Archive for the ‘Company D’ Category

The couple had a “slave marriage” in Portsmouth in September 1864. The soldier died at Brazos Santiago, Texas in August 1865. His comrades-in-arms attended his burial.

Widow — 129,839 / 115,387, Sally Singleton

Widow’s Claim for Pensions, Sallie Lawson, 10 July 1886
25 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk County, Virginia; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“Her maiden name was Sallie Herbert and that she was married to Lawson Singleton on or about the 15 September, 1864, at Portsmouth in the County of Norfolk and State of Virginia by mutual consent and that she knows of no record evidence of said marriage except the consent of parties married under slave laws … she hereby appoints Mssrs. Wolf & Hart, Washington, DC as her lawful attorney … all the children of my deceased husband who where [sic] under sixteen years of age at the time of his death, Mary Clare Singleton born 15 Oct 1865, the p.o. address, Portsmouth, Va.”
“Also personally appeared before me, Dick Williams and Samuel Williams residents of Portsmouth … were present at the death of her husband & know the child Mary C. Singleton aforesaid as her child.”

Letter from Assistant Adjutant General to Commissioner of Pensioners, Washington, DC, 21 July 1866
“On the muster roll of Co. H of that Regiment, for the months of July and Augst 1865, he is reported died at Brazos Santiago, Texas, Augst 29th 1865”
[Note: “On the muster roll of Co. H”? Other records indicate he served in Company D — Leslie]

Letter from Brevet Major and Assistant Surgeon, USA J.J. Woodward to Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, DC, 25 October 1866
“Reported to this Office by Surgeon B.S. Manly as having died Aug 30th, 1865 at Brazos Santiago, Texas”

Sworn Statement, Sally Singleton, 5 July 1867
“That she was married to the said Lawson Singleton, at Portsmouth, Virginia in October 1864, without a license so the services of a minister of the gospel, but by mutual consent and subsequent cohabitation … she had of the said Lawson Singleton, one child, Mary Clarissa Singleton born on 1st Feby 1865, which said child is now alive and living with the said affiant.”
“At the same time personally appeared Samuel Marshall, Andrew Joiner, Hannah Marshall, and Emma Williams … that they are well acquainted with Lawson Singleton … and have known her for ten years. That they were also well-acquainted with Lawson Singleton … and knew him for the same period of time … were married at Portsmouth, Virginia in the month of October 1864 … that the affiants Samuel Marshall and Andrew Joiner, were present at their marriage.”

Sworn Statement, Sally Singleton, 29 July 1867
residence, Norfolk, Norfolk County, Virginia
“Declares that she is the widow of Lawson Singleton … Also personally appeared William Hawkins and Solomon Jones, residents of Norfolk County”

Sworn Statement, Samuel Marshall and Ackwell Jones, 15 February 1868
“Samuel Marshall and Ackwell Jones … Samuel Marshall … was well acquainted with Lawson Singleton [who died in latter part of August 1865] … and after his death, followed his body to the grave, and assisted in its burial. And affiant further alleges he knew the said Lawson SIngleton before he entered the service of the U. States … and affiant believes the said Lawson Singleton died of disease contracted whilst in said service and whilst in the line of his duty”

“Ackwell Jones … was well acquainted with Lawson Singleton — and the affiant further alleges that in the month of August 1865 … Lawson Singleton died … the deponent visited the tent of the now deceased, during his sickness, viewed the body after death, and witnessed its burial … the deponent believes the said Lawson Singleton died of disease contracted whilst in said service and whilst in the line of his duty”

Letter from Sally Singleton to William W. Dudley, Commissioner of Pensions, 1 October 1881
“Dear Sir,
Please inform me the case of my child being dropped from the Pension Rolls, my daughter was Born, on the Last day of January 1866, and my daughter Mary case been droped [sic] know [sic] 9 months”
“Please Sir, address me
No. 276 1/2 Queen Street
Norfolk, Virginia”

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Several acquaintances of more than 30 years testified that though the soldier had once been robust and healthy he was suffering with a number of ailments because of his military service. The medical details aren’t in these research notes. Instead the focus is on births, deaths, marriages, and residences and a brief reference to combat experience.

Invalid — 749,089 / 593,356

General Affidavit for Any Purpose, George H. Hanes, 3 June 1892
44 years old; residence, Virginia Beach, Va.
“He has been 35 years personally acquainted with Isham Wright … that they was rased [sic] together, and Claimant was older than himself …”

General Affidavit for Any Purpose, Peter Wright, 3 June 1892
44 years old; residence, Virginia Beach, Va.;
“He has been 35 years personally acquainted with Isham Wright”

General Affidavit, Henry Weldon and Julia Jackson, 24 October 1892
[Weldon] 72 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Norfolk, Va.
[Jackson] 65 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 14 Log St.
“that each of them are well & personally acquainted with Isham Wright … each of them has been knowing the said soldier at least 30 years”

Deposition, Isham Wright, 8 January 1902
55 or 56 years old; occupation, laborer; residence, 461 Cumberland St., Norfolk, Va.
“I was born in Norfolk County, Va., near Great Bridge; was a slave and was owned by David Wright. My father was Ishmael Butt.”
“The first part of my service was in Va., but the last part was in Texas. We were in Texas was some ten months. We went on a boat from Va. to Texas. We stopped for a little while at Key West, Fla. We took boat at Fortress Monroe and landed at Brazos Santiago. Part of us went to Corpus Christi, but I remained right at Brazos.

“I was in only one regular battle; Chicihominie [sic] and we had a skirmish at Wilsons Landing and at Weldon RR. We had no man killed or wounded out of my company but some were taken sick and died. Anderson Twine and Dean Rogers died of sickness while they were members of my company. Both of them died at Portsmouth and before we went to Texas. We lost no man in Texas. We had no battles in Texas. The war was over before we went there.
“Girrard was my first Colonel. He was Col., but was succeeded in Texas by Major Seipe. Garrard resigned before we went to Texas. Wamer was our Major. I do not recollect who was Lt. Col. Bowins was my Captain or was acting as Captain. Lt. Mack was shot by the Sutler at Bermuda Hundred and the Sutler was in turn killed by the soldiers. Stone was our regular captain.
William Ward was our Ord. Sgt., but he was succeeded by Dempsey Elliott.
William Hoffman, Weldon, Jones were Sgts.
Tom Frost, James Olders were Corporals.
Ben. Anderson, Jacob Moseley, Frank Wilson and Albert Foreman were friends of mine in service.”

“I was never in a regular hospital in service but in Texas I was treated by our Reg’t Dr. for my eyes. I do not recollect name of the doctor.”

Sworn Statement, Mary T. Wright, 28 March 1902
“the widow of Isham Wright, who died at Campostella, Norfolk, Va., on the 22nd day of February, 1916; that she and the said Wright had not been living together as man and wife for about three years and that she cannot establish her right to accrued pension due to said Wright and that she accordingly waives all claim to such accrued pension and requests that the same be paid to the undertaker who buried said Wright.”

Questionnaire (Form XX -XXXX) , Isham Wright, 27 March 1915
[date and place of birth] Feb 4th 1842, Norfolk Co., Va.
[wife’s name] Luvenia Powell Wright
[date] “I was married, Jan. 35 years, married by Rev. William Jarvous
[previous marriage] “I was previously married. Luvenia Wright, 35 years ago; death Norfolk County, 25 years old; I am married 10 years ago to Mary Saldon.”
[names/births of all children] Vandella Wright died, 7 years of age, Norfolk Co.; Isham Wright, Jr. died 12 years of age, Norfolk, Va.

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A twenty-two year old undertaker. A built over cemetery. Witnesses from distant regiments. A sketchy attorney. “A man of sober temperament and good moral character.” A woman known as “Clotilda” and “Matilda” who “became accustomed to being known by either name.” Lives lived in Princess Anne County, Norfolk and Norfolk County, Virginia.

Invalid — 853,460 / 643,580
Widow — 1,075,249 / 818,917, Clotilda Randall

Marriage License [copy], James Randolph and Matilda Cuffee, 9 November 1891
Both born in Princess Anne County, Virginia. Both resided in Norfolk County, Virginia. The husband’s parents were Frank and Vina Randolph. The bride’s parents were Jesse and Clotilda Snowden. The license was issued November 5, 1891; the wedding took place on November 9, 1891. The officiant was Minster W.A. Butt.

General Affidavit, Emmerson Cuffee, 19 May 1893
about 69 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Berkley, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I have known [James Randolph] ever since the war. He was in the same regiment I was in but not the same company…. I was one of his identifying witnesses and Henry Sivils was the other. Henry Sivils wrote his name and I made my mark…..All three of us, Randall, Sivils any myself put our hands on a book and W.R. Drury administered the oath to us. There were no other white men present. “

General Affidavit, Henry Sivils, 20 May 1893
52 years old; occupation, gardener; post-office address, Berkley, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I have known [James Randolph] since he was a boy….W.R. Drury was his attorney. I went with him to witness …. I signed my name on his declaration … I was sworn by W.R. Drury.”

General Affidavit, Henry Boone & Lewis Warden, 8 November 1897
[Boone] 49 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkley, Va.
[Warden] 56 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkley, Va.
“That they are personally and intimately acquainted with the claimant and have been thus acquainted with him for 20 or 15 years, respectively, That they have known him personally much longer than 15 or 20 years respectively. That affiants have been near neighbors of said James Randall in Norfolk County, Va. for 15 or 20 years respectively … he is a man of sober temperament and of good moral character.”

Deposition, James Randall, 14 May 1902
occupation, farming
“I was born in Princess Anne Co., Va. … was born in 1842 a slave to James Bright of Princess Anne Co. My father’s name was Frank Randall and he was a slave to [illegible] Randall. My mother’s name was Vina Randall and she was a slave to my master. My full and correct name is James Randall.”
“I was honorably discharged in 1866 in March the fore part. Was mustered out at New Orleans, La. and Brazos Santiago, Texas and finally discharged and paid off at Point of Rocks, Va.
“Immediately after discharge I came back to this vicinity in Norfolk Co. and have resided here since.
“I lost my original discharge certificate as I had gave it to a man named Brown to get Bounty for me.”
“(Pensioner is now 6 ft tall … black eyes, hair and complexion. Has a bad scar from a cut across first three fingers of left hand done he states when a child three or four years old.)”

“I was detailed as one of ten men from Williamsburg, Va. to go to Grove Wharf to stand guard and was on such duty 15 or 20 days. This was in 1864 during the summer.
“Our Colonel was Jeffrey Gerard.
Lt. Colonel … didn’t have one.
Major ” Brown and Seipp also
Captain ” Bowen
1st Lt. ” Mack
2d Lt. ” Moss
Orderly Sgt. Ward
I tented with Geo. Floyd and John Keeling.
“I was in the engagement at Chickahominy but can’t give date. Monroe Tripp was killed out of the regiment there. Can’t give company.”
“My witnesses were Henry Boon and Primus Banks.
“I was last examined by a Bd of U.S. [Examining] Surgeons last October at Soldier’s Home, Va.
“I had lawyer Reed of Portsmouth, Va. ….M.V. Tierney, Wash, DC, was my regular attorney.”

“My pension voucher and certificate are in my possession and I never have pledged either for a debt, loan or liability. Have been married twice. My first wife Emma Jane Fuller died in 1888 at Norfolk Co., Va. beyond Berkley. Then I married Clotilda Cuffee at Norfolk Co., Va. 10 years ago last Nov 9, I think. She had been previously married to Lawson Cuffee who died in 1871 at Portsmouth, Va. I have no child under 16 years of age”

Declaration for Pension, James Randall, 20 May 1912
68 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkley Station, Norfolk, Va.
“born August 18th, 1843 at Princess Anne County, Va.

Death Certificate, James Randall, 14 July 1913
He died of malarial fever — Leslie

Sworn Statement, Matilda Randolph, 5 August 1913
“Also personally appeared Miles Freeman, residing at Providence, Va. and Samuel McCoy, residing in Norfolk, Va…. affiant Freeman is a son of claimant and affiant McCoy has known said parties intimately for about 25 years.

General Affidavit, Matilda Randolph, 2 May 1914
over 60 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, R.F.D. 2 Box 123, Norfolk, Va.
“I was never married but twice. First to Lawson Cuffee who died at Portsmouth, Va. in September about 40 years ago or more, as my son by Lawson Cuffee was born about three months after his father died, and this son is nearly 41 years old….I remained single after Lawson Cuffee’s death until my marriage to James W. Randolph and I lived with him until his death … James W. Randolph was buried in a private burial ground near Providence, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That James W. Randolph was once married prior to his marriage to me… That I am unable to furnish death certificates of death [sic] of ) Emma Randolph, soldier’s first wife) or Lawson Cuffee, my first husband) as no county records were kept here when they died.”

General Affidavit, William H. Fuller, 2 May 1914
about 60 years old; residence, Princess Anne Co., Va.; post-office address, Rt. w Bonney’s Store, Princess Anne Co., Va.
“That I knew Matilda Randolph before she was married, her maiden name was Snowden. That she was never married but twice. First to Lawson Cuffee who died in suburbs of Portsmouth, Va. about 40 years ago I saw his body after death but did not attend his funeral, but knew about his burial in Portsmouth where it is now built over. That Matilda Randolph was next married to James W. Randolph … She is a woman of good moral character That James W. Randolph was was never married but twice, first to my sister Emma Fuller Randolph who died three weeks before Christmas 35 years ago at Norfolk Co., Va. on the ‘Sharpe Farm,’ and was buried in Drury Branch Church burial ground in Princess Anne Co., Va. I attended her funeral and burial. James W. Randolph was next married to Matilda Cuffee.”

General Affidavit, James W. Fuller, 2 May 1914
55 years old; residence, Princess Anne Co., Va.; post-office address, RFD 4, Box 59, Norfolk, Va.
“James Randolph’s first wife Emma Fuller was my sister”

General Affidavit, Willis Goodman, 4 May 1914
22 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, RFD 4, c/o J.T. Forelard, Norfolk, Va.
“That I was the undertaker [associated as a part owner of the firm of H. Norfleet and W. Goodman] who buried James W. Randolph in July 1913. I can’t remember exact day of the month. I had his body embalmed and I accompanied his body to grove near Providence, Norfolk Co., Va. where I buried him. The above undertaking firm was located at West Murden near Norfolk & in Norfolk Co., Va. Said firm partnership was dissolved in September 1913 since which time I am doing undertaking business at same place under firm name of [W. Goodman and C. Perkins, Undertakers]. That I had personally known James W. Randolph for about 12 years.

General Affidavit, James Cuffee, 7 July 1914
70 years old; residence, Providence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkeley Sta. Norfolk, Va.
“[We] were play children together … I served in Co. L 5th Massachusetts Cavalry, and as 1st U.S. Col. Cav. and 5th Mass. Cavy were brigaded together in Texas I saw this soldier often. In fact, our tents ran backs together … I have lived near neighbor to this soldier ever since the Civil War, and I helped shroud him when he died last summer.”

General Affidavit, Primus Banks, 8 July 1914
87 years old; residence, near Providence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkeley Sta. Norfolk, Va.
“Since the Civil War we have never lived over one mile apart … I attended his burial about one year ago and viewed his body after death.”.

General Affidavit, Clotilda Randolph, 1 September 1914
about 60 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, R.F.D. 2, Box 123, Norfolk, Va.
“That my correct name is Clotilda but I have been known as “Clotilda” or “Matilda” for years. I don’t know just why unless because of so many colored people being unable to read and write and names sound similar, and I became accustomed to being known by either name.”

General Affidavit, Sarah J. Baines & James Cuffey, 9 January 1915
[Bains] 60 years old; residence, Providence, RFD c/o Joe Bains, Norfolk Co., Va.
[Cuffey] 71 years old; residence, Providence, Berkley PO, Va. Norfolk Co., Va.
“That we were both well acquainted with the soldier James W. Randolph from childhood”

General Affidavit, Clotilda Fuller, 11 January 1915
about 59 years old; residence Princess Anne Co., Va.; post-office address, Rt. 4, Box 59, Berkley, Norfolk, Va.
“That Clotilda Randolph and I were children & grew up together. “

General Affidavit, Clotilda Randolph, 15 March 1915
about 60 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Rte. 2, Box 123, Norfolk, Va.
“My first husband Lawson Cuffee never served in the military or naval service of the United States.”

General Affidavit, Matilda Randolph, 23 June 1915
about 60 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, R.R. 2. Box 123, Norfolk, Va.
“My husband James W. Randall died July 14, 1913. That if I stated otherwise at any time in my claim it was a mistake and not intentional.
“That to best of my knowledge my husband’s correct name was James W. Randolph. His name as James Randall in above service was no doubt a clerical mistake in pronunciation and spelling. This is the only way I can account for differences in names.
“I never knew soldier until after the war.”

General Affidavit, Jane T. Bain & Georgia Tatem, 26 October 1916
[Bain] about 59 years old; residence, Munden Town, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, RFD 3, Box 14
[Tatem] 41 years old; residence West Munden Town, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, RFD 2, Box 10
“That they have been well and personally acquainted with Clothilda Randall … for 30 years and 31 years, respectively, and that they knew James Randall, the soldier above named for 50 years and 25 years, respectively”

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The labor of freeborn and enslaved men could be requisitioned by the Confederacy to build fortifications and other structures. That was nearly the fate of this soldier. There was a lot of testimony on behalf of three claimants — the legal widow, a “contingent” widow (a woman who claimed she was married to the soldier), and a minor child. The many unrelated witnesses who shared a surname gave a lot of detail about kinship, residence, landownership and the community’s social and local history.

Widow — 146,274 / —–, Edy Faulk
Cont. Widow — 171,894 / —–, Maria Folk
Minor — 795,520 / 577,383, Andrew J. Faulk

Deposition, Edie Faulk, 2 April 1894
60 years old; housekeeper; residence, Deep Creek, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I saw him [the soldier] a few weeks before he died and then he had a bad cough.
“I was married to the soldier about 10 years before the war in Nansemond Co., Va near Holy Neck Chapel by Rev. Robert Rawls, a white minister, had license and were regularly married.

Henry Jordan, at Copeland, Va. and Jesse Copeland about 5 miles from Suffolk, Va. were present … I was distantly related to my husband.. At the time we were married the soldier was living with Mr. James Griffin and I was working for Mr. Wm. Hare. Mr. Hare was present at our wedding supper. After our marriage we lived on Mr. Hare’s land and Miles Copeland’s land in Nansemond Co., Va. During the early part of the war we moved to Portsmouth … Elijah Copeland and Lucinda Hurst know that we were living together at said time..

“At the time of the soldier’s death, I had one child living which I had by him, a boy named Andrew Jackson, do not know when he was born but he was about 10 years when the soldier died … he is now living in Portsmouth, Va… I lived near Portsmouth in an old house on the Seaboard Road, lived there about 3 years. After that I moved in this neighohood and have lived hee ever since. Lived with my son up to five years ago and also lived on Dr. Shmooy’s [?] place, he lived in Phila at that time.

“I have given birth to two children since the soldier’s death … Hattie was born in 1870 and died 3 years ago and the other name Ella Frank born in November 1876 and died in 1889.
“I never lived with Exum Rawls … He was the father of the two children born to me since the soldier’s death … My husband took up with [Maria Gardner] during the war or before the war … The soldier always recognized the child Andrew J. as his own … I do not know positively but think my first name is Edie and not Edith. Letitia Briggs attended me when Andrew J was born … “

__________, Elijah Copeland, 2 April 1894
54 years old; occupation, farmer; residence, Gilmerton, Norfolk Co., Va.
“My mother went to their wedding supper on Mr. Hare’s land. I was a small boy at that time … their son Andrew was born on Mr. Porter‘s land about 1854 or 55 … I came to Portsmouth about 1863 … [Faulk] had been taken away by the Southern soldiers but he came to Portsmouth soon afterwards … soon enlisted in the US army …
“… one named Hattie and one name Ella. Do not know when the youngest one was over but she was about 11 or 12 years old when she died about 4 years ago … Exum Rawls had a wife named Louisa during the time or soon after he came to claimant’s … Louisa was a cousin of my wife …”

Deposition, William H. Hare, 22 June 1894
78 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Boxelder, Va.
“I have lived on this farm since 1844 … we hired her [Edie] part of the time while she was a girl … I hired him [Faulk] before he was grown and after he was grown … They were afraid to remain. At least he was afraid that he would be carried away to help build forts or somthing that kind … I loaned them a team and they went off and came back …. to my best recollection they were married on my place … I think about 1852”

Deposition, Jesse Copeland, 22 June 1894
66 years old; occupation, farmer; residence, Copeland, Nansemond Co., Va.
“Lived in this county all my life, except about 5 years when I lived in Norfolk Co., Va … knew her from childhood … knew [him] from boyhood …

__________, Elisha Copeland, 22 June 1894
62 years old; occupation, mail carrier; post-office address, Savage’s Crossing, Va.
“I have lived in Nansemond, Va. all my life except about 2 or 3 years and even during that time I was back at Christmas … I was present when she was married in 1850, ’51 or ’52 to Lamb Faulk near Holy Neck Chapel in Nansemond Co.”

__________, Henry Jordan, 22 June 1894
65 years old; occupation, farmer; residence, Hollands, Va.
“I have lived in this neighborhood all my life except about 2 years which I was away with Gen’l Butler’s army … knew her from childhood. I was present when she was married to Lamb … I knew Lamb Faulk before he was grown … After their marriage they lived on old man Billy Hare‘s land, on Zachary Porter‘s land, and on Miles Copeland’s land … I have been married 40 years and they were married 4 or 5 years before I was … I have the free papers which I show you not over 12 months when the clt and soldier were married and they had not been married over 12 months when he was born …

Affidavit, Edie Faulk, 25 June 1894
“Charley & Ida are not my children . I was living on the Seaboard road near Portsmouth when they were left with me … not more than a year or two after the war closed …

“Exum Rawls lived in Nansemond Co. and used to visit down here … I stayed in the house of Stephen Watkins while his wife was living and helped her wash & cook. She died while the war was going on from small pox … I lived in the same house after his wife died … He slept in one room and I in the other … He commenced to work for the fibre company and I came out to cook for him and moved the household goods which were mine out to the fibre company place [which was also called the Shoats Place] … When Charley and Ida were left with me I was living in the same house in which I lived with Stephen and his wife. [She] was dead about a year or better when they were left with me … [Charlie] was about 3 years old and she was about 1 year old .”

General Affidavit, Joseph Cassell and Jno Cuffee, 30 January 1896
[Cassell] 40 years old;
[Cuffee] 35 years old; Deep Creek, Norfolk County, Virginia
“Edith Faulk can hardly walk”

General Affidavit, Lucinda Hurst, 6 April 1903
59 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Va.; post-office address, cor South & Godwin Streets
“That she is well-acquainted with Andew Jackson Faulk, the claimant. That affiant knew his father Lambert Faulk who died a soldier at a place called ‘Oak Grove’ in 1864. That affiant knows his mother Edith Faulk.
“That Andrew Jackson Faulk … was born in affiant’s mother’s house in the spring of 1853. Affiant fixes the date of his birth as follows: The ‘great snow’ was in the year 1857 in February and he was at that time four (4) years old. Affiant was in the same house at the time of his birth and she has nursed him many a day. that she was his nurse a long time. That after his birth he lived in the same house with affiant a long time and affiant has seen Edith Faulk, his mother, nurse him from her breast many a time, Andrew Jackson Faulk is now 50 years old. That ‘Oak Grove’ was a suburb of the city of Portsmouth and affiant’s house now stands on a part of it. That Andrew J. Faulk’s birthplace is Nansemond County, Va. several miles from Suffolk, Va.”

General Affidavit, Elijah Copeland, 24 September 1903
63 years old; residence, Gilmerton, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Gilmerton, Norfolk Co., Virginia
“That he has been personally acqauinted with A.J. Faulks … ever since his birth … but cannot give the exact date … A.J. Faulk’s mother and father were free people of color, were illiterate and there is no record of A.J. Faulk’s birth …”

General Affidavit, Lucinda Hurst, 5 October 1903
61 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“personally acquainted with A.J. Faulk all of his life … she and Lambert Faulk lived in one and the same neighborhood for many years before the Civil War. That affiant came down to Portsmouth, a. before the time Lambert Faulk enlisted in the US Army and was near spot when he did so enlist.”

__________, Elijah Copeland, 22 January 1904
“I was 63 years old the 15th of last Nov”; occupation, stevedore; post-office address, Gilmerton, Va. “have known the claimant all his life … His mother is my aunt … I was small [when his parents married] … Anderew Jackson Faulk is the only child of Lamb Faulk … Edie Faulk had one or two other children by the soldier but they died in infancy … I believe that their other children were born before Andrew J. was born … I think he is about 50 years old … I was born in 1840 and I think I was about 14 years old when he was born … the claimant had two daughters Alice and Mary Lizzie born before the soldier died. Alice is dead. No, sir, neither of them was the soldier’s child, they looked like white man’s children … Edie lived in same house with Stephen Matthews for several years after Lamb’s death.”

Deposition, Phoebe Copeland, 15 April 1904
about 61 years old; widow of Thompson Copeland; post-office address, 1316 Columbia St., Portsmouth, Va… “knows the claimant Andrew J. Faulk since he was a baby. We lived in the same neighborhood in Nansemond Co., Va. His father was Lamb Faulk and his mother Edie Faulk. They were both freeborn. I remember when they were married. My mother and father went to see them married. I was a smalll girl then … Andrew must be about 53 to 55 years old….My mother used to take care of him when his mother would be away working. She herself stayed over at our house all the time. And now is the only child of Lamb Faulk. I heard that Edie had one or two more by him, but I did not know them. Yes, Edie, had two daughters Alice and Mary Lizzie, but neither is Lamb Faulk’s child. Alice is dead. I could not tell whether Andrew was Lamb’s oldest child or not.
“Yes, Lamb and Edie were separated but not divorced. He had to go away, don’t know why, never went back that I know of. He stayed down here before the war, don’t know how long. I don’t know that he lived with another woman after he left the neighborhood.”

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The soldier was born in Norfolk, Virginia, enlisted in that city in December 1863, and died of cerebo-spinal meningitis in Portsmouth, Virginia on January 31, 1865. He was buried at Hampton National Cemetery.

— Compiled military service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served with the United States Colored Troops [microform]: 1st through 5th United States Colored Cavalry, 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (Colored), 6th United States Colored Cavalry (1997). Reel 0014 – 1st United States Colored Cavalry: Tines, Archer – Wheldon, Charles M. (online at  https://archive.org/details/compiledmili0014akesunit/mode/2up). Anderson Toyan’s CMSR can viewed at (n112 – n116).


Mother — 454,805 / 463,669, Lucinda Toyan


Declaration for Mother’s Pension, Lucinda Loyan, 18 July 1890
60 years old; residence, Perquimans Co., North Carolina; post-office address, Belvidere, Perquimans Co., N.C.
“He left neither widow, child nor children, but a dependent mother — Lucinda Loyan who received his bounty under Certificate 289,351 on August 5, 1873 at Fort Monroe, Va.”


Claimant’s Affidavit, Lucinda Loyan alias Twine, 17 April 1896
“The claimant states that her correct name is Lucinda Twine & that her son’s name should be Anderson Twine. She states that she cannot read or write herself. [When she received Certificate 289,351 and her son’s bounty at Fort Monroe] and when her application for pension was wrote, she did give that certificate to the man who wrote it …. said that the man who enrolled her son must have made a mistake and put his name Loyan instead of Twine for the name on the certificate was Lucinda Loyan so he made out her application for pension by that name”


General Affidavit, Josephus Riddick, 18 July 1896
post-office address, Nicanor, Perquimans Co., N.C.
“I was not in the same company but I was in the same Reg’t and in Co E.
“We were raised near together and I knew him well.”


General Affidavit, Benjamin Hurdle, 13 April 1897
54 years old; post-office address, Belvidere, Perquimans Co., NC
“I was acquainted with Anderson Twine …”


General Affidavit, Dempsey Elliott, 26 May 1897
post-office address, Suffolk, Nansemond Co., Va.
“I was a Sergnt. in Company D, 1st Reg USCC  and I knew Anderson Twine who was a member of said company and Reg. I knew that he was sick and died in Portsmouth, Va. in the winter time of 1864.”


General Affidavit, Lucinda Twine, 12 June 1897
“To the Hon. Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, DC — Sir, I beg to state that I, Lucinda Twine, the above named claimant has from this day changed my post-office address from Belvidere, Perquimans, North Carolina to Dewight, Perqs Co., N.C. hoping if there should be any mail matter sent to me at any time from the department that it may be sent to that office & oblige your humble servant.”
[The scribe wrote “Dewight” but it’s “Dwight, Perquimans County, North Carolina” — Leslie]


General Affidavit, Acwell Jones, 22 March 1897
post-office address, 723 Blunt Street, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I was acquainted with Anderson Twine and was in the same Company and Regiment …. I waited upon him during the sickness that brought on his death. I was 3d duty sergeant at the time of his death … and saw his body after death and recognized it.”

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Some wives suffered spousal abuse and adultery. An attorney who attended the couple’s wedding as a child was among those who corroborated the widow’s allegations.

Invalid —  942,788 / 1,008,185
Widow – 757,880 /
  548,866, Mary King


General Affidavit, James Elliott and Jacob Campbell, 16 January 1891
[both] post-office address, Portsmouth, Virginia … “That they have known [the claimant] several years last past …”


General Affidavit, Cater King, 14 May 1900
“… no doctor attended him from [May 17, 1897 to July 12,, 1899] as he was unable to pay for the services of a physician; that his house has no number on it but is situated on Stonewall Street (Lincolnville), Portsmouth, Virginia …”


Sworn Statement, Mary Ellen Tatem, 11 April 1902
“I lived within less than one hundred yards of [the soldier and Caroline Mason]. I never heard of any marriage ceremony between them and if any such took place it was an unlawful one for the reason that he had a lawful wife living, that is his wife Mary King. I was not present when he and Mary were married but I was acquainted with them and knew all about it.”


Affidavit, Mary Ellen Tatem, 11 April 1902
about 65 years old; “I knew Cater King and his wife Mary King who was Mary Pierce before her marriage long before they were married. … I was not present at the marriage but knew all the circumstances of it at the time. It was well known among all of the colored people of their acquaintance in the city. … Neither of them had ever been married before nor has Mary King remarried since the death of her husband Cater King which occurred I think shortly before last Christmas, 1901. …. She lives in one room and works at an oyster house opening oysters for a living. …”


Sworn Statement, Mary King, 11 April 1902
“I was married to him in 1853 … About twelve or fourteen years ago he took up with a younger woman than myself, named Caroline Mason, and brought her to the house where we were living as man and wife. I do not know of any marriage between them but he beat me on her account and forced me out of the house. While they were living together they were living together in adultery … I know that they lived together for some time after I was forced out of the house … I have not claimed that I lived continuously with him until the day of his death. I have claimed and stated that I was his lawful wife and his only lawful wife from our marriage in 1853 until his death …”


Affidavit, Mary King, 11 April 1902
“I, Mary King, widow of Cater King of the City of Portsmouth … do certify that I was married to the said Cater King in this City in 1853 by Rev. David Owens … That I have no property, real, personal, or mixed of any description except about ten dollars worth of furniture in the room in which I am living; that the only real estate I ever owned was my widow’s interest for life in a small house and lot which my husband owned on Stonewall street in this City. The fee simple value of the entire property was about three hundred and fifty dollars and sold my life interest to my husband’s heirs for $122.65 …. Since the 26th of February 1902 I have been confined to the house with sickness nearly all the time under the care of Dr. Holladay, the City Physician, and have not been able to work. I have not made more than five dollars that whole time. When able to work I make at the oyster house from $1.50 to $4.00 per week according to the quantity of oysters they have on hand to be opened. The amount varies with the supply and we are paid according to the number of gallons we open. There is no work done in the oyster house during the summer and in the summer months I have to pick up job opening crabs and picking the meat, whenever I can. I am too old and weak to do any work that is hard or requires strength.”


Questionnaire (Form 3-442), Decator King alias Cater King, 15 May 1902
Please furnish the names and post-office addresses of officers and comrades of Company D, 1st USCC:

 Alexander Ackiss   Pvt.   Oceana, Princess Anne Co., Va.
 {N. Butcher   Pvt.   Rutherglen, Caroline Co., Va.
 {Dempsey Elliott   Sgt.   Suffolk, Nansemond Co., Va.
 Thos. Frost   Cpl.   Nat. Mil. Home, Elizabeth City Co., Va.
 Albert Foreman   Pvt.   90 Newton St., Norfolk, Va.
 Enoch Gordon   Pvt.   263 Cumberland St., Norfolk, Va.
 John Keeling alias Keenan   Pvt.   Harrellsville, Hertford Co., N.C.
 John Pendleton   Pvt.   173 St. Paul St., Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.
 John Randall alias Randolph   Pvt.   Providence Church in Berkeley, Va.
  716 Queen St., Portsmouth, Va.
 Alexander Roper   Pvt.   Suffolk, Nansemond Co., Va.
 James Sparrow   Pvt.   1440 Glasgow St., Portsmouth, Va.
 Dixon Williams   Pvt.   Suffolk, Nansemond Co., Va.

[Note: A handwritten note above “N. Butcher” reads “Imposter. Real soldier died in Norfolk, Va.” — Leslie]


Letter from John W.H. Porter, Attorney-at-Law to J.L. Davenport, Commissioner of Pensions, 7 June 1902
“It seems that about ten or twelve years ago King got tired of his old wife and wanted a younger woman so he took summary steps to carry out his desires …. I am partially able to corroborate the testimony of these two colored women as to the marriage. I was a boy, eleven years old at the time and was a near neighbor of Capt. Buckner. He had a son about my age with whom I was intimate. Martha Sawyer lived on the premises as one of the servants. I remember very well that, about the time fixed by the witnesses, young Buckner told his playmates that there was going to be a slave marriage in the house and we all went to see it.

If you know anything about the South before the war you are aware of the fact that slave marriages were quite notable for the children. The yellow fever broke out here in 1855 and young Buckner was one of the victims. I remember the marriages about that time but am not able to identify the parties. I did not know King or his wife then and have no knowledge of them personally until about thirty years ago.

Mary King’s address in Portsmouth is N.W. corner of Greene and Caledonia Streets. If directed to her there your letter will be delivered by the carrier. I append a little sketch of the locality of my home and that of Captain Buckner in 1853.”


Deed, Mary King to Susan Johnson, 14 January 1902
“Mary King widow of Kader Cater of the City of Portsmouth in the State of Virginia party of the first part, and Susan Johnson party of the second part … in consideration of the sum of One hundred and Twenty two dollars and sixty five cents ….  That certain lot, piece or parcel of land the south side of Stonewall Street in the said Portsmouth bounded as follows: Commencing at a point on Stonewall Street two hundred and twenty five (225) feet east from the Hospital Road, Running thence east on said street thirty (30) feet, thence south one hundred (100) feet thence west thirty (30) feet and thence north one hundred (100) feet to the beginning; it being the lot that was conveyed to Kader King by Jas. L. Hatton and wife by deed dated April 5, 1867, and recorded in the office of the Clerk of Norfolk County Court in  Deed Book 93 page 339 …”


Affidavit, Martha Sawyer, 11 April 1902
about 67 years old;   “I have known Cater King and Mary King his widow for more than fifty years. I knew them long before they were married. Mary and I were children together. I was at present at their marriage. I do not remember the exact day but it was in the summer of 1853. I am able to remember the year on account of the yellow fever which was prevalent in Portsmouth in 1855. They were married two years before the fever. It was near the time of my own marriage. They were married by Rev. David Owens, colored, a Methodist local preacher. No church record of the marriages of colored people in Virginia. Rev. David Owens is dead and, as far as I can recollect, I am the only person living who was at the marriage. …. Cater King is dead. He died I think, some time in December last, before Christmas …. Mary King has no real estate at all and the only personal property she has is a little household furniture in a single room, consisting of a bed and bedstead, a small pine table, four plain chairs and two kitchen safes, worth in all about ten dollars. Cater King left a small one story house with two rooms and a kitchen and worth between three and four hundred dollars. His widow had the interest in this house and lot that law gives to her on account of being his widow. She sold out her interest to his heirs. The house and lot are on Stonewall Street in the City of Portsmouth. Mary King has no means of support except her daily labor. She works in Captain Flemming’s oyster house and opens oysters and averages about two dollars a week. She has no children or any one whose duty is to take of her.”


Deposition, Mary King, 7 January 1903
about 70 years old; post-office address, Gas House Lane, Portsmouth, Va.; occupation, opening oysters … “He died on Stonewall Street, Portsmouth, Va. last December a year ago. I do not know the date of his death. He was seen on a Monday and was found dead on a Wednesday … He was born at Deep Creek, Norfolk Co., Va., was about 70 years old when he died … I knew him from a young man…..His last owner was Jim Richardson (dead) of Portsmouth, Va. He was called Cater Richardson during slavery time but King was his right name. His father was named _____ King, his mother was Lucinda King.

“I was freeborn in Portsmouth, Va., the daughter of Nancy Pierce and Solomon Elsinore [?] or Gaskins. My maiden name was Pierce. I was married to the soldier for two years before the yellow fever (1855). I was married in a gentleman’s house by the name of Mr. _____ Buckner, don’t know the street. … A ‘colored man’ David Owens read the ‘matrimony’  He was a preacher. We stood up before him in the presence of witnesses. Owens was a preacher, was a slave, not a minister, just preached once in a while. We had no license, did not allow license to colored people.

“King had his master’s consent to marry me, told me so. My mother agreed to our marriage …

“He enlisted in Norfolk, Va.; don’t know the year or month. I used to go to the Regt. to carry him things, down to Ft. Monroe, then to Deep Creek where they camped. After he went to Richmond I did not see him. He came back after Richmond fell. Then they laid off Old Point on a ship and then went to Texas. I don’t know the month or year he returned. He came right back to me at Portsmouth, Va. as soon as he was discharged. I was living on Green St. then. He came right there and lived with me as my husband….

“[We lived together] fifteen or twenty years … It’s been fifteen or twenty years since I left him. I had to or get killed. He would have beat me to death, had so many women after he came out of the army,

“He married another woman before he left me, a Mrs. _____ Tarleton in Washington, DC, some 25 years ago. He went there to work he said. I never have seen her. I reckon she lives there now. I don’t know her full name or p.o. address.

“I reckon he also married one Caroline Mason in Norfolk Co. but got in a ‘divorcement’ from her a short time before she died in Portsmouth, Va. She married again, don’t know how long ago nor who she married, but she lives in Norfolk City, cannot state on what street. He tried to kill me about her. After I heard of his death I went to the house and they were shrouding him …. I have had but one child in my life, that was by the soldier, it lived but a short time.

“I have supported myself ever since I left him, working in oyster house and crab house….. I have lived in Lincolnville ever since I left….:

“I have his pension certificate … The only one of those men I know is James Sparrow, have not seen him for years. The soldier did not stay in Wash., DC a year. I heard from men who were with him — strangers to me — that he had married Mrs. Tarleton. I wrote there, had someone to write, and had to leave to keep from getting arrested.”


Deposition, Robert Jones, 7 January 1903
26 years old; post-office address,  Effingham St. near Caledonia; occupation, merchant … “I knew Cater King all my life. He died between the 9th and 11th of Dec. 1901 on Stonewall St., Portsmouth, Va. He was at my store on Monday the 9th and was found dead in his home on Wednesday the 11th of Dec. 1901. I saw him alive on Monday and helped to shroud him on Wednesday. I believe that he died on Tuesday the 10th or early on Wednesday as he was found dead about dark on said day. Had not been dead long.

“The claimant Mary King is my aunt. When I was a child she was still living with Cater King as his wife. She left him about fifteen years ago.”


Deposition, Martha Sawyer, 7 January 1903
about 65 years old; post-office address, 106 Effingham St. (Lincolnville), Portsmouth, Va. … “I don’t know my age but I was married at the time of the yellow fever (1855). I have known the claimant Mary King since I was a girl. Her mother and my mother were good friends. I have known her well ever since….. I was at her marriage to Cater King. They were married on Dinwiddie St. just below County st. in Portsmouth, Va. in Mr. Buckner’s  basement. I lived in the front basement and she lived in the back basement. We were both free. I do not know the month or year they were married but it was before the yellow fever (1855). I don’t know how long before. I think two or more…

“[The marriage was performed by ‘Brother’ David Owens, a colored preacher, who was a slave, but who had bought his time…. Cater belonged to Mr. Richardson, but he named himself Cater King, that was his right name. After they were married, he went to work in the swamp and when he came out he went home to claimant. I know that he was a soldier as I saw him dressed in a uniform during the war ….

“I moved in the country before the war but not near claimant… I used to call her Mrs. King. I don’t know that her given name was Mary. I would know her now if I was to see her I think but it’s been right smart years since I saw her. …. [He] lived with her after his discharge. I know that as I went to see them in Portsmouth where they lived several times. They had a kind of ‘split-up’ and after that I went no more. That was a year ago. …

“He was treating her bad, that was a long time after the war. They had then parted….. The last woman he lived with, he turned away, she lived near me. After that he was not married to her.


Deposition, John Powell, 9 January 1903
over 70 years old; post-office address, Effingham St. corner Carroll St., Portsmouth, Va….. “I have known Mary King since a child. We were raised together. Her maiden name was Mary Pierce….. I saw her married to Cater Pierce in Mr. Buckner’s basement. on Dinwiddie St on this side of County Street, this city…. after he came back [from the war] he lived with the claimant again for ten or more years, then they parted. No, they were never divorced, not that I know of. They lived close to me when they parted. …

“Her character is good, never heard anything against her character, that I ain’t.

“The way I came to see her married was this: my sister Martha Sawyer lived in one end of the basement, and she came and told me that claimant was going to get married and I and my sister Mary went along with Martha and saw them married.”


Deposition, Mary Davis, 9 January 1903
over 60 years; wife of Thos. Davis; post-office address, cor Carroll & Effingham Streets, Portsmouth, Va. …”I have known the claimant Mary King all my life … I saw her married to Cater King in Mr. Buckner’s kitchen … David Owens, a colored man, and a deacon of North Street Church married them. I don’t know the date of said marriage but I was a young girl at the time.and ran to seem them married….They separated about 20 years ago, while they were living on Stonewall Street…..She had to leave him on account of his bad treatment of her.  She could not live with him. I know that for a fact. Cater King was found dead but I don’t know the date.”


Deposition, Thomas Davis, 9 January 1903
about 67 years; post-office address, cor Carroll & Effingham Streets, Portsmouth, Va; occupation, grocer … “I have known the claimant Mary King for many years. When I first knew her I was single…. She left him [Cater King] on account of trouble between them. She has lived in my immediate neighborhood ever since she left Cater King, at one time lived in a house of mine …. I knew Cater King for some time before he became claimant’s husband … I knew him as Cater King not Decatore King…. I understood that his house was sold after his death and I heard that the claimant got some part of the money


Deposition, James Sparrow, 12 January 1903
“in my 73rd year”; post-office address, 1440 Glasgow St., Portsmouth, Va.; occupation, laborer … “We were tentmates. I knew him before enlistment. We both lived in Portsmouth, Va. before and after our discharge from the army. His correct name was Cater King. I never knew him as Decatore King. He had a house and lot in ‘Lincolnville,’ and I heard that he died there…. I have been to his house many times after discharge … I know [King and his wife] separated some years ago and were not together when he died. He was by himself when he died.

“No, I never heard that he married Caroline Mason, I know that she staid [sic] with him. I don’t know where she lived. She was a woman of bad reputation. She told me that she was married years ago in Norfolk, Va. but I did not believe her.”


Deposition, Enoch Gordon, 12 January 1903
about 57 years old; post-office address, 236 Cumberland St., Norfolk, Va.; occupation, driving a cart … “I did not know him before enlistment but after discharge I saw him often, worked with him at a coalyard. He was a stevedore and lived in Portsmouth, Va. ‘Lincolnville.’ I was at his house several times. He owned the house. … He had a wife. I got acquainted with her at Old Point. After we enlisted she used to come there to see him, and while we camped in Portsmouth the latter part of 1864 and early of 1865 there and at Deep Creek, she came to see him nearly every day. I forget her name. I used to call her Mrs. King.”

“I went to see them in Portsmouth where they lived several times. They had a kind of “split up” and after that I went no more. I heard he got a divorce from his first wife, don’t know how true it is, and they had him in jail on her account.I heard. . …. I never called him Decatur King. We bunked together.”


Deposition, Mary Ellen Tatem, 14 January 1903
about 60 years; post-office address, 21 Carroll St., Portsmouth, Va.; occupation, washing & days work … “I have known the claimant Mary King since I was a young girl. ….She, Mary King, told me she had to leave him, he beat her so bad. He had another woman there afterwards, several of them. One was named Caroline Mason, don’t know the names of the others. I don’t know whether he married Caroline or not. I did not associate with her and do not know where she is. …The claimant, Mary King,  has lived around and about here ever since she left Cater King. … The claimant and Cater King always lived in Norfolk Co., Va.

“Cater King was a soldier. I used to see him with soldier clothes on when he would come home on furlough.”


Deposition, Lavinia Powell, 20 January 1903
about 55 years; post-office address, Gas House Lane, Portsmouth, Va.; occupation, servant . … “I became acquainted with Mary King the claimant 30 or more years ago. I then lived on Queen St. and she was then living on the same street a few days away with Cater King as his wife. Soon after that they moved to ‘Lincolnville‘ on Stonewall Street….The y separated years ago, don’t know what year, don’t know the cause. They both continued to live in Lincolnville. The year before last I moved in this house with her, that was before the death of Cater King. We have lived together ever since. The house has but two rooms, upstairs and down and I have to go through her room to get to mine. No one else has lived in the house.”


[Note: This pension application folder contains an original payment voucher for Cater King dated August 6, 1900 — Leslie]

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The applicant claimed that her father joined the 1st U.S.C.C. in Vicksburg, Mississippi in June 1863 but that’s impossible. The regiment wasn’t organized until December 1863 at Fortress Monroe. There isn’t a Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR) for this soldier in this regiment.*


Minor — 946,456 / —–, Lizzie Blackman
Declaration for Pension of Children under Sixteen Years of Age, Lizzie Blackman, 22 July 1910
residence, Kings Point, Warren County, Mississippi; post-office address, General Delivery Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi, c/o Henry Abraham  … “Sonny Blackman [enlisted at Vicksburg in June 1863] as a Private in Comp D, Cold Cav 1st Reg was killed at Champion Hill in service, 1865 … That the mother of said child was married under the name of Lottie Hill … that [her husband] died 1867 …

“Also personally appeared Chas. Grimes, residing at Vicksburg, Miss and residing at Vicksburg, and Newell [?] H. Cook, residing at Vicksburg …”


Letter from Lizzie Blackman, Vicksburg, Mississippi to Department of Interior, Bureau of Pensions, 7 September 1915
“Dear Gentlemen, I received of Mr. Wm. Fletcher & Co., arranged a letter stating that said Blackman of Co. D, 1st U.S.C. Cav could not be found and my witnesses say that were right and they know these witnesses was in the service with him and he was wounded at Champion Hill in actual battle and was sent to Vicksburg Mississippi Marine Hospital and did die from said effects. Please look him up for me. Lizzie Blackman. Very truly yours. I am getting old dear gentlemen please let me hear from you at an early date.”

[This letter was written in pencil and it’s quite faded. Almost every word is misspelled; I corrected them for readability — Leslie]
*Compiled military service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served with the United States Colored Troops [microform]: 1st through 5th United States Colored Cavalry, 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (Colored), 6th United States Colored Cavalry (1997). Reel 0001 – 1st United States Colored Cavalry: Ackess, Alexander – Bom, John H. (online at http://www.archive.org/details/compiledmili0001akesunit).  


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After the war, the soldier and his family settled in Portsmouth. Despite the ailments he developed during his service — frostbitten feet, a consumptive cough, and chronic diarrhea — he owned a home and a rental property. 


Widow – 353,162 / 351,550, Margaret Anderson


Marriage License [copy], Benjamin Anderson & Margaret Counsell, 6 October 1868
Portsmouth, Va. … Husband’s age, 23 years old, 20th December 1868; Wife’s age, 18 years old, 10th June 1868; both were single; Husband’s birthplace, Williamsburg, Va.; Wife’s birthplace, Suffolk, Va.; both resided in Portsmouth, Va.; Husband’s parents, Benjamin & Lucy Anderson; Wife’s parents, William & Sally Councill; husband’s occupation, farmer; officiant, E.G. Corprew


Declaration for Widow’s Pension and Increase, Margaret Anderson, 8 April 1887
“36 years old … she has the following-named children of her deceased husband, under sixteen years of age, who are now living, the dates of whose births are, as given below, to wit:
“Laura, born June 29, 1875, living at Portsmouth
Margaret, born June 7, 1877, living at Portsmouth
Benjamin, born June 6, 1882, living at Portsmouth
Joseph, born October 8, 1884, living at Portsmouth”


Proof of Disability, Susan Kearney & Joseph Cornick, 27 April 1887
[Kearney] 58 years old; residence, Washington St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Virginia
[Cornick] [?]9 years old; residence, 617 Queen St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Virginia …
“That the facts stated are personally known to the affiant by reason of 26 or 27 years well acquainted with the said Benjamin Anderson … and that each of them and the said Benjamin Anderson and his family resided in the city of Portsmouth from the date of the discharge up to his death and that they further state that each of them was present at the death of the said Benjamin Anderson”


General Affidavit, Charles H. Gordon & Jane Wilson, 27 April 1887
[Gordon] 32 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Portsmouth, Va.
[Wilson] 38 years old; residence, 619 High St., Portsmouth, Va.; post-office address, Portsmouth, Va.
“That each of them was bred and born in Portsmouth, County of Norfolk, State of Virginia, and each of them are well acquainted with Margarette Anderson … That they have known the said soldier before the war of 1861 and have been well acquainted with him up to his death …”


Deposition, Margaret Anderson, 21 September 1888
35 years old; post-office, Crabbe St. betn Cook & Armstrong St., Portsmouth, Norfolk, Co., Va.

“Q. Is your husband living?
“A. No, sir, he died Octr 6th 1884, his name was Benjamin Anderson … born in James City Co., Va., age about 34 yrs at death, occupation, laborer … He was a slave of Mr. Sell Jones of James City Co., Va., he is dead. My name was Margaret Counsill. I was raised in Suffolk, Va. I first knew Benjamin Anderson at Portsmouth, Va. during the war. He was a soldier then in Co. D 1s USC Cavy. I married him Octr 6th 1868 here in Portsmouth, Va. The Rev. E.G. Corprew was the minister who married us. Benjamin Anderson was a farmer before the war. There was nothing whatever the matter with Benj. Anderson when I first knew him. He was a stout healthy young man when I first made his acquaintance. In 1866 he was discharged from the Army & he came directly to me at Portsmouth, Va. He had a hard cough complaint of his side hurting him, both feet were frosted. He told me he got this way while in the Army from exposure. He told me the name of the place he got this cold but I cannot now say where it was. This cold seemed to settle on his lungs & he suffered with his frosted feet and clean up to his death he suffered with his feet. He was able to do some work and did work, but he suffered all the time up to his death. After I married him I found out he had diarrhea, and that came at time very badly. It was not continuous with him but at fits & starts he would have it. Had diarrhea badly when he died. Six months before he died he was unable to do any work and finally died Octr 6 1884 of consumption brought on from exposure in the Army.

“He left me four children, all living,
Laura Anderson, born June 23d 1874
Margaret Anderson, “ July 8th 1878
Benjamin Anderson, “ June 9th 1883
Joseph Anderson, “ October 18th 1884.
“These dates are taken from my family Bible. When I made my Declaration for Pension I guessed at their births as I did not have the Bible with me.

“The dates of the births of our children were put in the Bible by our daughter Laura and we guessed at the dates as well as we could.

“My husband Benjamin Anderson had no physician to treat him after the war. He was not able to have a doctor. We went to different drug stores and bought different kinds of medicine. When he died he had no physician & had none at any time. George Coleman was the undertaker, Mary Riddick and Charles H. Gordon of Portsmouth, Va. here with him when he died.

“I have remained his widow, have not re-married. My last child Joseph Anderson was born 12 days after his father Benj. Anderson died.

“Susan Kearney was with me at the birth of all my children. She is a midwife here in Portsmouth, Va. All of the children were born in Portsmouth, Va.

“My husband Benjn Anderson often said he would ask for a pension but he neglected it until too late.
“I wish you to see Mary Reddick, Charles H. Gordon, Susan Kearney, Jane Wilson, all here in Portsmouth, Va. as to condition since service & death, & my not again marrying. James Woodis, Nathan Butcher of Norfolk, Va. as to my husband’s sickness in the Army.”


Deposition, Susan Kearney, 21 September 1888
60 years old; occupation, midwife; post-office Pearl St., betn High and Queen, Portsmouth, Va.
“I knew Benjamin Anderson ever since the war ended. Knew him before he married Margaret Counsil. He married her in 1868 here in Portsmouth, Va. Benjn Anderson had a cough and misery in his side when I first knew him after he got out of the Army. I then lived across the street from him and got to know him well and I know he suffered with a dry hard cough & pain in his side, his feet were frostbitten also, said he got this way in the Army. He was a single man when he came out of the Army, and his wife Margaret was a single girl. I got to know to them both intimately well after they were married & I was with him at his death Octr 6th 1884. He died from consumption, and I know he had the symptoms of consumption when I first knew him and got worse all the time, sometimes up and sometimes down. He was then emaciated like & could do but very little work and for a few years before he died he done no work. We gave him teas and such herbs as would do him good. He was not able, to have a doctor. I looked after him and gave him herbs to take for his cough and pains inside. He was too poor to have a doctor.

“Benjn’s Anderson & Margaret Anderson have four children, all living. I was the midwife for them all. I kept no memoranda of their births. I cannot read or write.

“Laura, Margaret, Susan, Benjamin & Joseph, these were all their children. After Benjn Anderson died Joseph was born just 12 days. Margaret was expecting to be confined and did not go to the funeral just 12 days after Ben died his son Joseph was born. I cannot give you the ages except Joseph his was 12 days after his father died & he died Octr 6th 1884. The ages I gave in my affidavit were given me at the time by the mother and she guessed it as no record was kept I feel sure that the ages were given very near right.”


Deposition, Charles H. Gordon, 21 September 1888
83 years old; occupation, laborer; post-office Crabbe St. between Godwin & Armstrong Sts., Portsmouth, Va.
“Q. When did you first know Benjamin Anderson?
A. I knew him in 1862 a year before he went in the Army. I was very young but I seriously remember him as a stout young man. I suppose it was 6 or 8 months after his discharge I saw him here in Portsmouth, Va. He and I then worked together for 9 or 10 months. He had a cough, spit up a great deal, complained of pain in his side, and had frosted feet, said he got this way from exposure in the Army. He was able to do full work sometimes & then again he was not able to work but little. We worked in cotton together. He was a single man then, afterwards married his present widow Margaret Council. He had consumption certain when we worked together the year after his discharge. My reason for thinking this is he took cold easily, always had a hard dry cough and pains in his breast.

“I do not know if he had diarrhea or not. He was a man of good habits, never drank. I saw him often after I worked with him& he got worse all the time and finally died with me standing by his bedside Oct 6, 1884 at night. He had no doctor. He died with consumption and very bad at that …”


Deposition, Mary Reddick, 21 September 1888
39 years old; post-office address, Crabbe St betn Pearl and Cook sts., Portsmouth, Va. …
“Q. Do you remember when you first knew Benjamin Anderson?
A. Very soon after he came out of the army, inside of 12 months. I got to know him here in Portsmouth, Va. and I knew him well up to his marriage in 1868. His wife was his present widow Margaret Council. They were both single. … I helped nurse him &­­­ was with him when he died. …”


Deposition, William Ward, 21 September 1888
48 years old; occupation, attorney-at-law; post-office address, 266 Green St., Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.
“Q. What position did you hold in the army in the late war?
A. First Sgt., Co. D, 1st US Cold Cav
Q.  Do you remember Benjn Anderson.
A. Yes, sir. He was the first man on my company roll….
“I remember in Feby 1864 Anderson was down in regimental hospital with a severe cold. Dr. Gray pronounced it pneumonia, he was our surgeon…. I often excused him from duty on account of these pains in his side…. He got frostbitten feet May 14, 1861 forging Chickahominy river in Va. He was horseback but he swam the river & clothes got wet, it was late in the evening & we slept in our clothes and that night there was a heavy frost and Anderson had his feet frostbitten. Dr. Gray treated him at sick call for frozen feet. He was always reported as present but he was excused from duty….”


Deposition, James Woodis, 21 September 1888
46 years old; occupation, laborer; post-office address, Springfield, Norfolk Co., Va.
“Q. Do you remember Benjamin Anderson?
A. Yes, sir. I knew him in Co. D, 1st USCCavy. … It was near sundown when we got over the Chickahominy river. I can’t say if he was treated for his feet or not. … After being at Brazos Texas I was attached to the Engineers Dept and saw very little of Anderson as he was not allowed to come where I was on duty. … When Anderson mustered out in 1866, I saw him at least 3 or 4 times a week up to his death. … He died in Portsmouth, Va. I was not at his funeral …”


Deposition, Albert Loman, 21 September 1888
41 years old; occupation, laborer; No 3 Hull St., Norfolk, Va.
“Q. Do you remember any sickness he had in service?
A. He got frostbitten when crossing Chickahominy Swamps in 1864. His feet were frostbitten, I was his tentmate at Bermuda Hundred … Dr. Gray, the assistant surgeon, treated him in regimental hospital at Old Point, Va. For­­­­­t Monroe tis called. … It was only a short time after he enlisted that he took this cold which seemed to settle in his lungs. … I met his frequently after discharge and I know he got no better … I do know he was from Williamsburg, James City Co., Va. …”


Deposition, Nathan Butcher, 21 September 1888
“50 years old; occupation, baker near market, in Portsmouth; post-office address, 79 Hawk St., Norfolk, Va. … he slept in his wet clothes which gave him a terrible cold and also frosted his feet. He complained greatly of his feet, walked bad. I never saw his naked feet but he told me they became frosted after swimming that river. He was on his horse but the water was deep & came midway to his saddle ­­­…”


Deposition, Anna Cherry, 22 September 1888
“40 years old; post-office address, Crabbe St., Portsmouth, Va.
“Q. Do you remember Benjn Anderson?
A.  Yes, sir. We were neighbors. He lives where his widow lives now & I lived here up to his death. I have forgot the year he died.
Q. What caused his death?
A.  Lockjaw. He was working away from home & cut his little finger, mashed or cut off and came home with it hanging by the skin and died one or two days after he got home with lockjaw. I did not see him but understand at the time he had lockjaw.”


Deposition, Josephine Taylor, 22 September 1888
about 33 years old; post-office address, Crabbe st betn Pearl & Pine st., Portsmouth, Va…
“Q. Do you remember Benjn Anderson?
A. Yes, sir. I was with him the day he died. Monday night he died. I was with him Monday morning, lifted him up on the pillow & someone tried to give him medicine with a spoon, his teeth were clinched & nothing could be got down his throat, he had lockjaw that day and died that night. I was not with him when he died but I understand lockjaw killed him.”


Deposition, G.C. Colden, 22 September 1888
45 years old; occupation, undertaker; post-office address, Pearl St., Portsmouth, Va.
“Q. Do you remember Benjn Anderson?
A.  I do. I buried him. He died Octr 6th 1884
Q.  What was cause of death?
A.  He had been working somewhere and mashed his finger. After he died I was called to bury him and was informed he died of lockjaw. I do not know who gave me this information. I have always been under the impression he died from lockjaw from the mashed finger.”


General Affidavit, Harriet L. Gray & Jane Wilson, 16 August 1892
[Gray] about 40 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk County, Va.; post-office address, Portsmouth, Va.
[Wilson] 39 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk County, Va.; post-office address, Portsmouth, Va.
“That they are personally well acquainted with the claimant Mrs. Margaret Anderson and know of the property owned by her which consist of a lot in Norfolk County near the City of Portsmouth 45 feet front and running back 113 feet with a small house with four (4) rooms left her by her said husband, to which she has added a small house which rents for $500.00 a month, and a small amount of necessary household goods not worth more than $10.00.”


Deposition, Margaret Anderson, 27 May 1901
46 years old; residence and post-office address, 1204 Columbia st., Portsmouth, Va. … “I first knew my said husband during the war of the rebellion His regt was in camp out back of Portsmouth, Va. Soon after I became acquainted with him his regiment was ordered to Texas. At discharge he returned to Portsmouth, Va. and he and I were married about two years later in Portsmouth, Va. by Rev. Corprew, and we lived together until he died in Columbia St., Portsmouth, Va. 16 years ago. I don’t know the cause of his death. He was sick only about 9 days. He had incurred an injury to his hand but I don’t know whether blood poisoning followed. Dr. Billysalli attended him. I don’t know where my said husband was born.  His father Benjamin Anderson lived near Williamsburg, James City Co., Va. His mother’s name was Lucy. He had two brothers, George and Wash Anderson. They were not in the army. He had two sisters, Martha and Lucy. … He had a discharge but it got lost after our marriage. I think my said husband applied for a pension but I am not positive. … I had 7 children by the soldier. Four were under 16 years of age when he died — Laura, Margaret, Benjamin and Joseph. Laura, Margaret and Benjamin are in life and live with me. Joseph died Jan 2, 1901.
“____________ Wood of Washington, DC was my atty. William Read, Portsmouth, Va. did my writing and I paid to him $2.00. Read executes my voucher. I go to his office on the 4th and take two witnesses…. I have supported myself by doing laundry work. I have had employment much of the time in the capacity of domestic.”


Letter from Thomas H. Reid, Attorney-at-Law and Notary Public, Tidewater Bldg., Green Street, Portsmouth, Virginia to Department of Pension, Washington, DC, 6 April 1931
“I am writing to inform you of the death of Mrs. Margaret Anderson who lived at number 1204 Columbia Street, Portsmouth, Virginia. She died on the 28th day of March 1931, and her son, Dr. W.R. Anderson has qualified on her estate as the administrator and he lives at 1309 Glasgow Street, Portsmouth, Virginia. You will find enclosed the certificate of said qualification. Check for the accrued pension can be mailed direct to his address. The check has been returned by the letter carrier.
“Very truly yours,
Thomas H. Reid”

“In the Clerk’s Office of the Circuit Court of the City of Portsmouth, on the 6th day of April 1931.
“I, Kenneth A. Bain, Jr., Clerk of the Circuit Court of the City of Portsmouth, in the State of Virginia, do certify that it appears from the records of the said Court, on file in my office, that William B. Anderson duly qualified on the 6th day of April, 1931, as Administrator of the estate of Margaret Anderson and duly executed and acknowledged a bond as prescribed by law, in the penalty of $550.00, conditioned according to law, with Mrs. Goldie Anderson as surety.
Given under my hand and the seal of said Court, the day and the year first herein abovewritten.
“Kenneth A. Bain, Jr., Clerk
“By L.M. Hefner, D.C.”


Application for Reimbursement, W.B. Anderson, 29 June 1931
49 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; “… [applies for re-imbursement for] the last sickness and burial of Margaret C. Anderson … and who died March 28th 1931 at Portsmouth, Va. and was buried at Portsmouth, Va. . . .
1 –  [name of the deceased] Margaret C. Anderson
2 –  [status] widow of Benjamin Anderson
3 –  [was decedent pensioned at soldier or sailor] no
4 –  [children under 16] no
5 –  [children living?] [blank]
6 –  [sick or death benefits paid out] Order of Tents, $100.00
7    through 12 [blank]
13 – [administrator or executive?] administrator
14 – [decedent’s assets] her home
15 – [value of all property] $750.00
16 – [value of real estate] $600.00
17 – [property disposition] “to the children as her only heirs at law”
18 – [unendorsed pension check] yes, check was dis[persed]  on April 4th
19 – [relation to deceased] son
20 – [married] yes
21 – [cause of pensioner’s death] acute indigestion
22 – [date illness began] “taken with attack on 27th & 28th”
23 – [date decedent required daily care] “just stated above”
24 – [name/address of physician] Dr. J.S. Jackson, 412 Effingham St.
25 – [person who nursed the decedent] Mrs. Smith, RFD Deep Creek, Va.
26 – [pensioner’s last residence] 1204 Columbia St.
27 – [payments due] “only by undertaker”
“This claimant is expecting the accrued pension and any other allowed by Gov. in such cases to help defray expenses of last sickness and expenses of burial.”
W.B. Anderson
1309 Glasgow St.

“Also appeared Mrs. Goldie D. Anderson and John T. Fisher
1 – [widow or child] no
2 – [death date] March 28, 1931
3 – [any property?] 1 house & lot — value at about $700 or $800
4 – [“We knew the decedent”] 30 years and 40 years, respectively
[Anderson] 1309 Glasgow St., Portsmouth, Va.; [Fisher] 312 Effingham St., Portsmouth, Va.


Statement of Attending Physician, J.A. Jackson, M.D., 29 June 1931
Note: Repeats full name of pensioner, date of death, date of illness, cause of death — Leslie

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Cain Cheesman’s military service was in the Ambulance Corps. After the war he settled in Wilkes Barre, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. His widow submitted statements from the doctor and nurse who attended the birth of her daughter. Statements made in 1929 report that a child’s 1852 birth was copied from one bible into a second bible published in 1874. Researcher beware!  The likelihood of error has increased dramatically: Was the correct birth information recorded correctly the first time?  Was the information copied correctly more than twenty years later?

Invalid — 866,956 / 710,889
Widow — 752,008 / 553,970, Emma Cheesman


Neighbor’s Affidavit, Joseph H. Bates & Alexander Long, 28 June 1894
[Bates] 53 years; residence, Wilkes Barre, Luzerne Co., Pa.; post-office, 78 Darling St., Wilkes Barre, Pa. … [Long] 37 years old; residence, Wilkes Barre, Luzerne Co., Pa.; post-office address, 716 Jackson St., Wilkes Barre, Pa. … “personally acquainted with Cain Cheesman for 30 and 25 years, respectively, and that we have lived in the same neighborhood together with the claimant nearly all of said time and have met him on an average of 3 to 4 times a week and held conversation with him; that we have visited at his residence quite frequently and have


Neighbor’s Affidavit, Thomas Dudley, 30 June 1894
63 years old; residence, Wilkes Barre, Luzerne Co., Pa.; post-office address, 268 Market St., Wilkes Barre, Luzerne Co., Pa. … “personally acquainted with Cain Cheesman for 20 years. I have worked at the same company with the claimant … Claimant has had to lay off from his work for three and four weeks at a time which happens quite frequently during the winter and spring months and in fact during the whole year.”


Neighbor’s Affidavit, John Bryant, 4 July 1894
48 years old; residence, Wilkes Barre, Luzerne Co., Pa.; post-office address, 8 Bennett St., Wilkes Barre, Pa. …”personally acquainted with Cain Cheesman for 20 years …”


Questionnaire (Form 3-373), Cain Cheesman, 10 January 1898
[married] Emma Cheesman; before marriage, Emma Tucker
[when, where, by whom] March 9, 1880; by the Rev. Samuel Watts (colored)
[record] marriage license in the court and on record in the AME Church, this city
[previously married] no
[living children] Romaine Cheesman (a girl) born November 29, 1893


Neighbor’s Affidavit, Joseph H. Bates, 31 August 1898
59 years old; residence, Wilkes Barre, Luzerne Co., Pa.; post-office address, 78 Darling St., Wilkes Barre, Luzerne Co., Pa. … “personally acquainted with Cain Cheesman for 25 years … he is quite deaf and his eyesight is poor”


Neighbor’s Affidavit, Thomas Dudlick, 31 August 1898 
65 years old; residence, Wilkes Barre, Luzerne Co., Pa.; post-office address, 37 South Hancock Street … “personally acquainted with Cain Cheesman for 20 years.”


General Affidavit, Charlotte E. Wilson, 6 February 1901
48 years old; residence, 15 Cedar Ave., Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio … “I was personally acquainted with the late Cain Cheesman all my life. He boarded at my mother’s house in Williamsport, Pa. previous to his marriage to the applicant Emma Cheesman whose maiden name was Tucker. My acquaintance with Cain Cheesman prior to his marriage was such that if he had ever contracted a prior marriage I should have learned of it.”


Sworn Statement, Rev. Richard H. Bumry, 1 Nov 1901
“256 So. Fell Street
Wilkes Barre, Pa., Nov 1, 1901
This is to certify that Cain Cheesman, now deceased, and his widow who survives, Emma Tucker, were married March the Ninth 1878 by the Rev. Samuel Watt, now deceased. Certified by church record of the African Methodist Episcopal Church.
Richard H. Bumry, Pastor”


Certifying Document, City Clerk’s Office, Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania, 14 April 1902
“City Clerk’s Office
Cor. of Market and Washington Streets
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania, April 14, 1902
“This is to certify that a permit was issued from this office on Nov 1st, 1901, for the burial at 95 Wyoming St of Kane Cheesman, age 65 years, who died  Nov 1st, 1901, at 95 Wyoming street, Wilkes-Barre, Penna., the cause of death being general debility.
This permit was issued upon the certificate of
A.G. Fell, M.D.
and Wm. E. Soren [or Snow?], Undertaker
Attest the seal of the City
Fred [?] Gates,
City Clerk”


Sworn Statement, Sarah Stevenson, 25 April 1903
56 years old; post-office address, 53 Orchard St., Wilkes Barre, Pa. … “she was personally present at the birth of Romaine Cheesman, a minor child of above named claimant and above named soldier; that said child was born November 29, 1893; and that she, the affiant, was the nurse, and that said child is still living and is in the care and custody of claimant, who has not remarried since the death of said soldier.”


General Affidavit, J.F. Roe, M.D, 25 April 1903
“I attended the above named Emma Cheesman of the birth of her child Romaine. She was born Nov. 29, 1893 and is still living with her mother.”


Letter from Daniel Fell, Attorney, Suite 600, Coal Exchange Building, Wilkes Barre, Pa. to Winfield Scott, Commissioner, U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Pensions, Washington, DC, 24 January 1929
“In reply to your letter of December 21st, 1928 you will find enclosed affidavit of Mr. W.A. Johnson of No. 50 Moyallan Street, City of Wilkes Barre, Pa., certifying as to the age of Mrs. Emma Cheesman. I also desire to state that I have known Mrs. Emma Cheesman, virtually almost all my life; that I am now seventy years of age, born the 23rd of November 1858. Mrs. Cheesman came to my father’s house when I was very young to help take care of me and my brother and sister and I know that she must have been at least six or seven years older than I was otherwise she would not have been able to be assisting in the care of us.”


Sworn Statement, W.A. Johnson, 29 January 1929
residence, 50 Moyallen St., Wilkes Barre, Luzerne Co., Pa. … “that he is acquainted with Mrs. Emma Cheesman and has known her for over fifty years;  that he has examined the record of the births in the old family Bible and among them is Emma Cheesman which reads as follows: ‘Emma Cheesman  born June, 1852.'”


Sworn Statement, Emma Cheesman, 29 April 1929
95 Wyoming St., Wilkes Barre, Pa. … “she was born in the month of June 1852 but has no record of the exact date of the month. The record she now possesses of the date of her birth has been found by her daughter, Romaine, in a family Bible, which has been re-copied from the original family Bible by Isreal Holmes, who is now deceased. The family Bible has been printed by A.J. Holman & Co., 930 Arch St., Phila., Pa, in the year of 1874.”

“This is to certify that I, George M. Yencha, Alderman of the City of Wilkes Barre … have this day examined the record of the birth of Emma Cheesemond and find that the same has been entered into the family Bible, giving the date as June, 1852, together with an entry of one Lucy Cheesman, born June 15th, 1862, she being a niece by marriage to Mrs. Emma Cheesman and also an entry of Emily Rhomaine Cheesman born Nov. 29, 1893, she being a daughter of Mrs. Emma Cheesman. I further certify that I find no eraser marks or any changes in the same.”


Application for Reimbursement, Miss Romaine Cheesman, 26 September 1929
36 years old; residence, 281 Main Street, Wilkes Barre, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania … [for sickness and burial of] Emma Cheesman … died April 28, 1929 at Wilkes Barre, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania …
“[Full name of deceased pensioner] Emma Cheesman
[In what capacity was decedent pensioned?] widow
[Did pension leave a child under 16?] no
[Were sick or death benefits paid?] none
[Was there life insurance?] none
[Is there or will there be an executor or administrator?] none
[Money, real estate, or personal property left by deceased?] home in which she lived
[Last assessment of the property] $1500.00
[Disposition of the property] home left to me by a will made by my mother
[Your relationship to the deceased] daughter
[Are you married?] yes
[Cause of pensioner’s death] stroke
[When did the pensioner’s last sickness begin?] had stroke 4 yrs ago, left helpless
[When did the pensioner become so ill as to require the daily attendance of another person constantly until death?] January 1929
[Names and addresses of attending physicians] Dr. O.K. Grier, Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania; Dr. F.C. Tongue, M.D.
[Person who nursed the pensioner] Miss Romaine Cheesman – Visiting Nurse Association
[Pensioner’s last address] 95 Wyoming St., Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
[Has payment been made or will application for payment be made?] nothing
[Complete statement of all expenses of last sickness and burial of pensioner] Dr. O.K. Grier, physician, partly paid, $13.00; Dr. O.K. Grier, medicine, paid, $10.00; Lewis P. Kniffler Sons, undertaker, $124.00, unpaid ($80.00 paid) [total amount = $204.00]

“Also appeared Mrs. Charles W. Miller and Mabel R. Robbins
[Their statements corroborated Romaine Cheesman’s statements about children under 16 years old, pensioner’s death date, value of real estate — Leslie]

“We knew the deceased pensioner for 40 years and 20 years respectively … [Miller said] deceased was a cook for my neighbor; {Robbins said] friends of family …”
[Both women lived in Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania — Leslie]


Letter from Earl D. Church, Commissioner, to Miss Romaine Cheesman, 281 North Main Street, Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania, 4 December 1929
“Dear Madam,
“Your claim for reimbursement in the above-cited pension case of Emma Cheesman is rejected on the ground [sic] that the pensioner left assets consisting of real estate the assessed value of which is $1500, sufficient to meet the expenses of the last sickness and burial, alleged to be $316.
“Under such circumstance the accrued pension cannot be paid for any purpose.”


Letter from Fred C. Tongue, M.D., 1 November 1929
“To whom it may concern,
“This is to certify that I attended Mrs. Emma Cheesman of 95 Wyoming St. continuously from May 1928 until April 1929. I kept no record of my visits inasmuch as I considered this is a charity and cannot therefore render an itemized list of calls.”

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Before he enlisted, Jackson Creekmore lived in Deep Creek, a community in Norfolk County, Virginia close to the Dismal Swamp. He married Sarah Brown in a neighbor’s home on the property of George Wallace whose family fortune was made in the lumbering business. Creekmore attributed his illness to having “to lay on the frozen ground without any tents about Jan. or Feb. 1864.”


Minor – 563,345 / — Michael Creekmore etal


Declaration for Pension or for Increase of Pension of Children Under Sixteen Years of Age, Jackson Creekmore, 28 October 1892
“left a widow surviving who died Oct 25th 1886 … Joseph and Mary who are dead. Joseph having died July 1889, and Mary died in infancy the date of which there is no record.”


General Affidavit, Major Smith, 23 February 1893
46 years old, 50 Liberty St., Norfolk, Va…. “present at the funeral which taken place at St. John’s AME Church in the city of Norfolk Va.”


Deposition, Ella B. Wood, 13 October 1896
34 years old; occupation, housework; post-office address, 96 Liberty St., Norfolk, Va.

“I was well acquainted with Michael or rather Mitchell Creekmore, we called him Mike for a short time. I did not know his father. His mother was named Sarah Creekmore or Green. She died in 1886, on this Liberty Street. I saw her body after death. The clmt Mitchell or Mike Creekmore died in this house August 28th, 1895. He left no brother or sister surviving him. He was the last one of the family that I knew anything about. No sir he was never married. I think he was about 28 years old at the time of his death, but he did not really know his age. He was sick about a year before he died, but not confined to his bed until the first week in July 1895 and he died on Aug 28th. He frequently told me that he had property at Deep Creek, Va., left to him by his mother. I do not know the location or value of the property. I know his brother Joseph Creekmore. He died across the street from here between 1887 and 1889. I saw his body after death.

“I and my husband paid all the expenses of his last sickness and burial, what little there was to be paid.”


Deposition, Allie Crocker, 14 October 1896
“I am nearly 92 years old, occupation, none, post-office address No. 4 Bottimore St., Norfolk, Va…. I was acquainted with Jackson Creekmure and Sarah Creekmure his wife. They lived next door to me on Dodds Lane, this city, for many years. I became acquainted with them about 25 years ago. At that time, they had two boys named Joe and Mike and a girl named Mary. They are now all dead. I do not know the date of birth of Mike or Michael. I don’t know how old he would be now if living.
“No sir, I do not know that he was born on Oct 25, 1861. I think he was about 8 or 10 years old when I first knew him.
“Jackson Creekmore was not in good health when I first met him, some 4 or 5 years after the war. He seemed to have something like the consumption. He was sick for a year before he died. He died on Dodd Lane. I was present at the time. I think the cause of his death was consumption, he had a very bad cough, was very thin in flesh. He coughed and spit up a good deal of phlegm. Dr. Harris, now dead, attended him. I don’t know when or how he contracted the consumption but he was a lighterman, working in the water, and I believe he got a deep cold in that way, which turned into consumption. I don’t know the date of his death but I think he died about a year after the birth of my grandson Andrew Peeden who was born July 22, 1870, as shown by the family Bible.”


Deposition, Miles Creekmore, 20 October 1896
59 years old; occupation, laborer; post-office address is 78 Williamson’s Lane, Norfolk, Va. … “The soldier Jackson Creekmore was my brother … His name was Creekmore not Creekman. I had his discharge certificate and I gave it to Michael J. Creekmore, his son, who died last year.”
“I was here in Norfolk, when he returned from the army, and lived in the same house with him on Freemason St., in the yard of Mrs. Georgeanna Griffin, who married Col. ___ “Stratly” a Yankee and is now living in Washington, DC.

“Q: When did he die?
A: On the 15th day of January 1870. He died on Dodds Lane this city. I lived in the house with him all the time after his return from the army.
Q: When and where did he contract this heavy cold?
A: It must have come from the army, Dr. Harris layed [sic] it to the army. He said that his sleeping in a [illegible] bed not being used to it, caused him to take a heavy cold.
Q: When was the soldier’s son Michael born?
A: On Dec. 10, 1860 near Deep Creek, this county. I am sure that said date is the correct date of his birth …The soldier left three children surviving him, Michael, Joseph, and Mary.
Mary died first, don’t remember the year, it’s been so long ago. Joe died about 7 years ago, and Michael died last year. The soldier’s widow remarried and died about 8 or 10 years ago.

“Q: Did Michael Creekmore leave any property?
A: None that I know of. His grandfather on his mother’s side, Michael Brown, left some property, near Deep Creek. Don’t know how much or what it was worth. About 10 acres of sandy land I think but Michael never got any of it. There were so many children of Michael Brown.
“The soldier and his wife Sarah Brown were married according to slave custom long before the war…The soldier was born in Norfolk Co., Va. and belonged to Arthur Creekmore now dead.”


Deposition, James Woodus, 22 October 1896
“I am about 50 years old; occupation laborer; post-office address No. 19 Wilson Ave. (Barboursville), Norfolk, Va.
“I served as Pv.t in Co. D, 1st U.S.C. Cav. From 1863 to 1866. I was present with my Co. all the time until while in Texas and was detached for 5 or 6 months with the Engineer Department, but the Co. was only 3 or 4 hundred yards from where I was and saw them every day. I remember Jackson Creekmore of that Co. and Regt very well. He was a Corp’l & Pvt. I did not know him before enlistment.

“Q: Did he contract any disease or disability in service?
A: I think he did, but I cannot remember now what it was. It’s been so long I have forgotten.
Q: Did he complain of rheumatism or disease of lungs, cold or a cough.
A: I remember that he complained of a pain in his left side, that was in 1864 in front of Petersburg, when he was speaking of it to me.
No, sir, I cannot recall it now what else was the matter with him in the service I know it was something but I don’t remember what it was. …
“He said he contracted the cough and cold at Ft. Monroe, Va., where we had to lay on the frozen ground without any tents about Jan. or Feb. 1864 … He would get stuff from the Dr., Dr. Manley or Dr. Gray which would check it for a day or two but it would come back on him.”
“My name is “Woodus” and not “Woodhouse.”


Deposition, David G. Brown, 24 October 1896
I am about 41 years old, shoemaker, post-office address 529 Church St., Norfolk, Va…. I became acquainted with Jackson Creekmore soon after his return from the army. His wife Sarah was my sister. They were married before the war. I was not present when they were married.

“I lived in the county and he in the city, and therefore I did not see him often. I don’t know when he was taken sick or the cause and date of his death. I don’t know even in what year he died. He left three children surviving him. They are all dead. The first one to die was a daughter named Mary who died 15 or more years ago. Joe died next, about the spring of 1889 and Michael died about a year ago.
“I have paid his funeral expenses.

“All the property that Michael Creekmore owned or possessed was an undivided interest in twenty-eight (28) acres of land left by his grandfather Michael Brown. He left a will devising his property to his children and after their death to his grandchildren. Michael would have gotten the share of his mother about [illegible] acres worth about 15 dollars an acre. I am one of the executors of said will, and said property will revert to the other heirs after his debts have been paid. I expect to be reimbursed out of said property for the funeral expenses. It might not be sufficient.”


Deposition, Major Smith, 24 October 1896
“I am in my 50th year, occupation, laborer, post-office address No. 211 Cumberland St., Norfolk, Va.
“I became acquainted with Jackson Creekmore about 40 years ago, he was then living on the late Geo. Wallace’s place, on the little canal, in Norfolk, Va.

“I was present when he was married to a woman named Sarah Brown in Cooper Ferrebe’s parlor on Geo. Wallace’s land. That was before the war. I don’t remember the minister’s name who married them. He was a boy almost then, and had never been previously married, nor had Sarah Brown been married before her marriage to him.”

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