years old; residence, 511 Norris Ave., Baltimore, Maryland
[Maddux] 40 years old; residence Horning Ave near Carrolton Ave., Baltimore, Md.
“[Maddux] saw him carried out of the house, dead. He died on the corner of Pine & Josephine Sts., Baltimore, Md. Anthony A. Carter moved him into the house about ten days before he died.”

General Affidavit, Catharine Jones, 28 June 1893
49 years old; residence, Baltimore, Md.; post-office address, 594 W. Preston, Baltimore, Md
“Her husband died of the smallpox and all his effects were burned by the city.”

Handwritten Note Signed by John B. Giles, Laurel Cemetery, 30 June 1914
“I hereby certify holding Mrs. Dervella Lattimore responsible for (three dollars) 3.00 to John B. Giles Supt LC for the open of grave of Catherine Jones burried [sic] in Laurel Cemetery no of lot 47 Laurel Park area.”

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Five soldiers in this regiment have the same name and all five are associated with pension applications. One of them was a witness in this application.

Today’s post is about a soldier was born enslaved in northeastern North Carolina. He settled in Norfolk, Virginia after discharge and worked as a house carpenter. For three years veterans, neighbors, and friends provided testimony — and some repeatedly. Names and locations of close to 40 people have been identified. Though the applications were rejected, the interviews provide detailed information nowhere else recorded e.g. name changes, half-siblings, aunts and uncles, a fiancee, a disreputable attorney and notary public, occupations and trades, living conditions, customs, and so on.

***This might be the lengthiest pension application I’ve examined. Today’s post includes research notes for documents dated July 1895-1896. Previous posts included research notes for 1892-1893 and 1894-June 1895.

Invalid — 918,580 / —–
Mother — 567,311 / —–
, Juda Williams

Deposition, Raphael Wright, 2 July 1895
53 years old; occupation, huckster; post-office address, 80 Ave.. A, Huntersville, Norfolk, Va.
“I became acquainted with the clmt Judy Williams about the fall of 1866, she then lived near Craney Island, Norfolk Co., Va. with her husband Decature Williams. Later on in the same year I became acquainted with the soldier John Williams. I used to see him at the house of his mother the clmt. … I lived in clmt’s neighborhood and not more than 4 miles away from her from 1866 until about 9 years ago. … died about 17 or 18 years ago in Norfolk Co., Va. …When I got acquainted with him in 1866 he told me that he served in my Regiment in Co. K. … I know that the soldier sent the clmt some money at times.”

Deposition, Edward R. Pitt, 3 July 1895
56 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Bowers Hill, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I was present with my company all the time except for 2 weeks about Sept 1864…. I remember John Williams. … did not know him before enlistment.
“He was a well man when he enlisted … but became feeble and sickly during his service. … We had nothing but shelter tents at [Camp Hampton near Ft. Monroe, Va.] and the weather was very cold… I saw him in Norfolk once or twice after discharge. I do not know the claimant.”

Deposition, John Hardy, 6 July 1895
50 years old; occupation, hacker; post-office address, 208 Cumberland St., Norfolk, Va.
“I have known the clmt Judy Williams all my life. She lived in Currituck Co., NC when I first met her. I also knew her son John Williams from his boyhood. His home was also in Currituck Co. NC before the war. … I knew his father Decatur WIlliams. He was my uncle. He died some years before the soldier.

Deposition, James Norman, 9 July 1895
77 years old; occupation, laborer when able to work; post-office address, Hayes Post Office, Gloucester, Va.
“I served in Co. K … I remember John Williams … I did not know him prior to enlistment and have never seen him since discharge.”

Deposition, Jerry Wilkins, 13 July 1895
73 years old; occupation, none; post-office address, National Soldiers Home, Va.
“I was well acquainted with John Williams … I knew him from boyhood. He belonged to a Mr. Bray or Gray in Currituck Co., NC. I lived across the river from him, about 4 miles, and used to pass over there very often to go to the mill and to go to a store. His father was named Kater and I knew him right well. His mother I did not know so well. I think her name was Katie. I saw her only a few times. I think she lives in the Western Branch. … [He then replies to the Special Examiner that her name might have been Judy or Juda.] I am not certain that her name was Judy but since you mention it, I believe that was her name.
“He was a very young man when he enlisted.”

Deposition, Elizabeth Lee, 15 July 1895
about 57 years old; occupation, housekeeper; post-office address, 10 Calvert St., Norfolk, Va.
“I have known the clmt Judy Williams about 17 years. I lived near her on the Western Branch about 7 years. I also knew her son John Williams, met him soon after I got acquainted with his mother, the claimant. … The clmt’s husband died before I got acquainted with her… I have worked in the neighborhood where claimant lived every summer during the truck season since I moved into Norfolk 9 years ago.”


Deposition, Aaron Wright, 16 July 1895
54 years old; occupation, farming; post-office address, Box 49, Churchland, Va.
“I have known the clmt Judy Williams upwards of 25 years. She was then living about 3 miles from here with her husband Kater Williams. The said Kater Williams died every bit of 15 years ago. I can’t fix the date. I attended his burial. … She has no property but some household goods for $5 which would well pay for. … The claimant is now confined to her bed, had a stroke of paralysis about a month ago. I saw her son John quite often but never was much acquainted with him. He used to visit her.”

Deposition, Anthony Pinner, 3 October 1895
29 years old; occupation, letter carrier; residence and post-office address, Norfolk, Va.
“I do not know Judy Williams the claimant. …The name Anthony Pinner as it appears as an attesting witness to the signature by mark of said persons is not my signature. I did not write my name as it there appears nor did I authorize anyone to sign my name thereon.”
[Note: This document is signed by the deponent in longhand — Leslie]

Deposition, Emma Poole, 3 October 1895
52 years old; occupation, housekeeper; residence and post-office address, 83 Liberty St., Norfolk, Va.
“I became acquainted with the claimant when I moved into this house. Her son John Williams had a room in this house at that time and he retained it until he died three years ago last June.
“Two years ago last July I went with the claimant to the office of Luther C. Williams … and then about 3 months ago a pension examiner came here and got me to sign another paper.”

Deposition, Raphael Wright, 5 October 1895
54 years old; occupation, huckster; residence and post-office address, 80 A Avenue, Norfolk, Va.
“I have known the claimant Judy Williams since in 1866…got acquainted with her through her son … who served with me … He was in Company I and I was in Company H of said regiment. … went with her to Luther C. Williams office on Bute Street in this city where her application for pension was made out … when we got there Luther got D. Betts Robertson whom I know to write out said application … Luther Williams who was a notary public sworn both of us … I known Anthony Pinner the letter carrier but he was not present in [the office] … [the application] was executed the day before Christmas 1892.”

Deposition, John Hardy, 9 October 1895
about 50 years old; occupation, hack driver; residence and post-office address, 208 Cumberland Street, Norfolk, Va.
“known the claimant for a number of years. I also knew her son John Willliams … I have known [Luther C. Williams] who used to keep an office on Bute St. near Church St. of this City but I have never been in his office with the claimant.”
“Q. Can you write your name? A. No sir.
“There is no other man of my name in or in the vicinity of Norfolk.”

Deposition, Samuel B. Humphries, 9 October 1895
52 years old; occupation, drayman; residence and post-office address, 46 Mosley St., Norfolk, Va.
“I have known the claimant Judy Williams all my life. We were neighbors and fellow servants almost from my birth. … I went with her to Luther C. Williams office two years ago last July…Myself and a woman I did not know were with her at the time … I do not know the witness Emma Poole … I now remember that Emma Poole was the woman that was present and signed said papers with me.”

Deceased Pensioner [Certificate] Application, John Ash and Agnes Mitchell, 20 April 1896
“Before me personally appeared John Ash, residing at Churchland, Norfolk County, Va. and Agnes Mitchell, residing at Churchland, Norfolk County, Va. … they well and personally knew Juda WIlliams, who died on 9th of March 1896 and who was applicant for pension as the mother of John Williams … she left no property whatever kind … Witnesses: Geo. A. Melvin and Alvah H. Martin
[Note: The word “Certificate” on the form is struck through and the word “Application” is written in — Leslie]

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Five soldiers in this regiment have the same name and all five are associated with pension applications. One of them was a witness in this application.

Today’s post is about a soldier was born enslaved in northeastern North Carolina. He settled in Norfolk, Virginia after discharge and worked as a house carpenter. For three years veterans, neighbors, and friends provided testimony — and some repeatedly. Names and locations of close to 40 people have been identified. Though the applications were rejected, the interviews provide detailed information nowhere else recorded e.g. name changes, half-siblings, aunts and uncles, a fiancee, a disreputable attorney and notary public, occupations and trades, living conditions, customs, and so on.

**This might be the longest pension application I’ve examined. Today’s post includes research notes for documents dated 1894-June 1895. Last week’s post covered 1892-1893 and next week’s post will include July 1895-1896.

Invalid — 918,580 / —–
Mother — 567,311 / —–
, Juda Williams

Names and P.O. addresses of officers and comrades of Co. I, 1st Reg’t USC Cav for use in above case (Form 3-514), 17 December 1894

NameRankPresent P.O. Address
Richd. WebbSgt.209 Bank St., Norfolk, Va.
Wm. ReedCorp’l.78 Jefferson St., Norfolk, Va.
Chas. PiercePvt.Near corner High & Garden St., Portsmouth, Va.
Wm. YoungNorfolk, Va.
Chas. Jones243 Queen St., Norfolk, Va.
Mattison KnightPortsmouth, Va.
Chas. Holmes1529-4th St., NE, Washington, DC
Henry Stone18 St. Paul St., Norfolk, Va.
Thos. WilliamsWilcox Wharf, Charles City Co., Va.
Henry SmithLand of Promise, Princess Anne Co., Va.
Andrew MadreHertford, Perquimans Co., NC
Alex CherryPortsmouth, Va.

Deposition, Judy Williams, 7 May 1895
68 years old; occupation, servant; post-office address, Churchland, Norfolk Co., Va.
“My name is Judy (not Juda) Williams … I am the mother of John Williams … I saw the soldier in the army, he came home to see me a time or two before he went to Texas with his Regt. … before he was discharged he went to Washington, DC and stayed but a short time, could not tell whether he stayed a year or not.
“I don’t know how long he had been discharged when I first saw him on his return from the army. It might have been about a year…. Samuel Humphrey told me he complained a good deal in the army, I don’t know of what. … I reckon the soldier lived in Norfolk, Va. from his discharge until his death. I never lived in the same house with him after the war. I used to come and see him. I could not tell who he worked for when he first came out of the army, did not do much work at first. He was a carpenter and worked on houses.
“Q. Where did he live here in Norfolk immediately on his return from the army?
He lived in the same house with Moses Massenburg on Liberty St. a good while. He had not Dr. attending him. Got medicine from different sources.
“About 10 years before his father died, that is about 25 years ago he had a bad attack of rheumatism so that he could not turn himself. We took him to the Western Branch and I and his father nursed him … he had another attack here in Norfolk … The soldier died suddenly on Scott St. on June 20, 1892 from asthma.”
“John Williams, the soldier was never married, nor lived or cohabited with any woman as her husband…. No sir, he left no child or children surviving him. … Decatur Williams, the soldier’s father.”

“My son could write his name. Learned that in the army. Could also write a lettler…. Henry Judkins, Sam Humphries, Moses Massenburg, Mrs. Poole and Mrs. Price were present when he died.
“I have no property at all except clothing and a bed.
John Hardy and Sam Humphrey know that Decatur Williams is dead. Emmaline Williams also knows he dead. Was at his funeral.
“Q. Where was the soldier living when he had the first attack of rheumatism?
I don’t known on what street he lived. Yes, sir. I came to town to take him out. I don’t know who waited on him. I have forgotten.”

Deposition, John Williams 2d, 31 May 1895
56 years old; occupation, laborer; residence, Baltimore Ave near Ocean View R.R., Norfolk County, Virginia; post-office address, c/o Mr. Smith‘s Co., Princess Anne and Kelly Ave’s., Norfolk, Va.
“I served as Pvt in Company I, 1st USC Cav … under the name John Williams 2d… I was born in Hampton city, Va. … There was another John Williams in said Company I … he was known as John Williams first and was right smart older than I. He died here in or about Norfolk about 18 years ago. I do not know who his parents were…. I did not know any man named John Williams in Co. K … Our company was most of the time detached off. I never could write my own name.
“I do not know Emma Allen… I have ‘put in’ for pension before W.R. Drury … I afterwards ‘put in’ for pension through R. Bagnall, Jr. once or twice.”

Deposition, Peter Fentress, 3 June 1895
56 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, c/o W.H Miles, Broad Creek Road & Park Ave., Norfolk, Va.
“I remember the soldier John Williams very well. … Did not know him before enlistment but saw him quite often in Norfolk He died 2 or 3 years ago I heard. … I heard him talk about his mother but don’t know her.”

Deposition, Samuel B. Humphries, 8 June 1895
51 years old; occupation, truckman; post-office address, 46 Mosley St., Norfolk, Va.
“I was on detached service at Genl. Weitzel‘s, no, Genl. Wheeler‘s Hdqtrs….[John Williams] and I were tentmates at Fort Monroe, in front of Petersburg and in Texas. I know him some years before enlistment, met him in this county. I was also acquainted with his father and mother. His father was named Kader Williams and his mother is named Judy. She lives on the Western Branch in this county.”

Letter from Azriah Griffin to Bureau of Pensions, 10 June 1895
“I am Azriah Griffin, I am farming on my own [illegible] I can stop and see you upon notice any hour of day. I am farming 1/2 mile east from Bell Cross, Camden, NC.
“Respectly,
Azriah Griffin
Late Co K, 1st USC Cal

P.S. Direct to Azriah Griffin
in care of O.D. Cartwright
Box 27
Camden, NC

Deposition, Squire Bright, 18 June 1895
56 years old; occupation, fishing and crabbing; post-office address, 313 Dinwiddie St., Portsmouth,, Va.
“I knew the soldier John Williams well…. I do not know the clmt Judy Williams, do not know that she was the soldier’s mother. I saw him at times in Norfolk, Va. every year or two from discharge until his death. … I never was his tentmate.”

Deposition, Moses Massenburg, 19 June 1895
64 years old; occupation, carpenter; post-office address, 120 St. Paul St., Norfolk, Va.
“I was well acquainted with the soldier… I became acquainted with him the same year he came out of the army and I knew him intimately until he died. We worked together often as carpenters…. He died suddenly. I heard he dropped dead. I did not know the soldier’s father. I know his mother. Her name is Judy Williams. She lives toward the Western Branch. While I and the soldier lived together she came over many Saturdays and stayed over til Monday morning, generally cooking for us. My former affidavit is correct except that I did not know soldier’s father, do not know whether he is dead or not….The soldier used to give clmt money regularly. She looked to him to help support her.”

Deposition, Henry Judkins, 25 June 1895
59 years old; occupation, carpenter; post-office address, 86 Scott Ave., Norfolk, Va.
“I served as corpl in Co. A… I was well acquainted with John Williams. He was a member of Capt. Whiteman‘s Co K of the same Regt. … From his discharge until death I lived not more than about 200 yards from him in this City and he worked with me right smart. He was a carpenter.”

Deposition, Charles Murden, 25 June 1895
64 years old; occupation, whitewasher and plasterer; post-office address, 6 Fifth St., Norfolk, Va.
“I became acquainted with the soldier John Williams about 22 years prior to his death and knew him intimately until his death which occurred about 3 years ago. … I would go to his shop and ask him how he was and he would tell me that he would do alright if it was not for the pain in his knees or back.”

Deposition, Emma Poole, 25 June 1895
52 years old; occupation, housekeeper; post-office address, 83 Liberty St., Norfolk, Va.
“I became acquainted with John Williams .. about 15 years before his death. He was a carpenter. In Sept 1890 I and my husband and children moved into this house where he was then living in a room that he rented. … He died on June 20, 1892 at Mrs. Price’s house on Scott St. He roomed here. She washed for him and cooked for him sometime. He went around to see her and was taken with an attack of asthma and pain in breast. She sent for me and he died with his head in my hands between 3 and 4 o’clock in the morning.”
“I am also acquainted with the clmt Judy Williams. She used to come here to see him .. and he told me she was his mother. … He used to give her provisions and shoes and things.”

Deposition, Emma Harrison, 25 June 1895
40 years old; occupation, housekeeper; post-office address, 38 Willoughby St., Norfolk, Va.
“I became acquainted with the soldier John Williams about 1880 … I knew him very well. I washed for him about 5 years and boarded him three years. … He died in my house on Scott St. on June 20 or 21, 1892 from shortness of breath, asthma and rheumatism…. He was going to marry me in Nov. but died in June. I filed a claim for reimbursement of expenses of his last sickness and burial under the name Emma Allen.. I have since married a Mr. Harrison. I was also sometimes called Emma Price but that was never my name.”

Deposition, Stephen Reddick, 26 June 1895
67 years old; occupation, laborer; post-office address, Berkley, Va.
“I served as corpl and sgt in Co. K … I remember the soldier John Williams … I did not know him prior to enlistment but saw him several times here in Norfolk after the war. He told me he was a house carpenter…. I do not know the clmt Judy Williams.”

Deposition, Isaac Manning, 29 June 1895
61 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, c/o W.H. Miles, Park Avenue, Norfolk, Va.
“I served as Pvt in Co K … I remember John Williams very well. He was a small man, had dark hair and complexion.
“I first met him after enlistment about the time the company was organized at Ft. Monroe … I was not his tentmate…. I do not know the clmt Juda Williams.”

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Five soldiers in this regiment have the same name and all five are associated with pension applications. One of them was a witness in this application. Today’s post is about a soldier was born enslaved in northeastern North Carolina. He settled in Norfolk, Virginia after discharge and worked as a house carpenter. For three years veterans, neighbors, and friends provided testimony — and some repeatedly. Names and locations of close to 40 people have been identified. Though the applications were rejected, the interviews provide detailed information nowhere else recorded e.g. name changes, half-siblings, aunts and uncles, a fiancee, a disreputable attorney and notary public, occupations and trades, living conditions, customs, and so on.

*This might be the longest pension application I’ve examined. Today’s post includes research notes for documents dated 1892-1893. Future posts will include research notes for 1894-June 1895 and July 1895-1896.

Invalid — 918,580 / —–
Mother — 567,311 / —– , Juda WIlliams

General Affidavit, Emma Allen, 12 July 1892
residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.
“John Williams died indebted to me in the sum of $159 for board, eating, and waiting on for 13 months. Also she paid for medicine … John Williams boarded with her at least 13 months and the soldier was sick all the time. He was not able to work and she trust him … he died on the 20 of June 1892”

General Affidavit, Emma Poole and John Hardy, 27 January 1893
[Poole] 48 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 83 Liberty St., Norfolk, Va.
[Hardy] 52 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 208 Cumberland St., Norfolk, Va.
“That each of them were well and intimately acquainted with the claimant and were also with her deceased son”

General Affidavit, Moses Massenburg and Raphael Wright, 27 January 1893
[Massenburg] 61 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 120 St. Paul St., Norfolk, Va.
[Wright] 48 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 58 Smith St., Norfolk, Va.
“That each of them is well and intimately acquainted with the claimant.”

Deposition, Emma Poole, 30 May 1893
50 years old; occupation, washing and ironing; residence and post-office address, 83 Liberty St., Norfolk, Va.
“I first knew [John Williams] over 15 years ago. I knew him up to the time of his death. When I moved into this house on September 15, 1889, he was living here and had been living here for about four years. … He died on June 20, 1892 very suddenly in a neighbor’s house. He had gone out a few hours before. I was sent for and he died with his head in my hands. He died at Mrs. Price‘s on Scott St. He had been ailing a long time. He had shortness of breath. I think it was asthma, heart disease or something of the sort. He was a single man. He had told me he was never married. His mother is living. Her name is Julia Williams. She lives on the Western Branch. … Witnesses: Willie Poole and C.A. Holley

Deposition, Thomas Norris, 30 June 1893
73 years old; occupation, inmate, National Home, P.O. National Soldiers Home, Va.
“I was in Co. I in USC Cavlry during the war. …[John Williams] never put in a claim that i knew anything about. He was never confined in hospital while in service that I ever knew of. I know Robert Brickhouse. I do not know B.A. Richardson, Jr., Notary Public, Norfolk, Va.”
“I never knew John Williams mother. In 1863 John Williams father married a woman on Hawk Street, Norfolk, Va. named Lucy after her husband John’s father died but I never knew him.
“John Williams first wife died as much as six years ago. I don’t know her name. Later he married another woman who was very nearly white. I don’t know her name. She and John Williams were living on Lamberts Point road about two years ago. I did not know until now that John Williams was dead.”

Deposition, Juda Williams. 7 July 1893
66 years old; occupation, job work; residence and post-office address, Churchland, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I was married to the father of John Williams, Decatur Williams, by masters consent many years before the war and I lived with him until his death about fourteen years ago as near as I can now remember. My son was born in Currituck, Va. … I was the mother of four children. All of whom are now dead but James Williams with whom I now live.”

[My son] told me once that he was going to be married but the girl he was waiting on died and he did not marry anyone that I ever heard of. I saw my son on average ten or twelve times a year”

Deposition, Robert Brickhouse, 12 July 1893
63 years old; occupation, light job work; residence and post-office address, Lamberts Point R.R., Barboursville, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I do not know John Williams of Co I of same regiment. I never knew him… I sometimes write my name and sometimes sign by mark but I was never a witness for a person I do not know.”

Deposition, Raphael Wright, 11 July 1893
50 years old; occupation, selling on the market; residence and post-office address, 58 Smith Street, Norfolk Norfolk Co., Va.
“I was intimately acquainted with [John Williams] and if he had been married I should have known it. Except when he was out on Western Branch with his father or on the boat he was in Norfolk where he always lived.
“I saw him often the last three or four years and he did not live on the Lamberts Point rd. … I know [John Hardy] mighty well. He drives a hack”

Deposition, John Hardy, 11 July 1893
about 50 years old; occupation, hackman; residence and post-office address, 208 Cumberland St., Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.
“[Juda Williams] was my uncle’s wife. I knew her son John Williams since we were boys together. … I was never in [Luther C. Williams] office in my life.”

Deposition, Luther C. Williams, 12 July 1893
31 years old; occupation, notary public; residence and post-office address, 308 Bute Street, Norfolk, Va.
“I knew [John Williams] all my life … He was never married to my knowledge … [Juda Williams] executed an application for pension … six or seven months ago…..I know Raphael Wright and two men of the name John Hardy”

Letter from J.W. Montgomery, Special Examiner to Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, DC, 13 July 1893
“As there have been some suspicions cast upon the official actions of Luther C. Williams before whom the mother of this soldier executed her application I thought it well enough to test the validity of it also.”

Sworn Statement, Samuel B. Humphries, 21 July 1893
“the claimant is the mother of John WIlliams … [the soldier] died unmarried and leaving no children neither whole or half-blood and that his mother the claimant is a person that I have intimately known for the past thirty years and that she is a widow and during the time when her son’s health permitted him to work he always contributed to the support of his mother … have known her son since his boyhood in fact we served together in the same Company and Regiment”

Sworn Statement, Elizabeth Lee, 21 July 1893
55 years old; residence; 51 Pulaski Street, Norfolk, Va.
“the claimant is unmarried … she has known the claimant for the past fourteen years”

Sworn Statement, Raphael Wright, 21 July 1893
“became acquainted with [the claimant] shortly after I left the service of the late war … have known [her son] to send her money as she had no one legally bound for he support … I was also a member of the same regiment”

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The soldier joined the Grand Army of the Republic, Ellsworth Post in Baltimore. Two members of his post described him as “a man of good habits, stood well in his community and everybody spoke well of him” and said that his ailments were the result of “exposure, hardships and lying upon the damp battlefield during his service in US Army during the Civil War.” After the war he and his wife had several children including some whose births were not entered into a public record. These claims included statements from a doctor, midwives, neighbors, and fellow soldiers.

Invalid — 860,966 / 929,774
Widow — 576,605 / 400, 207, Sarah Wilson

Declaration for Invalid Pension, Eleck Wilson, 30 August 1890
51 years old; residence, 206 Cross St., Baltimore, MD; post-office address, 206 Cross St., Baltimore, MD
“He hereby appoints, with full power of substitution and revocation Geo. W.F. Vernon, 108 St. Paul St., of Baltimore, state of Maryland”
“Also personally appeared Edward Wilson, residing at 206 Cross St., Balto., Md. and Robert Thomas, residing at 206 W. Hamburg St., Balto., Md. … acquaintance with [Eleck Wilson] for 23 years and 25 years, respectively”

Declaration for Original Invalid Pension, Alexander Wilson, 5 July 1892
52 years old; residence, residence, Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland; post-office address, 206 Cross St., Baltimore, MD
“in the service and in the line of his duty, at turnpike between Petersburg & Richmond in the State of Va., on or about the 10th to 15th day of May 1864 … my horse fell down and I fell on my sword which struck me on the small in my back, causing pain in the same which has troubled me ever since…. did not go to the hospital but was treated by Dr. Warner [?] … since leaving the service … resided in Norfolk, Va. since Sept 10, 1869, then moved to Baltimore, Md. where I have since resided … when enrolled, a farmer”

“Also personally appeared George Palmer, residing at Balto City, Md., and E.L. Holmes, residing at Balto City,

Declaration for Widow’s Pension, Sarah Frances A. Wilson, 6 May 1893
46 years old; residence, 134 W. York St., Baltimore, Md.
“That she was married under the name of Frances Ann Harris to said Alexander Wilson on the 16th day of July 1868, by Rev. E.G. Corprew, at Portsmouth, Va.”
“Names and dates of birth of all the children now living under sixteen years of age of the soldier are as follows:

Frances born ….. June 26, 1878 Florence born ….. Sept 15, 1883
John born ….. Feby 8, 1880 Maggie born ….. March 27, 1886
Addie born ….. Feby 17, 1882 Joshua born ….. Feby 4, 1889
 Joseph born ….. Sept 5, 1891

“[her attorney] Geo. W.F. Vernon, 225 Courtland St., of Baltimore, State of Maryland”
“Also personally appeared Sarah Wilson, residing at Balto, Md, and Sharon Reed, residing at Balto, Md. … acquaintance with her of 15 years and 18 years, respectively …. Although I was not personally present at the birth, I was sent for.”

General Affidavit, Mary E. Coates, 8 May 1893
66 years old; residence, 6 E. Church St., Baltimore, Md.
“That I am a midwife … I delivered the claimant Frances Wilson wife of Alexander Wilson of a female child subsequently called Maggie Wilson… I was also God Mother to the said child and by reference to my bible I find the date to be 27 March 1886.”

General Affidavit, Rachael Miles, 8 May 1893
44 years old; residence, 229 W. Hill Street, Baltimore, Md.
“That I was a nurse to Mrs. Frances Wilson when she gave birth to a male child on the 4th February 1889, owing to a delay in the arrival of the midwife who had been engaged…. I personally delivered on the 4th Feby 1889 child subsequently called Joshua known and recognized as a legitimate child of Frances and Alexander Wilson. I remember the date as it was just a month before President Harrison was inaugurated. … I was an intimate friend and associate of the claimant and her deceased husband prior to the marriage … she has no property whatever, possesses only a few chairs, table, beds etc of no value, she is entirely dependent upon those not legally bound for her support and her own daily labor such as washing etc. for her support and that of her minor children all of whom are now living and have not been abandoned.”

General Affidavit, Nellie Gross, 10 May 1893
83 years old; residence 17 Winder St. Baltimore, Maryland
“That I am by occupation a midwife to Mrs. Frances Harris ... and delivered said wife of a female child, 15 Sept 1883 subsequently known and called Frances Wilson, the legitimate child of Frances and Alexander Wilson”

General Affidavit, Charles H. Fowler, MD, 10 May 1893
30 years old; residence, 712 S. Sharp Street, Baltimore, Maryland
“That he well knew Alexander Wilson … that he well knows Frances Nelson … That there was born to the said Alexander Wilson and Frances Wilson on the 5th day of September 1891 a male child … named Joseph Wilson. That the said affiant was the attending physician during the illness of the aforesaid Frances Wilson while pregnant with the aforesaid child though he did not deliver the same.”

General Affidavit, Rachael Mills, 12 May 1893
44 years old; residence, 229. W. Hill St., Baltimore, Maryland
“That I was a neighbor and intimate friend of the claimant Frances Wilson. That I Iived in the same neighborhood with the claimant for more than four years, that is from 1877 to 1891, I was sent for and saw the mother and child shortly after the Birth.”

General Affidavit, Sarah Frances Ann Wilson, 16 May 1893
46 years old; residence, 134 W. York Street, Baltimore, Maryland
“prior to the Rebellion I was a slave, that at the time of my birth my mother was owned by Rueben Culpeper of Virginia, now dead, whose wife was named Ann Culpeper. My mother gave me the name of Sarah Frances Harris but my mistress desiring me to have a portion of her name called me Sarah Frances Ann Harris. In 1868 I was married under the name of Frances Ann Harris, but since my marriage I have dropped the Ann almost entirely, sometimes giving my name as Sarah Frances, then again simply as Frances; that I am called by most of my friends simply Frances Wilson.”

General Affidavit, Sarah Frances A. Wilson, 13 October 1893
46 years old; residence, 134 W. York Street, Baltimore, Maryland
“I cannot furnish the dates of birth of our children viz. Addie born Feby 17, 1882; Maggie born March 27, 1886; Joshua born Feby 4, 1889; and Joseph born Sept 5, 1891; by the public record by the fact that the midwife (Millie Gross) who delivered one of the children Addie failed to report the birth of said child, therefore, no record of said child’s Birth; that owing to a delay in the arrival of my midwife at the birth of my child Joshua, I was delivered of said child by my nurse (Rachel Miles) who made no report to the Health Dept. … that my last child Joseph was born before the arrival of my doctor (Chas. H. Fowler) who attended me at the time, but I find also he has failed to report Birth to the Public Record. I have filed the affidavits of the midwife, nurse, and doctor as to the dates of Births of children herein mentioned … and through no fault or carelessness on my part.
“I hereby swear that the following named children are still living and have not been abandoned; viz. Frances; John; Addie; Florence; Maggie; Joshua; and Joseph.”

General Affidavit, Benjamin Green, 2 March 1897
51 years old; residence, 811 S. Eutaw Street, Baltimore, MD
“That I was personally well acquainted with the deceased soldier Alexander Wilson for two years prior to his death in April 1893, we were members of the same Grand Army Post, and was well associated … said soldier was a man of good habits, stood well in his community and everybody spoke well of him”

General Affidavit, Alfred Fields, 16 March 1897
51 years old; residence, 1010 S. Fremont, Baltimore, Md
“That I was personally well acquainted with the deceased soldier Alexander Wilson for 20 years prior to his death, that we were members of the same Grand Army Post (Elsworth Post No. 19) and that we lived neighbors for several years … he contracted [his ailments] from exposure, hardships and lying upon the damp battlefield during his service in US Army during the Civil War … Alexander Wilson was a man possessed of no vicious habits, and well respected”

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Several acquaintances of more than 30 years testified that though the soldier had once been robust and healthy he was suffering with a number of ailments because of his military service. The medical details aren’t in these research notes. Instead the focus is on births, deaths, marriages, and residences and a brief reference to combat experience.

Invalid — 749,089 / 593,356

General Affidavit for Any Purpose, George H. Hanes, 3 June 1892
44 years old; residence, Virginia Beach, Va.
“He has been 35 years personally acquainted with Isham Wright … that they was rased [sic] together, and Claimant was older than himself …”

General Affidavit for Any Purpose, Peter Wright, 3 June 1892
44 years old; residence, Virginia Beach, Va.;
“He has been 35 years personally acquainted with Isham Wright”

General Affidavit, Henry Weldon and Julia Jackson, 24 October 1892
[Weldon] 72 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Norfolk, Va.
[Jackson] 65 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 14 Log St.
“that each of them are well & personally acquainted with Isham Wright … each of them has been knowing the said soldier at least 30 years”

Deposition, Isham Wright, 8 January 1902
55 or 56 years old; occupation, laborer; residence, 461 Cumberland St., Norfolk, Va.
“I was born in Norfolk County, Va., near Great Bridge; was a slave and was owned by David Wright. My father was Ishmael Butt.”
“The first part of my service was in Va., but the last part was in Texas. We were in Texas was some ten months. We went on a boat from Va. to Texas. We stopped for a little while at Key West, Fla. We took boat at Fortress Monroe and landed at Brazos Santiago. Part of us went to Corpus Christi, but I remained right at Brazos.

“I was in only one regular battle; Chicihominie [sic] and we had a skirmish at Wilsons Landing and at Weldon RR. We had no man killed or wounded out of my company but some were taken sick and died. Anderson Twine and Dean Rogers died of sickness while they were members of my company. Both of them died at Portsmouth and before we went to Texas. We lost no man in Texas. We had no battles in Texas. The war was over before we went there.
“Girrard was my first Colonel. He was Col., but was succeeded in Texas by Major Seipe. Garrard resigned before we went to Texas. Wamer was our Major. I do not recollect who was Lt. Col. Bowins was my Captain or was acting as Captain. Lt. Mack was shot by the Sutler at Bermuda Hundred and the Sutler was in turn killed by the soldiers. Stone was our regular captain.
William Ward was our Ord. Sgt., but he was succeeded by Dempsey Elliott.
William Hoffman, Weldon, Jones were Sgts.
Tom Frost, James Olders were Corporals.
Ben. Anderson, Jacob Moseley, Frank Wilson and Albert Foreman were friends of mine in service.”

“I was never in a regular hospital in service but in Texas I was treated by our Reg’t Dr. for my eyes. I do not recollect name of the doctor.”

Sworn Statement, Mary T. Wright, 28 March 1902
“the widow of Isham Wright, who died at Campostella, Norfolk, Va., on the 22nd day of February, 1916; that she and the said Wright had not been living together as man and wife for about three years and that she cannot establish her right to accrued pension due to said Wright and that she accordingly waives all claim to such accrued pension and requests that the same be paid to the undertaker who buried said Wright.”

Questionnaire (Form XX -XXXX) , Isham Wright, 27 March 1915
[date and place of birth] Feb 4th 1842, Norfolk Co., Va.
[wife’s name] Luvenia Powell Wright
[date] “I was married, Jan. 35 years, married by Rev. William Jarvous
[previous marriage] “I was previously married. Luvenia Wright, 35 years ago; death Norfolk County, 25 years old; I am married 10 years ago to Mary Saldon.”
[names/births of all children] Vandella Wright died, 7 years of age, Norfolk Co.; Isham Wright, Jr. died 12 years of age, Norfolk, Va.

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Though the soldier sustained a serious injury when his horse fell on him, he lived for many years. The chaos of these times is evident in witness testimony. The widow stated “I left my owner during the war, early part, don’t know the date and came to Suffolk, Va. which was then in the hands of the U.S. Army. I was there about a year and then Suffolk was evacuated and I came to Portsmouth, Va. and I have lived in and near Portsmouth, Va. ever since.” She later said “I drew rations from the government while the soldier was in the army. He got a paper from his captain and I carried that to the Warehouse near the Forty Wharf in Norfolk and got rations until just before he returned from Texas.”

Invalid — 737,873 / 549,035
Widow — 756,491 / 544,264, Martha Reddick

General Affidavit, Willis Murdaugh, 22 February 1890
60 years old; residence, Pearl Street, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That I have known the claimant … since his discharge from the service … near neighbors and seeing him very often.”

General Affidavit, Miles Carey, 22 February 1890
56 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I am well acquainted with the claimant having known him for 30 years … [and] by seeing him several times each week.”

General Affidavit, David Coleman, 19 March 1890
49 years old; Norfolk Co., Va.
“I have known the claimant ever since he got out of service, have worked with him on the material train”

General Affidavit, Charles Pierce, 19 March 1890
55 years old; Norfolk Co., Va.
“I have known the said Thomas Riddick from his discharge to the present time… ever since he came out of the service have seen him as often as 3 or 4 times per week and have worked with him”

General Affidavit, Thomas Reddick, 4 April 1890
50 years old; Norfolk County, Virginia
“It is impossible for me to get the testimony of the surgeons who treated me in the service for my disabilities and those who have treated me since my discharge because they have died, moved away so I cannot find them.”

For Officer’s or Comrade’s Testimony, Ives Smith and Nelson Elliott, 24 October 1891
“Reddick was a strong healthy man. … June or July 1864 in front of Petersburg, Va. [Riddick] was injured by having a horse fall on him and severely injured him on the left knee and left side … was injured very badly, was relieved from duty and finally sent to Newport News, Regimentl Hospital.”

Deposition, Maria Shepheard, 2 February 1902
60 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“We was raised together with claimant, hence have known her from childhood to present time … That she knowed [sic] soldier since 1865 … that she attended the funeral of soldier”

General Affidavit, W.H. Fisher, 12 February 1902
25 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That he is a funeral director and furnished coffin, hearse, and 4 carriages on the 11th day of December 1901 and interred the remains of Thomas Reddick in Mt. Olive Cemetery situated near the city of Portsmouth … Reddick died on the 9th of December 1901, at his residence 1437 King Street, that there is no City ordinance existing in the County nor no health officer’s certificate of death etc unless the body is carried in or through the City.”

General Affidavit, Ann Reed, 12 February 1902
56 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk County, Virginia; post-office address, Chestnut St. near Griffin, Portsmouth, Va.
“That she knowed [sic] claimant and soldier before they were married, that she lived in the same house with her before her marriage to soldier also at the time of and a short while afterwards. That they were married on or about the 16th of July 1865, the ceremony was performed by one Rev. Thos. Barrett… that she was present and saw the ceremony performed”

General Affidavit, W.H. Fisher and Charles Sugar, 8 March 1902
[Fisher] 25 years old; Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
[Sygar] 50 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That they are well acquainted with claimant and deceased soldier, that they live near the claimant, and the said W.H. Fisher is the undertaker who conducted the funeral exercises and buried the deceased soldier….[Syger] visited and waited on deceased soldier during his sufferings from the paralytic stroke from which he died.”

General Affidavit, Martha Reddick, 26 March 1902
54 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 1437 King St., Portsmouth, Va.
“That she owns no stocks or bonds, nor no personal property worth mentioning, only a one half interest in the old house and lot owned jointly by deed to her and her late husband … The lot is worth about one hundred and fifty dollars it being situated in a locality where land is not worth much … [the house] was built about 22 years ago and no repairs except what was necessary for immediate comfort. “

Deposition, Martha Reddick, 15 November 1902
54 years old; occupation, housework; residence, 1437 King St., Portsmouth, Va.
“[I am] the legal widow of Tom Reddick … [who] died at 1437 King Street, Portsmouth, Va. on Dec 9th of last year (1901) of paralysis … [he] was born near Suffolk, Nansemond Co., Va. son of Rhody Reddick, don’t know the name of his father. His owner was Willis Reddick.
“I was born in Edenton, NC. My mother’s name was Judy Wilson, don’t know name of my father, he was sold away when a child. My owner was Tom Hoskins.
“I left my owner during the war, early part, don’t know the date and came to Suffolk, Va. which was then in the hands of the U.S. Army. I was there about a year and then Suffolk was evacuated and I came to Portsmouth, Va. and I have lived in and near Portsmouth, Va. ever since.
“I became acquainted with Tom Reddick in Suffolk after I had been there about two months. He was then still with his mother. He commenced to court me there, but I did not live with him and I was not his wife. I was known as Martha Wilson while there.
“I did not come to Portsmouth with the soldier. He came down about two weeks after I did.
“I had been in Portsmouth, Va. about two months when I was married to said Thomas Reddick, by Rev. Tom Burnett, a white preacher, in Newtown, a part of Portsmouth, Va. on Court Street extended. We were married by a regular ceremony, in a house rented by Reuben Reddick and two other families, the home was very large.”

“We were married in July on the 16th but I don’t know the year but it was 5 months before the said Tom Reddick enlisted in Dec.
“Q. The soldier alleged that he was married to Martha WIlson in Nansemond Co., Va. in 1861.
[The widow maintained that the correct date was the date she’d given — Leslie]”

“Q. Who was present when you were married or alleged.
Some 7 or 8 people, Scott Riddick, Mary Brinkley, that’s all who I know are living.”

“I drew rations from the government while the soldier was in the army. He got a paper from his captain and I carried that to the Warehouse near the Forty Wharf in Norfolk and got rations until just before he returned from Texas.
“I have my papers to show that I drew rations. The soldier sent me money, the last by Stephen Reddick, a Sgt in his company from Texas.

“I was his wife near 40 years. I had 9 children by him. I live with my children. Mr. Barrett who married us. came from Suffolk, Va., don’t know that he was pastor of any church, but he was a preacher.
“I have no property at all except a house and lot near Portsmouth in mine and soldier’s names. I don’t know the worth of the property. The house and worth much, about $25.00, the lot is worth and $100.00, I reckon….No income at all except from my labor and what my children give me.”

Annie Reed was present and saw us married…Scott Reddick and Mary Brinkley knew him long before he married me, and know that he was never married before he married me.”
J.M. Rutter, Portsmouth, Va. has attended to all the writing in my case. …. Mr. Rutter told me that Mr. D. Preston in Wash, DC. was my atty. … The soldier’s captain was Whiting. I went to see the soldier at Fort Monroe and Newport News, while with his company.”

Deposition, Stephen Reddick, 21 November 1902
74 years old; occupation, laborer; post-office address, Berkley, Va.
“I served as Corpl and Sgt in Co. K …. We always call him Tom. We were related, but we both belonged to the same man, Willis T. Reddick, of Suffolk, Va. now dead.
“Tom and I were raised together, enlisted together, and were discharged together…. I lived in Portsmouth, Va. for a while after the war and I went to see them at times.”

“I brought a prisoner here to Norfolk from Brazos Santiago, Tex., in 1865 and Tom sent some money by me to her, and I gave it to her, and I gave it to her in Newtown, Portsmouth, Va. where she then lived.”

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A twenty-two year old undertaker. A built over cemetery. Witnesses from distant regiments. A sketchy attorney. “A man of sober temperament and good moral character.” A woman known as “Clotilda” and “Matilda” who “became accustomed to being known by either name.” Lives lived in Princess Anne County, Norfolk and Norfolk County, Virginia.

Invalid — 853,460 / 643,580
Widow — 1,075,249 / 818,917, Clotilda Randall

Marriage License [copy], James Randolph and Matilda Cuffee, 9 November 1891
Both born in Princess Anne County, Virginia. Both resided in Norfolk County, Virginia. The husband’s parents were Frank and Vina Randolph. The bride’s parents were Jesse and Clotilda Snowden. The license was issued November 5, 1891; the wedding took place on November 9, 1891. The officiant was Minster W.A. Butt.

General Affidavit, Emmerson Cuffee, 19 May 1893
about 69 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Berkley, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I have known [James Randolph] ever since the war. He was in the same regiment I was in but not the same company…. I was one of his identifying witnesses and Henry Sivils was the other. Henry Sivils wrote his name and I made my mark…..All three of us, Randall, Sivils any myself put our hands on a book and W.R. Drury administered the oath to us. There were no other white men present. “

General Affidavit, Henry Sivils, 20 May 1893
52 years old; occupation, gardener; post-office address, Berkley, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I have known [James Randolph] since he was a boy….W.R. Drury was his attorney. I went with him to witness …. I signed my name on his declaration … I was sworn by W.R. Drury.”

General Affidavit, Henry Boone & Lewis Warden, 8 November 1897
[Boone] 49 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkley, Va.
[Warden] 56 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkley, Va.
“That they are personally and intimately acquainted with the claimant and have been thus acquainted with him for 20 or 15 years, respectively, That they have known him personally much longer than 15 or 20 years respectively. That affiants have been near neighbors of said James Randall in Norfolk County, Va. for 15 or 20 years respectively … he is a man of sober temperament and of good moral character.”

Deposition, James Randall, 14 May 1902
occupation, farming
“I was born in Princess Anne Co., Va. … was born in 1842 a slave to James Bright of Princess Anne Co. My father’s name was Frank Randall and he was a slave to [illegible] Randall. My mother’s name was Vina Randall and she was a slave to my master. My full and correct name is James Randall.”
“I was honorably discharged in 1866 in March the fore part. Was mustered out at New Orleans, La. and Brazos Santiago, Texas and finally discharged and paid off at Point of Rocks, Va.
“Immediately after discharge I came back to this vicinity in Norfolk Co. and have resided here since.
“I lost my original discharge certificate as I had gave it to a man named Brown to get Bounty for me.”
“(Pensioner is now 6 ft tall … black eyes, hair and complexion. Has a bad scar from a cut across first three fingers of left hand done he states when a child three or four years old.)”

“I was detailed as one of ten men from Williamsburg, Va. to go to Grove Wharf to stand guard and was on such duty 15 or 20 days. This was in 1864 during the summer.
“Our Colonel was Jeffrey Gerard.
Lt. Colonel … didn’t have one.
Major ” Brown and Seipp also
Captain ” Bowen
1st Lt. ” Mack
2d Lt. ” Moss
Orderly Sgt. Ward
I tented with Geo. Floyd and John Keeling.
“I was in the engagement at Chickahominy but can’t give date. Monroe Tripp was killed out of the regiment there. Can’t give company.”
“My witnesses were Henry Boon and Primus Banks.
“I was last examined by a Bd of U.S. [Examining] Surgeons last October at Soldier’s Home, Va.
“I had lawyer Reed of Portsmouth, Va. ….M.V. Tierney, Wash, DC, was my regular attorney.”

“My pension voucher and certificate are in my possession and I never have pledged either for a debt, loan or liability. Have been married twice. My first wife Emma Jane Fuller died in 1888 at Norfolk Co., Va. beyond Berkley. Then I married Clotilda Cuffee at Norfolk Co., Va. 10 years ago last Nov 9, I think. She had been previously married to Lawson Cuffee who died in 1871 at Portsmouth, Va. I have no child under 16 years of age”

Declaration for Pension, James Randall, 20 May 1912
68 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkley Station, Norfolk, Va.
“born August 18th, 1843 at Princess Anne County, Va.

Death Certificate, James Randall, 14 July 1913
He died of malarial fever — Leslie

Sworn Statement, Matilda Randolph, 5 August 1913
“Also personally appeared Miles Freeman, residing at Providence, Va. and Samuel McCoy, residing in Norfolk, Va…. affiant Freeman is a son of claimant and affiant McCoy has known said parties intimately for about 25 years.

General Affidavit, Matilda Randolph, 2 May 1914
over 60 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, R.F.D. 2 Box 123, Norfolk, Va.
“I was never married but twice. First to Lawson Cuffee who died at Portsmouth, Va. in September about 40 years ago or more, as my son by Lawson Cuffee was born about three months after his father died, and this son is nearly 41 years old….I remained single after Lawson Cuffee’s death until my marriage to James W. Randolph and I lived with him until his death … James W. Randolph was buried in a private burial ground near Providence, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That James W. Randolph was once married prior to his marriage to me… That I am unable to furnish death certificates of death [sic] of ) Emma Randolph, soldier’s first wife) or Lawson Cuffee, my first husband) as no county records were kept here when they died.”

General Affidavit, William H. Fuller, 2 May 1914
about 60 years old; residence, Princess Anne Co., Va.; post-office address, Rt. w Bonney’s Store, Princess Anne Co., Va.
“That I knew Matilda Randolph before she was married, her maiden name was Snowden. That she was never married but twice. First to Lawson Cuffee who died in suburbs of Portsmouth, Va. about 40 years ago I saw his body after death but did not attend his funeral, but knew about his burial in Portsmouth where it is now built over. That Matilda Randolph was next married to James W. Randolph … She is a woman of good moral character That James W. Randolph was was never married but twice, first to my sister Emma Fuller Randolph who died three weeks before Christmas 35 years ago at Norfolk Co., Va. on the ‘Sharpe Farm,’ and was buried in Drury Branch Church burial ground in Princess Anne Co., Va. I attended her funeral and burial. James W. Randolph was next married to Matilda Cuffee.”

General Affidavit, James W. Fuller, 2 May 1914
55 years old; residence, Princess Anne Co., Va.; post-office address, RFD 4, Box 59, Norfolk, Va.
“James Randolph’s first wife Emma Fuller was my sister”

General Affidavit, Willis Goodman, 4 May 1914
22 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, RFD 4, c/o J.T. Forelard, Norfolk, Va.
“That I was the undertaker [associated as a part owner of the firm of H. Norfleet and W. Goodman] who buried James W. Randolph in July 1913. I can’t remember exact day of the month. I had his body embalmed and I accompanied his body to grove near Providence, Norfolk Co., Va. where I buried him. The above undertaking firm was located at West Murden near Norfolk & in Norfolk Co., Va. Said firm partnership was dissolved in September 1913 since which time I am doing undertaking business at same place under firm name of [W. Goodman and C. Perkins, Undertakers]. That I had personally known James W. Randolph for about 12 years.

General Affidavit, James Cuffee, 7 July 1914
70 years old; residence, Providence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkeley Sta. Norfolk, Va.
“[We] were play children together … I served in Co. L 5th Massachusetts Cavalry, and as 1st U.S. Col. Cav. and 5th Mass. Cavy were brigaded together in Texas I saw this soldier often. In fact, our tents ran backs together … I have lived near neighbor to this soldier ever since the Civil War, and I helped shroud him when he died last summer.”

General Affidavit, Primus Banks, 8 July 1914
87 years old; residence, near Providence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkeley Sta. Norfolk, Va.
“Since the Civil War we have never lived over one mile apart … I attended his burial about one year ago and viewed his body after death.”.

General Affidavit, Clotilda Randolph, 1 September 1914
about 60 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, R.F.D. 2, Box 123, Norfolk, Va.
“That my correct name is Clotilda but I have been known as “Clotilda” or “Matilda” for years. I don’t know just why unless because of so many colored people being unable to read and write and names sound similar, and I became accustomed to being known by either name.”

General Affidavit, Sarah J. Baines & James Cuffey, 9 January 1915
[Bains] 60 years old; residence, Providence, RFD c/o Joe Bains, Norfolk Co., Va.
[Cuffey] 71 years old; residence, Providence, Berkley PO, Va. Norfolk Co., Va.
“That we were both well acquainted with the soldier James W. Randolph from childhood”

General Affidavit, Clotilda Fuller, 11 January 1915
about 59 years old; residence Princess Anne Co., Va.; post-office address, Rt. 4, Box 59, Berkley, Norfolk, Va.
“That Clotilda Randolph and I were children & grew up together. “

General Affidavit, Clotilda Randolph, 15 March 1915
about 60 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Rte. 2, Box 123, Norfolk, Va.
“My first husband Lawson Cuffee never served in the military or naval service of the United States.”

General Affidavit, Matilda Randolph, 23 June 1915
about 60 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, R.R. 2. Box 123, Norfolk, Va.
“My husband James W. Randall died July 14, 1913. That if I stated otherwise at any time in my claim it was a mistake and not intentional.
“That to best of my knowledge my husband’s correct name was James W. Randolph. His name as James Randall in above service was no doubt a clerical mistake in pronunciation and spelling. This is the only way I can account for differences in names.
“I never knew soldier until after the war.”

General Affidavit, Jane T. Bain & Georgia Tatem, 26 October 1916
[Bain] about 59 years old; residence, Munden Town, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, RFD 3, Box 14
[Tatem] 41 years old; residence West Munden Town, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, RFD 2, Box 10
“That they have been well and personally acquainted with Clothilda Randall … for 30 years and 31 years, respectively, and that they knew James Randall, the soldier above named for 50 years and 25 years, respectively”

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The claimant injured hurt his back while jumping his horse over a fence during a Company drill at Fortress Monroe in Spring 1864. Years later his widow gave information his former enslaver and the couple’s nine children in her application for pension benefits. Witnesses lived in Isle of Wight County and Elizabeth City County, Virginia.

Invalid — 187,499 / 171,121
Widow — 833,152 / 435,444 — Susan Randall

Sworn Statement, J.T. Boutell, M.D., 7 August 1879
“I have known Moses Russell since 1875. He supports his family by doing odd jobs and sawing wood. The latter however seems to be too much for him & although he does a small amount of sawing yet most of it is done by his son. He has worked for me at times and I have noticed that he cannot stand much heavy work or lift heavy weights.

Sworn Statement, Edward Pleasants, 7 August 1879
resident, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Virginia
“IThat he has known the said Moses Russell from June eighteen hundred and sixty-five at which date Moses Russell was discharged from the United States Service, to the present day, that he has lived withiin one hundred yards of him from his discharge from said service to to the present day, saw him the day he arrived at home from said service, and has seen him nearly every day and night since coming out of said service to the present time . … “

Sworn Statement, Jerry White, 7 August 1879
resident, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Virginia
“That he has been intimately acquainted with the said Moses Russell since the 7th day of February A.D. 1866, that he was a private in Company H, in the 1st U.S.C. Cav. with the said Moses Russell … Russelll was injured in the back by the jumping of a horse while on duty … and has been living within two hundred yards of him all the time, to the present day, see him every day, and frequently visiting each other especially in his sickness … he was attended by Dr. L.D. Seymour, deceased, up to his death, which took place on the third day of November 1870 and afterwards he was attended by Dr. Boutelle of Hampton … “

Sworn Statement, Thompson Walker, 7 August 1879 [presumed date]
“that he know said Moses Russell for the last twenty years, lived within two hundred yards of of him all the time, frequently visiting each other …”

Sworn Statement, William Randall, 7 August 1879
“William Randall was a private of Company K, 1st Reg United States Cavalry and was personally acquainted with the aforesaid Moses Russell … [the claimant hurt his back] while in the act of jumping his horse over [illegible] fence while in the line of his duty in Company Drill at Fortress Monroe, Virginia sometime during the Spring of A.D. 1864 … he never knew the aforesaid Moses Russell to be addicted to intemperance or other immoral habits.”

Declaration for Original Pension of a Widow–Child or Children under Sixteen years of age surviving, 28 November 1885
“the following are the names and dates of birth of all [soldier’s] legistimate children yet surviving who were under sixteen years of age at the father’s death, to wit: Samuel Russell, born 1866; Lule Russell, born about 1874; Hattie Russell, born about 1876 [But it might be 1878 — Leslie]
“Also, personally appeared Agnes Crocker … and Andrew WIlliams … Hampton, Va.”
[Note: The date at the top of the form is November 28th and the date at the bottom of the form is November 30th. Both dates are handwritten — Leslie]

Sworn Statement, Thomas Brooks and Samuel Robinson, [undated]
“residing at Hampton, Va. … they were members of Company K, 1st Regiment of the United States Colored Cavalry … [Russell] was transferred from his company to hospital on account of said injury …”

General Affidavit, Eliza Nelson and Cora Hyde, 1 April 1890
[Nelson] 50 years old; residence, Elizabeth City County, Virginia; post-office address, Hampton, Va.
[Hyde] 30 years old; residence, Elizabeth City County, Virginia; post-office address, Hampton, Va.
“That they are near neighbors to Susan Russell, widow, Moses Russell …”

General Affidavit, Owra Hope, 24 April 1890
40 years old; residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Virginia; post-office address, Hampton, Va.
“I am well acquainted with Susan Russell and her husband Moses Russell … I live as neighbor”

General Affidavit, Eliza Nelson ____
44 years old; residence, Elizabeth City County, Virginia;
“I am well acquainted with Susan Russell … I live as neighbor”

General Affidavit, Milly Prentis, 13 February 1889
70 years old; residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City Co., Va.;
“I was presebt as a nurse for Susan Russell at the birth of Hattie Russell. She born 1878 and died March 6th 1889 at Hampton, Va.”

Sworn Statement, Susan Russell, 3 June 1888
“I was born in Isle of Wight County, Virginia about the eyar 1830 — at which place she continued to live until about April 1861 — with Dr. James Southall who was my master and owner. I first met Moses Russell in Smithfield, Isle of Wight Co., Va. about the year 1854 and was married to him about the year 1858 in the county Isle of Wight by Rev. Dr. Colton. Moses Russell at that time was a slave and owned by Wm. Willis Wilson of Smithfield, Isle of Wight Co., Va. at which place he was born. My maiden name was Susan [illegible] … I have had 9 children by him as follows: 3 before the war of the Rebellion, Mary M. Russell, Laura, and John Russell; 6 since the war, Julie, Hattie, Daniel, Russell; the remaining died at birth before being named. Moses Russell was born about 1826. He was a slave before the war and laborer after the war ended…. I have only three children now living John Russell aged about 28 years, Julie aged 12 years, and Hattie aged 9 years.”

Physician’s Affidavit, J.T. Boutelle, MD, 24 February 1890
residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Va.
“acquainted with said oldier for about four years … knew nothing [of Moses Russell] prior to 1875 or 1876 when I first knew him as a resident of Hampton, Va. and began to act as physician to his family. At the time he was in poor condition physically, doing odd jobs for a living. “

General Affidavit, Susan Russell, 27 February 1893
about 45 years old; residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Va.
“Julia born about 1878 and that Hattie is dead and Julia is the only surviving child of the soldier …

General Affidavit, Caroline Spratley and Elia Nelson, 15 July 1893
[Spratley] 52 years old; residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Va.; post-office address, Hampton, Va.;
[Nelson] [blank years old]; residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Va.; post-office address, Hampton, Va.;
“That we have known the claimant since long before the war, that [they] were play children together, their owners living on adjoining farms … the only property [claimant] owns is a small house and lot, that she has no income other than her daily labor.”

Secondary Proof of Marriage, Susan Russell, 11 October 1893
“I am the widow of Moses Russell … my maiden name was Susan Pinner … was lawfully married at Smithfield, County of Isle of Wight, State of Virginia, by Rev. Dr. Colton … on or about 1859 … by said marriage the following children … John Russell, 30 yrs old; Lou. Russell, age 14 years. The former married and living to himself. The latter dependent upon me….The records of our County were destroyed during the war… I cannot obtain the affidavit of the party who performed the marriage ceremony, because he cannot be found and no doubt is dead as he was passed [sic] middle age then… husband died on the 19th day of November, A.D. 1880″

General Affidavit, Caroline Spratley, 19 October 1893
residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City Co., Va.; post-office address, Hampton, Va.
“I was present wihen the claimant Susan Russell was married to Moses Russell which took place before the late war….Her husband belonged to the same person who owned me.”

General Affidavit, Susan Russell, 17 September 1894
about 50 years old; residence Hampton, Elizabeth City Co., Va.;
“That she has no property except a small house and lot which is assessed on the landbooks at this county as $200.00
… on account of her health she is unable to work”

Deposition, Susan Russell, 27 November 1896
about 56 years; occupation, laundress; post-office address, Hampton, Eliz. City Co., Va.

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**Today’s post includes research notes for documents dated 1899-1911. Last week’s post included research notes for documents dated 1889-1894.

The soldier suffered frostbitten feet while patrolling telegraph wires from City Point, Prince George County, Virginia to Swan Point, Surry County, Virginia. The cause of his damaged eyesight is unclear. After discharge, he was unable to work and couldn’t afford proper medical treatment. He, his wife, and child lived in Norfolk, Virginia.

Invalid — 773,440 / 576,126
Widow — 881,045 / —–, Emma Foreman

Deposition, Alexander Foreman, 20 March 1899
about 52 years old; occupation, farm laborer; post-office address, Hickory, Norfolk Co., Va.
Q: Where did you execute your pension claim under Act of June 27th 1890?
A. W.R. Drury swore me to it but I have forgotten who were my witnesses. No sir, I do not know a man named Willis Kelly nor do I know Frank Cornick although the name appeared familiar to me. Yes I think I have met a man in W.R. Drury’s office named Addison Holly. I do know James Wilkins of Norfolk, Va. and he was with me in Mr. Drury’s office. … No sir there was no white men in in Mr. Drury’s office when my said application was signed and executed but the room was well filled with colored people, most of whom were strangers to me. No sir I have never known a white man named B.A. Richardson, Jr.
Q; When ordered before a Board of Examining Surgeons why did you not respond to the order?
A: I did not go because I did not have money with which to defray my expenses.”

Deposition, Charles Griffin, 20 March 1899
51 years old; post-office address, Indian Creek, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I know Alexander Foreman the pensioner. He is my neighbor … We were in the same regiment. He in Co. E and I in Co. A. “

Deposition, Addison Holly, 23 March 1899
54 years old; post-office address, 149 James St., Norfolk, Va.
“[Holly said he knew Foreman and testified as a witness for him.] I think James WIlkins was the other witness. Wilkins and John Portlock were there at the time… I do not know where Wilkins is. I have not seen him for 6 months or more….
Q. Were you sworn to said papers?
A. Yes sir.
Q. By whom were you sworn?
A. By W.R. Drury, who was there a Notary Public. He swore all three of us at the same time.”

Deposition, Frank Cornick, 23 March 1899
50 years old; post-office address, 17 Liberty St., Norfolk, Va.
“I have known [Foreman] here in Norfolk but I have not seen him for the past five years. … I lost my right arm in 1864 and have to write with my left hand and it is somewhat awkward for me to write. I sometimes sign my name by crossmark. … I used to see [B.A. Richardson] in W.R. Drury’s office at No. 16 Bank St this City. I think he and W.R. Drury were in business together. “

Deposition, John Bell, 24 March 1899
59 years old; post-office address, 567 Main St., Norfolk, Va.
“I know the pensioner… He used to work for me here in Norfolk but I understand that he now lives in the County somewhere so that I have not seen him for some time…. About eight years ago I made an affidavit for use in his claim. I testified to a knowledge of him from the time he came out of the army. … I have no recollection that I ever knew him to suffer from any disability….There was a tall slender black man signed affidavit with me but I am not sure that I remember his name but I think it was Johnson. …
Q. Where were you living when you signed and executed said affidavit?
A. I was living at 25 Smith St., this City at that time.”

Deposition, Hilliard Johnson, 27 March 1899
57 years old; post-office address 625 Bart St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I resided at No. 13 Suffolk St., Norfolk, Va. [during January 1891]
Q. How were you employed during said month?
A. I was helping W.R. Drury then a pension claim agent and Notary Public doing business at No. 16 Bank St. Norfolk, Va. I was a sort of assessor for him and as such employee was in W.R. Drury’s office more or less every day.”

Sworn Statement, Alexander Foreman, 19 March 1907
64years old; residence, Norfolk County, Va.; post-office address, Berkley, Norfolk County, Va.; occupation, farmer;
“born at Newsom [or is it Newman’s] Creek, Norfolk County, Virginia, 15th day of March 18 … Don’t know exact year. That he has resided since discharge in Princess Anne County, Norfolk County, and Norfolk City, Virginia….”
“Also personally appeared … John Sivils, a resident of Norfolk County, Virginia and Thomas Jefferson, a resident of Norfolk County, Virginia {acquainted with him] 20 years and 20 years, respectively”

Deposition, Emma J. Foreman, 1 March 1910
“I am 50 years old, was 50 the 2d of this month; post-office address, Berkley, Va…. [My husband and I] lived in Norfolk Co., Va., first at Indian Creek then near Berkley, Va. … I did not know Solomon Burke lived nearly ten years after I married the soldier. I had heard from his mother that he died before I married Foreman. I never got a divorce from Solomon Brock, never was notified that he had applied for a divorce from me. He certainly was not divorced from me.”

General Affidavit, Emma J. Foreman, 22 February 1911
“That she resides near the limits of Berkley Ward, City of Norfolk, in a section known as Campostella, her house being on what is known as Pine Street; that she is out side the free delivery limits, has no Street number, and consequently gets her mail from Berkley Station, Norfolk, Va. which is a sub-station of the Norfolk Post Office.”

Application for Re-Imbursement, Emma J. Foreman, 8 Feburary 1911
51 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.
[1 – deceased’s full name] Alexander Foreman
[2 – type of pension] invalid
[3 a – married] yes
[3b – # marriages, to whom] once, Emma J. Etheridge
[3c – survived by wife] yes
[3d – still living] yes
[3e – if not … ] [blank]
[3f – his divorced] no
[3g – is she living] [blank]
[3h – if not, full name, date of death] [blank]
[4 – child under 16] yes, Jackson McK D. Foreman
[5 – child alive] yes
[6 – life, accident, or health insurance on deceased] no
[7 – name of company] [blank]
[8 – beneficary] [blank]
[9 – relationship of beneficiary to deceased] [blank]
[10 – who paid premiums] [blank]
[11 – if not deceased, the amount paid by each person] [blank]
[12 – deceased member of society with sick or death benefits] no
[13 – administrator or executor?] no
[14 – money, real estate, personal property?] no
[15 – character and value of property] [blank]
[16 – last assessed value] [blank]
[17 – disposition of property] [blank]
[18 – unindorsed pension check] no
[19 – relationship to deceased] wife
[20 – married] [blank]
[21 – cause of death] typhoid fever
[22 – when did last sickness begin] about November 8, 1907
[23 – when did pensioner become sick enough to acquire constant attention] three [or is it nine?] weeks
[24 – name and post-office address of physicians] Dr. W.R. Mapp
[25 – those who nursed the patiend] claimant
[26 – residence during last sickness] Norfolk County, near Berkley
[27 – location of death] ” ” ” ” “
[28 – date of death] November 29, 1907
[29 – burial] Indian Creek, St. Brides, Norfolk County
[30 – is someone else covering expenses] no
[31 – list of expenses]

NameExpenseAmount
Dr. W.R. MappPhysician   24.00
Emma J. ForemanMedicine     3.00
J.M. BrownUndertaker   70.00
Total    97.00

[32 – post-office address] Berkley Station, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.
“Also personally appeared, Stephen Riddick, and James [or Jordan?] Wilson” also Berkley, Norfolk, Va.
Also personally appeared, Stephen Riddick, Berkley, Norfolk, Va. and Jordan Willson, Berkley, Norfolk, Va.

[Note: The following are my notes from the next section of this form, “Statement of Attending Physician” — Leslie]:
The pensioner died November 29, 1907 or typhoid fever. He required “regular and daily attendance” for about three weeks. He was attended by his wife Emma J. Foreman. Dr. William R. Mapp treated the pensioner from November 15, 1907 until the date of death.

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