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The soldier was enslaved in Talbot County located on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. During his service he served as a jail guard in Norfolk. When he returned to the county after his discharge he worked as an oysterman. His daughter who lived in Philadelphia moved to Maryland to take care of her mother after the soldier’s death.

Invalid — 972,146 / 1,059,450
Widow — 1,012,755 / 767,372,
Anna Marie Hinson

General Affidavit, Robt. Hinson, 13 April 1892
48 years old; residence Wittman, Talbot County, Maryland
“I was wounded in the knee from a fall in eighteen hundred and sixty five, the year that Abe Lincoln died, while guarding the jail I contracted rheumatism … I’ve not been able to do any work at all. The jail I guarded was in Norfolk, since 1865”

General Affidavit, Thomas Cooper and Jacob P. Gibson, 7 October 1892
[Cooper] 72 years old; residence, Talbot County, Maryland; post-office address, Witmans [sic]
[Gibson] 36 years old; residence, Talbot County, Maryland; post-office address, Witmans [sic]
“We the undersigned have known Robert Hinson since before the ending of the war, we see him every day, being near neighbor … know him to be a man who would not shirk work, he is an oysterman … we have known him to be attended by a physician a month or two at a time. He is hardly able to perform one quarter of a man’s work”

Neighbor’s Affidavit, Harry D. Nutz [sp?], 15 July 1896
33 years old; residence and post-office address, Wittman, Talbot Co., Maryland
“personally accquainted with Robert Hinson for 20 years … he lives about a quarter of a mile from me. I see him every day. I have never employed him or worked with him.”
“He is also a temperate woman with no vicious habits and a good citizen and I don’t think he is responsible for his afflictions.”
[Note: Beneath Nutz’s signature is the signature of a second affiant — “Oscar S. Hubbard” — but there’s no personal information about Hubbard on the form as for Nutz — Leslie]

Neighbor’s Affidavit, Joseph B. Wrightson, 12 October 1896
37 years old; residence and post-office address, Wittman, Talbot County, Maryland
“I am a merchant, claimant works on a farm and oysters some. Have known him for 30 years, he lives about 1/4 mile from me. I see him nearly every day, have employed him to do little jobs for me at times.”

Questionnaire (Form 3-173), Robert Hinson, 6 January 1899
[living children] Robert, Albert, Cary, May [or Mary?], Sadie, James
[Note: Handwriting is barely legible but is consistent with information reported elsewhere in the application — Leslie]

Sworn Statement, A.B. Glascock, MD, 13 April 1900
“I have been Robt Hinson’s family physician for the past few years”

Sworn Statement, Perry Cooper and Joseph S. Hinson, 26 April 1900
“This is to certify that we have known Robert Hinson all our lives … and that he is a sober and peaceable man”

Affidavit, Perry Cooper and William S. Lowe, 21 October 1902
[Cooper] 42 years old; residence and post-office address, Wittman, Talbot Co., Md
[Lowe] 49 years old; residence and post-office address, McDaniel, Talbot Co., Md.
“Robert Hinson is afflicted … unable to do any laborious work”

Physician’s Affidavit, Joseph B. Seth, MD, 24 October 1902
“Have been acquainted with said soldier about 20 years”

Questionnaire (Form 3-474), Robert Hinson, 6 December 1902
[born] “near Wittman”
[enlisted] Fortress Monroe
[residence before enlistment] Wittman
[occupation] laborer
[enslaved] Mrs. Catherine Love [or Lowe?]
[discharged] Brazos Santiago, Texas
[residence since discharge] Wittman
[present occupation] doing odd jobs
[description] five feet, eight inches … mark on “my right knee where I fell at Norfolk on guard”
[different name in service] “no other name but Robert Hinson”
[different name on pension application] none
[current name] Robert Hinson
[residence] Wittman, Talbot Co., Md.

Declaration for Pension, Robert Hinson, 1 April 1907
65 years old; residence, Wittman, Talbot County, Maryland;
“That he was born January 24th, 1842, at Easton … That his several places of residence since leaving the service have been as follows: Wittman”
“Also personally appeared Wm. L. Love, residing in McDaniel, Md. and Joseph H. Scott, residing in McDaniel, Md. … their acquaintance with him of 20 years and 40 years, respectively”

Declaration for Pension, Robert Hinson, 20 May 1912
68 years old; resident of Wittman, county of Talbot, State of Maryland
“enrolled at Old Point Comfort, Va., Va. … 15th day of January, 1864 … honorably discharged at Brazos Santiago, Texas, on the 4th day of February, 1866 … occupation was laborer, that he was born January 29th, 1844, at Talbot County, Maryland … That his several places of residence since leaving the service have been as follows: Wittman, Talbot County, Maryland”

Declaration for Widow’s Pension, Anna Maria Hinson, 12 August 1913
“That she was married under the name Anna Maria Foreman [Freeman?] to said soldier at Trappe, Maryland, on the fifth day of August, 1873, by Rev. W.C. MaCoy … had not been previously married … That the said soldier died June 21,1913, at Wittman, Maryland”
“Also personally appeared Allen Cooper, residing in Wittman, Md, and Robert H. Caldwell, residing in Wittman, Md.”

Sworn Statement, Allen Cooper and Wm/ Robert Caldwell, 5 October 1913
“[both residents of Wittman] personally acquainted with Robert Hinson and Anna M. Hinson, his wife … acquainted with them since each attained marriageable age … we know that Robert Hinson died on June 21, 1913 and was burried [sic] on June 23, 1913 and that they attended his funeral and saw his remains burried [sic]”

Sworn Statement, Mrs. Robert Caldwell, 13 October 1913
59 years old; Wittman, Talbot, Maryland
“[knew Robert Hinson] personally for fifty years … [have known] Anna M. Freeman Hinson for fifty years … I also attended the funeral of Robert Hinson and saw the remains interred”

Sworn Statement, Allen Cooper, 13 October 1913
67 years old; Wittman, Talbot, Maryland
“well acquainted with Robert Hinson … knew him personally for sixty years … [have known] Anna M. Freeman Hinson for forty-six years … also saw Robert Hinson burried [sic] and I attended the funeral.”

General Affidavit, Carrie Hinson, 30 April 1930
49 years old; residence and post-office address, Wittman, Talbot County, Maryland
“I have performed the duty as nurse and caretaker, daily and nightly, to Annie M.F. Hinson, Widow, age 86 yrs (my mother). Having performed and am still, the same duty since Feb. 1929. Which is the date of my return to Wittman, Md. from Philadelphia, Pa. after an absence of 22 years. Being the only female in the family, (single), with a living wage position also, I gave up my position with an estimated salary $18.00 per week, to come home imediately [sic] after being notified, to nurse and care for the person herein named (my mother). Six months thereafter I found it utterly impossible to nurse and care for my mother also myself, from the pesnion given her by the government, $40.00 per mo. Therefore I am sincerely fileing [sic] this evidence as proof for my claim to compensation my mother being absolutey unable to do for herself , use of left am gone. unable to be left alone, which demands my personal service, Thereby preventing the claimant absolutely, from earning or providing a living for myself. Willingly and requesting, and inspection of the condition herein mentioned, by the government.”
[Note: Carrie Hinson wrote her statement and signed it. It’s transcribed verbatim — Leslie]

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One of the documents in this soldier’s pension application reports that he was born in York County, Pennsylvania but he might have been born in York County, Virginia. Upon returning to civilian life, he made his home in James City County which shares a border with Virginia’s York County. Additional research is required to determine his place of birth.

Invalid — 905, 497 / —-

Declaration for Invalid Pension, Nicles Henderson, 23 August 1890
47 years old; residence, James City County, Virginia; post-office address, Toano, James City County, Virginia
“Also personally appeared Geo. E. Crawley, residing at Toano, County of James City, State of Virginia, and Geo. W. Jones, residing at Toano, County of James City, State of Virginia”

Military Service (Form 3-060a), Nicles Henderson, 17 April 1891
“The rolls show Nicholas Henderson … was enrolled Aug 26, 1864, m.o. Feby 4, 1866. Born, York Co., Pa., 23yo, Laborer – Eyes & Hair black – Complx dark – 5ft 8 in”
[Note: There’s also a York County in Virginia — Leslie]

Department of the Interior, Bureau of Pensions, Call No. 7 (3-091) 6 February 1893
“You are hereby directed to report yourself for medical examination to the Board of Examining Surgeons, S.K. Towles, Nat. Sol. Home, [Town] Hampton … [County] Eliz. City … [State] Va. within three months from date hereof.
“The Board meets at 10 o’clock a.m. every Wednesday in each month.
Claimant: Nickles Henderson
P.O.: Toano, James City Co., Va.
Attorney: Joseph H. Hunter
P.O.: City”
[Note: Handwritten on the back in blue ink “Respectfully returned. It is reported the claimant died recently. Joseph H. Hunter, Atty, Feby 11/93” — Leslie]

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The veteran was a patient at Saint Elizabeth’s in Washington, DC and his wife oversaw his care. After the soldier’s wife died, her sister — the veteran’s sister-in-law — took on the responsibility. When she passed away, the sister-in-law’s husband managed the veteran’s care.

Invalid — 568,468 / 694,163

General Affidavit, Alice Thomley, 1 June 1891
40 years old; residence, Washington, DC
“That she lives near Charles Holmes, that she lived in the same house with Chas. Holmes for one year and he was sick nearly all the time — this was 1890 — vertigo and blind staggers
His wife nursed him.”

Questionnaire (Form 3-402), Charles Holmes, 8 April 1898
[married?] yes, Maria Holmes nee Carter
[when, where, by whom] April 14, 1867; King & Queen Co., Va.; Rev. Alfred Bagby
[record] “I don’t know. Perhaps there is a church record …”
[Note: A crease in the document makes the rest of the sentence impossible to read — Leslie]
[previous marriage] “No. And my wife was not previously married.”
[living children] no

Letter from J.O’C. Roberts, Special Examiner, Washington, DC to Commissioner of Pensions, 7 September 1898
“The pensioner is an inmate of St. Elizabeth and claimant should be required to file her marriage certificate as evidence of marriage.”

Memo signed by Wm. L. McLean [?], 14 September 1898
“U.S. Pension Agent, Washington, DC, directed to make payment to wife, she being a woman of good moral character, and pensioner being insane and without a guardian”

General Affidavit, Martha Clark and Robert Taylor, 18 October 1899
[Clark] 62 years old; residence, Washington, DC; post-office address, 402 P Street, NW,
[Taylor] 64 years old; residence, Washington, DC; post-office address, 1427 11th Street, NW
“We were well and intimately acquainted with Charles Holmes from the year 1884 … We lived near him all of said time and saw him frequently.”

Power of Attorney, Maria Elizabeth Holmes, 19 May 1903
post-office address, 1653 New Jersey Ave, Washington, DC
“I, Maria Elizabeth Holmes, guardian of Charles Holmes … do make, constitute, and appoint L.C. Wood & Co., of Washington, DC, my true and lawful attorney”
Witnesses: Alberta S. Jenkins and Augusta F. Jenkins

Letter from J.L. Davenport, Commissioner to Mr. [?] Pollard, Attorney at Law, Connor, Virginia, 19 May 1913
“You note that George Parsons, committee, is an illiterate, though honest and reliable colored man, and is not able to make an account and make proper settlements as committee, and the court being desirous of waiving the requirement for accounting”

Application for Re-imbursement, George Parsons, 21 December 1914
67 years old; residence, Connor, King and Queen County, Virginia
[1 – deceased’s full name] Charles Holmes
[2 – type of pension] invalid soldier
[3 a – married] yes
[3b – # marriages, to whom] once to Mary Carter
[3c – survived by wife] no
[3d – still living] no
[3e – if not … ] Maria Carter Holmes, April 1, 1898
[3f – his divorced] no
[3g – is she living] no
[3h – if not, full name, date of death] Maria Carter Holmes, April 1, 1898
[4 – child under 16] no
[5 – child alive] no
[6 – life, accident, or health insurance on deceased] no
[7 – name of company] no
[8 – beneficary] [blank]
[9 – relationship of beneficiary to deceased] [blank]
[10 – who paid premiums] [blank]
[11 – if not deceased, the amount paid by each person] [blank]
[12 – deceased member of society with sick or death benefits] [blank]
[13 – administrator or executor?] no
[14 – money, real estate, personal property?] no
[15 – character and value of property] none
[16 – last assessed value] none
[17 – disposition of property] none to dispose
[18 – unindorsed pension check] no
[19 – relationship to deceased] committee
[20 – married] no (a widower)
[21 – cause of death] heart trouble
[22 – when did last sickness begin] died very suddenly
[23 – when did pensioner become sick enough to acquire constant attention] not at all
[24 – name and post-office address of physicians] there was none
[25 – those who nursed the patient] none
[26 – residence during last sickness] at my house
[27 – location of death] at my house
[28 – date of death] June 15, 1914
[29 – burial] Zion Church, King & Queen Co., Va.
[30 – is someone else covering expenses] no
[31 – list of expenses]

NameExpensePaid or UnpaidAmount
Physician  
Medicine    
Geo. G. WhiteUndertakerUnpaid   32.00
Livery 
Cemetery
George ParsonsOther expenses and their nature:
Care & maintenance from Dec 13, 1912

[32 – post-office address] Connor, King and Queen County, Virginia
“Also personally appeared Coleman Holmes [post-office address, King & Queen C.H., Va.] and R.D. Allen [post-office address, King & Queen C.H., Va.] we knew pensioner 10 years … Berkley, Norfolk, Va.”

Letter from George Parsons to Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, DC, 22 December 1914
“Maria Holmes died in 1908, and then my wife, Julia Parsons who was a sister of Maria Holmes, qualified as Com’tee. In 1912, Julia Parsons died leaving Charles Holmes in my care. I then qualified as Com’tee for Charles Holmes and drew his pension, which was used for his maintenance and support, but as all of the money was used for him, I did take vouchers and your department required that I should render an account of the expenditures, which I was unable to do, so since December 1912, I have never received anything for his support, and when he died I was forced to assume the responsibility for his burial.”

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A comparison of their pension applications and Compiled Military Service Records (CMSRs) confirms that it was this soldier — not Henry Hill, Company E, 1st U.S. Colored Cavalry — who was shot and killed by his commanding officer.

According to his CMSR, William Hill was born in “Carrol, N.C.” (possibly “Corolla” in Currituck County, North Carolina. Although one of the cards in the CMSR stated he was 35 years old when at enlistment, other documents in his CMSR reported he enlisted at age 27. He was promoted to Sergeant about a year into his service but he was demoted for “over staying pass and for incompetency. Shot while in act of mutiny by Lt. Spencer, June 23d 1864.”

Widow – 167,048 / —–, Nancy Hill

Widow’s Claim for Pension, Nancy Hill, 22 October 1868
40 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Portsmouth, Va.
“widow of William Hill … Company H … she was married to said William Hill on or about November 1846 at Portsmouth in the County of Norfolk and State of Virginia … said marriage having taken place according to the customs existing among colored people in the State of Virginia — without a license or the services of a minister of the Gospel … She further declares that said William Hill was killed … at Bermuda Hundred”
“Also personally appeared … Edward Berry and William Tatom, residents of Portsmouth, Norfolk County, and State of Virginia”


Memo by M. Boubin [sp?], Assistant Adjutant General, War Department, 1 September 1883
“Co. Descriptive Book shows [William Hill] shot while in the act of mutiny by Lt. Spencer, June 23/64. Alexander M. Spencer was 1st Lt. of the Co. No record of trial of Lieut. Spencer on file. The name Henry Hill is not borne on the rolls of that Co.”

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Henry Hill, Company E

A document in this soldier’s file reported that Henry Hill had been shot by his commanding officer Lieutenant Alexander.* However, other documents prove that the Lieutenant shot William Hill, Company H, 1st U.S. Colored Cavalry.

According to his Compiled Military Service Record, Henry Hill was born in Duplin County, North Carolina. He enlisted in 1863 at age eighteen and mustered out at Brazos Santiago, Texas in 1866.

Widow – 302,248 / —–, Margaret Hill

Declaration for Widow’s Pension and Increase, 14 March 1883
56 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va; post-office address, Norfolk, Virginia
“She is the widow of Henry Hill … that her maiden name was Margaret Johnson … married to said Henry Hill, on or about the 6th of September A.D. 1856, at Surry Court House, in the County of Surry, the State of Virginia, by consent of her former master … her husband, died in the service of the United States, as aforesaid, at Bermuda Hundred, in the State of Virginia, killed by Lieut. Spencer… for refusing of his commanding officers to take muskets as he was a cavalry man and he was ordered to take muskets, and he disobeyed and he was shot and killed dead … and that she has the following-named children of deceased husband, under sixteen years of age, who are now living, the dates of whom births are, given below, to wit:
Mary Hill, born August 9, 1858, living at Norfolk
Stephen Hill, born April 12, 1860, living at Norfolk
Woody Hill, born May 1863, living at Norfolk
“Also personally appeared Humphrey McCoy and Mary Walker, residents of Norfolk City”

Sworn Statement, Margaret Hill, 12 June 1883
“45 years old … she was born at Surry Court House, Virginia, sometime 1838, and when she was quite small her former owners moved to Sussex C.H. Va. carring [sic] her with them and that she remained with them at Sussex C.H., Va. untill [sic] the close of the war in 1865 … she first became acquainted with Henry Hill her p.o. was Sussex C.H., Va. and … [they] grew up together … do not know [sic] where her husband was born … she has no means of support except what little her children do for her and she is unable to do any kind of work”

*The officer was not court-martialed.

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