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Archive for the ‘Surname L’ Category

The applicants were among the children whose father died in the war and whose mother died shortly after the war ended. Witnesses had grown up with the enslaved couple on adjoining plantations in Northampton County, North Carolina. They described how the couple was allowed to marry and ultimately had eight children. They also named Jacob’s enslaver, his parents, and his parents’ enslaver. They also identified Sarah and her enslaver Before enlistment, the 42-year-old husband and father worked as a hog feeder.

Minor — 393,113 / 292,364, Annie Lockhart etal

General Affidavit, Isaac Lockhart Gee, 28 May 1889
60 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, NC
“That in the year 1846 Jacob Lockhart … was a slave, the property of Wm. Lockhart’s widw … and that Sarah Ellis was at the same time a slave, the property of D.L. Ellis … [Gee] heard the said Jacob Lockhart ask for and obtain the consent of D.L. Ellis that he should take the said Sarah Ellis as his wife.”

General Affidavit, London Ellis, 28 May 1889
61 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, NC
“That in the year 1846 … this affiant was a slave belonging to D.L. Ellis … Sarah Ellis was … a slave belonging to D.L. Ellis … affiant was personally present when Jacob Lockhart asked for and obtained the consent of said D.L. Ellis to his marriage with said Sarah Ellis”

General Affidavit, L.J. Norwood, 15 June 1889
60 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“That he was born and had all his life lived in Northampton Co., NC That he knew said Jacob Lockhart and his wife Sarah Ellis before and after their marriage, that before their union, they were both virtuous people … marriage was about the year 1847.”

General Affidavit, William Bradley, 15 June 1889
“That he has lived in Northampton Co., NC for the last 60 years of his life”

General Affidavit, London Ellis, 16 July 1889
60 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“Has lived in Northampton County, NC all his life, that he was born a slave to D.L. Ellis until the end of the war was 1861-65 … Jacob Lockhart and Sarah Ellis (who lived on the same plantation, belonged to the same master, and whom this affiant knew all his life also) were allowed to marry.”

General Affidavit, Wm. Bradley, 16 July 1889
73 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“That he was a slave belonging to W.H. Gray who was a neighbor of D.L. Ellis, that he married a girl belonging to D.L. Ellis”

General Affidavit, London Ellis and William Bradley, 16 September 1889
[Ellis] 60 years
[Bradley] 73 years
post-office address, Garysburg, NC
“They were well acquainted with said Jacob and Sarah Lockhart … that no physician attended at the births of any of them, as in slavery times it was always customary to have only an old ‘granny’ woman in attendance, that they believe such midwife or midwives are long since dead.”

General Affidavit, London Ellis, 9 December 1889
60 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, NC
“That he knew Jacob Lockhart and his wife Sarah Ellis, before and after their marriage, that he lived in the same place with said Sarah … that he was present at the births of all their children, and helped in attending to their mother.”

Deposition, Annie Lockhart, 20 April 1891
about 30 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“I understand I was born in June 1862 … I am the daughter of Jacob & Sarah Lockhart. They are both dead. Jacob, my father died in US Army & my mother Sarah Lockhart died here at this place since the war, the year I cannot give.”
“My father was a slave of Joseph Lockhart & my mother was a slave of Daniel Ellis near this place. Both of them are dead.
“I ask a pension as the minor child of my father who was in the army. My brothers & sisters are:
Penny is the oldest,
Cornelius,
Samuel, he’s at Franklin, Va.,
Jacob, somewhere in Halifax Co., NC. Sam knows.
Nellie,
Nancy,
Bettie – Sam knows where she is, I don’t —
Annie – that’s me
I don’t know the ages of any of them. I was too young to know anything of my parents.
My father’s father was named Jacob.
My father’s mother was named Milley.
They are both dead, died near here. My father had no sisters or brothers.
I never heard of Mary Lockhart, do not know any such person. I never knew Henry Wilson & Moses Lester.”

Deposition, Cornelius Lockhart, 21 April 1891
43 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., Va.
“I am the son of Jacob & Sarah Lockhart. They are both dead. My mother died the 2nd year after the war. My father Jacob Lockhart was in the 1st US Col Cavly & died there…. My father’s father was Jacob Road [sp?].
“Penny was my oldest sister born some time before I was. I was born Sept 15th 1849; Samuel is not 12 months older than I am. He was born Aug 10th 1850; Nellie was born Nov 6th, 1854; Jacob came before her, he was born July 20th, 1852; Nancy – Oct 10th 1856; Bettie – Apl 20th 1858; Annie, June 10th, 1862. These ages I got from the older colored persons, they will be here, we have no better way of getting them. There is no record & I don’t know any white people who can tell you about our ages as all are dead who knew.”

Deposition, Nancy Lockhart, 21 April 1891
35 or 36 years old; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., Va.
“I am the daughter of Jacob & Sarah Lockhart. Both are dead.
“My grandparents on my father’s side are Jacob & Milly Lockhart. They were slaves of Col. Wm. Lockhart, near this village. All of them are dead.
“There were eight children born to my father Jacob Lockhart by my mother Sarah.
Penny — the oldest
Cornelius,
Samuel, P.O. Franklin, Va.,
Jacob, Sam knows. I don’ t know his P.O.
Nelly,
Nancy – that’s me
Betty, Sam knows her post office
Annie
I don’t know the ages of any of them.
My father had no brothers or sisters. I do not know Mary Lockhart, or Polly, or John Lockhart, never heard of them before. “

Deposition, Penny Lockhart, 21 April 1891
45 years old … “that’s what I was always told was about my age”; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“I am the oldest child… I am about two years older than Cornelius & there is about that time between each of us — two years.”

Deposition, Nellie Lockhart, 21 April 1891
“I am about 37 or 38 years of age”; residence, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“I never heard of Mary Lockhart or Henry Wilson or Moses Lester.
My father & mother had 8 children. … I do not know their ages, or the years any of us were born. All were born here in at Garysburg, NC.”

Deposition, Lewis J. Norwood, 22 April 1891
63 years old; occupation, carpenter & preacher; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“I remember Jacob Lockhart, a slave of Col. Wm. Lockhart. I also knew his wife, Sarah Ellis, she was a slave of Daniel Ellis, knew them from boyhood up…. I remember Jacob & Sarah Lockhart had eight children of which Penny is the oldest. I remember perfectly the day [they] became man & wife with the consent of their owners. That was in the year 1847 I am sure. I was married in 1849 & I know it was 1847 in that way, two years before I got a wife. Jacob was a little older than I was. I think they had been man and wife about a year when their first child came. Her name was Penny. Then they had a boy two years after Penny named Cornelius. There is about two years between them all except Cornelius & Sam and there was hardly a year between them……The parents of Jacob Lockhart were Jacob Rhodes & Milly Lockhart. I never knew Polly Lockhart or John Lockhart or Mary Lockhart. “

Deposition, William Bradley, 22 April 1891
76 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton, NC
“I was a slave of Mr. Wm. Gray, his farm was adjoining farm to Daniel Ellis near Garysburg, NC. I knew Sarah Ellis very well. She was a slave of Daniel Ellis & I had a wife also a slave of Daniel Ellis. So when I went to see my wife I saw Sarah Ellis. … I think it was at least 15 yeas before the war Sarah Ellis became the wife of Jacob Lockhart with the consent of her owner … They had eight children, Penny, Cornelius, Sam, Jacob, Nelly, Nancy, Betty, Annie. these were all they and & they came in the order I have given you. I do not know where they were born … [Jacob Lockhart’s] parents belonged to Col. William Lockhart. All are now dead. … Jacob Lockhart was some 42 years old when he left home for the war…. I cannot write my name.”

Deposition, London Ellis, 23 April 1891
60 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“I was a slave of Mr. Daniel Ellis who is now dead… Jacob [Lockhart] belonged to Joseph Lockhart I was right there & heard Jacob Lockhart ask Mr. Ellis to give Sarah Ellis to him for his wife & Mr. Ellis told him all right … they became man & wife in that way just as slaves were married in that day … I can’t read or write”

Deposition, Henry E. Pate, 23 April 1891
61 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Garysburg, Northampton Co., NC
“I remember Jacob Lockhart very well, born & raised 3/4 of a mile from my house… [He named Jacob’s enslaver, his parents, and his parents’ enslaver. He also identified Sarah and her enslaver– Leslie]
“I knew all of the Lockhart slaves… [Jacob Lockhart] had no brothers or sisters…. I was my father’s car driver & I was with Jacob Lockhart a great deal as he was the hog feeder… Jacob Lockhart I heard died in the army… Jacob Lockhart was some five years younger or more old than I was. My father at one time was the overseer for Col. Wm. Lockhart.”


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Four unrelated men with the same surname served in Company B. Distinguishing identifiers were birthplace and parents’ names: Ashley Lewis, Company B (Edgecombe County, North Carolina), Isaac Lewis (Norfolk County, Virginia), Madison Lewis (Spotsylvania County, Virginia), and Peter Lewis (Northumberland County, Virginia).

Invalid — 957,838 / 931,444
Widow — 846, 222 / —– , Virginia Lewis

Neighbor’s Affidavit, Spriggs Montague and Henry Claughton, 29 December 1891
[Montague] over 50 years old; residence, near Avalon, Northumberland County, Virginia; post-office address, Avalon, Northumberland County, Virginia
[Claughton] about 60 years old; residence, near Avalon, Northumberland County, Virginia; post-office address, Avalon, Northumberland County, Virginia
“We have been well and personally acquainted with Peter Lewis for 16 years, and 30 years, respectively, and that we are both engaged in farming, and that the claimant is also engaged in farming and that we live about one mile & one half of a mile respectively from the claimant and see him nearly every week and sometimes oftener, and that we on a few occasions worked with him … the claimant’s disabilities are not due to vicious habits.”

Marriage License [copy], Peter Lewis and Ginnie Williams, 20 June 1897
Marriage took place at Macedonia Cold Baptist Church in Northumberland County, Va. Husband’s age, 65 years old; wife’s age, 48 years old. Both widowed. Both born in Northumberland Co., Va. Both resided in Northumberland Co., Va. Husband’s parents were John Lewis and Winny. Wife’s parents were Jack Dameron and Margaret Ball. Husband’s occupation, farmer.

Questionnaire (Form 3-402), Peter Lewis, 4 June 1898
[married] yes, Jinnie Lewis, Jennie Ball
[when, where, by whom] 1897, in Northd Co., Va., Rev. John Walker
[record] Northd Co., Va.
[previous marriage] yes, Frances Lewis about 1893
[living children]
Theodrick Lewis, 1858
Rose Lewis, don’t remember
Isaiah Lewis, about 1873
George Lewis, about 1871

Declaration for Widow’s Pension, Virginia Lewis, 2 April 1906
55 years old; residence, Avalon, Northumberland Co., Va. … “That she was married under the name of Virginia WIlliams to said soldier at Macedonia Church on the 20th day of January, 1897 by Rev. John Walker … That she had been previously married to Henry Williams, who died near Silear [sp?] in Northumberland Co., State of Va.; that the soldier had been previously married to Francis Lewis, who died near Avalon in said county & state on Aug 12, 1905. That the said soldier died March 1, 1896 at Avalon, Va.”
“Also personally appeared Wm. A. Smith, residing at Avalon, Va. and Rufus T. Smith, residing at Avalon, Va. … their acquaintance with her of ten years and ten years, respectively…”

Sworn Statement, A.M. Brent, M.D., 10 August 1906
“To Whom It May Concern,
This is to certify that I attended the late Peter Lewis during his last sickness & that he departed this life at his home, near Avalon, Va. on Thursday, the 1st day of March, 1906.”

Affidavit, William A. Smith and R.T. Smith, 11 August 1906
[WIlliam A. Smith] 68 years old
[R.T. Smith] 31 years old
Both resided in Avalon, Northumberland Co., Virginia. Both had post-office addresses at Avalon, Va.
“That they are well and personally acquainted with Virginia Lewis for 8 years, and 8 years, respectively …. We have known [Peter Lewis] for 40 & 20 years, respectively. The said Peter Lewis had been previously married to Frances Dameron who died some 10 years ago. Virginia Lewis has also been previously married & the death of her former husband so proven by affidavit of two witnesses filed herewith.”

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Four unrelated men with the same surname served in Company B. Distinguishing identifiers were birthplace and parents’ names: Ashley Lewis, Company B (Edgecombe County, North Carolina), Isaac Lewis (Norfolk County, Virginia), Madison Lewis (Spotsylvania County, Virginia), and Peter Lewis (Northumberland County, Virginia).

Invalid — 1,026,463 / 1,103,600
Other Numbers — C-2503,575 / —-

Deposition, Madison Lewis, 12 June 1893
55 years old; occupation, minister of the Gospel; residence and post-office address, 80 North St., Norfolk, Va.
Q. When did you first apply for a pension?
A. Soon after the new law came out — about a year after I went to W.R. Drury to make an application for pension: James Langley and Isaac Kellum of my company had promised to be present as identifying witnesses for me but they were not there that day at all. There were several colored men in Mr. Drury’s office but none that I knew. W.R. Drury was the only white man in the office while I was there. Mr. Drury wrote out the application and I signed it by writing my name.”
Q. Do you know B.A. Richardson, Jr., a notary public? Did he ever swear you?
A. No, sir. I have no knowledge of him whatever. No man of that name ever swore me.
Q. Do you know W.R. Drury and S. Cherry and were they present that day?
A. I don’t know those men at all…”

Deposition, Isaac Kellum, 14 June 1893
69 years old; occupation, laborer; residence and post-office address, 83 Newton St., Norfolk, Va.
“I was never a witness for [Madison Lewis] in his pension case and I was never in Drury’s office with him …
Q. Do you know James Langley and were you a witness in any case with him?
A. Yes, I know him. He was in my company and we have been witnesses together in several cases but I was never a witness for Madison Lewis with Langley.
Q. Do you know B.A. Richardson, Jr. and did he swear you?
A. Yes, I know him but he never swore me in my life.”

Deposition, James Langley, 17 June 1893
55 years old; occupation, laborer; residence, Chickazola Ave., Huntersville, Norfolk, Va. … I have known Madison Lewis ever since we were together in the army but I was never a witness for him in his pension case. … I know Isaac Kellum well and was a witness for with him twice, once for a woman named Ford & once for a woman named Biddle. Those are the only two times I have been a witness with Kellum.
“I don’t know B.A. Richardson at all … I don’t know W.T. Drury and T. Cherry and they never witnessed my mark in any matter.
“I cannot tell how my name and mark came to be on Lewis’ paper as I never put it there or told anyone to put my mark or use my name in that case.”

Questionnaire (Form 3-389), Madison Lewis, 24 January 1905
[married] Matilda Janefield
[when, where, by whom] “25 day of December 1861; Died. Jan 1885”
[record] “the record of Masie Word [?] took place on about 27 of August 1887″
[previous marriage] divorced by Judge Gunner, pled desertion; married again to Ledora Henry from King William Co., Va.”
[living children] 5 children “Lewis born 12 of Oct 1864. James Lewis, June 30, 186? … Elman Lewis, 1842 … Uppermaure Lewis, 1875; Ida Lewis Aug 22nd 1879

Questionnaire (Form 3-493), Madison Lewis, 25 January 1905
[birthplace] Spotsylvania Co., Va.
[enlistment] Old Point
[residence before enlistment] Fortress Monroe, Va.
[occupation] sadler
[former owner(s) if enslaved] Joseph H. Jordann, near Mt. Pleasant, Va.
[discharged] City Point, Va.
[residence since discharge] Hampton, Washington, DC and Norfolk
[present occupation] pastor, Calvary Baptist Church in Norfolk
[height / skin color / scars] 5′ 6″ / dark brown / no
[known by another name] no
[current name/ known by] Rev. Dr. Madison Lewis
[current residence] “the nearest sub-post office 3 or 4 blocks away”

[Note: According to a church history, First Baptist Church, Berkley, and claimant’s questionnaire, Cavalry Baptist Church, in Norfolk, Virginia were pastored by “Madison Lewis.” Was this the same person or two people? — Leslie]

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Four unrelated men with the same surname served in Company B. Distinguishing identifiers were birthplace and parents’ names: Ashley Lewis (Edgecombe County, North Carolina), Isaac Lewis (Norfolk County, Virginia), Madison Lewis (Spotsylvania County, Virginia), and Peter Lewis (Northumberland County, Virginia).

Invalid — 487,954

Marriage License, Isaac Lewis and Caroline Johnson, 12 January 1882
Marriage took place 12 January 1882 at Norfolk County, Va. Husband was 40 years old; wife was 43 years old. Both were widowed. Husband was born in Norfolk Co., Va.; wife was born in Isle of Wight Co., Va. Both resided in Norfolk County, Va. Husband’s parents were Thomas and Sookie Lewis; wife’s parents [blank]. Husband’s occuaption, laborer. Officiated by E.H. Bolden, Pastor, St. James Chapel.

Declaration for Original Invalid Pension, Isaac Lewis, 9 June 1883
49 years old; residence, Williams Row, Norfolk Co., Virginia … became blind and had to be lead [sic] around … he was sent to the hospital on said island [Brazos Santiago, Texas] … and was sent to New Orleans, La. hospital … since leaving the service this applicant has resided in the County of Norfolk, in the State of Virginia, and his occupation has been that of laborer …
“Also personally appeared, Anthony James, residing at Norfolk and Humphrey McCoy, residing at Norfolk …”

Sworn Statement, John Carson and William Bolden, 22 January 1884
[Carson] 50 years old; [Bolden] 49 years old; “That each of them are well acquainted with Isaac Lewis … and that they were raised together in the same neighborhood together in Norfolk Co. … they were playmates together before the War of 1861”

Deposition, Arthur Nelson and London Hurdle, 6 May 1893
[Nelson] 50+ years old; residence, Lamberts Point, Norfolk, Va. “I knew Isaac Lewis, living near him & working with him; I lived about 50 yds from his house & frequently visited his house. I knew both Lewis & his wife & knew their children, all three of them. I know that two of them died after Isaac Lewis viz. Mary & Lazarus, I know that the claimant, Jane Lewis Anderson is her second child.
[Hurdle] 62 years old; residence, Lamberts Point, Norfolk, Va. “I became acquainted with Lewis in the Army in ’64, & after the war lived about 2 1/2 mi. from him. I knew him well & I saw him at work at the Gas House & at the Church. I was at his house every now & then or about once or twice a month.
“I knew his children, & knew that he had only a family of three, viz., Mary, Jane & Lazarus.
“Mary & Lazarus died soon after their father.”

“Did Isaac Lewis have any children by his second wife Caroline Johnson?
“Lewis had not children by his second wife, Caroline Johnson, whom I knew personally. He lived with her about two years.”

Sworn Statement, Madison Lewis, 8 May 1895
“This is to certify that I have known Jane Lewis for more than 15 years and baptized her Oct 1885”

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The soldier’s widow said that she was born in Mississippi and brought to Virginia as a child. She and her husband had a ‘slave marriage’ shortly before the Civil War started.  When she initiated her application for a widow’s pension she reported names and birthdates for four children who qualified as minors.   

Widow — 447,550 / 503,152, Sophia Luster

Deposition, Sophia Luster, 27 October 1900
about 85 years old; occupation, housework and attending gardens
“My said husband was near born in this county, where I now live, and was the slave of the late Armistead Booker. I was born in Mississippi, but brought to this county before I was grown. My maiden name was Sophia Mitchell and my parents were Herod and Dancy Mitchell. I belonged to the late James Downey, in Elizabeth City County, Va., near where my husband was raised. I became the wife of Lewis Luster on the 14th or 15th of June, don’t know what year. but just as they were talking about the war coming on. We were both slaves at the time and were married by my master Jas. Downing. He read a portion of the ‘matrimony’ and then John Pierce, colored, after Mr. Downing got through he also read part of the ‘matrimony.’

“I consider that Mr. Downing really married us. Pierce was a speaker at meetings. He is dead. We were married in Mr. Downing’s place, at the house of my aunt. Eliza Fields, now dead. All the folks who saw me married are dead. …

“After my marriage to Lewis Luster I lived with him as his wife until he died on the 24th of Jan’y. and next Jan’y will be 12 years since he died. … died on the 24th & was buried on the 25th by Warren Smith of Hampton. … I had one child by [Luster] before he enlisted, and when he was discharged he came right back to me. He was discharged from a hospital near Ft. Monroe, Va. where he had been sick about 2 months. Saw him in hospital several times. … Some of my friends call me ‘Puss’ Luster for a nickname.

“When I applied for pension I had four children by the soldier under the age of 16 years. They are named as follows:
James Luster, born August 4th, don’t know the year but he was 22 years old, the 4th of August;
Luvinia Luster, born February 19th, year not known, but she was 19 years old last Feb’y, will be 20 next Feb’y;
Agnes Luster, born Jan’y 17th, and was 16 years old last Jan’y;
Sylvia Luster was born June 21st, and was 14 years old last June. I have no record now of the dates of birth of those children.
[NOTE: This gets really snarled viz birthdates of the children: there’s poor penmanship on a lot of documents, bleed-through on some papers, contradictions in dates — Leslie]

Deposition, Jemima Brooks, 20 October 1900
about 45 years old; occupation, housework; residence & post-office address, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Va.
“I have known the claimant Sophia Luster some 33 or 34 years …. All her youngest children were born near where I live. I know them all.
“Her daughter Luvinia Luster was born in February 1879, don’t know what day. I fix the date from the fact that I have a niece born March 15, 1879 and Luvinia was born the month before, Feb’y 1879. I am certain about that.
“Claimant’s daughter Agnes was born in January, don’t know what day or year, but she will be 19 years old her next birth. I fix her age from that of Julia Chandler who will be 19 on the 29th of next December, and Agnes was born the next month, Jany.
“I can read but not write.”

Deposition, Edward Christian, 27 October 1900
50 years old; residence and post-office address, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Virginia
“I became acquainted with claimant Sophia Luster over 30 years ago. … She was the wife of Lewis Luster and she continued to live with him until he died some 10 or 12 years ago.”

Deposition, Roselia Walker, 27 October 1900
about 36 years old; address and post-office address, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Virginia
“I am the widow of Geo. Walker. I lived on the same land with claimant Sophia Luster when her four youngest children were born. … James was born in August 1877. I fix the date because I had my first child in the same year, Dec 1, 1877.
“I cannot tell when the others were born except Agnes, she is about 18 years old. Have forgotten about Lavinia, but I guess she is about twenty-one years old, about the same age as my son Tom.”

Deposition, Agnes Jones, 27 October 1900
about 50 years old; occupation, housework; residence and post-office address, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Va.
“I have known the claimant Sophia Luster since long before the war. We were raised together and have lived near each other ever since. I have been her nearest neighbor for 255 or 30 years.
“I know her four youngest children, they were little children when their father died. The oldest of them is James Luster, the next is Lavina. The next is Agnes (we call her Aggie) and the last is Sylvia. I was there with her when they were born, helped to wait on her …”

Deposition, Mrs. Colnette Chandler, 29 October 1900
about 50 years old; residence and post-office address, “near Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Va.; “I am the wife of Nimrod Chandler
“have known [Sophia Luster] for 25 years …
“(Deponent produced a Bible published in 1860, which shows the following among other entries (‘Julia born 12th month, 29th day, 1881’)”

Deposition, Irene Shepherd, 29 October 1900
55 years old; occupation, housekeeper; residence and post-office address, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Va.
“I have known the claimant about Sophia Luster about 32 years…. We have hired some members of her family for many years past. Yes, I know all of her children but the only one regarding whose age I know anything about is a girl named Agnes. She was born 1882, do not know day or month. but she (clmt) says Agnes was born in Jan’y. I am certain that said Agnes  was born in 1882 because I have a daughter Lelia, born in the same year, August 24, 1882. I have a record of her birth. Agnes was living some months before Lelia.”

Deposition, Warren T. Smith, 29 October 1900
60 years old; residence and post-office address, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Virginia
“Yes, I know Sophia Luster. I buried her husband Lewis Luster. They lived on Back River near Butler farm.
“My book shows the following regarding said Lewis Luster,
‘Jan’y 24, 1889, one burial of
‘Mr. Lewis Luster on Back River
‘Ordered by Lewis Luster, his son, $20.00

General Affidavit, William Cheesman, date unknown]
residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Virginia; post-office address, Hampton, Virginia
“I William Cheesman certify that I know Lester Lewis … also know Sophia Luster, his wife. I know … [Lewis] was discharged from the General Hospital in New Orleans, La. and got home about 11th of January 1866. When Lewis Luster got hear [sic] Sophia Luster and my house was a little distance apart. I know he went to her house and recognized her as his wife. I have been in the neighborhood with them ever since the war.”

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Many soldiers were ravaged by chronic ailments stemming from their military service. Thomas Land was treated at the National Soldiers’ Home in Hampton, Virginia and at St. Elizabeth’s Hospital in Washington, DC. The circumstances surrounding his move to the District of Columbia require investigation. 

 

Invalid — 1, 023,460 / 1,000,889
C — 2,563,239

Deposition, Thomas Land, 14 June 1893
56 years old; laborer; residence and post-office address, 112 Nicholson Street … “I first applied for pension about April 1891 with W.R. Drury. Jacob Odum and Lafayette White went with me to be my witnesses to identify me as they had been in my company. W.R. Drury was the only white man in the office that day. Mr. Drury wrote out my application for me and I signed it by touching the pen and Odum and White signed my paper in the same way.”

 

Deposition, Jacob Odum, 14 June 1893
about 50 years old; laborer; 51 Fox Lane, Norfolk, Va. … “I have known Thomas Land ever since we were together in the Army and I was a witness for him when he applied for pension with W.R. Drury. I went there with Land that day to identify and Lafayette White went along to be his other witness. W.R. Drury was the only white man there that day. I touched the pen to Land’s application and we were then sworn by W.R. Drury. I am certain that W.R. Drury swore us as he was the only white man there at that time. I did not see anyone put the seal on the application.”

 

Deposition, Lafayette White, 14 June 1893
60 years old; laborer; residence and post-office address 133 St. Paul St, Norfolk, Va.
“I have known Thomas Land ever since we served together in the Army and I was a witness for him when he applied for pension at W.R. Drury’s office. Jacob Odum went along to be the other witness. W.R. Drury was the only white man there that day We all three signed Land’s application by touching the pen and we were then all sworn by W.R. Drury by holding up on hands. I am certain that W.R. Drury swore us as he was the only white man there.”

 

General Affidavit, Thomas Land, 20 February 1895
58 years old, post-office address is 112 Nicholson St., Norfolk

 

Questionnaire, Thomas Land, 6 August 1898
[Married?] Widower, Alice Way, Alice Land … died Aug 1880
[When, where, by whom] 1871, Norfolk, Rev. Tucker
[Record exists] Marriage register, Norfolk City
[Previously married] No
[Living children] None living

 

Deposition, Thomas Land, 31 December 1901
“I am 65 years of age, a carpet cleaner, and I reside at 296 Princess Anne Ave. … I was born and raised in Norfolk Co., Va. I was a slave: was owned by John J. Peters. Edward Land was my father. I have never gone under any other name than that of Thomas Land.
“I was in two long battles: in Chickahominie [sic] Swamp and Drury’s [sic] Bluff. Henry Tripp of my company was killed at the battle of Chickahominie [sic] less than 20 minutes after the engagement began. I was in a number of skirmishes….

“After enlistment in the army I remained around Va., up and down the James River; went to Gloster [sic], Yorktown, Ft. Powhatton [sic], etc., till the war closed and then they took us on a boat to Texas. We took the boat at City Point and landed at Brazos Santiago, Texas. We went to no other town in Texas. We were in Texas from June 1st and remained there till about the next March.
Jeptha Garrard was my Col.; Sykes was Lt. Col.; Brown was Major; Charles Dey was my Capt.; William Ricker was 1st; Lt. Brown was 2d Lt.
Joseph Fuller was Ord. Sgt.; White, was a Duty Sgt.; Ricks, Bent and Fulford were also Sgts.; Isaac King was quartermaster Sgt….

“I get a pension of eight dollars a month under the New Law. I am totally deaf. I also suffer with my kidneys and lungs. I am ruptured; was ruptured while undergoing medical examination at Hampton, Va., in 1895. I was examined so roughly that I was ruptured as a result of same. I have had rheumatism for thirty-eight years. … I was in the hospital for it for three weeks…. I also contracted dysentery; lung trouble and eye trouble in service. … I was as hearty as a buck before I entered the army. I was examined by three doctors before I enlisted in service and was pronounced sound.
Mr. Hubard was my attorney. He charged me fifty cents for every letter he wrote for me. He also executes my vouchers. He charges me fifty cents for executing each voucher.”

 

Ancestry.com. U.S. National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers,
1866-1938
, [database on-line] (accessed 14 October 2011)
Thomas Land admitted 13 October 1905 … 22 March 1906; re-admitted 4 November 1911; disability, deafness; Protestant; upholsterer; nearest relative, brother, Frank Brown, 23 Gordon Ave., Norfolk, Va.

 

Declaration for Pension, Thomas Land, 17 May 1912
75 years old; resident of Norfolk County, Virginia … born August 15th, 1836 at Norfolk, Va. … His post-office address was 7 Burks Court, City of Norfolk, Va.

 

Letter from Government Hospital for the Insane to the Pension Bureau,
18 February 1919
“Thomas Land … died in this hospital on the 1 February 1919 … Cause of death; Primary, Senile dementia; Immediate, Broncho-pneumonia…. The hospital records show him to have been widowed.”

 

Pensioner Dropped, Department of the Interior, Bureau of Pensions,
25 February 1919
“death Feb 1, 1919 … St. Elizabeth’s Hospital, Washington, DC”

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