Archive for the ‘Company A’ Category

Basic items in this veteran’s application are inconsistent with facts pertaining to the 1st U.S. Colored Cavalry. Perhaps the most glaring discrepancy between the soldier’s 1862 enlistment date and issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation which authorized the participation of African American men in the Union Army. Was this a faulty memory? Did he serve in the 1st U.S. Colored Cavalry or another battle unit? In which regiments did Dobson and Underwood command troops? Did the regiment engage in combat at Saltville?

It’s vital to seek information from other sources such as the National Park Service Soldiers and Sailors Database which has basic information an individual’s service and regimental history. Another source abbreviated as the CMSR could be used to confirm or refute the applican’ts claims. The researcher can access these records on microfilm or Internet Archive or with a fee-based database.

— Compiled military service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served with the United States Colored Troops [microform]: 1st through 5th United States Colored Cavalry, 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (Colored), 6th United States Colored Cavalry (1997). Reel 0001 – 1st United States Colored Cavalry: Ackess, Alexander – Bom, John H. at https://archive.org/details/compiledmili0001akesunit/page/n5 ). There isn’t a match for Jacob Bayliss in this regiment.

Invalid – 970,262 / —–
Widow — 228,889 / —–, Martha J. Bayless

Declaration for Invalid Pension, Jacob Bayless, 18 July 1890
47 years old; residence, Jonesboro, Washington County, Tennessee; post-office address, Jonesboro, Washington, Tennessee
enrolled 14 February 1862 in Co. A, 1st U.S. C. Cav. commanded by Col. Dobson and the Company by Captain Underwood. I was always a Private … served at least 90 days and was furloughed after being wounded at saltworks in Va from hospital at Petersburg, Va. and recovered from wound until after regiment was mustered out, expected to get discharge now unable to earn a support by manual labor by reason of gun shot wound of right leg, on the inner side of the leg halfway between the ankle & knee, and rheumatism and kidney disease, also frostbite feet”
“Also personally appeared A.M. Stuart residing at Jonesboro, Tenn. and R.M. May residing at Jonesboro, Tenn…. their acquaintance with him for 10 years and 10 years, respectively”

General Affidavit, Jacob Bayless, 20 August 1891
51 years old; residence Jonesboro, Washington, Tennessee
“I was wounded in right leg at Saltville on or about Dec 1864 while in action. I got my feet frostbitten about the same time that I incurred the gunshot of right leg. All done while on [illegible] raid.”

Declaration for Widow’s Pension, Martha J. Bayless, 22 February 1896
46 years old; residence, Jonesboro, Washington, Tennessee; post-office address, Jonesboro, Washington, Tennessee
“[the soldier] died November 12, 1895 … she was married under the name of Martha J. Hughs to said Jacob Bayless on the 12 day of Oct A.D. 1871, by H.B. Hancock [?], M.D. at Brown’s [?] Creek, Tenn. … names and dates of birth of all children of the soldier, now living, and under sixteen years of age … Sarah Bayless, born Aug 24th, 1880″
“Also personally appeared Chas. S. Mason, residing at Jonesboro, Tenn., and J.R. Russell, residing at Jonesboro, Tenn. … an acquaintance with her of about three years and about three years, respectively”

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The soldier and his wife were married in Princess Anne County, Virginia with consent of their enslavers. An agent of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands (BRFAL) certified their marriage when she applied for widow’s pension. For a time the Bureau’s office and the Freedman’s Bank were in the same building in downtown Norfolk.

Widow — 174,223 / 154,377, Mary Munden

Widow’s Claim for Pension, Mary Mundane, 18 April 1869
post-office address, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Virginia
“That she is the widow of Daniel Mundain … that her maiden mane was Mary Mackie [married] on or about the Nov 1854 in the county of Prince Ann, and State of Virginia by mutual consent … married by consent of master Moses Fentress to Daniel Mundin with the consent of his master Nathan Mundin all of Prince Ann County, Va….. her husband died in the service of the United States as aforesaid at Brazos Santiago, in the state of Texas … of disease contracted in the service & in line of duty … all the children of my deceased husband who were under sixteen years of age at the time of his death George Mundane born Aug 1855, William born 1857, (Luellen born Oct 1859, died in July 1865), Frances born Nov 1861, (Daniel born July 1864 – died Aug 1867)”
“Also personally appeared before me Isaac Kellam and Owen Woodhouse, residents of Norfolk County, and State of Virginia”

Statement from H.C. Percy, Agent, Bur RFAL[illegible], 26 October 1871
“I certify that I have examined the case of Mary Mundeen, widow of Daniel Munden … the claimant and her witnesses appearing before me and from said examination and from several years personal acquaintance with the claimant who has been a frequent visitor at my office & is vouched for by unimpeachable witnesses, and from having two years ago paid to same claimant the bounty & arrears of pay due by reason of said soldier’s service. I am fully satisfied of her identity as the widow of the said soldier, and so is justly entitled to receive a pension from the United States”
[Note: Written on letterhead belonging to the “Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, Branch Office of Claim Division, No. 14 Main Street, — in Freedmen Bank, Norfolk, Va.” — Leslie]

Deposition, Mary Mundin, 3 October 1901
about 75 years old; occupation, housekeeping; residence, Berkley, Va. “but my mail is received in Noarfolk, Va.”
“My husband was born a slave and belonged to the Mundins. The Mundins lived in Princess Anne Co. Randall Ives was name of my husband’s father but he took his name from his owners. I was owned by Mrs. Fentress in Princess Anne Co., Va. My husband and I lived about 12 or 15 miles apart but he came to see me every two or three weeks. We were married several years before the War and I had five children by him when the War commenced. All are dead except my oldest son George who is now totally blind and I support him … [before my husband joined the army] he worked on a farm.”
“My husband joined the army. I think about Norfolk. He ran away and joined before I knew it. My husband’s reg’t was camped awhile after he joined it in Norfolk and I often visited him there. Finally his Reg was ordered to Texas and he went with it and died there. He died very soon after the Regt reached Texas but I do not know what he died of. I have lived right here in this town ever since my husband died…. I have done all kinds of work for a living such as washing and ironing.
Chas. C. Brown was my atty. … My vouchers are executed by Mr. Page.”

Letter from Mary Munder, 22-17th St., Berkley, Norfolk, Va., to Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, DC, 18 September 1916
“I am 92 years of age, having been born September, 1924, in Princess Anne County, Va.”
[Note: The letter was written on letterhead of Hubard & Hubard, Attorneys at Law, Offices 145 Bank St., Norfolk, Va. — Leslie]

Declaration of Widow’s Pension, Mary Mundin, 30 September 1916 [date-stamped by Pension Office]
residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, care of Freedman’s Bank, Norfolk, Va.
“July 25, 1865, the date of soldier’s death … his children

GeorgeBorn, Aug 15, 1855
Sixteen, Aug 14, 1871
WilliamBorn, Sep 15, 1857
Sixteen, Sept 14, 1873
FrancesBorn, Nov 15, 1861
Sixteen, Nov 14, 1877
DavidBorn, July 1, 1864
Died, Aug 1, 1867

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The widow re-married and applied for benefits from her residence in Connecticut.

Widow — 571,965 / —–, Virginia Cox

Declaration for Original Pension of Widow, Virginia Cox, 20 February 1893
54 years old; residence, 13 Jewett Street, Ansonia, Connecticut; post-office address, Ansonia, Connecticut
“she was married under the name of Virginia Henry [?] to said John H. Mosley … Norfolk, Virginia … two children, both dead … that she has since been married to James Cox who has since died and that she is now a widow”

Office of Jas. H. Vermilya & Co., Washington, DC, 1 May 1893
“Name of John H. Mosley does not appear on the records of the War Department, on the rolls of Co A, Reg’t U.S.C.Cavs…. please give the following information:
[name at enlistment] John Mosely
[discharge?] “it got lost by fire”
[regiment – white or colored?] “colored”
[soldier – whie or colored?] “colored”
[duty?] Private
[enslitment date] 1861
[enlistment place] Norfolk, Virginia
[name, company, regiment of enlisted officer] “I can’t do that. I can’t say more than I know.”
[date of discharge] “mustard [sic] out in 1866 Brassos [sic] Texsas [sic]”
[place of discharge] City Point
[discharge paperwork] “lost by fire”
[names of company and regimental officers you can remember] “Captain Lie Copeland. Sargent Ricks [?], Sargent Fodie [?] , Bugler [the surname Jones is struck through] Lucy [?], Sargent Judkins. I can’t remember all.”
[age] “I don’t know”
[occupation at enlistment] “I can’t say”
“Also personally appeared Emily A. Lee residing at 13 Jewett St., in Ansonia … and Edward O. Peck residing at No. 262 in Wakelee Ave. in Ansonia”
[Note: The 1st U.S. Colored Cavalry wasn’t organized until 1863 — Leslie]

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The soldier born enslaved in Pasquotank County, North Carolina was 88 years old when he died in Norfolk County, Virginia in 1915. His death certificate includes his parents’ names. Married twice, an 1898 document in his pension application gave the names and birth dates of ten living children.

Invalid — 819,209 / 612,683

Sworn Statement, James Randall and John McCoy, 21 October 1893
[Randall] 49 years old; residence, Berkley Sta., Va.
[McCoy] 68 years old; residence, Berkley Sta., Va.
“each of them are intimately acquainted with this claimant … now more than two thirds of his time prevented from performing manual labor”
“Randall says that he has known claimant for the past thirty years and reside in the same neighborhood and see each other daily.”
“Coy [sic] says that he has known claimant for the past thirty years in fact from the time of their enlistment in the U.S. Army together and that they reside in the same neighborhood and see each other daily”

Questionnaire (Form 3-402), Primus Banks, 4 June 1898
[married] Harriet Banks, Harriet Prichett
[when, where, by whom] 1861; Norfolk Co., Va.
[record] none
[previous marriage] yes, Clarsey Banks (Clarsey Harvey) [sp?]
[living children] Jerry Banks, 1857; M. Banks, 1860; Geo. W. Banks,1866; Cora Banks, 1868; Primus C. Banks, 1872; Luke K. Banks, 1876; Ary Banks, 1880; Harriett Banks, 1883; Millie Banks, 1886; Maria Banks, 1888.

Deposition, Primus Banks, 14 May 1902
about 70, 75 years old; post-office address, Berkley, Virginia
“I was born in Pasquotank Co., NC and I was a slave, was owned by Wm T. Banks. My father was Harry Johnson was a farm hand before enlistment.”
“I was a Sgt in Co A … I enlisted in Norfolk, Va.
“The only fight I was ever in was Chickahominy. Henry Tripp of my company was shot through the head. and killed in that fight.
“I was never on detached duty. I was never in the hospital.”
Jeptha Girrard was my Col.
We had no Lt. Col.
Brown was 1st Major and Seip was 2nd.
Dey was my Capt.
Ricker was 1st Lt.
Brown was 2d Lt.
Joe Fuller was Ord. Sgt.
Reix [sp?] was 3rd Sgt.
I was a 2nd Sgt.
George Merle eat and slept with me in service.
Mr. Asbury was my atty. I paid him nothing.
Jim Randall and John McCoy were my witnesses. They charged nothing.
“I was a witness for Randall but not for McCoy. I testified that he suffered with his eyes and rheumatism for ten years or more.”
Mr. Page executes my vouchers; not Mr. Page himself but his clerk…. I have never pawned my pension papers.”

“I have been married twice; my first wife Claris Harley died near Berkley, Va., thirty odd years ago; she died very soon after the close of the War.
“I next married Harriet Pritchard. She was never married before I married her. I married her in Norfolk Co., Va. near Berkley. My last wife died last Feb near Providence Church, Norfolk Co., Va. I have one child under 16 years of age viz Maria. She is going on 14 years of age. I do not know the month of her birth.”

Questionnaire, Primus Banks, 26 March 1915
[birth date and place] July 28, 1827; Pasquotank Co., NC
[organization] Co A, 1st Regt. U.S.C.V. Cav.
[post-office at enlistment] Norfolk Co., Va.
[wife’ maiden name] Harriet Scott
[when, where, by whom] 1862, Norfolk Co., Va. by consent of owners
[record] no
[previously married] no
[wife’s previous husbands] no
[living with your wife] died Feby 1903
[names and dates of birth of children, living or dead]
George Banks born 1867
Cora Banks ” 1868
Luke Banks ” 1875
Harriett Banks ” 1885
Millie Banks ” 1887

Death Certificate, Primus Banks, 26 November 1915
“Widowed … [born] 1827 … [age] 88 years old … [occupation] farmer … [birthplace] North Carolina … [father] Harry Banks, born in North Carolina … [mother] Venus, born in North Carolina … [informant] Harriett Bray (daughter), Providence RFD, Norfolk, Va. … [physician] F.D. Wilson, MD 13 Chesapeake Dr., South Norfolk, Va. … [burial] Mount Olive Cemetery, Norfolk Co., Va.”

Application for Reimbursement, Cora Cuffey, 14 December 1915
46 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va. ; post-office address, Box 793, Norfolk, Virginia
[life, accident, or health insurance] no
[relationship to deceased] daughter
“Also personally appeared, Harriet Gray and Louise Bray, both of Berkley, Norfolk, Virginia”

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The applicants were among the children whose father died in the war and whose mother died shortly after the war ended. Witnesses had grown up with the enslaved couple on adjoining plantations in Northampton County, North Carolina. They described how the couple was allowed to marry and ultimately had eight children. They also named Jacob’s enslaver, his parents, and his parents’ enslaver. They also identified Sarah and her enslaver Before enlistment, the 42-year-old husband and father worked as a hog feeder.

Minor — 393,113 / 292,364, Annie Lockhart etal

General Affidavit, Isaac Lockhart Gee, 28 May 1889
60 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, NC
“That in the year 1846 Jacob Lockhart … was a slave, the property of Wm. Lockhart’s widw … and that Sarah Ellis was at the same time a slave, the property of D.L. Ellis … [Gee] heard the said Jacob Lockhart ask for and obtain the consent of D.L. Ellis that he should take the said Sarah Ellis as his wife.”

General Affidavit, London Ellis, 28 May 1889
61 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, NC
“That in the year 1846 … this affiant was a slave belonging to D.L. Ellis … Sarah Ellis was … a slave belonging to D.L. Ellis … affiant was personally present when Jacob Lockhart asked for and obtained the consent of said D.L. Ellis to his marriage with said Sarah Ellis”

General Affidavit, L.J. Norwood, 15 June 1889
60 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“That he was born and had all his life lived in Northampton Co., NC That he knew said Jacob Lockhart and his wife Sarah Ellis before and after their marriage, that before their union, they were both virtuous people … marriage was about the year 1847.”

General Affidavit, William Bradley, 15 June 1889
“That he has lived in Northampton Co., NC for the last 60 years of his life”

General Affidavit, London Ellis, 16 July 1889
60 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“Has lived in Northampton County, NC all his life, that he was born a slave to D.L. Ellis until the end of the war was 1861-65 … Jacob Lockhart and Sarah Ellis (who lived on the same plantation, belonged to the same master, and whom this affiant knew all his life also) were allowed to marry.”

General Affidavit, Wm. Bradley, 16 July 1889
73 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“That he was a slave belonging to W.H. Gray who was a neighbor of D.L. Ellis, that he married a girl belonging to D.L. Ellis”

General Affidavit, London Ellis and William Bradley, 16 September 1889
[Ellis] 60 years
[Bradley] 73 years
post-office address, Garysburg, NC
“They were well acquainted with said Jacob and Sarah Lockhart … that no physician attended at the births of any of them, as in slavery times it was always customary to have only an old ‘granny’ woman in attendance, that they believe such midwife or midwives are long since dead.”

General Affidavit, London Ellis, 9 December 1889
60 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, NC
“That he knew Jacob Lockhart and his wife Sarah Ellis, before and after their marriage, that he lived in the same place with said Sarah … that he was present at the births of all their children, and helped in attending to their mother.”

Deposition, Annie Lockhart, 20 April 1891
about 30 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“I understand I was born in June 1862 … I am the daughter of Jacob & Sarah Lockhart. They are both dead. Jacob, my father died in US Army & my mother Sarah Lockhart died here at this place since the war, the year I cannot give.”
“My father was a slave of Joseph Lockhart & my mother was a slave of Daniel Ellis near this place. Both of them are dead.
“I ask a pension as the minor child of my father who was in the army. My brothers & sisters are:
Penny is the oldest,
Samuel, he’s at Franklin, Va.,
Jacob, somewhere in Halifax Co., NC. Sam knows.
Bettie – Sam knows where she is, I don’t —
Annie – that’s me
I don’t know the ages of any of them. I was too young to know anything of my parents.
My father’s father was named Jacob.
My father’s mother was named Milley.
They are both dead, died near here. My father had no sisters or brothers.
I never heard of Mary Lockhart, do not know any such person. I never knew Henry Wilson & Moses Lester.”

Deposition, Cornelius Lockhart, 21 April 1891
43 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., Va.
“I am the son of Jacob & Sarah Lockhart. They are both dead. My mother died the 2nd year after the war. My father Jacob Lockhart was in the 1st US Col Cavly & died there…. My father’s father was Jacob Road [sp?].
“Penny was my oldest sister born some time before I was. I was born Sept 15th 1849; Samuel is not 12 months older than I am. He was born Aug 10th 1850; Nellie was born Nov 6th, 1854; Jacob came before her, he was born July 20th, 1852; Nancy – Oct 10th 1856; Bettie – Apl 20th 1858; Annie, June 10th, 1862. These ages I got from the older colored persons, they will be here, we have no better way of getting them. There is no record & I don’t know any white people who can tell you about our ages as all are dead who knew.”

Deposition, Nancy Lockhart, 21 April 1891
35 or 36 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., Va.
“I am the daughter of Jacob & Sarah Lockhart. Both are dead.
“My grandparents on my father’s side are Jacob & Milly Lockhart. They were slaves of Col. Wm. Lockhart, near this village. All of them are dead.
“There were eight children born to my father Jacob Lockhart by my mother Sarah.
Penny — the oldest
Samuel, P.O. Franklin, Va.,
Jacob, Sam knows. I don’ t know his P.O.
Nancy – that’s me
Betty, Sam knows her post office
I don’t know the ages of any of them.
My father had no brothers or sisters. I do not know Mary Lockhart, or Polly, or John Lockhart, never heard of them before. “

Deposition, Penny Lockhart, 21 April 1891
45 years old … “that’s what I was always told was about my age”; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“I am the oldest child… I am about two years older than Cornelius & there is about that time between each of us — two years.”

Deposition, Nellie Lockhart, 21 April 1891
“I am about 37 or 38 years of age”; residence, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“I never heard of Mary Lockhart or Henry Wilson or Moses Lester.
My father & mother had 8 children. … I do not know their ages, or the years any of us were born. All were born here in at Garysburg, NC.”

Deposition, Lewis J. Norwood, 22 April 1891
63 years old; occupation, carpenter & preacher; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“I remember Jacob Lockhart, a slave of Col. Wm. Lockhart. I also knew his wife, Sarah Ellis, she was a slave of Daniel Ellis, knew them from boyhood up…. I remember Jacob & Sarah Lockhart had eight children of which Penny is the oldest. I remember perfectly the day [they] became man & wife with the consent of their owners. That was in the year 1847 I am sure. I was married in 1849 & I know it was 1847 in that way, two years before I got a wife. Jacob was a little older than I was. I think they had been man and wife about a year when their first child came. Her name was Penny. Then they had a boy two years after Penny named Cornelius. There is about two years between them all except Cornelius & Sam and there was hardly a year between them……The parents of Jacob Lockhart were Jacob Rhodes & Milly Lockhart. I never knew Polly Lockhart or John Lockhart or Mary Lockhart. “

Deposition, William Bradley, 22 April 1891
76 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton, NC
“I was a slave of Mr. Wm. Gray, his farm was adjoining farm to Daniel Ellis near Garysburg, NC. I knew Sarah Ellis very well. She was a slave of Daniel Ellis & I had a wife also a slave of Daniel Ellis. So when I went to see my wife I saw Sarah Ellis. … I think it was at least 15 yeas before the war Sarah Ellis became the wife of Jacob Lockhart with the consent of her owner … They had eight children, Penny, Cornelius, Sam, Jacob, Nelly, Nancy, Betty, Annie. these were all they and & they came in the order I have given you. I do not know where they were born … [Jacob Lockhart’s] parents belonged to Col. William Lockhart. All are now dead. … Jacob Lockhart was some 42 years old when he left home for the war…. I cannot write my name.”

Deposition, London Ellis, 23 April 1891
60 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“I was a slave of Mr. Daniel Ellis who is now dead… Jacob [Lockhart] belonged to Joseph Lockhart I was right there & heard Jacob Lockhart ask Mr. Ellis to give Sarah Ellis to him for his wife & Mr. Ellis told him all right … they became man & wife in that way just as slaves were married in that day … I can’t read or write”

Deposition, Henry E. Pate, 23 April 1891
61 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“I remember Jacob Lockhart very well, born & raised 3/4 of a mile from my house… [He named Jacob’s enslaver, his parents, and his parents’ enslaver. He also identified Sarah and her enslaver– Leslie]
“I knew all of the Lockhart slaves… [Jacob Lockhart] had no brothers or sisters…. I was my father’s car driver & I was with Jacob Lockhart a great deal as he was the hog feeder… Jacob Lockhart I heard died in the army… Jacob Lockhart was some five years younger or more old than I was. My father at one time was the overseer for Col. Wm. Lockhart.”

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