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A comparison of their pension applications and Compiled Military Service Records (CMSRs) confirms that it was this soldier — not Henry Hill, Company E, 1st U.S. Colored Cavalry — who was shot and killed by his commanding officer.

According to his CMSR, William Hill was born in “Carrol, N.C.” (possibly “Corolla” in Currituck County, North Carolina. Although one of the cards in the CMSR stated he was 35 years old when at enlistment, other documents in his CMSR reported he enlisted at age 27. He was promoted to Sergeant about a year into his service but he was demoted for “over staying pass and for incompetency. Shot while in act of mutiny by Lt. Spencer, June 23d 1864.”

Widow – 167,048 / —–, Nancy Hill

Widow’s Claim for Pension, Nancy Hill, 22 October 1868
40 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Portsmouth, Va.
“widow of William Hill … Company H … she was married to said William Hill on or about November 1846 at Portsmouth in the County of Norfolk and State of Virginia … said marriage having taken place according to the customs existing among colored people in the State of Virginia — without a license or the services of a minister of the Gospel … She further declares that said William Hill was killed … at Bermuda Hundred”
“Also personally appeared … Edward Berry and William Tatom, residents of Portsmouth, Norfolk County, and State of Virginia”


Memo by M. Boubin [sp?], Assistant Adjutant General, War Department, 1 September 1883
“Co. Descriptive Book shows [William Hill] shot while in the act of mutiny by Lt. Spencer, June 23/64. Alexander M. Spencer was 1st Lt. of the Co. No record of trial of Lieut. Spencer on file. The name Henry Hill is not borne on the rolls of that Co.”

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Henry Hill, Company E

A document in this soldier’s file reported that Henry Hill had been shot by his commanding officer Lieutenant Alexander.* However, other documents prove that the Lieutenant shot William Hill, Company H, 1st U.S. Colored Cavalry.

According to his Compiled Military Service Record, Henry Hill was born in Duplin County, North Carolina. He enlisted in 1863 at age eighteen and mustered out at Brazos Santiago, Texas in 1866.

Widow – 302,248 / —–, Margaret Hill

Declaration for Widow’s Pension and Increase, 14 March 1883
56 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va; post-office address, Norfolk, Virginia
“She is the widow of Henry Hill … that her maiden name was Margaret Johnson … married to said Henry Hill, on or about the 6th of September A.D. 1856, at Surry Court House, in the County of Surry, the State of Virginia, by consent of her former master … her husband, died in the service of the United States, as aforesaid, at Bermuda Hundred, in the State of Virginia, killed by Lieut. Spencer… for refusing of his commanding officers to take muskets as he was a cavalry man and he was ordered to take muskets, and he disobeyed and he was shot and killed dead … and that she has the following-named children of deceased husband, under sixteen years of age, who are now living, the dates of whom births are, given below, to wit:
Mary Hill, born August 9, 1858, living at Norfolk
Stephen Hill, born April 12, 1860, living at Norfolk
Woody Hill, born May 1863, living at Norfolk
“Also personally appeared Humphrey McCoy and Mary Walker, residents of Norfolk City”

Sworn Statement, Margaret Hill, 12 June 1883
“45 years old … she was born at Surry Court House, Virginia, sometime 1838, and when she was quite small her former owners moved to Sussex C.H. Va. carring [sic] her with them and that she remained with them at Sussex C.H., Va. untill [sic] the close of the war in 1865 … she first became acquainted with Henry Hill her p.o. was Sussex C.H., Va. and … [they] grew up together … do not know [sic] where her husband was born … she has no means of support except what little her children do for her and she is unable to do any kind of work”

*The officer was not court-martialed.

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****This is one of the longest pension applications I’ve examined. Today’s post includes research notes for documents dated 1890-1911. Previous posts included research notes for documents dated 1866-1885, February 4, 1886 and February 5-19, 1886.

This soldier was killed in a skirmish in Fort Powhatan, Virginia on January 25, 1865. Action on his mother’s pension application continued for more than 30 years. Her application was complicated by conflicting information about a second marriage which was further complicated by the fact that two men shared the same name. Witnesses in support of the mother’s application included childhood friends, neighbors, and former enslavers. They reported names of those enslaved with her as well as the names of enslavers and their relatives, They described the mother’s efforts to remain independent and details about her church membership. Dates for specific events were framed within the 1855 Yellow Fever Epidemic and President Lincoln’s assassination.

General Affidavit, Sarah Butts, 7 November 1890
“I have been intermatly [sic] acquainted with Mrs. Fannie Wilson … for over 28 years … we used to be about one hundred yards apart from 1862 to 1866. I know since that time she she has been living at the same place corner of Pine & Griffin Streets in Portsmouth. I have on different occasions visited her and administered unto her. … I further know that if it is required for her to obtain the signature of hundred of her church members which composes of more members of color than any other in town, she could obtain them.”

General Affidavit, Jesse Whitehurst, 7 November 1890
“I am personally acquainted with Mrs. Fannie Wilson … and have been very near 29 years. She used to keep a cook shop on the wood dock lower end of County St. in the years of 1862, 1863, 1864, & 1865. I have known her personally since 1862. … I have been living within a stone’s throw of her ever since 1883 and between the years of 1865 [?] 1883 [?]. I used to visit her some time….. I knew her son before he went in the Army, he used to work for one David Owen hauling wood from my lighter. I am a lighterman.”

Sworn Statement, Jesse Whitehurst, 5 January 1891
57 years old; residence, Griffin Street Extended
“I have known Fannie Wilson 28 years … She used to keep a cook shop & boardinghouse not 60 feet from where my lighter landed in in those years … on the lower end of County Street in the city of Portsmouth …. [Paldo Wilson] went in the U.S. Service … he was employed by one David Owens now dead who was a drayman in the city Portsmouth.
“I further declare that I have frequently seen Mr. David Owens on Saturdays pay Paldo Wilson $2.50 two dollars & a half for his week’s work. And he Paldo Wilson would run across the street & give it to his mother Mrs. Fanny Wilson.
“Paldo Wilson used to haul wood from my lighter before he went in the U.S. Service.”

Sworn Affidavit, John Bracy, 20 January 1891
51 years old; residence, cor of County and Blount Streets Extended
“I have known [Fannie Wilson] ever since 1863 … in the fall of 1863 I was a lighterman and I hired Paldo Wilson from his mother Fannie Wilson and paid $2.50 per week to his mother for his services…. I further declare that she is old and is to be pitted [sic] … I further declare that she belongs to Zion Baptist Church Colored, the same church which I am a member and the congregation numbers over 2,000 souls … I further declare that in the years of 1863 & 1864 Mrs. Fannie Wilson use [sic] to keep a boarding house & cook on the old wood dock in the city of Portsmouth.
“I further declare that the said Paldo Wilson … was employed by one David Owens as a drayman and he paid him $2.50 per week.”

General Affidavit, Chloe Holloday, 7 March 1891
45 years old; residence, Pine Street, Portsmouth, Va.
“I known Mrs. Fannie Wilson I have lived right here by her every since the year of 1873…. I have visited her both night and day. .. I am at her house almost anytime night and day”
“Witnesses: Norman W. Rutter and Z.T. Hutchings, Sr.

General Affidavit, J.W. Rutter, 9 March 1891
“I have known Fannie Wilson ever since 1869 and during all these years she has lived in the neighborhood … our dwellings being within a few rods of each other and my position as a merchant and an officer in the community is of such a nature as to know her intimately.”

General Affidavit, Z.T. Hutchings, Sr., 11 March 1891
44 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Va.
“I have known the applicant since 1867 … She has lived quitely [sic] on the corner of Pine & Griffin Streets since 1867 in the month of January … I lived within three hundred feet of the said applicant 18 years … she has been sick during these weeks, laid there in the house weeks after weeks, and a month at a time, and no one to look after her or to attend to her, only what my wife and the community would do for her.
“I further declare that if there is one applicant in the United States, which the general government ought to look after according to its promise I think this is one…. I further declare that she is very old and sickly.”

General Affidavit, Missouri Watkins and Antinette Elliott, 13 July 1892
[Watkins] 45 years old; residence, Portsmouth, Va.; post-office address, Portsmouth, Va.
[Elliott] 48 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Portsmouth, Va.
“I have known Mrs. Fannie Wilson over 26 years, part of this time I lived 220 feet from her. Part of this time I lived within the same square with her. I have visited her in her sickness and administered unto her needs. She is very old and broken down in health. I further say that she has a good reputation in the community where she lives. … She owns the little house which she lives in but she had to morgauge [sic] it to get some money to live on.
“I live [right here] at the back of her, the said Fannie Wilson’s lot. … I have aided her again and again … I have been personally acquainted with her over 20 years. I live hear [sic] next door to her and have been hear [sic] over 6 years. I see her every day twice a day. She ownes [sic] her little house which she lives but it is got a lean [sic] on it.”

Deposition, Fannie Wilson, 24 July 1902
about 70 or 75 years old; residence, 936 Griffin St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I became acquainted with the father of Paldo Wilson long before the war. His name was America Wilson. He was a slave so was I. We were married according to slavery custom. … I heard that he was dead but he was sold away from me before the war and left me with seven children one of whom was the soldier.
“I had a man boarding with me by the name of George Morrison who died about 12 or 13 years ago. … He wanted to marry me but I didn’t want to … He paid for his room and lodging … Morrison married Rebecca Dixon and she lives on Clifford St near Chestnut st. She knows me ever since I have been living here.
“Q. When did Morrison start to live with you?
It was during the war and after my son Paldo was killed, soon after the war I should have said. I have been here over 33 years and he never saw me until my son brought him to this house. My son John is dead … I have no property except this little hut.
“My son Paldo was 16 years old when he enlisted. He was not married.
“My witnesses were Moses Barrington, Lovie Smith, E.G. Corporal (dead). They are all I can recollect.”
“Mr. J.W. Rutter, Washington, DC, executes my pension vouchers on the 4th and I pay him 50 c.
“The man Morrison whom I lived with married 15 or 20 years ago at Portsmouth, Va.”

Memo from J.W. Rutter, Notary Public, 1012 South Street, Portsmouth, Va. [on letterhead] to the Commissioner of the Pension Bureau, 13 March 1911
Fannie Wilson “died Oct 26th 1910 and burried [sic] Oct 28th
“Her daughter Letticia Taylor now a resident of New York City left these papers in my office so I return them to the Pension Bureau.”

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***This is one of the longest pension applications I’ve examined. Today’s post includes research notes for documents dated February 5-19, 1886. Previous posts included research notes for documents dated 1866-1885 and February 4, 1886. Research notes for documents dated 1890-1911 will be published next week.

This soldier was killed in a skirmish in Fort Powhatan, Virginia on January 25, 1865. Action on his mother’s pension application continued for more than 30 years. Her application was complicated by conflicting information about a second marriage which was further complicated by the fact that two men shared the same name. Witnesses in support of the mother’s application included childhood friends, neighbors, and former enslavers. They reported names of those enslaved with her as well as the names of enslavers and their relatives. They described the mother’s efforts to remain independent and details about her church membership. Dates for specific events were framed within the 1855 Yellow Fever Epidemic and President Lincoln’s assassination.

Mother — 119, 679 / 94,739, Fannie Wilson


Deposition, Zachariah T. Cutchings, 5 February 1886
39 years old; occupation, laborer; residence, cor Pine & Griffin Sts, suburbs of Portsmouth, Va.; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That he is son-in-law to the clt Fannie Wilson whom he has known intimately since December 1865 at which time he began to visit her daughter. She was then living on Dinwiddie st bet Crab & South st., Portsmouth, Va. He had however known her personally as early as 1862 before he entered the army and she has lived with him and in his house since his marriage to her daughter now about nineteen years ago ….
Q. Did you know the claimant when she lived on the Wood Wharf here in Portsmouth.
A. In 1862 my mother kept a stand in the market which is just across the street from where the claimant lived and I became acquainted with clt’s daughter and I was at or about her cook shop. In 1863 I went to school with her daughter, now my wife, and I was often ….
Q. Who else eat at her table on the occasions when you eat there
A. Myself clt and two daughters, Joe Wheeler and a girl named Mary. Joe Wheeler was visiting. Mary Kee is dead (Mary is somewhere in the northeast …
Q. Was it usual for young men to visit their sweethearts 3 or 4 times a week.
A. I was employed in the U.S. Navy Yard and I was attending the same night school with my wife and I would call and take her to school & bring her back and on Sundays I took her to church and brought her home. Her mother, the clt, went with us to church as she was a member of the church we attended.
Q. When the clt kept her cook shop on the Wood Wharf did she have regular boarders or or did she keep a stand for public use.
A. It was almost wholly transient, just like any small house, she sold to anyone who applied.”


Deposition, Thomas Peden, 5 February 1886
45 years old; residence, “South St. near Pine in the suburbs of Portsmouth, Va.”; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.;
“That he has known the claimant intimately since July 1863. That about the 1st day of August 1863 while at work in the U.S. Commissary Department at Portsmouth, he began to board at the clt’s snack house on the Wood Wharf in Portsmouth and he continued to take his dinners and suppers at her eating stand for four months following. Then he transferred across the river to Norfolk to work in the warehouse there but was frequently sent back & forth to Portsmouth and where in Portsmouth he always took his meals at clt’s house.
“Q. Did she keep lodgers as well as boarders?
“A. No, sir.
Q. Have you ever known a man by the name of Samuel Wilson?
A. No, sir.
“[Peden] for the past 17 years I have lived as a neighbor to her.”

Deposition, James Copeland, 5 February 1886
38 years old; occupation, insurance agent; residence, suburbs of Portsmouth, Va.; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That he has known the claimant Frances Wilson, since in 1868, he was an intimate friend of her son-in-law J.T. Hudgins, and with him he frequently visited clt’s house where she now resides. Subsequently he knew her (1870) as a member of Zion Baptist Church of Portsmouth of which he was church clerk five years and also as a deacon in said church. According to the rules of the church, it was a part of his duty to visit the members in case of absence from church etc.”

Deposition, Polly McPherson, 5 February 1886
55 years old; occupation, housekeeper; residence and post-office address, London between Green & Effingham st, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va. That she became acquainted with the clt Fannie Wilson about a year and a half ago after the Yankees took Norfolk, Va.) (May 1862). The way I became acquainted with her was by renting a room in her house … and I moved with her and lived with her on Dinwiddie St between Crab & South and I lived with her until she moved to Newtown, a suburb of Portsmouth. This was in the year 1866 as near as I can remember. While we lived at the Wood Wharf I took in and done washing and she (clt) kept a snack house….It was a small two story brick house containing three rooms. I rented and occupied the back room on the ground floor & the claimant and myself cooked in the front room and her & her two daughters slept upstairs. The stairway leading to clt sleeping room ran from the cook house…there was an old wood house back of my room.”

Deposition, John W. Dowdy, 6 February 1886
35 years old; occupation, carpenter; residence and post-office address, 315 Harrison St., Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That he has known Fannie Wilson since the clt since in 1862 or 63. She having been a customer at his father’s grocery and that he remembers very distinctly that a man by the name of Ragsdale brought this claimant to his father’s store.”

Deposition, Sarah Barrington, 6 February 1886
41 years old; occupation, housekeeper; residence and post-office address, Griffin Street extended just outside the city limits, Portsmouth, Norfolk County, Va.
“I have known the clt Fannie Wilson for the past 25 years while she was yet a slave and I knew her very intimately while she resided on the Wood Wharf in Portsmouth, Va. I lived in the adjoining house and saw her almost every day while she lived there. I was not living there at the time the clt left the wharf but was still intimate with her. … I have lived within speaking distance of her for nearly since. She left Newtown which has been now 20 years.”

Deposition, Mary White, 13 February 1886
50 years old; occupation, housekeeper; residence, cor Queen & Court sts, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That I have known the claimant since in the second [sic] of late war, soon after the federal forces took Norfolk, Va.
“My husband, now dead, and I occupied a room which my husband rented from her in the house on the Wood Wharf, Portsmouth, Va. I occupied that room 18 months. My room was the front room upstairs. There was two other rooms upstairs occupied by the claimant & these two rooms were used by the claimant’s sister … Her sister’s name is Lavinia but I have forgotten her last name and I don’t know where she is. Downstairs of the house on Wood Wharf was occupied in the front by Hon. C.V. [illegiblea]Wilson and the back room was occupied by Polly McPherson.”

Deposition, Lester Brown, 15 February 1886
50 years old; occupation, laborer; residence, 126 Hawk St., Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.
“That I am one of the former slaves of Dr. Samuel Brown who owned land in Norfolk Co., Va. about 20 miles south of the city of Norfolk and he was a fellow servant … she was the wife of Americus Wilson who was sold from her six or seven years before the war. Fannie Wilson took up and lived with one Lamb Billie Wilson as his wife for about two years and then he died in about 1860. … Her youngest child was named Paldo Wilson.”
“I have known Fannie Wilson since she came to live at Portsmouth, Va.”
“I also knew another Lamb Wilson but I do not know what he done for a living. I come home from the navy in 1864 and I never saw him about Fannie Wilson’s cookshop. …This Lamb Billie Wilson died about as I have stated in 1860 out at Bear Quarters in this Co. about 20 miles from here. He has a daughter by a former wife now living in Norfolk who can tell when he died.
“I came here [to Norfolk] that year after the place was taken over by the Yankees. I must be mistaken as to when I heard of his death. I know I left him up there when I left. I presume his old master Geo. B. Wilson could tell us when he died.”

Deposition, Eliza Hopper, 15 February 1886
40 years old; occupation, housekeeper; residence and post-office address, 28 Wilson Ave., Norfolk, Va.;
“I am the daughter of Lamb Billie Wilson who belonged to George & Billie Wilson at Great Bridge, Norfolk Co., Va. I belonged to the Foreman family and lived about 15 miles from where my father lived and I do not know whether he and Fannie Wilson ever lived together or not. I was present at the death of my father but I do not know when it was, whether before or since the war. I remember this — that I was then living out at my old house where I lived before and since the war and I am unable to to say when he died.”
“Q. You were present at the funeral of your father?
A. I was living on David Foreman‘s place at the time he died and he died on David Foreman’s place.
Q. At which place was David Foreman living when your father died.
A. He lived at that time on a part of the old horse farm right across the road from the old horse house.”
“Q. Did your father Lamb Billie Wilson ever live in Norfolk or Portsmouth, Va.?
A. Not to my knowledge. He always staid [sic] up about where he was raised.”

Deposition, Letitia Hutcheson, 15 February 1886
34 years old; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.;
“I am the daughter of Fannie Wilson, the claimant … I have lived with my mother … all my life was raised here in this house 19 years ago and I have lived here ever since. I was a small child when my mother brought me away our old home in Norfolk Co. and I have but a limited recollection of of the place and the people we left behind. My first distinct recollection dates from our residence on the Wood Wharf at Portsmouth. I remember when my brother Paldo went into the army.”

Deposition, Sophia Nichols, 18 February 1886
65 years old; post-office address, Wallaceton, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I knew Fannie Wilson long before the war and I knew Lamb Billy Wilson before the war and I know they lived together and husband and wife.”

Deposition, Reuben Saunders, 18 February 1886
65 years old; post-office address, Wallaceton, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I became acquainted with Lamb Billy Wilson and his wife Fannie during the late war… After the war Lamb Billy Wilson came back here and did not return to his wife. I think I must have been back here two or three years before he came back. I also helped bury him when he died … [Fannie] often came to see him when aboarding his lighter.”
“Q. Have you known another colored man who went by the name of Lamb Wilson?
A. Yes. I knew one who sometimes went by that name but his right name was Lamb Williams. He was also a lighterman and was down about Portsmouth at the same time Lamb Billy Wilson was there with his wife. He is also dead.”

Deposition, Alexander Foreman, 18 February 1886
60 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Wallaceton, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I have known [claimant] about all her life. I knew her when she was the wife of Americus Wilson and when she lived with Lamb Billy Wilson…Soon after the Yankees took Norfolk, Va. in 1862 (May) [the couple] went to Portsmouth, Va. to live and I often visited them there where they lived in a brick house on the Wood Wharf”
“During the war my white folks were afraid to go inside the Yankee lines so I done their marketing and trading for them and in doing this was in Portsmouth very often”
“Lamb Billy and I were like brothers. We had worked together at lighting long before the war.”
“Q. Was there another Lamb Wilson?
A. No, sir. His name was Lamb Williams. He was also a lighterman He died right here in this house where you are now.”

Deposition, John Nichols, 18 February 1886
67 years old; post-office address, Wallaceton, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I have known Fannie Wilson … a former slave of Dr. Samuel Brown for the past 35 years.”

Deposition, Geo. A. Wilson, 18 February 1886
63 years old; occupation, farmer; post-office address, Great Bridge, Norfolk Co., Va.
“I was the owner of a colored man by the name of Lamb Billy. I also knew Fannie Wilson who formerly belonged to Dr. Samuel Brown … the man Lamb Billy died several years ago at Bear Quarter, Va.”

Deposition, Lavinia Webb, 19 February 1886
50 years old; occupation, housekeeper; residence, Dinwiddie St bet County and Crabb sts., Portsmouth, Va.
“I have worked [at this address] about two months. I live in the suburbs of Portsmouth, Va. … I am [the claimant’s] sister … I lived at house on Dr. Brown’s place (my owner) and Fannie was hired out and lived about two miles from us….[Fannie] lived in Bear Quarter before the war.”
Q. Who came with you when you came to Portsmouth?
A. My husband Joe Webb, Ben Lee & Levi Foreman.”

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**Today’s post includes research notes for a single document dated February 4, 1886. Last week’s post included research notes from 1866-1885. Future posts will include research notes from the remaining documents.

This soldier was killed in a skirmish in Fort Powhatan, Virginia on January 25, 1865. Action on his mother’s pension application continued for more than 30 years. Her application was complicated by conflicting information about a second marriage which was further complicated by the fact that two men shared the same name. Witnesses in support of the mother’s application included childhood friends, neighbors, and former enslavers. They reported names of those enslaved with her as well as the names of enslavers and their relatives. They described the mother’s efforts to remain independent and details about her church membership. Dates for specific events were framed within the 1855 Yellow Fever Epidemic and President Lincoln’s assassination.

Mother — 119, 679 / 94,739, Fannie Wilson

Deposition, Fannie Wilson, 4 February 1886
about 57 years old; occupation, housekeeper; residence, corner of Pine & Griffin Street, a suburb of Portsmouth, Va.; post-office address, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“Q. To whom did you belong prior to 1850?
A. I belonged to Dr. Samuel Brown late of Norfolk Co., Va., Dr. Brown is dead. I always belonged to the Brown family.
Q. Whereabouts in Norfolk Co. did you reside from 1850 to the breaking out of the late war?
A. Near Hickory Ground about 20 miles from Norfolk
Q. Did Dr. Brown reside on the plantation on which you were employed?
A. He and his family resided on the plantation where I was employed.
Q. Did Dr. Brown leave a widow and children surviving him?
A. Dr. Brown left a widow who is now dead, also a son named Samuel Brown and three daughters named Mary, Maggie & Rosa, all of whom now reside in Norfolk, Va. These children were quite small when the war broke out.
Q. Did Dr. Brown own other slaves besides yourself
A. Yes, sir.
Q. Please give me the names of these slaves who were with you on Dr. Brown’s plantation from 1850 to the beginning of the late war or rather until you and they left your old home
A. Lester Brown. Alex Brown. Wesley Brown and Willis Brown. All of whom reside in Norfolk, Va. I don’t know just where they live or what they do for a living.
Q. Were you ever married?
A. Yes, according to slave customs.
Q. What was your husband’s name?
A. America Wilson
Q. To whom did he belong?
A. To Robert Wilson who resided in the same neighborhood with Dr. Brown
Q. When did you and America Wilson take each other for husband and wife?
A. I don’t know exactly but it must have been 16 years or more before the late war.
Q. How many children did you have by America Wilson?
A. I had seven including Paldo Wilson, all of whom are dead except one daughter with whom I am now living.
Q. What became of America Wilson?
A. He was sold away from me three or four years before the war broke out and I afterwards heard that he was dead. His brother William told me so…
Q. Where did you reside at the date of the death of your son Paldo Wilson which appears to have occurred January 25, 1865?
A. I was living down on the Wood Wharf in Portsmouth.
Q. Who was living with you at that time?
A. My two daughters and a Mrs. Mary White who left for parts unknown some several years ago….
Q. Who lived by you and associated with you while you resided on the Wood Wharf?
A. Mrs. Sarah Barrington who lives near me now, lived near me. Also Polly McPherson. I have forgotten who the others were.
Q. Where did you go when you left the Wood Wharf in 1866?
A. I went to live on Dinwiddie Street South & Crab St.
Q. How long did you reside there?
A. Only three months. Then I moved to the corner of King & Dinwiddie Sts. and remained there two months. Then I moved to Newton, a suburb of Portsmouth where I remained ten months. Then I moved to where I am now and I have lived right here ever since.
Q. Who lived with you while you lived in Newton?
A. No one but my daughter. I am mistaken as to the date when I left the Wood Wharf. It was in the fall of 1865, instead of 1866.
Q. Who lived near you and associated with you during your residence in Newtown.
A. It was a strange place and I did not know anyone there. My associates were in Portsmouth. I belonged to Zion Baptist Church….
Q. When did your daughter marry and I mean with whom you are now living?
A. She married Dec 1867.
Q. Have you made your home with her ever since?
A. Yes, sir.
Q. What is name of your daughter’s husband?
A. His name is Zachariah Taylor Hutchings.
Q. Have you ever known or do you know a man by the name of Lamb Wilson?
A. Yes, sir. I have known two men of that name.
Q. Who did they belong to before the war and were either of them related to your late husband America Wilson?
A. They belonged to old Billy Wilson of Norfolk, Va. and were not related to my husband.
Q. Did either of these men ever live or board in the same house with you?
A. When I lived on Dinwiddie st. bet Crab & South, I rented one of the Lamb Wilson a room but he did not board with me. I was there three months. Then I moved to the cor of King & Dinwiddie sts but he did not go with me. After I moved to Newtown I again rented him a room which he kept and occupied two months. Then he left, and I have never had any other business transactions with him.
Q. What became of him?
A. He went from my house to where he was raised near Great Bridge, Va. and I hear he died there five or more years ago.
Q. Who associated with you when Lamb Wilson was living at your house on Dinwiddie St.?
A. Polly McPherson visited me very often. So did Sarah Barrington. There were no near neighbors near me for at that the house I occupied was the only one near.
Q. Did you ever see or know a man by the name of G.H. Ragsdale?
A. Yes, sir. I have seen a man who went by that name.
Q. When did you first become acquainted with this man Lamb Wilson to whom you rented a room?
A. All his life. He was raised near where I was.
Q. Did he board or eat at your cook shop when you lived on the Wood Wharf?
A. He worked at lighting vessels and chopping wood and some times as he would be passing he would buy a snack and go on as others did.
Q. Did he ever lodge in your house while you lived on the wharf?
A. Sometimes when he would come up with his lighter he would get his meals and go in an old back room and sleep.
Q. Please describe the house in which you lived while at the Wood Wharf.
A. It was a small two-story brick with one front and one back downstairs and an attic room upstairs.
Q. What part of the house did Polly McPherson occupy?
A. She occupied the back room and done some cooking with me.
Q. Was this back room where some of your boarders sometimes slept a part of this two-story brick in which you lived?
A. No sir. It was or had been the wood house. It was a frame and was detached from the brick building. I did not have control.”

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*This is one of the longest pension applications I’ve examined. Today’s post includes research notes for documents dated 1866-1885. Next week’s post will include research notes from a document dated February 4, 1886.

This soldier was killed in a skirmish in Fort Powhatan, Virginia on January 25, 1865. Action on his mother’s pension application continued for more than 30 years. Her application was complicated by conflicting information about a second marriage which was further complicated by the fact that two men shared the same name. Witnesses in support of the mother’s application included childhood friends, neighbors, and former enslavers. They reported names of those enslaved with her as well as the names of enslavers and their relatives. They described the mother’s efforts to remain independent and details about her church membership. Dates for specific events were framed within the 1855 Yellow Fever Epidemic and President Lincoln’s assassination.

Mother — 119, 679 / 94,739, Fannie Wilson

Letter from [illegible] Taggard, Assistant Adjutant General, to Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, DC, 19 July 1866
“‘He is reported killed in a skirmish with the enemy, January 25, 1865.’ The name of Paldo Wright is not borne on the rolls of Co. E. 1st U.S. Cold. Cavalry on file in this office.”

Sworn Statement, Fannie Wilson, 26 October 1866
43 years old; residence, Henry St., Newtown, near Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“Her said son was killed by a gunshot in the head in action in line of duty at Fort Powhatan, Va. on the 25th Jany 1865 … her said husband died Oct 1/55 (the same year of the ‘yellow fever’) at Norfolk Co., Va. … [Fannie’s personal property] consists of
personal estate (furniture) about enough to furnish one good room … That prior to her son’s enlistment & death, she was ‘keeping house’ and dependent wholly on him for support”
“Also personally appeared E.G. Corprew and Albert Robinson, residents of Portsmouth, Va. who on oath declare that they have been for more than 15 years acquainted with the claimant Mrs. Fannie Wilson”

Sworn Statement, Fannie Wilson, 21 August 1873
“Declares that after her first husband America Wilson was sold and carried away from her as has been set forth … she was married again by consent of their masters to one Lamb Wilson, that this event took place about one year after her first husband was sold from her. That she continued to live with her second husband until the fall after President Lincoln was killed. That she then separated from him and they have not lived together since. That he is still living or was a short time ago.”

Declaration for Restoration to the Pension Rolls of a Person Whose Name Has Been Dropped Under the Act of February 4, 1862, Fanny Wilson, 18/19 April 1882
residence, corner of Pine & Griffin streets, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va; post-office, Portsmouth, Va.,
“Her means of subsistence have been proceeds from washing, cooking, etc “
“Also personally appeared Thos. Peeden, residing at…. South street, Portsmouth and Moses Barrington, residing at … Clifford st., Portsmouth, Va,”

Sworn Statement, Moses Barrington, 11 March 1882
“Says that he has known the said claimant Fannie Wilson … 21 years … I know that her son left his employment and went over to Norfolk and enlisted in the service of the United States.
“I know that he was his mother’s support before he went in the Army in 1863. After her son Paldo Wilson went in the Army his mother Fanny Wilson keep a cook shop for a long time for a living. After that she went and hired out in service to learn a living. After that she taken in washington [sic] for a living.”

General Affidavit, Alexander Wilson and Laister Brown, 13 March 1884
[Wilson] 40 years old;
[Brown] 49 years old;
citizens of Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va.
“We were well acquainted with Pauldo Wilson, son of Mrs. Fannie Wilson … the last owner or owners of the said soldier are all dead.”

Sworn Statement, Sarah Barrington, 28 February 1885
residence, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Va.
“She has known Fanny Wilson for the past twenty seven years … lived only two doors apart”

Sworn Statement, Eliza Fisher and Polly McPherson, 28 February 1885
“Paldo Wilson worked as laborer for one Daniel Green, owner, (since dead)”

General Affidavit, Cary Brown, 11 April 1885
“I have known her all of my life. I and her and her son Paldo use [sic] to belong to the same owners before the late Rebellion. I and the said Paldo Wilson being children together on the same plantation, he being about three months older than I.”
[Note — This statement isn’t on a form. It’s handwritten and notarized — Leslie]

General Affidavit, A.A. Corprew, 15 April 1885
“I use [sic] to haul wood in a lighter and unload it within sixty feet of Mrs. Fanny Wilson door. I lightered then for a living…. [Paldo Wilson] was employed by one David Owens now dead.”
[Note — This statement isn’t on a form. It’s handwritten and notarized — Leslie]

General Affidavit, John Wright, 15 April 1885
“We were young lads together here in the city of Portsmouth … I left and went the U.S. Service in the latter part of (1863) and left Paldo Wilson here with his mother on the wood dock ”
[Note — This statement isn’t on a form. It’s handwritten and notarized — Leslie]

Sworn Statement, Edward Overman, 29 April 1885
“I have known the old woman since my early boyhood somewhere near 20 years and as she frequently came to the home of my parents I have had ample opportunities for observing her deportment which at all times has been excellent and worthy of imitation by all classes of her race … her home for near or quite 20 years has been near mine except at intervals when I was away.”
[Note — This statement isn’t on a form. It’s handwritten and notarized — Leslie]

Sworn Statement, James Copeland, 1 May 1885
“As one of the deacons of the church to which she belongs, namely the Zion Baptist of this city … she has never been remarried, nor cohabited with any man since I have known her which have been ever since (1868) … [Copeland has been on the] deacon boards of Baptist churches, hold monthly meetings to look into matters of that kind in conjunction with other matters pertaining to the welfare of the church, she living in the limits of the city ever since the close of the war. Would certainly have been reported to her church, and espelled [sic] … [she is] a member of my church, in good and regular standing.”
“I having been living here in this city since 1867, been a member of this church to which she belongs nearly (14) fourteen years, during which time I served as church clerk six (6) years and now I am one of the deacons of my church, and have been for years, certainly I am in a position to know.”

General Affidavit, William Smith, 8 May 1885 [date stamped by Pension Office]
“has known Mrs. Fanny Wilson since (1864). I use [sic] to live next door to her 8 years previous to (1878). … I have known her to take in washing and work in the truck field to earn a living”
[Note — This statement isn’t on a form. It’s handwritten and notarized — Leslie]

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According to his Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR) — not shown here — the soldier was 40 years old when he enlisted in New York City. His occupation was horse trader. After the war he and his wife settled in Baltimore.


Invalid — 125,499 / —–
Widow– 489,516 / 450,795, Catherine Jones

Declaration for an Invalid Pension, Walter Jones, 2 May 1867
43 years old; residence and post-office address, 69 Arch Street, Baltimore, Md
“He was wounded in a skirmish with the rebels about the 15th day of January 1865 as nearly as he can recollect near Suffolk, Va. striking him by a musket ball in the front and inner side of the left leg about six inches above the ankle which shattered the bone and lodged about two inches above the ankle…. always requiring a cane to walk, and limping in his movement
“Also personally appeared, George Riggs and Warren Riggs … residents of Washington, DC”

Declaration for Widow’s Pension, Catharine Jones, 2 December 1890
“The soldier died July 19, 1871 in Baltimore, Md. … that she was married under the name Catharine Cheevers to said Walter Jones on May 1861 by Rev. Stephen Howard at Gloucester, Va. … the soldier had been previously married but his wife had been dead for some time when he married claimant”
“Also personally appeared, Nancy Taylor residing at 594 W. Preston St., Balto, Md. and Caroline Moseley residing at 755 Raborg St., Baltimore, Maryland … acquaintance with her of 25 years and 25 years, respectively”

Sworn Statement, Caroline Moseley, 2 December 1890
50 years old; residence,755 Raborg Street, Baltimore, Maryland
“I was bridesmaid at the marriage of Catharine Cheevers and Walter Jones at Gloucester, Va. in May 1861 and I dressed the bride.”

General Affidavit, Catherine Jones, 9 December 1891
50 years old; residence, Baltimore, Maryland
“My husband Walter Jones was a member of Company C 1st Reg U.S. Cold. Troops.
In my original declaration I was mistaken when I said my husband was a member of Co K 30th US Cold Troops.”

Sworn Statement, Anthony A. Carter and Elizabeth Maddux, 16 December 1890
[Carter] 45 years old; residence, 511 Norris Ave., Baltimore, Maryland
[Maddux] 40 years old; residence Horning Ave near Carrolton Ave., Baltimore, Md.
“[Maddux] saw him carried out of the house, dead. He died on the corner of Pine & Josephine Sts., Baltimore, Md. Anthony A. Carter moved him into the house about ten days before he died.”

General Affidavit, Catharine Jones, 28 June 1893
49 years old; residence, Baltimore, Md.; post-office address, 594 W. Preston, Baltimore, Md
“Her husband died of the smallpox and all his effects were burned by the city.”

Handwritten Note Signed by John B. Giles, Laurel Cemetery, 30 June 1914
“I hereby certify holding Mrs. Dervella Lattimore responsible for (three dollars) 3.00 to John B. Giles Supt LC for the open of grave of Catherine Jones burried [sic] in Laurel Cemetery no of lot 47 Laurel Park area.”

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**Today’s post includes research notes for documents dated 1891-1892. Last week’s post included research notes for documents dated 1868-1888.

The widow’s former enslaver offered testimony about the widow’s age, her children’s ages, the year of purchase, and the year he moved “his people” from Hampton, Virginia to Dinwiddie County, Virginia. Pension benefit applications from the widow and the guardian dragged on for more than 20 years and were eventually denied.

Widow — 425,390 / —–, Margaret Washington
Guardian — 162,426 / —–, Albert Portlock



Widow’s Declaration for Pension or Increase of Pension, Margaret Washington, 16 November 1891
about 50 years old; post-office address, Hampton, Va.
[She married the soldier Isom Portlock] on the 1st day of October A.D. 1856 by Rev. Rich’d Parker at Norfolk, Va. … Claimant re-married … 1867 … [the soldier’s] legitimate children
Georgiana born November 1st 1859
Cyrus born September 15th, 1861
“Also personally appeared Lee Price, residing at Hampton, Va. and Annika [Amanda?] Robinson residing at same.”


Declaration for Original Pension of a Widow — Child or Children under Sixteen Years of age surviving, Margaret Washington, 10 December 1891
46 years old; residence, Hampton, Va.; post-office address, Hampton, Va.
“She was married under the name of Margaret Young to said Isom Portlock … 1856 by consent of former owners … names and dates of birth of all his legitimate children yet surviving who were under sixteen years of age at the father’s death,
Georgia Portlock, born Oct 1, 1859
Cyrus Portlock, born Sept 15, 1859
“Also personally appeared L.C. Williams, residing at No. 19 in Jefferson street, in Norfolk, Va. and Cyrus Portlock residing in Atlantic City, Norfolk, Va.
[Note: There are discrepancies in the reported birthdates — Leslie]



Names and P.O. addresses of officers and comrades of Co. F. 1st Reg’t U.S. Col. Cav., 31 March 1892

NameRankPresent P.O. Address
Jno. Walker2d Sgt.Elizabeth City, Pasquotank Co., NC
Beverly WestSgt.22 Cleveland St., Norfolk, Va.
Cuffy EmmersonPvt.Berkley, Norfolk Co., Va.
Wm. FullerPvt.Berkley, Norfolk Co., Va.
Henry SivillsPvt.Berkley, Norfolk Co., Va.
Edw. W. WhithersPvt.c/o J.F. Dezendorf, Norfolk, Va.
Isaac DeansPvt.Barboursville, Orange Co., Va.
Edw. ProctorPvt.South Mills, Camden Co., NC



Report from Special Examiner, Eastville, Virginia, to the Commissioner or Pensions, Washington, DC, 22 November 1892
“p.o. addresses are respectively: Georgiana until the Spring of 1893, Calhoun Colored School, Calhoun, Lowndes Co., Ala. After the Spring of 1893, Normal School, Hampton, Va., Cyrus, Atlantic City, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va. … Wm. B.F. Hudgins, who was the last owner of the mother and who appears to be a highly intelligent gentleman and to have a good memory, states that he bought the mother in 1858 and that she had two children then … Wm. Hudgins, moved his slaves off from Hampton to Dinwiddie, Va. in July 1861 … the soldier ‘kept company’ with one Jennie Selden after the mother of the minors was sold and sent away in 1858, that he ‘kept company’ with Jennie when his company was stationed in Norfolk for 7 [or 9?] months during service and that when his regiment was sent to Texas after the war ‘Jennie’ accompanied the soldier and occupied a tent with him there as his wife and was known by his surname although it is stated that they were not married and did not live together after service and that afterwards ‘Jennie’ would not have anything more to do with him.”

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*Today’s post includes research notes from documents dated 1868-1888. Next week’s post will include research notes from documents dated 1891-1892.

The widow’s former enslaver offered testimony about the widow’s age, her children’s ages, the year of purchase, and the year he moved “his people” from Hampton, Virginia to Dinwiddie County, Virginia. Pension benefit applications from the widow and the guardian dragged on for more than 20 years and were eventually denied.

.

Widow — 425,390 / —–, Margaret Washington
Minor — 162,426 / —–, Albert Portlock (Gdn.)



Application of Guardian of Minor Children in order to Obtain Army Pension, Act July 14, 1862, Albert Portlock, 18 May 1868
42 years old; residence, Norfolk, Norfolk Co., Va. “Declaration as Guardian of the minor children of Isom Portlock… guardian of Georgiana Portlock & Cyrus Portlock …[Isom Portlock] died in Norfolk City, Virginia … [August 1897] ; that his death was caused by phthisis pulmonalis … dates of birth are Georgiana Portlock born July 1856, Cyrus Portlock born October 1859 … parents of said wards were married in Norfolk City, Virginia on the 2d day of October [1855] by Rev. Richard ParkerChas. C. Brown, Claim Agent, Norfolk, Va.
“Also personally appeared Rev. Pete Shepperd and Jacob Reddick, residents of Norfolk City, County of Norfolk, State of Virginia”



Handwritten letter from Cyrus Portlock, Norfolk, Virginia to Hon. John C. Black, Pension Bureau, 9 January 1888
“Dear Sir — Having put in my claim some time ago I write for information concerning it. I am the son of the late Isom Portlock, Co. F, U.S. Infantry. I wish you would let me know something concerning it whether pro or con in my favor.
Cyrus Portlock
Knitting Mills
Norfolk, Va.
c/o Eda Cowper [sp?]
[Note: The soldier’s son incorrectly reported that his father served in the infantry — Leslie]
[Note: There were several knitting mills in Norfolk. More research to determine which one this one is.– Leslie]

Sworn Statement, James Brooks, 27 December 1888
45 years old; residence, 255 Queen St. “That he was a corporal of Co. F…. he was well acquainted with Sergt. Isom Portlock … contracted a heavy cold at Fort Monroe about the months of Jan and February … layed [sic] for at least four weeks without tents on the cold ground in the snow, frost, and rain … great many soldiers caught their death of cold and Portlock was one of the victims. He lingered all through the army up to his discharge on the 4th of Feby 1866. … he died the immediate cause of his death was consumption he contracted in the service … he died on the 8th Dec 1867 … he had but little acquaintance with his family”


Sworn Statement, Cyrus Young and Frank Young, 27 December 1888
[C. Young] 58 years old; residence [illegible] Queen St., [Norfolk, Va.]
[F. Young] 55 years old; residence, [illegible] Queen St., [Norfolk, Va.]
“Each of them well acquainted with the claimant Margaret Portlock … now the wife of Cornelius Washington that they knew Isom Portlock before the war … they resided near neighbor to the claimant and claimant’s husband at that time … [Cyrus Young] says they served together up to discharge … each of them were present in the City of Norfolk when the soldier died. They cannot say whether the soldier had any doctor to treat him after being home. They heard from his wife Margaret one Doctor Crowder treated the soldier but … they are sure is deceased and the soldier lived but a short while”



Sworn Statement, Margaret Portlock, 27 December 1888
about 50 years old; residence, Norfolk Co., Va.;
“Ida born 15 day of July 1857 and she died Sept 1862 at Hampton, Va. and Georgeana born 1 day of Nov. 1859 still surviving and Cyrus born on 15 day of Sept 1861 … the soldier her husband died Dec 8th 1867 at Norfolk, Va. … she was married with the said Cornelius Washington on the 22 day of Jan 1870 at Dinwiddy [sic] County, Va., that the ceremony was read to her and Cornelius Washington but had no license, her marriage to the said Washington was witnessed by the white people known as the Wishburns of said county, she further states that her said first husband Portlock never were previous married till the marriage to her … the guardian known as Albert Portlock of said minors he is deceased some five years now … She has been informed by good authorities both of the surgeons of his regiment are deceased Dr. Samuel S. Manily died at Portsmouth, NY seven years ago. Dr. William B. Grey died at N. Orleans June 1873. … treated by one doctor name Crowder who are deceased now three years”



Sworn Statement, Barbara Vann, 28 December 1888
60 years old; “That she was well acquainted with the claimant Margaret Portlock now Margaret Washington before the war of 1861, that the claimant was married to Isom Portlock the year of 1856 in the City of Norfolk, Va. by the consent of her former owner, the claimant is the mother of three children by her said husband … Ida born 15 day of July 1857 and died Sept 1862 at Hampton, Va. Georgana born 1 day of Nov 1859 and Cyrus born 15 day of Sept 1861, she further states the soldier died Dec. 8th 1867 at Norfolk, Va. … after the death of the soldier the claimant married one Cornelius Washington on the 22 day of Jan 1870 at Dinwiddy [sic] … she was to both marriages of the claimant and births of the children and also present at the death of the soldier”

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The soldier was killed in action at Fort Pocahontas, Virginia. His wife re-married and her second husband was appointed guardian of the soldier’s son, his only surviving child.

Widow – 105,405 / 84,935, Nancy Young
Minor -158,406 / 116,387, Rufus Young

Oath of Allegiance, Nancy Young, 1 December 1865
“I, Nancy Young, do solemnly swear in the presence of God, that I will henceforth faithfully support, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Union of States thereunder, that I will in like manner abide by and faithfully support all laws and proclamations which have been made during the existing Rebellion with reference to the emancipation of of slaves so help me God.”
“Nancy Young — a resident of Norfolk County … aged 28 years … doth on her oath … in order to obtain the benefit of the provisions made by the act of Congress appeared July 14, 1862, that she is the widow of Nelson Young who killed on picket duty on Wilson’s Landing on James River on or about … Sept 1864 … she was married … January 1864 by the Rev. William Knott a regular minister of the Gospel of the MP Church and has had five children … whose names and ages are as follows: Claudius, dead; Mary Anne age dead; Angenetta dead; Rufus aged five years; Elton dead … [Nelson Young] was a free person at the time of enlisting … and had been free … of his being freeborn … I hereby constitute and appoint Leopold C.P. Cowper of Portsmouth, Va. as my true and lawful attorney.”
“And personally appeared Southall Bass and Mary Bass residents of Portsmouth … they were personally acquainted with Nancy Young … they have known the said applicant and her said husband for 20 years”

Sworn Statement, Southall Bass and Alinzo Elliott, 31 December 1866
“they have known Nancy Young … for more than twenty years … they lived within five miles of [Nelson and Nancy Young] for twenty years … [Rufus Young] is now living with his mother in Norfolk County, Virginia … that said child is now is his 7th year being born in 1859 Nov … they have often been to to their house and seen the mother since said child was an infant.”

Sworn Statement, Nancy Ridgeway, 5 September 1867
“mother of Rufus Young, only surviving orphan child of Nelson Young … born on the 18th day of November 1860”
“Also personally came before me Mary Bass aged twenty seven years and Susan Elliott aged fourteen years, residents of Norfolk County, … they knew well the late Nelson Young and Nancy … that they lived within two miles of them … they saw the mother and child in its first infancy, that they often have seen the mother and said child within a few days after its birth

Sworn Statement, Thomas Ridgeway, 28 February 1868
residence, Norfolk County, Virginia
“that he is the legal guardian of Rufus Young his ward whose father Nelson Young now deceased … guardian of the minor child of Nelson Young who died at Wilson’s Landing, Va. being killed on picket on James River while on duty … Nancy Young [soldier’s widow] and mother of the child aforesaid, Rufus Young, again married being now the wife of the said Thomas Ridgeway … the parents of his ward Rufus Young were married at the home of Jesse Watts in the county of Norfolk, Virginia on or about … Jany 1855 by the Rev. William Knott, a minister of the M.E. Church and that I do constitute and appoint Leopold C. P. Corprew of Portsmouth, Virginia my attorney”
“Also personally appeared Alonzo Elliott and Josiah Elliott, residents of Norfolk County, State of Virginia … that they were personally and intimately …. Nancy Young widow of the said Nelson Young did on the 9th day of January 1867 intermarry with one Thomas Ridgway … now the legal guardian of said Rufus Young, that they were present and witnesseth the said marriage … [the couple] were married by the Rev. Jeremiah Thomas, a minister of the [illegible] Church in the County of Norfolk, State of Va. “
“Also personally appeared before me the Rev. William Knott, a minister of the [illegible] Church”

Court Decree, County Court of Norfolk County, Virginia, 3 March 1868
“The Court doth appoint Thomas Ridgeway, Guardian to Rufus Young orphan of Nelson Young dec’d: and thereupon the said Thomas Ridgeway, appeared in court and together with Wm. H. Elliott and Josiah Elliott his securities, who justified on oath as to their sufficiency, entered into and acknowledged a bond in the penalty of One Thousand Dollars with condition according to law, which bond is ordered to be recorded.”

Sworn Statement, Nancy Ridgeway, 22 April 1868
“Her child Rufus Young was never baptized, that the children of colored persons were never submitted to this rite as she knows or believes.”
“Also personally appeared Venus Bivins by calling a midwife, aged fifty-five and Elizabeth Elliott, aged thirty-five years, residents of Norfolk County, Virginia … that they both were present at the time of the birth of and delivery of the above named Nancy Ridgeway when she was Nancy Young and the legal wife of Nelson Young … in the 18 day of Nov 1860 of her child Rufus Young”

Memorandum by Thomas M. Vincent, Assistant Adjutant General, 23 March 1868
“He is reported ‘Killed in action when on a search near Fort Pocahontas, Va. Augt. 1864. On Muster Roll dated Feby 4/66. ‘xx Was killed while skirmishing Augt. 28/64, where not known.’ Original Statements on file in this Office signed by the Co., Capt. He is reported ‘Killed August 18, 1864”

Sworn Statement, Dempsey Nash, Court Clerk, 13 July 1868
“It appears from the record in my office that on the 5th day of January 1867 a license was issued according to law to solemnize the marriage of Thomas Ridgeway and Nancy Young, a widow, both colored, and it further appears from the said record and the return of J.R.V. Thomas, a minister of the Gospel that he did on the 10th day of January 1867 duly celebrates the wrights [sic] matrimony.”

Declaration of Guardian of Minor Children for Increase Pension Under Act of July 25, 1866, 9 December 1876
“Thomas Ridgeway, aged about 45 years … mother of the child has remarried and that the date of birth of said ward is as follows 17th Nov 1860 … the maiden name of his mother was Nancy Elliott.”
“Also personally appeared Southall Bass and Thomas Riddick, residents of Portsmouth”
[Note: The word “increase” was handwritten and inserted before the word “pension” — Leslie]

Sworn Statement, Thomas Ridgeway, 30 June 1888
“Thomas Ridgeway, guardian to Rufus Young, orphan of Nelson Young … says that his post-office address is Portsmouth, Virginia”
“Also personally appeared Venus Bivins and Elizabeth Elliott”

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