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Though the soldier sustained a serious injury when his horse fell on him, he lived for many years. The chaos of these times is evident in witness testimony. The widow stated “I left my owner during the war, early part, don’t know the date and came to Suffolk, Va. which was then in the hands of the U.S. Army. I was there about a year and then Suffolk was evacuated and I came to Portsmouth, Va. and I have lived in and near Portsmouth, Va. ever since.” She later said “I drew rations from the government while the soldier was in the army. He got a paper from his captain and I carried that to the Warehouse near the Forty Wharf in Norfolk and got rations until just before he returned from Texas.”

Invalid — 737,873 / 549,035
Widow — 756,491 / 544,264, Martha Reddick

General Affidavit, Willis Murdaugh, 22 February 1890
60 years old; residence, Pearl Street, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That I have known the claimant … since his discharge from the service … near neighbors and seeing him very often.”

General Affidavit, Miles Carey, 22 February 1890
56 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I am well acquainted with the claimant having known him for 30 years … [and] by seeing him several times each week.”

General Affidavit, David Coleman, 19 March 1890
49 years old; Norfolk Co., Va.
“I have known the claimant ever since he got out of service, have worked with him on the material train”

General Affidavit, Charles Pierce, 19 March 1890
55 years old; Norfolk Co., Va.
“I have known the said Thomas Riddick from his discharge to the present time… ever since he came out of the service have seen him as often as 3 or 4 times per week and have worked with him”

General Affidavit, Thomas Reddick, 4 April 1890
50 years old; Norfolk County, Virginia
“It is impossible for me to get the testimony of the surgeons who treated me in the service for my disabilities and those who have treated me since my discharge because they have died, moved away so I cannot find them.”

For Officer’s or Comrade’s Testimony, Ives Smith and Nelson Elliott, 24 October 1891
“Reddick was a strong healthy man. … June or July 1864 in front of Petersburg, Va. [Riddick] was injured by having a horse fall on him and severely injured him on the left knee and left side … was injured very badly, was relieved from duty and finally sent to Newport News, Regimentl Hospital.”

Deposition, Maria Shepheard, 2 February 1902
60 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“We was raised together with claimant, hence have known her from childhood to present time … That she knowed [sic] soldier since 1865 … that she attended the funeral of soldier”

General Affidavit, W.H. Fisher, 12 February 1902
25 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That he is a funeral director and furnished coffin, hearse, and 4 carriages on the 11th day of December 1901 and interred the remains of Thomas Reddick in Mt. Olive Cemetery situated near the city of Portsmouth … Reddick died on the 9th of December 1901, at his residence 1437 King Street, that there is no City ordinance existing in the County nor no health officer’s certificate of death etc unless the body is carried in or through the City.”

General Affidavit, Ann Reed, 12 February 1902
56 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk County, Virginia; post-office address, Chestnut St. near Griffin, Portsmouth, Va.
“That she knowed [sic] claimant and soldier before they were married, that she lived in the same house with her before her marriage to soldier also at the time of and a short while afterwards. That they were married on or about the 16th of July 1865, the ceremony was performed by one Rev. Thos. Barrett… that she was present and saw the ceremony performed”

General Affidavit, W.H. Fisher and Charles Sugar, 8 March 1902
[Fisher] 25 years old; Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
[Sygar] 50 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That they are well acquainted with claimant and deceased soldier, that they live near the claimant, and the said W.H. Fisher is the undertaker who conducted the funeral exercises and buried the deceased soldier….[Syger] visited and waited on deceased soldier during his sufferings from the paralytic stroke from which he died.”

General Affidavit, Martha Reddick, 26 March 1902
54 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 1437 King St., Portsmouth, Va.
“That she owns no stocks or bonds, nor no personal property worth mentioning, only a one half interest in the old house and lot owned jointly by deed to her and her late husband … The lot is worth about one hundred and fifty dollars it being situated in a locality where land is not worth much … [the house] was built about 22 years ago and no repairs except what was necessary for immediate comfort. “

Deposition, Martha Reddick, 15 November 1902
54 years old; occupation, housework; residence, 1437 King St., Portsmouth, Va.
“[I am] the legal widow of Tom Reddick … [who] died at 1437 King Street, Portsmouth, Va. on Dec 9th of last year (1901) of paralysis … [he] was born near Suffolk, Nansemond Co., Va. son of Rhody Reddick, don’t know the name of his father. His owner was Willis Reddick.
“I was born in Edenton, NC. My mother’s name was Judy Wilson, don’t know name of my father, he was sold away when a child. My owner was Tom Hoskins.
“I left my owner during the war, early part, don’t know the date and came to Suffolk, Va. which was then in the hands of the U.S. Army. I was there about a year and then Suffolk was evacuated and I came to Portsmouth, Va. and I have lived in and near Portsmouth, Va. ever since.
“I became acquainted with Tom Reddick in Suffolk after I had been there about two months. He was then still with his mother. He commenced to court me there, but I did not live with him and I was not his wife. I was known as Martha Wilson while there.
“I did not come to Portsmouth with the soldier. He came down about two weeks after I did.
“I had been in Portsmouth, Va. about two months when I was married to said Thomas Reddick, by Rev. Tom Burnett, a white preacher, in Newtown, a part of Portsmouth, Va. on Court Street extended. We were married by a regular ceremony, in a house rented by Reuben Reddick and two other families, the home was very large.”

“We were married in July on the 16th but I don’t know the year but it was 5 months before the said Tom Reddick enlisted in Dec.
“Q. The soldier alleged that he was married to Martha WIlson in Nansemond Co., Va. in 1861.
[The widow maintained that the correct date was the date she’d given — Leslie]”

“Q. Who was present when you were married or alleged.
Some 7 or 8 people, Scott Riddick, Mary Brinkley, that’s all who I know are living.”

“I drew rations from the government while the soldier was in the army. He got a paper from his captain and I carried that to the Warehouse near the Forty Wharf in Norfolk and got rations until just before he returned from Texas.
“I have my papers to show that I drew rations. The soldier sent me money, the last by Stephen Reddick, a Sgt in his company from Texas.

“I was his wife near 40 years. I had 9 children by him. I live with my children. Mr. Barrett who married us. came from Suffolk, Va., don’t know that he was pastor of any church, but he was a preacher.
“I have no property at all except a house and lot near Portsmouth in mine and soldier’s names. I don’t know the worth of the property. The house and worth much, about $25.00, the lot is worth and $100.00, I reckon….No income at all except from my labor and what my children give me.”

Annie Reed was present and saw us married…Scott Reddick and Mary Brinkley knew him long before he married me, and know that he was never married before he married me.”
J.M. Rutter, Portsmouth, Va. has attended to all the writing in my case. …. Mr. Rutter told me that Mr. D. Preston in Wash, DC. was my atty. … The soldier’s captain was Whiting. I went to see the soldier at Fort Monroe and Newport News, while with his company.”

Deposition, Stephen Reddick, 21 November 1902
74 years old; occupation, laborer; post-office address, Berkley, Va.
“I served as Corpl and Sgt in Co. K …. We always call him Tom. We were related, but we both belonged to the same man, Willis T. Reddick, of Suffolk, Va. now dead.
“Tom and I were raised together, enlisted together, and were discharged together…. I lived in Portsmouth, Va. for a while after the war and I went to see them at times.”

“I brought a prisoner here to Norfolk from Brazos Santiago, Tex., in 1865 and Tom sent some money by me to her, and I gave it to her, and I gave it to her in Newtown, Portsmouth, Va. where she then lived.”

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A twenty-two year old undertaker. A built over cemetery. Witnesses from distant regiments. A sketchy attorney. “A man of sober temperament and good moral character.” A woman known as “Clotilda” and “Matilda” who “became accustomed to being known by either name.” Lives lived in Princess Anne County, Norfolk and Norfolk County, Virginia.

Invalid — 853,460 / 643,580
Widow — 1,075,249 / 818,917, Clotilda Randall

Marriage License [copy], James Randolph and Matilda Cuffee, 9 November 1891
Both born in Princess Anne County, Virginia. Both resided in Norfolk County, Virginia. The husband’s parents were Frank and Vina Randolph. The bride’s parents were Jesse and Clotilda Snowden. The license was issued November 5, 1891; the wedding took place on November 9, 1891. The officiant was Minster W.A. Butt.

General Affidavit, Emmerson Cuffee, 19 May 1893
about 69 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Berkley, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I have known [James Randolph] ever since the war. He was in the same regiment I was in but not the same company…. I was one of his identifying witnesses and Henry Sivils was the other. Henry Sivils wrote his name and I made my mark…..All three of us, Randall, Sivils any myself put our hands on a book and W.R. Drury administered the oath to us. There were no other white men present. “

General Affidavit, Henry Sivils, 20 May 1893
52 years old; occupation, gardener; post-office address, Berkley, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I have known [James Randolph] since he was a boy….W.R. Drury was his attorney. I went with him to witness …. I signed my name on his declaration … I was sworn by W.R. Drury.”

General Affidavit, Henry Boone & Lewis Warden, 8 November 1897
[Boone] 49 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkley, Va.
[Warden] 56 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkley, Va.
“That they are personally and intimately acquainted with the claimant and have been thus acquainted with him for 20 or 15 years, respectively, That they have known him personally much longer than 15 or 20 years respectively. That affiants have been near neighbors of said James Randall in Norfolk County, Va. for 15 or 20 years respectively … he is a man of sober temperament and of good moral character.”

Deposition, James Randall, 14 May 1902
occupation, farming
“I was born in Princess Anne Co., Va. … was born in 1842 a slave to James Bright of Princess Anne Co. My father’s name was Frank Randall and he was a slave to [illegible] Randall. My mother’s name was Vina Randall and she was a slave to my master. My full and correct name is James Randall.”
“I was honorably discharged in 1866 in March the fore part. Was mustered out at New Orleans, La. and Brazos Santiago, Texas and finally discharged and paid off at Point of Rocks, Va.
“Immediately after discharge I came back to this vicinity in Norfolk Co. and have resided here since.
“I lost my original discharge certificate as I had gave it to a man named Brown to get Bounty for me.”
“(Pensioner is now 6 ft tall … black eyes, hair and complexion. Has a bad scar from a cut across first three fingers of left hand done he states when a child three or four years old.)”

“I was detailed as one of ten men from Williamsburg, Va. to go to Grove Wharf to stand guard and was on such duty 15 or 20 days. This was in 1864 during the summer.
“Our Colonel was Jeffrey Gerard.
Lt. Colonel … didn’t have one.
Major ” Brown and Seipp also
Captain ” Bowen
1st Lt. ” Mack
2d Lt. ” Moss
Orderly Sgt. Ward
I tented with Geo. Floyd and John Keeling.
“I was in the engagement at Chickahominy but can’t give date. Monroe Tripp was killed out of the regiment there. Can’t give company.”
“My witnesses were Henry Boon and Primus Banks.
“I was last examined by a Bd of U.S. [Examining] Surgeons last October at Soldier’s Home, Va.
“I had lawyer Reed of Portsmouth, Va. ….M.V. Tierney, Wash, DC, was my regular attorney.”

“My pension voucher and certificate are in my possession and I never have pledged either for a debt, loan or liability. Have been married twice. My first wife Emma Jane Fuller died in 1888 at Norfolk Co., Va. beyond Berkley. Then I married Clotilda Cuffee at Norfolk Co., Va. 10 years ago last Nov 9, I think. She had been previously married to Lawson Cuffee who died in 1871 at Portsmouth, Va. I have no child under 16 years of age”

Declaration for Pension, James Randall, 20 May 1912
68 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkley Station, Norfolk, Va.
“born August 18th, 1843 at Princess Anne County, Va.

Death Certificate, James Randall, 14 July 1913
He died of malarial fever — Leslie

Sworn Statement, Matilda Randolph, 5 August 1913
“Also personally appeared Miles Freeman, residing at Providence, Va. and Samuel McCoy, residing in Norfolk, Va…. affiant Freeman is a son of claimant and affiant McCoy has known said parties intimately for about 25 years.

General Affidavit, Matilda Randolph, 2 May 1914
over 60 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, R.F.D. 2 Box 123, Norfolk, Va.
“I was never married but twice. First to Lawson Cuffee who died at Portsmouth, Va. in September about 40 years ago or more, as my son by Lawson Cuffee was born about three months after his father died, and this son is nearly 41 years old….I remained single after Lawson Cuffee’s death until my marriage to James W. Randolph and I lived with him until his death … James W. Randolph was buried in a private burial ground near Providence, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That James W. Randolph was once married prior to his marriage to me… That I am unable to furnish death certificates of death [sic] of ) Emma Randolph, soldier’s first wife) or Lawson Cuffee, my first husband) as no county records were kept here when they died.”

General Affidavit, William H. Fuller, 2 May 1914
about 60 years old; residence, Princess Anne Co., Va.; post-office address, Rt. w Bonney’s Store, Princess Anne Co., Va.
“That I knew Matilda Randolph before she was married, her maiden name was Snowden. That she was never married but twice. First to Lawson Cuffee who died in suburbs of Portsmouth, Va. about 40 years ago I saw his body after death but did not attend his funeral, but knew about his burial in Portsmouth where it is now built over. That Matilda Randolph was next married to James W. Randolph … She is a woman of good moral character That James W. Randolph was was never married but twice, first to my sister Emma Fuller Randolph who died three weeks before Christmas 35 years ago at Norfolk Co., Va. on the ‘Sharpe Farm,’ and was buried in Drury Branch Church burial ground in Princess Anne Co., Va. I attended her funeral and burial. James W. Randolph was next married to Matilda Cuffee.”

General Affidavit, James W. Fuller, 2 May 1914
55 years old; residence, Princess Anne Co., Va.; post-office address, RFD 4, Box 59, Norfolk, Va.
“James Randolph’s first wife Emma Fuller was my sister”

General Affidavit, Willis Goodman, 4 May 1914
22 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, RFD 4, c/o J.T. Forelard, Norfolk, Va.
“That I was the undertaker [associated as a part owner of the firm of H. Norfleet and W. Goodman] who buried James W. Randolph in July 1913. I can’t remember exact day of the month. I had his body embalmed and I accompanied his body to grove near Providence, Norfolk Co., Va. where I buried him. The above undertaking firm was located at West Murden near Norfolk & in Norfolk Co., Va. Said firm partnership was dissolved in September 1913 since which time I am doing undertaking business at same place under firm name of [W. Goodman and C. Perkins, Undertakers]. That I had personally known James W. Randolph for about 12 years.

General Affidavit, James Cuffee, 7 July 1914
70 years old; residence, Providence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkeley Sta. Norfolk, Va.
“[We] were play children together … I served in Co. L 5th Massachusetts Cavalry, and as 1st U.S. Col. Cav. and 5th Mass. Cavy were brigaded together in Texas I saw this soldier often. In fact, our tents ran backs together … I have lived near neighbor to this soldier ever since the Civil War, and I helped shroud him when he died last summer.”

General Affidavit, Primus Banks, 8 July 1914
87 years old; residence, near Providence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Berkeley Sta. Norfolk, Va.
“Since the Civil War we have never lived over one mile apart … I attended his burial about one year ago and viewed his body after death.”.

General Affidavit, Clotilda Randolph, 1 September 1914
about 60 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, R.F.D. 2, Box 123, Norfolk, Va.
“That my correct name is Clotilda but I have been known as “Clotilda” or “Matilda” for years. I don’t know just why unless because of so many colored people being unable to read and write and names sound similar, and I became accustomed to being known by either name.”

General Affidavit, Sarah J. Baines & James Cuffey, 9 January 1915
[Bains] 60 years old; residence, Providence, RFD c/o Joe Bains, Norfolk Co., Va.
[Cuffey] 71 years old; residence, Providence, Berkley PO, Va. Norfolk Co., Va.
“That we were both well acquainted with the soldier James W. Randolph from childhood”

General Affidavit, Clotilda Fuller, 11 January 1915
about 59 years old; residence Princess Anne Co., Va.; post-office address, Rt. 4, Box 59, Berkley, Norfolk, Va.
“That Clotilda Randolph and I were children & grew up together. “

General Affidavit, Clotilda Randolph, 15 March 1915
about 60 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Rte. 2, Box 123, Norfolk, Va.
“My first husband Lawson Cuffee never served in the military or naval service of the United States.”

General Affidavit, Matilda Randolph, 23 June 1915
about 60 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, R.R. 2. Box 123, Norfolk, Va.
“My husband James W. Randall died July 14, 1913. That if I stated otherwise at any time in my claim it was a mistake and not intentional.
“That to best of my knowledge my husband’s correct name was James W. Randolph. His name as James Randall in above service was no doubt a clerical mistake in pronunciation and spelling. This is the only way I can account for differences in names.
“I never knew soldier until after the war.”

General Affidavit, Jane T. Bain & Georgia Tatem, 26 October 1916
[Bain] about 59 years old; residence, Munden Town, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, RFD 3, Box 14
[Tatem] 41 years old; residence West Munden Town, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, RFD 2, Box 10
“That they have been well and personally acquainted with Clothilda Randall … for 30 years and 31 years, respectively, and that they knew James Randall, the soldier above named for 50 years and 25 years, respectively”

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The claimant injured hurt his back while jumping his horse over a fence during a Company drill at Fortress Monroe in Spring 1864. Years later his widow gave information his former enslaver and the couple’s nine children in her application for pension benefits. Witnesses lived in Isle of Wight County and Elizabeth City County, Virginia.

Invalid — 187,499 / 171,121
Widow — 833,152 / 435,444 — Susan Randall

Sworn Statement, J.T. Boutell, M.D., 7 August 1879
“I have known Moses Russell since 1875. He supports his family by doing odd jobs and sawing wood. The latter however seems to be too much for him & although he does a small amount of sawing yet most of it is done by his son. He has worked for me at times and I have noticed that he cannot stand much heavy work or lift heavy weights.

Sworn Statement, Edward Pleasants, 7 August 1879
resident, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Virginia
“IThat he has known the said Moses Russell from June eighteen hundred and sixty-five at which date Moses Russell was discharged from the United States Service, to the present day, that he has lived withiin one hundred yards of him from his discharge from said service to to the present day, saw him the day he arrived at home from said service, and has seen him nearly every day and night since coming out of said service to the present time . … “

Sworn Statement, Jerry White, 7 August 1879
resident, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Virginia
“That he has been intimately acquainted with the said Moses Russell since the 7th day of February A.D. 1866, that he was a private in Company H, in the 1st U.S.C. Cav. with the said Moses Russell … Russelll was injured in the back by the jumping of a horse while on duty … and has been living within two hundred yards of him all the time, to the present day, see him every day, and frequently visiting each other especially in his sickness … he was attended by Dr. L.D. Seymour, deceased, up to his death, which took place on the third day of November 1870 and afterwards he was attended by Dr. Boutelle of Hampton … “

Sworn Statement, Thompson Walker, 7 August 1879 [presumed date]
“that he know said Moses Russell for the last twenty years, lived within two hundred yards of of him all the time, frequently visiting each other …”

Sworn Statement, William Randall, 7 August 1879
“William Randall was a private of Company K, 1st Reg United States Cavalry and was personally acquainted with the aforesaid Moses Russell … [the claimant hurt his back] while in the act of jumping his horse over [illegible] fence while in the line of his duty in Company Drill at Fortress Monroe, Virginia sometime during the Spring of A.D. 1864 … he never knew the aforesaid Moses Russell to be addicted to intemperance or other immoral habits.”

Declaration for Original Pension of a Widow–Child or Children under Sixteen years of age surviving, 28 November 1885
“the following are the names and dates of birth of all [soldier’s] legistimate children yet surviving who were under sixteen years of age at the father’s death, to wit: Samuel Russell, born 1866; Lule Russell, born about 1874; Hattie Russell, born about 1876 [But it might be 1878 — Leslie]
“Also, personally appeared Agnes Crocker … and Andrew WIlliams … Hampton, Va.”
[Note: The date at the top of the form is November 28th and the date at the bottom of the form is November 30th. Both dates are handwritten — Leslie]

Sworn Statement, Thomas Brooks and Samuel Robinson, [undated]
“residing at Hampton, Va. … they were members of Company K, 1st Regiment of the United States Colored Cavalry … [Russell] was transferred from his company to hospital on account of said injury …”

General Affidavit, Eliza Nelson and Cora Hyde, 1 April 1890
[Nelson] 50 years old; residence, Elizabeth City County, Virginia; post-office address, Hampton, Va.
[Hyde] 30 years old; residence, Elizabeth City County, Virginia; post-office address, Hampton, Va.
“That they are near neighbors to Susan Russell, widow, Moses Russell …”

General Affidavit, Owra Hope, 24 April 1890
40 years old; residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Virginia; post-office address, Hampton, Va.
“I am well acquainted with Susan Russell and her husband Moses Russell … I live as neighbor”

General Affidavit, Eliza Nelson ____
44 years old; residence, Elizabeth City County, Virginia;
“I am well acquainted with Susan Russell … I live as neighbor”

General Affidavit, Milly Prentis, 13 February 1889
70 years old; residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City Co., Va.;
“I was presebt as a nurse for Susan Russell at the birth of Hattie Russell. She born 1878 and died March 6th 1889 at Hampton, Va.”

Sworn Statement, Susan Russell, 3 June 1888
“I was born in Isle of Wight County, Virginia about the eyar 1830 — at which place she continued to live until about April 1861 — with Dr. James Southall who was my master and owner. I first met Moses Russell in Smithfield, Isle of Wight Co., Va. about the year 1854 and was married to him about the year 1858 in the county Isle of Wight by Rev. Dr. Colton. Moses Russell at that time was a slave and owned by Wm. Willis Wilson of Smithfield, Isle of Wight Co., Va. at which place he was born. My maiden name was Susan [illegible] … I have had 9 children by him as follows: 3 before the war of the Rebellion, Mary M. Russell, Laura, and John Russell; 6 since the war, Julie, Hattie, Daniel, Russell; the remaining died at birth before being named. Moses Russell was born about 1826. He was a slave before the war and laborer after the war ended…. I have only three children now living John Russell aged about 28 years, Julie aged 12 years, and Hattie aged 9 years.”

Physician’s Affidavit, J.T. Boutelle, MD, 24 February 1890
residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Va.
“acquainted with said oldier for about four years … knew nothing [of Moses Russell] prior to 1875 or 1876 when I first knew him as a resident of Hampton, Va. and began to act as physician to his family. At the time he was in poor condition physically, doing odd jobs for a living. “

General Affidavit, Susan Russell, 27 February 1893
about 45 years old; residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Va.
“Julia born about 1878 and that Hattie is dead and Julia is the only surviving child of the soldier …

General Affidavit, Caroline Spratley and Elia Nelson, 15 July 1893
[Spratley] 52 years old; residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Va.; post-office address, Hampton, Va.;
[Nelson] [blank years old]; residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City County, Va.; post-office address, Hampton, Va.;
“That we have known the claimant since long before the war, that [they] were play children together, their owners living on adjoining farms … the only property [claimant] owns is a small house and lot, that she has no income other than her daily labor.”

Secondary Proof of Marriage, Susan Russell, 11 October 1893
“I am the widow of Moses Russell … my maiden name was Susan Pinner … was lawfully married at Smithfield, County of Isle of Wight, State of Virginia, by Rev. Dr. Colton … on or about 1859 … by said marriage the following children … John Russell, 30 yrs old; Lou. Russell, age 14 years. The former married and living to himself. The latter dependent upon me….The records of our County were destroyed during the war… I cannot obtain the affidavit of the party who performed the marriage ceremony, because he cannot be found and no doubt is dead as he was passed [sic] middle age then… husband died on the 19th day of November, A.D. 1880″

General Affidavit, Caroline Spratley, 19 October 1893
residence, Hampton, Elizabeth City Co., Va.; post-office address, Hampton, Va.
“I was present wihen the claimant Susan Russell was married to Moses Russell which took place before the late war….Her husband belonged to the same person who owned me.”

General Affidavit, Susan Russell, 17 September 1894
about 50 years old; residence Hampton, Elizabeth City Co., Va.;
“That she has no property except a small house and lot which is assessed on the landbooks at this county as $200.00
… on account of her health she is unable to work”

Deposition, Susan Russell, 27 November 1896
about 56 years; occupation, laundress; post-office address, Hampton, Eliz. City Co., Va.

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A woodcutter before his enlistment, this man received a gunshot wound in his right hand during a nighttime picket duty. His application for invalid benefits was supported by members of his Company and those who convalesced with him in the National Soldier’s Home, Virginia. He was buried at Hampton National Cemetery which adjoins Hampton University founded in 1868 as Hampton Agricultural and Industrial School. His widow ‘s application was rejected on the basis of false claims.



Invalid – 342, 851 / 507,925
Widow – 305,101 / —– , Nancy Reddick

Declaration of Original Invalid Pension, Isaac Reddick, 23 January 1880
48 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 22 Nicholson St., Norfolk, Virginia … commanded by Col. Jeptha Girard … he was wounded in right wrist by a minie ball — the ball entering on the outer margins of his right hand and passing upward across the inner side of the wrist diagonally and emerging on the inner side of the forearm — He was on the picket line when wounded … his occupation has been that of a woodcutter … when enrolled a woodcutter …”

Widow’s Claim for Pension, Nancy Reddick, 4 April 1883
41 years old; post-office address, Norfolk City, Virginia
“her maiden name was Nancy Tailor, said that she was married to said Isaac Reddick on or about the 1st day of August 1865 at Southampton C.H. in the county of Southampton, and State of Virginia, by Rev. Berrem ….
“She further declares that said husband died … in the State of Ga. … and she hereby appoints William Ward 276 1/2 Queen st., Norfolk, Va. as her lawful attorney …”
“Also personally appeared, James Dozier and Margaret Johnson, residents of Norfolk County, and State of Virginia so far as they are known to me

For Officer’s or Comrade’s Testimony, Richard Webb, 13 May 1886
residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.
“late Sergeant of Company I, 1st Regiment of U.S. Col’d Cav. … June or July 1864, Wilson’s Landing, Charles City Co., State of Virginia — [Reddick] was wounded … while on picket duty during the night. [Webb] was in charge of a post on his left, saw soldier wounded, atttended to him, attended to and cared for him, and saw him when he was taken to the rear. That he has since his soldier’s discharge seen him at least three or four times, maybe oftener during each year…”

For Officer’s or Comrade’s Testimony, William Reed, 30 June 1886
“late Sergeant of Company I, 1st Regiment of U.S. Col’d Cav. … [Reddick] wounded while under the command of [Reed], who was Sergeant in charge of the detail …. and that [Reed] has seen him every few months since [Reddick’s] discharge in March 1866 …”

General Affidavit, Isaac Reddick, 5 June 1893
residence, National Soldier’s Home, Elizabeth City Co., Va.
“[He] is unable to furnish testimony of a Doctor Affidavit showing each and every disability… for the following reason. He had no doctor at the time when he made his application …”

Questionnaire (Form 3-402), Isaac Reddick, 15 April 1898
[married] widower, Nancy Ridley
[when, where, by whom] 1878, Southampton Co., Va., Dr. Brown
[record] Jerusalem C.H.
[previously married] no
[children living] no

General Affidavit, Oscar Jubilee and John Olds, 9 October 1899
[Jubilee] [no age reported on this document]
[Olds] 46 years old;
[Jubilee and Olds] “citizens of the Town of Norfolk, 111 Bank St., State of Virginia, that they knew applicant Isaic Riddick, that while at Wilson’s Landing the spring of 1864, while skirmishing with rebel gurillas [sic] he was shot in his right wrist from which he was disabled and sent to McClennan Hospital near Hampton, Va. and remained there about one year. Was sent Texas to join regiment 1865. And did join in Texas and served until discharged 1866. Soldier was never able to do heavy work and was kept on light duty until discharge…. disables him from doing manual labor and causes him to be idle 3/4 of his time. … [We] served in the same co and reg and knowing him ever since the war and living in same city with him as neighbors and seeing him very often. He now resides in this city on Liberty Street and is well known.”
[Note – Reddick’s address at this time was “Natl Soldiers Home, Elizabeth City Co., Va.” — Leslie]

Questionnaire Form (3-464), Department of the Interior, Bureau of Pensions, 7 November 1899
Isaac Redi also known as Redick and Reddick … born in Nansemond Co., Va; occupation, servant; Name of owner not of record.
“As Isaac Ready admitted to hospital steamer Wyoming Aug. 13, 1864; sent to G.H. Hampton, Aug. 14, 1864; as Isaac Reddick admitted to Gen. Hosp., Fort Monroe, Va., date not stated (no diagnosis), ret’d to duty, date not stated; as I. Reddick etc admitted to Conval Barracks, Fort Wood, Bedloe’s Island, N.Y. Harbor, Nov 15, 1865, (no diagnosis), disposition not stated.”
[Note — there’s a discrepancy in Isaac Reddick’s birthplace as reported here and on his Compiled Military Service Record (not shown) — Leslie]

Questionnaire (3-173), Isaac Reddick, unknown
[married] Nancy Reddick nee Riddle
[when, where, by whom] [blank]
[record] “about 20 years ago, by the Revd. Berum, called Doctor, Southampton County, Va.”
[previous marriage] “I was a single man, when I married my present wife, and so she was a single girl.”
[children living] “we had 5 children, and all grown up, supporting themself [sic]”
[Note: The form was dated “November 10, 1899” when it was sent to the soldier. The dates he completed the questionnaire and when the Pension Office received it are unknown — Leslie]

Questionnarie (3-493), Isaac Reddick, 14 November 1899 [date stamped received by Pension Office]
[address and residence] National Soldier’s Home, Va., as above
[residence after discharge] “I, after my discharge from the U.S. Army, came to my present place of residence.”
[nearest post-office] “always the National Soldier’s Home p.o. address”
[occupation] laborer
[other names] “Isaac Reddick is my name from birth, never altered.”
[in military or naval service under different name] “I have not been in the military or naval service, under no other name than as above.”

General Affidavit, Edward Haig and Alexander Lewis, 30 October 1900
[Haig] 56 years old; residence and post-office address, National Soldier’s Home, Elizabeth City Co., Va.;
[Lewis] 67 years old; residence and post-office address, National Soldier’s Home, Elizabeth City Co., Va.;
[Haig] “personally acquainted with [Reddick] who is a member of this National Soldier’s Home, Va. … since 1893 …
[Lewis] “also a member of this National Soldier’s Home, Va. for about 9 years, when I became acquainted with Isaac Reddick as a comrade in this Home …”

General Affidavit, William Reed and Isaac P. Patterson,13 May 1901
[Reed] 60 years old; residence and post-office address, National Soldier’s Home, Elizabeth City Co., Virginia
“do know [Reddick] over 35 years … and for 15 years I know him as an Invalid, totally unable to perform any manual labor whatever … totally deaf …
[Patterson] 64 years old; residence and post-office address, National Soldier’s Home, Elizabeth City Co., Virginia
“I’m a member of the National Soldier’s Home, Va. Southern Branch. I know Isaac Reddick personally and since I have made his acquaintance about 3 years ago I know him suffering [and Patterson lists a number of ailments — Leslie]

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Years after their ‘slave marriage’ in Perquimans County, North Carolina, the couple established a ‘legitimate marriage in that state.

 

Widow — 366,305 / —–, Tresia Reddick

 

Declaration of a Widow for Original Pension when no Child under Sixteen years of age survives, Trasia Reddick, 24 December 1887
70 years old; residence, Hertford Street, Hertford, NC; post-office address, Hertford, Perquimans Co., NC
“that she is the widow of William Reddick … who died at Belvidere, NC of consumption. When he came home he was suffering gratly [sic] from ‘heavy cold’ & he died of loung [sic] disease [he died on the 1st day of January, A.D. 1883, who bore at the time of his death the title of citizen … that she was married under the name of Tresia Hurdel to said William Riddick [in] September, A.D. 1835 by her master at Perquimans Co., NC.
“Also personally appeared M.W. Speight … C.G. Elliott [both resided in Hertford Street, Hertford, Perquimans County, NC]”

 

Memorandum, War Department, Adjutant General’s Office, 12 March 1888
William Riddick … was enrolled on the 17 day of Dec. 1863, at Norfolk, Va. mustered out with Co. as Sergt. Feb. 4, 1866, at Brazos Santiago, Tex. Also borne as William Reddick … born in Gates Co., NC, occupation, farmer.

 

Declaration for Widow’s Pension and Increase, Tricy Riddick, 29 January 1890
post-office address, Winfall, Perquimans Co., NC
“she is the widow of William Reddick … Sergeant in Company A, commanded by Captain Dyer in the 1st regiment of U.S.C.C.… that her maiden name was Tricy Hurdel, and that she was married to said William Reddick on or about the September 14 or 15 day of September, 1854 at Perquimans, in the county of Perquimans, and State of North Carolina, by Moses Hurdel, her former master, and that there is no record of marriage
“She further declares that said William Riddick, her husband died … as foresaid at Cumberland[?], in the State of NC, on or about the 13th3 day of December A.D. 1882 of consumption and deep hacking cought [sic] and shortness of breath…. that she was the mother of 11 children by the soldier but none of them was under sixteen years old at the date of soldier’s death”

 

Physician’s Affidavit, Dr. Thos. N. White, 11 January 1892
post-office address, Belvidere, NC
“that he is a practicing physician and has been acquainted with the abovenamed soldier about 10 years, and that during the last two years of his life he frequently prescribed for him and attend him when he was down sick. He was afflicted with and died of consumption.”

Memo, W.H. Speight, Register of Deeds & Clerk of the County [is it Common?] Court, Perquimans County, NC, 16 September 1892
“I found duly record on the record of my said office under date of the 16th day of January 1867, the marriage of William Riddick of color to Treasy Hurdle, by the said parties appearing before the clerk of county court (Jas. C. Skinner) and acknowledged themselves to be husband & wife (they having lived together as such for twenty-two years prior to said date) as provided in an Act of the General Assembly of state of North Carolina authorizing and legalizing the marriages of Freedmens [sic]”

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It appears the soldier deserted as he had not “been seen since he entered service.” People vouching for his mother’s pension application included his brother whose first name was “Africa” and a female neighbor whose occupation was “spiritual doctor.” The family lived in Norfolk County, Virginia.

 

Mother – 426,872 / —–, Losady Reed

 

Declaration for Dependent Mother’s Pension, Losady Reed, 12 July 1890
80 years old; residence, Mt. Pleasant, Norfolk Co., Va. .. “[The soldier] has not been seen since he entered service.”

 

General Affidavit, John N. Hodges & Clarinda Cuffey, 12 January 1892 
[Hodges] 51 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.;
[Cuffey] 55 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va
“each of them are well acquainted with the claimant Mrs. Lasady Reed, mother of James Reed … also well acquainted with the soldier in his lifetime … they have been knowing [them] before the war of 1861 … and they further state that the soldier’s father died in the fall of 1862 in Norfolk Co., Va.”

 

Sworn Statement, Clarinda Cartwright, 12 July 1893
65 years old; occupation, spiritual doctor; residence, 143 Princess Anne Ave., Norfolk, Va.  … “That she has been well and intimately acquainted with the entire family of James Reid … and that Andrew Reid and Nancy Reid both of whom are now dead was [sic] brother and sister of the above named soldier and that Africa Reid is the only surviving member of the family and [Lasadia Reid]  died on the 1st day of January 1893 on Percy St. in Norfolk, Va. at the house of Africa Reid and that the said Africa Reid bore her funeral expenses and had her buried in Mt. Pleasant at a cemetery belonging to St. Thomas Church in Norfolk, Va. … has known the entire family for about fifty years and [illegible] at Lasadia Reid’s death she was present when she died and assisted in shrouding her but owing to the fact that the place of burial was so far distant and that together with the bad weather she could not attend the funeral.”

 

Sworn Statement, John N. Hodges, 12 July 1893
53 years old; residence, 38 Princess Anne Ave., Norfolk, Va.  … “That I have known the said Africa Reid and Nancy Reid for about ten years and which period of time Losidia Reid always recognized Africa Reid as being her son and that she always spoke of him in affectionate and loving terms and frequently expressed herself as saying that were it not for her son and her [illegible] she would not know what to do for the necessities of this life … she was buried at Mt. Pleasant, Norfolk Co., Va. in a cemetery belonging to St. Thomas Church of which church she was a member. He did not attend the funeral owing to the fact that stayed at Africa’s house and taken care of the children while Africa and his wife Mary Ann and the remainder of the family attended the funeral of their mother and relatives.”

 

Sworn Statement, Africa Reid, 15 July 1893
45 years old; residence, Percy st on Princess Anne Ave, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Percy St., Norfolk, Va. … “That he is the only brother of James Reid and that their names were as follows who was his brothers and sisters: Andrew Reid, Africa Reid, and his sister Nancy Reid, and that Andrew Reid died about Twenty Two or Three years ago at Mt. Pleasant, Norfolk Co., Va. and that Nancy Reid died in Princess Anne Co., Va. about the 7th day of June 1886. He further states that when his brother Andrew Reid died he was unmarried having no wife or children and that when his sister Nancy Reid died she was married and that she left surviving her seven head of children. He further declares that his mother whose name was Losadia Reid and that . .. his mother made application before one W.R. Drury of Norfolk, Va. and that from time to time she was called on from time to time by Mr. Drury to introduce evidence which she did … that his mother was entirely dependent on his brother James for support … and that since the death of his brother James his mother has been dependent upon him for support and that he has taken care of his mother during her last illness and defrayed the expenses of her burial.”

 

Sworn Statement, Africa Reid, 14 September 1893
46 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Percy Street, Norfolk, Va. that his mother whose name is Losada Reid was an applicant for pension on account of her son whose name was James Reid deceased… and that this claim was filed by W.R. Drury, attorney, at Norfolk, Va. and that during his mother’s lifetime she never received a pension and that his mother died on the 1st day of January 1893 and that he has sufficient reason to believe that the pension has been granted and that the same has been drawn by someone who has no right and title to the same and that he makes this declaration for the purpose of asking the Honorable Commissioner of Pensions to cause an investigation.”

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The pensioned widow died in 1940! She was born near Deep Creek, Norfolk County, Virginia where she and her parents were known by first and last names during their enslavement. Though she fixed her daughter’s birth about the time of President Garfield’s assassination —  Garfield was shot on July 2, 1881 and died September 19, 1881 — other testimony contradicted her statement. Witnesses supporting her application included a prominent  Portsmouth resident. 

 

Invalid — 1,108,504 / 976,761
Widow — 624,667 / 774,384, Mary Riddick
XC 2,670,082

 

Marriage License, Richard Reddick and Mary Taylor, 1 October 1872
Issued in City of Portsmouth … color (both white). Husband, 26 years old; wife, 21 years old. Both single. Husband born in North Carolina; wife born in Portsmouth, Va. Both resided in Portsmouth, Va. Husband’s parents, Harvey & Martha Riddick; wife’s parents. Jefferey & Sarah A. Taylor. Husband’s occupation, laborer. Officiant was Rev. J.W. Godwin.
[Note: The race was incorrectly reported as “white” — Leslie]

 

General Affidavit, Frank Powell & Alexander Cherry, 25 April 1895
[Gordon] 52 years old; residence Norfolk County, Virginia;
[Cherry] 49 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Va.
“They are well acquainted with Riddick and have known him for 21 years or more and do believe that the disabilities under which he suffers viz rheumatism and varicose veins. … This knowledge is derived from our acquaintance and from being near neighbors to claimant. We did not use and was not aided by any printed statement or recital papers by any other person than one W.H. Baines to whom we gave our oral statement at Portsmouth, Va. on this the 25th day of April 1895.”

 

General Affidavit, Richard Riddick, 2 May 1895 
49 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Virginia; post-office address, Portsmouth, Va.
“I hereby certify that I cannot write my name and alway sign by X mark.
“The statement contained in the above affidavit was written in my presence from my oral statement made to one W.H. Baines at Portsmouth, Va. on this 2d day of May 1895 and that in making the same I was not aided or prompted by any written or printed statement or recital prepared or dictated by any other person.”

 

Certificate of Death, Richard Riddick, 10 July 1895
“colored … male …
[age] 49 years old
[born] North Carolina
[residence or place of death] Griffin Street 718, Portsmouth, Va.
[date of death] July 10, 1895
[names of parents] uncertified
[by whom reported] hospital
[burial] Mt. Calvary Cemetery
[signature] F.S. Hope, Health Officer

“State of Virginia, City of Portsmouth, to wit:
On this 6th day of December 1895, personally appeared before me, a notary public within and for the City and State aforesaid, duly authorized to administer oaths, F.S. Hope, Health Officer for the City aforesaid, and made oath that the within is a true transcript from the records of the Health Office of said city; and I certify that the said F.S. Hope is the Health Officer of said city, and as such the custodian of the records of the Health Office of said City.
“Given under my hand and official seal the 6th day of December 1895.
Wm. M. Reid, Notary Public”

 

General Affidavit, Sophia Morse & Mary L. Jones, 30 December 1895
[Morse] 63 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 624 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
[Jones] 35 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Blunt St., Portsmouth, Va.
“That they were both personally well-acquainted with the claimant Mary Riddick and her husband Richard Riddick, now deceased; that they have known the said Mary Riddick since she was a small child, and intimately to the present; that she was never married previous to her marriage to said Richard Riddick and that she has not married since his death.
“That they have known said Richard Riddick — affiant Sophia Morse since he was a small boy and affiant Mary L. Jones since before his marriage and known of him long before. They both say that he had not been married previous to this marriage to claimant and could not have been without their knowledge.
“Witnesses
I.C. Norcom
T. R. Colding

 

General Affidavit, Armesa Miller & Julia Carney, 30 December 1895
[Miller] 39 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 711 County St., Portsmouth, Va.
[Carney] 37 years old, residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 1314 Effingham St., Portsmouth, Va.
“That they known Sarah the daughter of Mary Riddick and her husband Richard Riddick, now deceased; That said Sarah was born on July 13, 1883 on County St., Portsmouth, Va.; That they were not personally present at the birth of said child but were near neighbors of the claimant at the time and saw the said Sarah soon after her birth; They state the fact of date from their recollection as they kept no record.”
“Witnesses
I.C. Norcom
T. R. Colding” 

 

General Affidavit, James Holland & Sophia Morse, 2 January 1896
[Holland] 52 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 818 Effingham St., Portsmouth, Va.
[Morse] 63 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 624 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Va.
“That the claimant Mary Riddick was married to Richard Reddick on October 1st 1872 by Rev. John W. Godwin at his residence at the S.E. Corner of Effingham & South St in the City of Portsmouth, Va.
“The affiants were personally present and were eyewitnesses to the marriage of the above named, being personally acquainted with both parties.”

 

General Affidavit, Virginia Butt, 29 January 1896
47 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Va.; post-office address, Portsmouth, Va.
“That I am the Commissioner of the Revenue for the City of Portsmouth, and as such the custodian of the books of assessment for said City, and that the name of Mary Riddick does not appear on the said books as the owner of real or personal property.”

 

Claimant’s Affidavit, Mary Riddick, 29 January 1896
44 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 718 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Va.
“That I cannot furnish the testimony of the midwife Agnes Figg who attended  me upon the birth of my child Sarah as said Agnes Figg is dead; that the only other person who was actually present at time of said birth was my mother Sarah Ann Taylor is also dead; that I had no attending physician.”

 

General Affidavit, Elsie Henderson & Armesa Miller, 18 February 1896
[Henderson] 40 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 1003 Chestnut St., Portsmouth, Va.
[Miller] about 40 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 711 County St., Portsmouth, Va.
“That they have been personally well acquainted with the claimant for many years in fact since she was a girl, was also well acquainted with her husband Richard Riddick; that the child Sarah for whom she claims is well known to them and is still living; that said Mary Riddick and her said husband were never divorced and could not have been without the knowledge of the witnesses hereto; that the above facts are stated from intimate personal acquaintance as neighbors and friends of the claimant for many years.”

 

Claimant’s Affidavit, Mary Riddick, 18 February 1896
residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 718 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Va. … “I own no property of any kind, real or personal except a very few of the simplest household articles; and have no income from any source whatever and no means of support except the labor of my own hands. There is nobody who is legally bound to support me.”

 

Claimant’s Affidavit, Mary Riddick, 2 March 1896
post-office address, 718 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Va. …. “That I have no private record of the birth of my child Sarah for whom I claim pension and I do not know of any record anywhere.”

 

General Affidavit, Beverly West & Joshua Brickhouse, 7 May 1896
[West] 63 years old; residence, Norfolk, Va.; post-office address, 9 Hampton Court, Norfolk Co., Va.
[Brickhouse] 59 years old, residence, Norfolk, Va.; post-office address, 9 Regis Lane, Norfolk, Va.
“That they were comrades of the said Richard Riddick in Co F 1st USC Cav and became acquainted with him at the time of their enlistments in or about Dec 1863 … [They observed Riddick suffered from rheumatism soon after they arrived in Texas and that he walked with a limp throughout their service until the time they were discharged.] … (The affiant Beverly West was 1st Sergeant in said company from his enlistment to his discharge and knows that said Richard Riddick was frequently unfit for duty for the reason above stated) … ”

 

General Affidavit, Sarah Newsome & Armesa Miller, 20 November 1897
[Newsome] 52 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Va.; post-office address, 127 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Va.
[Miller] 48 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Va.; post-office address, 711 County St., Portsmouth, Va.
“That they are personally and intimately acquainted with Mary Riddick the widow of Richard Riddick having known her for at least thirty years as friends and neighbors.
“That at no time since December 2, 1895 has claimant owned any property real or personal except a few household things. That she has no means of support and no income whatever except what she can earn with her own hand.”

 

Claimant’s Affidavit, Mary Reddick, 16 February 1898
“That she cannot read or write and therefore cannot say how her name should be spelled but according to the name of her husband as written in his discharge, it should be “Reddick.” If the name has been spelled differently in any of her papers those who have written them are responsible.”

 

Deposition, Mary Riddick, 11 January 1899
about 48 years old; occupation, laundress; residence and post-office address, 718 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Va.
“Q. Where were you born and reared?
A.  I was born and reared near Deep Creek, Norfolk Co., Va. I was born the slave of Reuben Culpeper (dead). My parents were Jeffrey and Sarah A. Taylor, both dead, my name before I married Richard Reddick was Mary Taylor …
“Q. Where was your husband born and reared?
A.  He was born and reared in North Carolina but I do not know just whereabouts. His sister Julia Carney can tell you about him, as can his brother George Reddick of Portsmouth, Va. … I had known my husband something more than four years prior to our marriage. He had not been discharged from the army a great while when I met him. I was living in Portsmouth, Va. with my parents when I first met my husband and up to the time of our marriage October 1, 1872. We were married by license in Portsmouth, Va. by Rev. J.W. Godwin (dead). There is a record of our marriage in the Clerk’s Office of the City of Portsmouth.
“Q. When and where did your husband die?
A.  He died at No. 718 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Va. July 10, 1895 of lockjaw.
Q.  How many children did you have by said husband?
A.  I had six head by him viz. Thomas, Wm. Henry (dead), Richard, Ada Frances, Alonzo and Sarah. All of whom were 16 years of age when my husband died except Sarah who was born on County St., Portsmouth between Effingham and Green sts. The house was not numbered at the time she was born. She was born July 13, 1882 Agnes Figge (now dead) attended me professionally at said birth. My brother Richard Harris and his wife lived in the house with me when said child was born and Mrs. Susan Judkins who lived next door to me for 14 years and had child born to her near the time my said child was born. I think Mrs. Dunford, a white lady, who lived across the street from me can give the date of said birth.
Q. What was the condition of your husband’s health during the three years and a half before he died?
A.  He was real poorly for five or six years before he died. … Dr. [illegible] came to see him but he could give him no relief. James Henderson, Buck Elliott, & Henry Clay were my husband’s most intimate associates as were also Henry Smith. These men can tell you as much or more about my husband than anyone.”

 

Deposition, Armesa Miller, 11 January 1899
48 years old; post-office address, 711 County St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.  “I have known the claimant Mary Reddick since in 1865. I became acquainted with her in Portsmouth, Va. and she was living with her mother and father. She was not grown when I first knew her and I have known her and been associated with her intimately ever since. I first knew her as Miss Mary Taylor and so knew her until she married Richard Reddick on whose account she is claiming pension. … I visited the claimant in the afternoon of the morning on which her child Sarah was born but I cannot give the date of said birth from my own knowledge and recollection. If I have been made to state in an affidavit that child was born July 13th 1883 it is a mistake (see affidavit dated Dec 30th 1895) for I don’t remember when said child was born. Oh, yes sir, said child is still living and is still with the claimant. She is now said to be sixteen years old.”

 

Deposition, Wm. H. Elliott, 12 January 1899
50 years old; post-office address, 1201 Effingham st., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va. … “I have lived in the same block with the claimant Mary Riddick during the past six years and I have known before the past 32 years. I also knew her late husband Richard Reddick from the time he came out of the army until he died. I have lived in the same neighborhood with them since in 1866 … I saw the said Richard Reddick every day and often two or three times a day, during the last four years of his life. He lived within 25 yards of me.
“Q. How about his habits?
A. He was sober and industrious as far as he was able to work. He had no bad habits.”

 

Deposition, James Henderson, 12 January 1899
55 years old; post-office address, 912 Columbus st., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va…. I have known the claimant Mary Reddick since in 1865 to the present. When I first knew the claimant she was known and called Miss Mary Taylor. She was living with her mother when I first knew her and she continued to live with her mother until she married Richard Reddick whom I knew from the time he came out of the army until he died.”
“Q. What were your means of knowing that he suffered as you have stated?
A. I lived in the same neighborhood with him during said years and visited him frequently and I saw him almost every day.”

 

Deposition, Elijah Reddick, 12 January 1899
48 years old; post-office address, 1314 Effingham St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va. … “I am a brother of the late Richard Reddick … my said brother were born the slaves of Willis D. Reddick near Belvidere, Perquimans Co., N.C. and when we left our master we came here to Norfolk, Va. and stayed here until my said brother enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1863 or 1864, and when he came out of the army we went to living together again and continued to live together until he married the claimant … ”

 

Deposition, Julia Carney, 12 January 1899
50 years old; post-office address, 1314 Effingham st., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va. …”I am a sister of the late Richard Reddick … my said brother and I always lived together from my earliest recollection until he married the claimant in 1872 except during his service in the Union army during the war of the rebellion so that I know that he had not been married … I made my house with them from the time they married until I married in 1884 and after I married I lived right near them and I still live within a block and a half of the claimant.
“Q. Do you know the date of birth of said claimant’s child Sarah?
A. I was present when said child was born but I have forgotten the date. I can’t say how old she is. I have no child born near where said child was born.”

 

Deposition, Sophia Morse, 12 January 1899
66 years old; post-office address, 624 Griffin st., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va. … “I have known and have associated with the claimant Mary Reddick from her early childhood. Her parents were Jeffrey & Sarah Taylor. They were owned prior to the rebellion to a Mr. Culpepper who lived near Deep Creek, Va.  I knew the family well as I belonged in the same neighborhood.”

 

Deposition, Elsie Henderson, 12 January 1899
43 years old; post-office address, 912 Columbia st., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va. … “I have known and have associated with the claimant Mary Reddick all my life. We were reared together. I was not a slave but I lived in the neighborhood where the claimant was owned prior to the late civil war and when said war commenced we all came to Portsmouth, Va. and have lived together in the same neighborhood ever since …”

 

Deposition, Henry Smith, 12 January 1899
48 years old; post-office address, 711 County st., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va. … “I know the claimant Mary Reddick and I have known her for the past twenty-five years. I have also known her late husband Richard Reddick. I became acquainted with him soon after he came out of the army and was intimate with him up to the time of his death. He and I drove dray together for several years. He followed dray driving as long as he was able to do the work. Oh, yes, I knew him well during the last four years of his life … ”

 

Deposition, Susannah Judkins, 13 January 1899
48 years old; post-office address, 714 County st., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va. … “I have known the claimant Mary Reddick for 25 or more years. She lived next door to me for 17 years and was living here when his youngest child Sarah was born.
“Q. Can you give the date of birth of said child?
A.  Yes, sir, that child was born July 13, 1881.
Q. How do you fix that date?
A. I remember the date, besides I gave birth to a son, William Edward on the 15th day of the next September after the July in which the claimant’s child Sarah was born and I have a record of the birth of said child. … There is another way by which the date of birth of claimant’s child Sarah may be determined and that is that she was born 8 days before President Garfield was shot and my said son was born a few days after Mr. Garfield died. I am positive that clt’s child Sarah was born July 13, 1881.”

“State of Virginia, City of Portsmouth, to wit:
“I, C.T. Phillips, Clerk of the Court of Hustings for the City aforesaid in the State of Virginia, do hereby certify that it appears from the record of said Court that Sarah Riddick, colored, child of Richard Reddick and Mary Reddick, was born in Portsmouth, Va. on the July 13th 1881.
“Given under my hand and seal of said Court, this 13th day of Jany A.D. 1899.
“C.T. Phillips, Clerk
“By E. Thompson, D.C.”

 

Deposition, Mary Riddick, 13 January 1899
48 years old; post-office address, 718 Griffin st., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va. … “I have no record of her birth, but it is my impression that my daughter was 16 years of age her last birthday. I know I am not mistaken in the month and day of the month in which she was born but I may be mistaken in the year. I now recall a circumstance that will serve to fix the year in which my said child was born and that is the fact and date when J.A. Garfield, late President of the United States was shot said child was born in the same month in which he was shot (July 1881)”

 

Deposition, Mary Riddick, 5 November 1901
about 48 years old; occupation, housekeeping; post-office address, 1448 High st., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va. … “I was born in Norfolk Co., Va. and was owned by Reuben Culpepper. My father was Jeffrey Harris. My grandmother’s name was Taylor & that was my maiden name. I was married right here in Norfolk, Va. I was married about 1871 or 1872. We were married by Rev. Godwin. Neither of us had been previously married. We were both young when we got married. I have never remarried since death of my husband. He died on Griffin st. between Green & Effingham. I lived there about 4 years after that time. I then moved here where I have been since. Only my children have lived with me since my husband’s death. No one else has ever lived with me. All I know about my husband being in the army is just what he told me. I never knew this till after he left the army. Said he served a good part of his time in Texas. Wills of Wash, DC was my Atty. He charged me nothing but the govt took out ten dollars for him. Mr. Reed executes my vouchers — always requires me to show my cert.”
“Witness: Sarah A. Riddick”

“I have had seven children in all but only one was young enough to get pension for. My oldest boy is 28 years of age. Five of my children are now alive — four of then live with me.

“Q. Why did you take the name Taylor before you were married instead of the name of your mother?
A.  Because mother said she wanted me to be married under my grandmother’s name, said she did not wish me to have father’s name. Yes, mother and father lived together till he died but he died near after Richmond fell. My mother was first a Taylor but the Taylors married into the Culpepper family and mother fell to them and they then gave her the name of Culpepper but she wanted me to be called Taylor. I never married or lived with a man named Taylor before my marriage to Mr. Reddick.

 

Application for Reimbursement, Ada Griffin, 4 October 1940
60 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; “… [applies for re-imbursement for] the last sickness and burial of Mary Riddick who died September 26th, 1940 at Portsmouth, Va. and was buried at Deep Creek, Norfolk Co., Va…
1 –  [name of the deceased] Mary Riddick
2 –  [status] widow of Richard Riddick
3 –  [blank]
4 –  [children under 16] no
5 –  [children living?] [blank]
6 –  [sick or death benefits paid out] no
7 –  [insurance] no
8 – 12 [blank]
13 – [executor or administrator] no
14 – [property] no
15 – 17 [blank]
18 – [unendorsed pension check] no
19 – [relation to deceased] daughter
20 – [married] widow
21 – [cause of pensioner’s death] asthma
22 – [date illness began] June 1940
23 – [date decedent required daily care] “September 12, 1940
24 – [name/address of physician] Dr. J.T. Canady, 2837 Glasgow St., Portsmouth, Va.
25 – [person who nursed the decedent] Ada Griffin
26 – [pensioner’s last residence] Deep Creek, Norfolk Co., Va.
27 – [payments due] no
28 – [application to Veterans Administration for payment] no

“Also appeared Joseph Riddick and William E. Judkins
[Riddick] 98 Foote St., New Haven, Connecticut
[Judkins] 714 County St., Portsmouth, Va.”

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Two men with the same name served in this regiment — one served in Company G; the other in Company K. Both settled in Portsmouth when their service ended. The “Company K” soldier was born in Nansemond County, Virginia. He married Mary Frances Perry about 1864 in Newport News; he married Emma Jane Foreman in 1912 in Berkley.

 

Invalid — 654,491 / 1,064,491
Widow — 151,860 / —— , Emma J. Reddick
C — 2,530,723

 

General Affidavit, Stephen Reddick, 7 August 1890
55 years old; post-office address, Berkley, Va … “I am afflicted in the eyes & pain the back by being thrown from a horse on drill at Fortress Monroe, Va. in year 1864 March 1st”

 

Continuance Affidavit, Nelson Tynes, 13 November 1890
51 years old; post-office address, Berkley, Va. … “has been well and personally acquainted [with the claimant] since 1866 until the present, during which time affiant has lived within one mile of claimant and seen and conversed with him as often as 3 times per week … has observed that the claimant has been suffering from misery in the back & eyes and has frequently noticed the following symptoms of the same. That the pains of the back are so severe at times as to prevent him from all kinds of work and that he complains of great weakness of the eyes … these disabilities have disqualified the claimant for manual labor to the extent of one half”

 

Medical Affidavit, W.W. Coggin, M.D., 11 April 1893
has been practicing medicine for 32 years; post-office address, Norfolk, Va.
“I certify that I have treated Stephen Reddick for ten years … he is not able to perform manual labor more than one-fourth of his time.”

 

Claimant’s Affidavit, Stephen Reddick, 9 December 1899
“The reason I cannot furnish the evidence of the Surgeons of my residence and who treated me in service. I do not know their post-office address, or whether they were living or dead; their names were Drs. Manning & Gray.”

 

Questionnaire (Form 3-374), Stephen Reddick, 29 June 1903
[birthplace] Nansemond Co., Va.
[enlisted at] Norfolk, Va.
[residence before enlistment] Suffolk & Portsmouth, Va.
[occupation] laborer
[enslaved, former owners] Yes, Burr Reddick & Willis S. Reddick
[discharged] City Point, Va.
[residences after discharge] Portsmouth, Va. 1866; South Mills, 1867-1870; Berkley, 1870-1900.
[occupation] laborer
[present residence] 100 First St., Berkley, Va.

 

Questionnaire, Stephen Reddick, 29 June 1903
[married] wife dead, Mary Frances Reddick nee Perry 
[when, where, by whom] about 1864 at Newport News, Va., no license, no ceremony
[record] no
[previous marriage] no
[living children] no

 

Declaration for Pension, Stephen Reddick, 18 May 1912
73 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va. …. born 1828 at Nansemond County, Virginia

 

Marriage License, Stephen Reddick & Emma Jane Foreman, 15 October 1912
License issued in Norfolk County, Va. Marriage took place 17 October 1912. Husband was 65 years old; wife was 52 years old. Both were widowed. Husband was born in Nansemond Co., Va.; wife was born in Norfolk Co., Va. Both resided in Norfolk Co., Va. Husband’s parents were Stephen Miltier and Sophia Jones. Wife’s parents were March & Eliza Etheredge. Husband’s occupation was laborer. Officiated by Jesse Jones in Berkley.

 

Marriage Certificate, Stephen Reddick & Emma Foreman, 17 October 1912
“This certifies that Stephen Reddick and Emma Foreman were united by me in the Holy Bond of Matrimony at my home in Berkley Ward, Norfolk, Va. on the 17 day of October in the year of our Lord One Thousand Nine Hundred and 12, Conformably with the Ordinance of God and the Laws of the State, In the presence of Mrs. Ophelia Jones, Witness [Mrs. Ophelia Jones], Rev. Jesse T. Jones, Pastor

 

Deposition, Stephen Reddick, 10 April 1913
84 years old; occupation, light work; residence, Campostella, near Berkley; post-office address, Berkley Station, Norfolk, Va.
“I don’t know where my discharge certificate is. I used to sign my vouchers in the office of Hubbard & Hubbard. I got my last two checks without signing my vouchers and had them cashed in Mr. Martin’s bank in Berkley. I signed them by “X” mark and the bank man witnessed it, don’t know their names.”

 

Questionnaire (3-380), Stephen Reddick, 15 September 1915
[birthdate/birthplace] Nancymon [sic] County, Va., date not known
[organization] Co. K, 1st USCC, J.L. Whiteman, Captain
[post-office at enlistement] Portsmouth, Va.
[wife’s name] Emma Jane Reddick; maiden name
[when, where, by whom] Oct 17, 1912 in Berkley by Rev. Jessie Jones
[official record] no, was married at the home of Rev. Jessie Jones
[previously married] Mary Francies Perry was the maiden name of my first wife. Was married in 1862, exact date is lost. She died in Berkley in 1895, day not known. No other marriage.
[present wife’s previous marriage] Alexander Foreman in the month of September 1885, exact day not known. He died Nov 29th 1907. He served in First US Colored Cavalry, Company E under Captain Emerson. First marriage to Solomon Brock in month of March 1877, day not known.
[living with wife] Yes, I am now living with my wife, no separation.
[names, dates of birth, all children, living or dead] William Bell Reddick, born 1877 in the month of March, exact date not known. He was my only child and he is dead.
My colonel was Jef Gorodd

 

Sworn Statement, Nettie Norfleet & Rebekah Mitchell, 15 May 1920
[Norfleet] 55 years old; residence, 44 St. James St., Norfolk, Va.
[Mitchell] about 56 years old; residence, 123 Henry St., South Norfolk, Va.
“That they knew Stephen Reddick 30 years and about the same she knew herself, respectively, as Stephen was married to her sister from her early recollection; that Mary Frances Reddick, the first wife died Octr 31st — 27 years ago last October, that she Nettie Norfleet was standing by her when Mary Frances Reddick died and that she Rebekah Mitchell saw her shortly after her sister Mary Frances Reddick died that Stephen Reddick never married again until he married Emma Foreman about and that Emma Reddick has not married since the death of Stephen Reddick.”

 

General Affidavit, Irene Reed & Sam Clanton, 17 August 1920
[Reed] 36 years old; residence, Campostella, Norfolk Co., Va.
[Clanton] 45 years old; residence, 713 Cray St., Norfolk, Va.
“That they are well and personally acquainted with the claimant, Emma Jane Reddick, they also knew the soldier, Stephen Reddick, they know that they were married in 1912, and from seeing them frequently after their marriage they know that they lived together as husband and wife without separation or divorce from the date of their marriage and as long as they lived in Berkeley, Virginia. They moved from Berkeley, Virginia to Saint Brides, Virginia in the year (September) 1918.”

 

General Affidavit, A.M. Burfoot, 19 August 1920
35 years old; residence, Fentress, Norfolk Co., Va. … “He is the physician who attended the soldier, Stephen Reddick, in his last illness and known that he died on the 12. day of January 1920 as shown by his records.”

 

General Affidavit, J. Polk Randolph & Grant Brown, 21 August 1920
[Randolph] 63 years old; residence, Saint Brides Parish, Norfolk Co., Va.
[Brown] 44 years old; residence, Saint Brides Parish, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That they are all well and personally acquainted with the claimant, Emma J. Reddick, they also knew the soldier, Stephen Reddick; they saw them frequently after they came to St. Brides, Va. about the year 1918 and know that they live together as husband and wife, without separation or divorce from the mentioned date and until the soldier died in the year 1920.”

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Two men with the same name served in this regiment — one in Company G, the other in Company K. Both settled in Portsmouth when their service ended. The “Company G” soldier grew up in Southampton County, Virginia. He married Mary Jane Reddick “before the war and by consent of owners.”  Several witnesses had known him since childhood. The soldier was injured when thrown from his horse but returned to duty as the company cook.

 

Widow — 545,530 / —–, Mary Jane Reddick

 

Widow’s Claim for Pension, Charles Eason & James Wilkins, 23 April 1892
[Eason] 40 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Va.
[Wilkins] 40 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Va.
“Said Mary Jane Reddick is without other means of support than her daily labor; that the marriage of the soldier to her cannot be proved by recorded evidence because they were married before the war and by consent of owners. no license as is the case now required. That they lived together as man & wife and were recognized in the community in which they lived and that he died on the 24th day of April 1890 with what was supposed to be rheumatism the result of an injury received in the right hip by being thrown from his horse. Their means of knowledge of the foregoing is derived from being in the same brigade with the said Stephen Reddick.”

 

General Affidavit, Charles Williams, 14 December 1892
74 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va. …. “I was acquainted with Stephen Reddick long before he went into the United States service and afterward. He belonged to the same regiment with me – Co G. 1st US Colored Cavalry. I was near neighbor to him when he came home from the war and I continued to see him daily until he died April 24th 1880.”

 

Application to Determine Correct Service, Mary J. Reddick, 30 December 1892
“[Stephen Reddick] served in the state of Virginia before Richmond and Petersburg, Va. and relieved from duty on the account of being disabled by being thrown from his horse while on duty. This was the 10th day of June 1863 and thus he was returned to the company as the cook for the same …

“That names of the officers of his company were as follows, viz.:
Captain Colding
Sergeant William Teamor
Corporals Joseph Cornick
[illegible] David Ortly, Isaac Smith, George Rickers, Dempsey Copeland ….
Stephen Reddick … lost his discharge papers by being burned in his house by fire together with the house.

“Also at the same time and place, personally appeared before me Charles Wilkins and Albert Jones of Norfolk County, State of Virginia to me well-known as credible persons who being sworn according to law declare that they have been for 35  and 30 years respectively acquainted with the above-named applicant.
“I was in the same regiment with Stephen Reddick.
Albert Jones and Charles Williams”

 

General Affidavit, Charles Eason & Albert Jones, 29 June 1893
[Eason] 75 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
[Jones] 51 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That we were well acquainted with Stephen Reddick and know that the said Reddick was a member of Company G, 1st USCol Cav. We were in the same regiment. Knew him in the service and at the time of discharge and that we believe his discharge certificate was burned up with his other contents on the West Branch Dist. of Norfolk County. Our knowledge of the above facts are derived from being in the same Regiment with him. He enlisted on or before us on the 15th day of January 186[?] and discharged in 1866. And that the said Stephen Reddick was not in the military or naval service of the U.S. since his discharge in 1866.”

 

Affidavit of Claimant, Mary J. Reddick, 23 August 1893
post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk County, Va. “She was born in Southampton County., Va. — post office Jerusalem — knew him at least 12 years before we were married, was married by consent of owner as was custom with all slaves … had 17 children by our marriage but there were none under 16 years of age at the time of his death. That my husband was born in Nansemond Co., Va. He claimed his age 70 years when he died. His height about 5 feet 8 inches, bacon color, name of his owner Abram Reddick and that he never had any other wife.”

 

General Affidavit, Narcissa Parker & Mary Westmoreland, 6 September 1893
[Parker] 50 years old; post-office address
[Westmoreland] 44 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
[The form’s intended for one statement but two individuals were noted on the form. The post-office address follows the second person’s name  which suggests but doesn’t prove that the affiants had the same post-office address — Leslie]

“We the undersigned hereby certify that we are well and intimately acquainted with the claimant and have known her from the date of her husband’s death. Stephen Reddick which occurred April 24th 1890 to the present time that she has not remarried and we believe that she has never lived with any other man as his wife since the death of her late husband.”

 

General Affidavit, Mary Jane Riddick, 5 February 1894
55 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.  “That there is no ‘plantation records’ of her marriage to Stephen Reddick. That her former owner Ned Rawles is dead and can’t be reached.”

 

General Affidavit, Narcissa Daughtry & Rona Eley, 5 February 1894
[Daughtrey] 50 years old;
[Eley] 47 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
[The form’s intended for one statement but two individuals were noted on the form. The post-office address follows the second person’s name  which suggests but doesn’t prove that the affiants had the same post-office address — Leslie]

“That they are and were well acquainted with Mary Jane Reddick and Stephen Reddick the husband of the claimant. That Mary Jane Reddick was a slave and was owned by one Ned Rawles of Isle of Wight County, Virginia. That affiants were also owned by the said Ned Rawles of the said county. That affiants have been acquainted with Mary Jane Reddick all of their lives. That the said Stephen Reddick married the said Mary Jane Reddick according to the custom of slaves before the war and lived with the said Mary Jane Reddick as husband and wife up to the time of his (the said Stephen Reddick’s) enlistment in service of the United States and were recognized and considered man and wife in the community in which they resided.  … That affiants’ means of having these facts are due to their time in the immediate vicinity with claimant.”

 

General Affidavit, Ann R. Bennett & Lavinia J. Drewry, 20 February 1894
[Bennett] 45 years old; post-office address, 613 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co.,   Va.
[Drewry] 62 years old; post-office address, 613 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That they were well acquainted with the claimant Mary Jane Reddick and her husband the soldier from about the time he came from the war till the time of his death, nearly four years ago, having been a neighbor from the time of first acquaintance till the time of soldier’s death.”

 

Sworn Statement, Lavinia Drewry, 21 July 1897
66 years old; post-office address, 818 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.  “That she was personally well acquainted with Stephen Reddick, husband of the claimant from the time of his return from the army in 1865 to the time of his death.”

 

Sworn Statement, Narcissa Daughtry, 18 January 1899
about 58 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.  “That she was well acquainted with Stephen Reddick the husband of the claimant Mary Jane Reddick having known him in his boyhood in Southampton Co., Va. where he said Stephen Redick was brought up and lived till the beginning of the war of the rebellion.”

 

General Affidavit, Narcissa Parker & Mary Westmoreland, 6 September 1893
[Parker] 50 years old; post-office address
[Westmoreland] 44 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
[The form’s intended for one statement but two individuals were noted on the form. The post-office address follows the second person’s name  which suggests but doesn’t prove that the affiants had the same post-office address — Leslie]

“We the undersigned hereby certify that we are well and intimately acquainted with the claimant and have known her from the date of her husband’s death. Stephen Reddick which occurred April 24th 1890 to the present time that she has not remarried and we believe that she has never lived with any other man as his wife since the death of her late husband.”

 

General Affidavit, Mary Jane Riddick, 5 February 1894
55 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.  “That there is no ‘plantation records’ of her marriage to Stephen Reddick. That her former owner Ned Rawles is dead and can’t be reached.”

 

General Affidavit, Narcissa Daughtry & Rona Eley, 5 February 1894
[Daughtrey] 50 years old;
[Eley] 47 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
[The form’s intended for one statement but two individuals were noted on the form. The post-office address follows the second person’s name  which suggests but doesn’t prove that the affiants had the same post-office address — Leslie]

“That they are and were well acquainted with Mary Jane Reddick and Stephen Reddick the husband of the claimant. That Mary Jane Reddick was a slave and was owned by one Ned Rawles of Isle of Wight County, Virginia. That affiants were also owned by the said Ned Rawles of the said county. That affiants have been acquainted with Mary Jane Reddick all of their lives. That the said Stephen Reddick married the said Mary Jane Reddick according to the custom of slaves before the war and lived with the said Mary Jane Reddick as husband and wife up to the time of his (the said Stephen Reddick’s) enlistment in service of the United States and were recognized and considered man and wife in the community in which they resided.  … That affiants’ means of having these facts are due to their time in the immediate vicinity with claimant.”

 

General Affidavit, Ann R. Bennett & Lavinia J. Drewry, 20 February 1894
[Bennett] 45 years old; post-office address, 613 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
[Drewry] 62 years old; post-office address, 613 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That they were well acquainted with the claimant Mary Jane Reddick and her husband the soldier from about the time he came from the war till the time of his death, nearly four years ago, having been a neighbor from the time of first acquaintance till the time of soldier’s death.”

 

Sworn Statement, Lavinia Drewry, 21 July 1897
66 years old; post-office address, 818 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.  “That she was personally well acquainted with Stephen Reddick, husband of the claimant from the time of his return from the army in 1865 to the time of his death.”

 

Sworn Statement, Narcissa Daughtry, 18 January 1899
about 58 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.  “That she was well acquainted with Stephen Reddick the husband of the claimant Mary Jane Reddick having known him in his boyhood in Southampton Co., Va. where he said Stephen Redick was brought up and lived till the beginning of the war of the rebellion.”

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John Reddick ran away from Nansemond County to Suffolk and hired himself out to Union forces. He worked in the Commissary for a year before he enlisted. Reddick got on the rolls under his mother’s name ‘Betsy.’  His testimony explains when he used his “government name” and when he used his alias. Reddick didn’t see combat: he was detailed as a cook and had his own tent. After the war, he settled in Portsmouth. He never received his bounty but he eventually received his pension. 

 

Invalid — 820,017 / 565,243

 

Neighbors’ Affidavit, Benjamin Jenkins & Cyrus Washington, 3 January 1891
[Jenkins] 51 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 702 [or is it 709? — Leslie] County St., Portsmouth, Va.
[Washington] 54 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, 622 Glasgow St., Portsmouth, Va.
“… well and personally acquainted with James Brooks, the claimant for 26 and 27 years, respectively, and that they were in the same command during the war. They are farmers and laborers and work with claimant, and see him daily and live in close proximity to him.”

 

Questionnaire (Form 3-402), John Betsy, 2 July 1898
“[married?] I am, Delia Ann Reddick, Delia Ann Epps
[where, when, by whom] about 1856, by custom among slaves
[record?] none
[previously married] no
[living children] I have two children, to wit Stella, born about 1858; Nancy born about 1860. I was married under the name of John Reddick.”

 

Deposition, John Betsy, 22 January 1902
“I am about 75 or 80 years of age. I guess I was about 25 -30 when I joined the army. I am an invalid and can do no work.
“I was born in Nansemond Co., Va. I was a slave — was owned by Mills Reddick. My father was Edmund Reddick. Before the war I was called Joe Reddick but after enlistment I went under the name of my mother which was Betsy. I have never gone under any name in making out my pension except John Betsy but in paying my taxes I pay them as John Reddick.
“During the war we served in Virginia till Richmond fell and then we went to Texas. We went on the boat called the Dudley Buck. We took boat at Hampton, Va. and we landed at Brazos Santiago, Texas. We arrived there about 4th of July and we remained right there till they brought us back for discharge.”
“I lost my original discharge by giving it to Mr. Brown to get a bounty.”
“My Regt was in the following battles: Chichihominie [sic], Deep Bottom, Suffolk, Va. I was personally never in a battle. I was detailed as a cook was way I missed the fights.”
“I never slept with anyone in service. I had my own tent.”

 

Deposition, John Betsy, 22 January 1902 
“I did nothing but cook while I was in the army.
“I was never in the hospital but Dr. Gray and Manley our Regtl surgeons treated me a few times. They treated me for a rising on my finger and diarrhea. I had diarrhea in Texas. Those were the only ailments I suffered within service.
“I have lived in this vicinity ever since my discharge from the army except for a few months about 25 years ago when I lived in Princess Anne Co., Va.
“I have never gotten my bounty. Ward is my atty, that is my first atty. He got five or six dollars out of me & never got me a pension. Henry Clay got my pension. I only gave him a dollar or so.
“My witnesses were Isaac Bright & Bill Resfer [sp?]. They charged me nothing. I was never a witness for either of them.
“I put in under the old law but never got it though. I do not know what I claimed pension for under that law. All I was claiming was the $300 that was promised me when I enlisted.”

“Mr. Reed executes my vouchers. He comes to me to execute them. Charges me seventy-five cents — always swears me. I have never found my pension papers.
“I have no wife — was only married once. My wife Delia Ann Betsy died year before last in this house. We were married in slave tithe names ame.”

“I have no children under 16 years of age.”

 

Questionnaire (Form 3-442), Department of Interior, Bureau of Pensions, 29 March 1904 
“… Please furnish the names and post-office addresses of officers and comrades of Co. F, 1st Reg’t USC Vol Cav …”

Joshua Brickhouse  Dead   212 Cumberland St., Norfolk, Va.
James Brooks  Cpl.   44 Baltimore Ave., Norfolk., Va.
Isaac Deans  Pvt   411 Church St., Norfolk, Va.
Wm. Fuller  Pvt   National Soldiers Home, Elizabeth City Co., Va.
Frank B. Garrett  1st Lt.   Syracuse, Onandaga Co., NY.
James Long  Pvt   16 William St., Phelps Co., NY
Arthur Nelson  Pvt   Lamberts Point Rd., Norfolk, Va.
Edmund Proctor  Pvt   South Mills, Camden Co., NC.
Henry Sivil  Pvt   Berkley, Norfolk Co., Va.
Wm. Scott  Pvt   c/o C.H.B. Crosby, Bowers Hill, Va.
Luke Smith  Pvt   South Mills, Camden Co., NC
Beverly West  1st Sgt   National Soldiers Home, Elizabeth City Co., Va.

 

[children’s names & birthdates]

Nancy Dec. 16, 1868
Jno. E. Nov. 20, 1869
Sadie P. July 14, 1873
Maggie Sep. 9, 1876
Robt. H. April 4, 1879
Rebecca L. Aug. 18, 1881
Laura E. Mch 2, 1883
Mary S. July 27, 1885
Emma P. May 22, 1890

[There are discrepancies in the birthdates of some of John W. Webb’s children — Leslie]

 

Deposition, John Betsy, 2 August 1904
About 79 years old; had been farmer and lumberman; residence, Natl. Soldiers Home, Elizabeth City County, Virginia;
“I was born in Virginia in Nansemond Co. on the White Marsh Road. My owner was Capt. Mills Reddick. My father was Edmund Reddick and my mother was Betsy Reddick. We all ‘titled’ after our owner. My given name is John. I was called John Reddick before the war. No, no sir. I was never called Joe Reddick,
“I ran away from my master and went to Suffolk, Va. which was six miles away. Gen. Mansfield, a Union General, had charge in Suffolk, Va. I hired myself out to Dr. Albergate of a Union regiment. I was still going by the name John Reddick. My master made a report to the Union forces that I threatened to burn him up. They put me in jail then. That was the year before I enlisted. I was in jail about 4 weeks then I was carried before Gen. Mansfield who told me what I was charged with and advised me to go to Norfolk, Va. and work in the Commissary which I did under Capt. Emmerson and in about a year I enlisted in the army under Captain Charlie Swartz, a tall, slim, spare-built man. He was Captain of Company F, 1st USC Cav.

“Q.  Why did you change your name to Betsy?
A. I was scared, had no learning, and when I went to the Commissary I gave my name as John Betsy after my mother. She was named Betsy Reddick. I gave my name Betsy so I would not be known as well.
“Our first colonel was Girard. He was a short man, not so old. The 1st Sgt. Beverly West is a tall man, dark brown in color, he is right here in the Home, knows me well. He is the only member of my Co. here that I know of.
“Q. By what witnesses can you prove that you are the same man who served in Co. F, 1st USC Cavalry as John Betsy?
A.  By Beverly West. Jim Brooks, cpl. He was living in Norfolk two or three years ago, don’t know what street.
“Q. Name all the men you remember.
A. Sgt. Fox, Harrison Billups, ______ Peterson, Cpl; Albert Taylor, Sgt. I know a “heap” of privates but cannot fetch their names to me, except Isom Portlock, he is dead & Tom Smith is dead. I don’t know my age at all. When I enlisted, was somewhere about 30 or 35 years old. I don’t know my height. …

“After muster out I settled outside of Portsmouth City, Va. and made that my home. I was known there as John Redick, voted as John Reddick, and bought a house on Columbia Street, between Pearl and Pine under the name of John Riddick. I have only used the name John Riddick in government matters.
“I was company cook all the time. I am a widower. My wife, Delilah Ann, died in Portsmouth, Va. four years ago last March. My discharge was sent to Washington a year ago, by a claim agent named Brown, and last year it was sent to me, don’t know by whom.”

 

Deposition, Beverly West, 2 August 1904
72 years old; occupation, brickmason; residence & post-office address, National Soldiers Home, Elizabeth City County, Virginia …
“Q. Do you know this man now present (pointing to pensioner)?
A. Yes, that’s John Betsy. He was my company cook. It is the only name I have known him by. I did not know him before enlistment but after muster out I saw him at times in Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va. My home was in Norfolk, he lived in Portsmouth, I believe. When he came to this Home I recognized him as soon as I saw him. I am certain he is the same man who served in my company as John Betsy. There is no mistake about that. I don’t know what his true name is, never heard him called John Riddick. His name was John Betsy on the rolls.”

 

Deposition, James Brooks, 8 August 1904
[This deposition was taken at the “Navy Yard Portsmouth” — Leslie]
about 61 years old; occupation, laborer; post-office address, 44 Bottimore St., Norfolk, Va. … “I served as a Corp’l in Co. F, 1st USC Cav, from 1863 to 1866.
“I remember John Betsy of said company very well. He was the company cook. I believe his home was about Suffolk, Va. He was a dark man, almost black, between 30 and 40 years while in the army, height I don’t know, average height.
“I have seen him since the war in Norfolk & Portsmouth, Va. I don’t know just where he lived, but in or about Portsmouth, he told me. I have not seen him in about eight years, don’t know where he is. I never heard him called John Reddick. John Betsy was the only name I ever knew him by.”

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